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Romanticism Characteristics Gothic Lit. TranscendentalismStories & Essays Passage I.D. 100 200 300 400 500 600.

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Presentation on theme: "Romanticism Characteristics Gothic Lit. TranscendentalismStories & Essays Passage I.D. 100 200 300 400 500 600."— Presentation transcript:

1 Romanticism Characteristics Gothic Lit. TranscendentalismStories & Essays Passage I.D. 100 200 300 400 500 600

2 What are the two sub-movements of the Romantic movement? Answer:

3 Dark or Gothic Romanticism & Transcendentalism Home:

4 What is the time period for the entire Romanticism time period? Answer:

5 1800-1855 Home:

6 What are three major focal points of the Romantic movement? Answer:

7 Imagination, fantasy, emotions, nature, escapism, individualism Home:

8 Explain how the literature helped emphasize the focus of individualism. Answer:

9 The literature was open to multiple interpretations, each dependent on the individual reading the literature. Home:

10 Where do the Fireside Poets fit into the Romantic movement? Answer:

11 The Fireside Poets reflect aspects of both Dark Romanticism and Transcendentalism. Home:

12 Referencing the title and author of the work, choose one piece of literature from the Romantic time period and explain why it fits into the Romantic time period. Answer:

13 Answers will vary. Home:

14 What are three characteristics of gothic literature? Answer:

15  use of the supernatural  unreliable narrators  dark landscapes  dark use of imagination  good and evil intertwined  combines horror and romance Home:

16 What is the time period for the gothic romantics? Answer:

17 1800-1840 Home:

18 What three short stories were written by Washington Irving? Answer:

19 “Legend of Sleepy Hollow” “Rip Van Winkle” “The Devil and Tom Walker” Home:

20 Which short story involves an opium addicted narrator, who constantly sees his dead wife in his current wife’s body? Answer:

21 “Ligeia” Home:

22 Which two short stories involve the use of an unhappy marriage to further the plot and make the plot believable? Answer:

23 “The Devil and Tom Walker” & “Rip Van Winkle” Home:

24 Which short story includes the moral: “Be happy with what you have and who you are?” This story also includes a love triangle and a magic potion from the Fountain of Youth. Answer:

25 “Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment” Home:

26 Transcendentalism is based off which philosopher’s ideas? Answer:

27 Kant Home:

28 What is the time frame for Transcendentalist writing? Answer:

29 1840-1855 Home:

30 Name the two famous transcendentalists we’ve studied. Answer:

31 Ralph Waldo Emerson & Henry David Thoreau Home:

32 What are the four ideas transcendentalism stresses? Answer:

33 Individualism Intuition Nature Self-reliance Home:

34 In what state were both Emerson and Thoreau born? Answer:

35 Massachusetts Home:

36 Explain how transcendentalism relates to our modern society? Answer:

37 Answers may vary. Home:

38 Who wrote “Nature?” Answer:

39 Ralph Waldo Emerson Home:

40 What work was inspirational to Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr.’s passive resistance movements? Answer:

41 Thoreau’s “Resistance to Civil Government” or “Civil Disobedience” Home:

42 What is essay is the following quote from: “Why should we live with such a hurry and waste life?” Answer:

43 Thoreau’s “Walden” Home:

44 Which gothic short story involves a man liquefying after his death? Answer:

45 Poe’s “The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar” Home:

46 What three short stories were written by Nathaniel Hawthorne? Answer:

47 “Young Goodman Brown” “The Minister’s Black Veil” “Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment” Home:

48 Which of the nine short stories uses the concept of escapism most prominently? Answer:

49 “Rip Van Winkle” Home:

50 “In order to gain a clear and just idea of the design and end of government, let us suppose a small number of persons settled in some sequestered part of the earth, unconnected with the rest; they will then represent the first peopling of any country, or of the world. In this state of natural liberty, society will be their first thought. A thousand motives will excite them thereto; the strength of one man is so unequal to his wants, and his mind so unfitted for perpetual solitude, that he is soon obliged to seek assistance and relief of another, who in his turn requires the same. Four or five united would be able to raise a tolerable dwelling in the midst of a wilderness, but one man might labour out the common period of life without accomplishing any thing; when he had felled his timber he could not remove it, nor erect it after it was removed; hunger in the mean time would urge him to quit his work, and every different want would call him a different way. Disease, nay even misfortune, would be death; for, though neither might be mortal, yet either would disable him from living, and reduce him to a state in which he might rather be said to perish than to die.” Answer:

51 Enlightenment - Age of Reason – there is a strong focus on “government” and there is elevated word choice Home:

52 “I long to hear that you have declared an independency – and by the way in the new Code of Laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make I desire you would Remember the Ladies, and be more generous and favorable to them than your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of the Husbands.” Answer:

53 Enlightenment - Age of Reason – there is a strong focus on equality, logic, “laws,” and lofty diction. Home:

54 “I dread the first glance at the objects around me. It was not that I feared to look upon things horrible, but that I grew aghast lest there should be nothing to see. At length, with a wild desperation at heart, I quickly unclosed my eyes. My worst thoughts, then, were confirmed. The blackness of eternal night encompassed me.” Answer:

55 Romanticism – Gothic Literature – Poe – dark images, “dread,” and fear Home:

56 “As weary pilgrim, now at rest, Hugs with delight his silent nest His wasted limbes, now lye full soft That myrie steps, haue troden oft Blesses himself, to think vpon his dangers past, and travailes done The burning sun no more shall heat Nor stormy raines, on him shall beat.” Answer:

57 Enlightenment – Age of Faith – Bradstreet – “pilgrim,” rhyming language, spelling Home:

58 “Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable. We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of things can satisfy. Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let us inquire, to what end is nature?” Answer:

59 Romanticism – Transcendentalism – Emerson – Quest for knowledge, beauty of “nature” Home:

60 “He had taken a dreary road, darkened by all the gloomiest trees of the forest, which barely stood aside to let the narrow path creep through, and close immediately behind. It was all as lonely as could be; and there is this peculiarity in such a solitude, that the traveller knows not who may be concealed by the innumerable trunks and the thick boughs overhead; so that with lonely footstep s he may yet be passing through an unseen multitude?” Answer:

61 Romanticism – Gothic Literature – Hawthorne – “dreary,” “gloomy” references to nature, references to the forest as evil and dark Home:

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