Presentation on theme: "STOP Magna Carta Limited the power of the king * Our Constitution limits the power of the central government."— Presentation transcript:
Limited the power of the king * Our Constitution limits the power of the central government
The House of Burgesses made it possible for the colonists to
First representative assembly in colonies, enacted laws to safeguard individual rights
There were no laws in the new world so before going ashore, the Pilgrims wrote a formal document called the Mayflower Compact that established the “rule of Law”.
The Compact pledged their loyalty to England and declared their intention of forming an orderly society with laws that would be for the good of the colony.
In the Name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, etc. Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith, and the Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the first Colony in the northern Parts of Virginia; Do by these Presents, solemnly and mutually, in the Presence of God and one another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick, for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid: And by Virtue hereof do enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions, and Officers, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general Good of the Colony; unto which we promise all due Submission and Obedience. In Witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape-Cod the eleventh of November, in the Reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland, the fifty-fourth, Anno Domini, 1620.
Mr. John Carver Mr. William Bradford Mr. Edward Winslow Edward Tilly Mr. ‘William White Thomas Rogers Thomas Tinker John Turner Francis Eaton James Chilton Digery Priest Thomas Williams Gilbert Winslow Edmund Margesson Mr. Samuel Fuller Mr. Christopher Martin Mr. William Multins Mr. William Brewster Francis Cooke Myles Standish John Alden John Howland Mr. Steven Hopkins Richard Gardiner Mr. John Allerton Thomas English Edward Doten Edward Liester Peter Brown Richard Britteridge George Soule John Tilly Isaac Allerton Mr. Richard Warren John Ridgdale Edward Fuller Richard Clark John Craxton John Billington Joses Fletcher John Goodman
Mayflower Compact – “Rule of Law”
Signed by most men on Mayflower An agreement that established the idea of self government and majority rule
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut The first written constitution in America _____ undamental Orders of __________ necticut = _____ irst written __________ stitution
First written constitution in the colonies, stated that people had the right to elect governors, judges, and a legislature
English Colonial Rule In England, Parliament replaced King James with his daughter, Mary, and her husband, William. This “Glorious Revolution” showed how much power elected representatives have.
Englis h Bill of Rights
Listed individual rights Model for the Bill of Rights in our Constitution which is the first ten amendments
1. What type of farms developed in the Southern Colonies? A. subsistence farmsC. tobacco and rice plantations B. oat and wheat plantationsD. multipurpose farms 2. What allowed to Southern Colonies to prosper with agriculture? A. warm climate and rich soilC. immigrants had farm experience B. excellent harborsD. new fertilizer technology 3. In which section of the colonies were farms generally the largest? A. New EnglandC. Middle Colonies B. Southern D. They were all about the same 4. What did most southern plantation have in common? A. they were smallC. they produced the same crop B. they were near riversD. they were not successful 5. What was the most powerful group in the Southern colonies? A. small farmersC. Cash crop farm B. merchantsD. plantation owners
6. What king or queen was forced to sign the Magna Carta? A. Henry VIIIC. John B. William and MaryD. Harry 7. How is the Magna Carta like our Constitution? A. both are in Olde EnglishC. Both limit government power B. the King signed bothD. Both contain many laws 8. In what type of government do we elect people to make decisions? A. democracyC. civil B. representativeD. Constitutional 9. How is the House of Burgesses like student council? A. both have people in them C. both have a leader B. both are representative assemblies D. they are nothing alike
10. Why was the Mayflower Compact signed? A. the Pilgrims needed a government C. to escape the king B. to save the Pilgrims’ religionD. Manufactured Goods 11. The Mayflower Compact was signed in _________ by ______________. A. 1620, all adultsC. Massachusetts, only Puritans B. London, King JohnD. 1620, most men on the ship 12. The Fundamental orders of Connecticut was a_________________. A. Plan of governmentC. Constitution B. explanation of Connecticut’s governmentD. All the Above 13. How did William and Mary become rulers of England? A. Parliament put them thereC. they were elected B. King James diedD. they conquered England 14. What is modeled after the English Bill of Rights? A. the American Bill of RightsC. the Mayflower Compact B. the U.S. ConstitutionD. the Magna Carta