Presentation on theme: "Home Automation in the Wild: Challenges and Opportunities"— Presentation transcript:
1 Home Automation in the Wild: Challenges and Opportunities A.J. BrushBongshin LeeRatul MahajanSharad AgarwalStefan SaroiuColin Dixon
2 Smart HomesIs it possible to create a home environment that is aware of its occupants whereabouts and activities?Georgia Tech Aware HomeDevelop a home that essentially programs itself by observing the lifestyle and desires of the inhabitants, and learning to anticipate and accommodate their needsThe Adaptive House, Mozer et al.
3 Don’t forget Hollywood It's up to Ben to match wits with PAT's central intelligence and "out-smart" the Smart House once and for all!
4 Capability to automate and control multiple disparate systems Home AutomationCapability to automate and control multiple disparate systemsMotion sensorDoor sensorCameraProgrammed light switchesWall PanelsPhone AccessLucero, S., Burden, K. Home Automation and Control, ABI Research 2010
5 Adopting Home Automation Do-It-Yourself (DIY)OutsourcedOur goal: Better understand current state of home automation and learn from people’s long term use.
6 Semi-Structured Interview Study Method14 households with one or more of the following:Remote lighting controlMulti-room audio/video systemsSecurity camerasMotion detectorsOutsourcedDIYSemi-Structured InterviewInventoryQuestionnaireHome TourChetty, M., Sung, J-Y., Grinter, R. How Smart Homes Learn: The Evolution of the Networked Home and Household. Proc. UbiComp 2007,
7 Related Work Inspirations Technology guru and consumersFinancial considerationsAutomation for religious purposesLong-term general use of home automationPoole, E., Chetty, M., Grinter, R., Edwards, W.K. More than Meets the Eye: Transforming the User Experience of Home Network Management. Proc. DIS 2008.Rode, J., Toye, E., Blackwell, A. The Domestic Economy: a Broader Unit of Analysis for End User Programming. Proc. CHI 2005.Grinter, R., Edwards, W., Chetty, M., Poole, E.S., Sung, J.-Y., Yang, J., Crabtree, A., Tolmie, P., Rodden, T., Greenhalgh,C., Benford, S. The ins and outs of home networking: The case for useful and usable domestic networking. ACM ToCHI 16, 2(2009).Woodruff, A., Augustin, S., Foucalt, B. Sabbath Day Home Automation: “It‟s Like Mixing Technology and Religion” Proc. CHI 2007.
8 Living with Automation Convenience“It allows me to be lazy, honestly, because every day [before automation]I would go double check the locks, make sure all the lights are off on all the floors and make sure that everything’s closed.” Technology consumer from DIY house 6, D6_C
9 Why? Peace of Mind Control O: over various devices DIY: over what they installed and enabled.Monitoring
10 Diversity in Installation & Desires From X10 to control a few lights to embedded panels in every roomControlMediaSecurityEnvironment
12 Not ready for broad adoption 4 barriersCost, Inflexibility, Manageability, SecurityCaveat 1: Not problems for our participantsCaveat 2: Not answering whether functionalityis generally appealing
13 Barrier 1: High Cost of Ownership +DIY: $200 - $60,000, $5,000 medianDIYs trade-off lower monetary cost for timeO: $13,500 – $120,000 $40,000 median
14 Barrier 1: High Cost of Ownership Two SurprisesConsultant visits not a big factorLow perceived value of additional applications
15 Barrier 2: Inflexibility Integration Ease or FlexibilityStructural or Retrofit?(9 put automation in place during structural changes)DIY: Use expertise to overcome Outsource: Choose one brandSurprise:Thinking ahead to moving…
16 Barrier 3: Poor Manageability Our households were well-equipped to manageComplex UIConsultant Required“I started explaining the panel (how to call fire department) to them and they looked in dread. People just don’t want to touch it. And my own mother sat in our house in the dark, because she was scared to touch any of the controls.”Difficult to customize for Outsourced
17 Barrier 3: Poor Manageability Iteration required“I thought when I went into this, I’d want my alarm system integrated and I’d want these automatic features firing off in the background like, you know, I’d wake up and music is playing in my bathroom and the lights come up, you know all these Jetson type things. And the challenge with that, while they’re all great, I don’t live that structured of a life, not waking up into [it] every day, and I'm not going in the shower every day at the same time. And you know, I don't want to hear music all the time. So I don’t think the routineness of automation is what I was really wanting.” (D8_G)
18 Barrier 4: Difficulty Achieving Security Remote accessEight households currently have remote access enabledTension between convenience and securityVery technically savvy participants concerned about vulnerability of remote accessDoor locksCameras
19 Simple User Groups for Future Needs What restrictions would you place (if any) on applications you were interested in buying?Presence based securityAll other restrictions:Adult household memberChild household memberGuestHousehold technology guru
20 Implications for Research Bandwidth Needs vs. Structural Changes
21 Implications for Research Bandwidth Needs vs. Structural ChangesStandalone Devices vs. Home IntegrationIndividually managed sub-systemsCross-device functionality challengingHard to incrementally add functionality
22 Implications for Research Bandwidth Needs vs. Structural ChangesStandalone Devices vs. Home IntegrationIndividually managed sub-systemsCross-device functionality challengingHard to incrementally add functionalitySimple Confidence-building Security vs. Desired Functionality
23 Concluding RemarksInterviewed 14 households with home automation, DIY and Outsourced4 Barriers to broader adoption:Cost of ownership (Time & Money)InflexibilityPoor ManageabilityDifficulty Achieving SecurityIdentify directions for future researchEliminate the need for structural changesEnable composition of home devicesSimple security that can be confidently configured
24 Thanks! HomeOS: Ask us if you are interested…. The Home Needs an Operating System (and a App Store)HotNets IXDixon, C., Mahajan, R., Agarwal, S., Brush, A., Lee, B., Saroui, S., Bahl, V.,Ask us if you are interested….A.J. BrushBongshin LeeRatul MahajanSharad AgarwalStefan SaroiuColin Dixon