Main Action Pilgrimage/ a long journey Who takes this journey and for what?
CHARACTERS God Death Everyman Fellowship, Kindred, Cousin, Material Goods Good Deeds Knowledge Confession Discretion, Strength, Everyman's Five Wits, Beauty Angel Doctor
Prologue “Here begynneth a treatyse how þe hye Fader of Heven sendeth Dethe to somon every creature to come and gyve acounte of theyr lyves in this worlde, and is in maner of a morall playe.”.......Here beginneth a treatise how the high Father of Heaven sendeth Death to summon every creature to come and give account of their lives in this world, and is in manner of a moral play.
Messanger: Who is the messenger? What warning does he give? That of our lives and ending shows how transitory we be all day Ye think sin in the beginning full sweet which in the end causeth the soul to weep when the body lieth in clay.
Who is speaking? I perceive here in my majesty, How that all the creatures be to me unkind, Living without dread in worldly prosperity: Of ghostly sight the people be so blind, Drowned in sin, they know me not for their God; In worldly riches is all their mind, They fear not my rightwiseness, the sharp rod; My law that I shewed, when I for them died, They forget clean, and shedding of my blood red; I hanged between two, it cannot be denied; To get them life I suffered to be dead…. I proferred the people great multitude of mercy, And few there be that asketh it heartily. They be so encumbered with worldly riches. Every man liveth so after his own pleasure, And yet of their life they be nothing sure.
What does God ask Death to do for him? Go thou to Everyman And show him in my name A pilgrimage he must on him take Which he in no wise may escape And that he bring with him a sure reckoning Without delay or any tarrying.
Death: Lord, I will in the world go run over all, And cruelly outsearch both great and small; Every man will I beset that liveth beastly Out of God’s laws, and dreadeth not folly; He that loveth riches I will strike with my dart, His sight to blind, and from heaven to depart, Except that alms be his good friend, In hell for to dwell, world without end.
What warning does Death give? Man, in the beginning, Look well, and take good heed to the ending. Ye think sin in the beginning full sweet, Which in the end causeth thy soul to weep, When the body lieth in clay. But this flower fades and dies in the autumn and winter of life.
Everyman When Everyman is visited by Death, what does he do? How does he react? What has passed between them? Death: Maker, a long journey, book of count Everyman: O Death thou comest when I had thee least in mind. Yet of my good will I give thee, if thou will be kind Yea, a thousand pound shalt thou have, And defer this matter till another day.
Everyman is left alone on the stage. What might he say to himself? Weep with sighs deep My book of reckoning is “full unready” Unready for what??? Everyman: How shall I do now for to excuse me? I would to God I had never be get! I fear pain huge and great.
Fellowship Everyman: We have been good friends in sport and play together for many a day. Ease my sorrow. I am in great jeopardy Fellowship: For, in faith, and thou go to hell, I will not forsake thee by the way to my life’s end in... good company. Everyman: bear me company / as ye have promised”. Fellowship: When will we come back? Everyman: Never again, till the day of doom Fellowship: In faith then will not I come there Now, by God that all hath brought, If Death were the messenger, For no man that is living to-day I will not go that loath journey— Not for the father that begat me! We two may go and undertake some feasting and drinking and enjoy the company of women and thou will murder, or any man kill - In that I will help thee with a good will.
Kindred and Cousin Kindred and Cousin: We will live and die together and stay with you in wealth and woe Kindred: What sort of reckoning areyou going to make? Everyman: I must show how I have lived, how I have spent my days, all the ill deeds that I have done, and all the opportunities to be virtuous which I have not taken up. Cousin: I’d rather fast for five years on bread and water than accompany you. I have the cramp in my toe. I have my own reckoning to make. Kindred: Cheer up and stop moaning Take good heart to you, and make no moan Everyman: Fair words maketh fools fain. They promise and nothing will do.
Goods Everyman: Money maketh all right that is wrong. Goods: I lie here in corners, trussed and piled so high, Also in chests I am locked so fast, Also sacked in bags... I follows no man in such voyages I cannot cleanse your book of reckoning but Your obsession with me has blotted it. My love is contrary to the love everlasting. But if thou had me loved moderately during, As to the poor give part of me, Then shouldest thou not in this dolour be.
Good Deeds Everyman : O, to whom shall I make me moan For to go with me in that heavy journey? I am worthy to be blamed I can ask Good Deeds for help but she is so weak that she can neither go nor speak. Everyman : WhenI pray you, help me in this need Or else I am forever damned indeed; Therefore, help me to make reckoning Before the Redeemer of all things. Good Deeds: Your book of account would be in great shape if only you had focused your attention on me. As you have not spent any time with me, I fall weak and cannot go with you. I have, though, a sister who can accompany you. Who is her sister?
Knowledge I will go with thee and be thy guide. To whom does Knowledge take Everyman?
Confession Confession is seen at a distance within the House of Salvation. Everyman kneels to him and asks for mercy. Confession: I will give you the comfort of a precious jewel, that is penance. Jesus suffered on the cross for mankind, so man in turn must remember Jesus in suffering himself by undergoing the “scourge of penance”. You should fulfill this penance, and Knowledge will tell you how you can clear your account book with God.
Everyman: WASH fro ME the SPOTS of VICE unCLEAN that ON me NO sin MAY be SEEN. O glorious fountain, that all uncleanness doth clarify In the name of the Holy Trinity My body sore punished shall be. Take this, body, for the sin of the flesh! He scourges himself
Discretion, Strength, Beauty and Five Wits We will be your adviser, help and comfort
Five Wits There is no emperor, king, duke, ne baron, That of God hath commission As hath at least priest in the world being. For of the blessed sacraments pure and benign He beareth the keys...
Knowledge speaks about Priesthood priests are a means to become close to God via the seven sacraments and their teaching of holy scripture Sinful priests giveth the sinners example bad; Their children sitteth by other men's fires, I have heard, And some haunteth women's company With unclean life, as lusts of lechery.
Everyman re-enters with a crucifix, having received the sacrament and extreme unction. He asks each of his companions to set their hands on the cross, and go before. One by one, Strength, Discretion, and Knowledge promise never to part from Everyman’s side. Together, they all journey to Everyman’s grave. Everyman feels dizzy and wants to sleep into the earth and then abandoned by his friends.
Everyman: Both Strength and Beauty forsaketh me when Death bloweth his blastDeath They all run fro me full fast. O Jesu, help! All hath forsaken me”.
To the Grave Everyman: O, Jesus, help! All hath forsaken me. Good Deeds: Nay, Everyman, I will bide with thee. Knowledge: I will not from hence depart Till I see where ye shall be. Everyman: Into thy hands, I commend my spirit
What lesson does Everyman give at the end of the play? Take example, all ye that this do hear or see How they that I loved best do forsake me, Except my Good Deeds that bideth truly.
Seven Deadly Sins Fellowship wants to feast, drink and consort with women (gluttony and lechery) and the odd mention of murder as a form of entertainment (wrath). Everyman’s fine clothes and his lofty offer to bribe Death with a thousand pounds might be seen as representing pride and covetousness. All of Everyman’s friends, as G.A. Lester has noted, “by their unwillingness to go on the journey could be said to exemplify sloth”, and Goods shows a “recognized form of envy” in showing such delight in Everyman’s bad fortunes.
Themes Come up with the themes. Use the following wordsn your thesis statement Transitory nature of life Sin Death Pilgrimage/journey Worldly goods/pleasure/riches Spiritual/Spirituality Judgement