2Poetry is concentrated thought which focuses our attention simultaneously on the combination of rhythm and image to express its meaning.
3Where Were You Yesterday? ProseYesterday it rained, and I stood out in it hoping by chance that you’d just happen to come outside. But I knew that if you did come out, we’d never be like we were before. Maybe it’s a good thing you didn’t come out. Besides, who comes out in the rain anymore just to talk?
4Where Were You Yesterday? PoetryYesterday it rainedand I stood out in ithopingby chancethat you’d just happen to come outside.But I knew that if you did come out,we’d never be like we were before.Maybe it’s a good thingyou didn’t come out.Besideswho comes out in the rainanymorejust to talk?
5Prose Vs. Poetry No rhyme No pattern/rhythm No line division Can use imagesCan target emotionsDivisions are paragraphsRhymed/UnrhymedFollows a beat/has rhythmLine divisionUses images to focus on a particular ideaTargets emotions through use of imagesDivisions are stanzas
6Poetry Vocabulary Prose-Opposite of poetry, paragraph form Formula poetry -Poems that must follow certain guidelines (and, most of the time, a certain rhyme scheme) to be classified as a particular kind of poemCinquain-Five line poem in which each line requires a certain number of syllables (1st line-2,2nd line-4, 3rd line-6, 4th line-8, 5th line-2)Limerick-Funny poem with rhyme scheme of aabbaHaiku-Japanese nature poem of three unrhymed lines (syllables in line 1-5, line 2-7, line 3-5)
7Poetry VocabularyRhyme Scheme-Pattern made by how poem rhymes at the end of a line-letters assigned to lines according to end rhymeAlliteration-Repetition of the same sounds at the beginning of words in a poem (ex. My mom made my Monday more magnificent.)Onomatopoeia-Words that imitate sounds (ex. pow, bang, pop)Enjambment-Continuation of a complete thought / idea from one line to the nextCouplet-Pair of lines that are the same length and usually rhymeQuatrain-Stanza / poem of four lines
8Poetry VocabularyConsonance-Repetition of consonants in a line-not at the beginning (ex. Sue was passing Art class.)Assonance-Repetition of the same sounds in a line (ex. Saul was filled with awe over Mardi Gras.)End Rhyme-How poem rhymes at the ends of linesStanza-Lines of poetry that form a division in the poemStress-Syllables stand out because they have a different pitch or are stronger than other syllablesAccent-Emphasis given to a syllable or word shown by a small mark above stressed syllable
9Poetry VocabularyMeter-Arrangement of a line of poetry by the rhythm of stressed and unstressed syllablesIdiom-Words are not meant to be taken word for word (ex. You are pulling my leg.)Literal -Words are meant to be taken word for wordTone-Emotion or feelings author felt or wants audience to feel while reading poem (aka mood)Figurative Language -Expressions used to create memorable poems (ex. idioms, alliteration, onomatopoeia)
10“I Can’t Write a Poem” poem Forget it.You must be kidding.I’m still half asleep.My eyes keep closing.My brain isn’t working.I don’t have a pencil.I don’t have any paper.My desk is wobbly.I don’t know what to write about.And besides, I don’t even know how to write a poem.I’ve got a headache. I need to see the nurse.Time’s up? Uh oh!All I have is this dumb list of excuses.You like it? Really? No kidding.Thanks a lot.Would you like to see another one.-Bruce Lansky
11Kidnapped And drove for 20 miles or This morning I got kidnapped At least for 20 minutes, and thenDragged me from the car down toSome cold and moldy basement,Where they stuck me in a cornerAnd went off to get the ransomLeaving one of them to guard meWith a shotgun pointed at me,Tied up sitting on a stool…That’s why I’m late for school!This morning I got kidnappedBy three masked men.They stopped me on the sidewalk,And offered me some candy,And when I wouldn’t take itThey grabbed me by the collar,And pinned my arms behind me,And shoved me in the backseatOf this big black limousine andTied my hands behind my backWith sharp and rusty wire.Then they put a blindfold on my eyesSo I couldn’t see where they took me,And plugged up my ears with cottonSo I couldn’t hear their voices.-Shel Silverstein
12Irritating Sayings For the five hundredth time Isn’t it about time you thought about bed?It must be somewhereYou speak to him Harold, he won’t listen to me.Who do you think I am?You’d better ask your fatherIt’s late enough as it isDon’t eat with your mouth open.In this day and ageDid anybody ask your opinionI remember when I was a boyAnd after all we do for youYou’re not talking to your school friends now,you knowWhy don’t you do it the proper wayI’m only trying to tell youWhat did I just say?Now, wrap up warmB-E-D spells bedSit up straight and don’t gobble your foodFor the five hundredth timeDon’t let me ever see you do that againHave you made your bed?Can’t you look further than your nose?No more lipHave you done your homework?Because I say soDon’t come with those fancy ways hereAny more and you’ll be in bedMy, haven’t you grownSome day I won’t be here, then you’ll seeA chair’s for sitting onYou shouldn’t need telling at your ageWant, want, want, that’s all you ever say
13Rhyme Scheme Example: Like the sun behind the clouds A Pattern of rhyme in a stanza or poem. You can identify the rhyme scheme in stanzas by looking at the last word in the line and assigning letters to the rhyming wordsExample:Like the sun behind the clouds ALike the darkness of the night BLike the grass beneath the trees CYou stepped into the light… B
14Rhyme Scheme Practice 1. I knew I’d have to grow up sometime, ______ That my childhood memories would end, ______But a spark within me died, ______When I lost my imaginary friend. ______2.As the sun set and the moon came, ______I looked out the window in dread and shame. ______The sound of birds rose from the sky, ______I waved my hand and bid goodbye. ______
15Rhyme Scheme Practice 3. When I look into his eyes, ______ I see the deep blue sea. ______I hope my love never dies, ______That he’ll always be there for me. ______4.And here ends the saga ______Of writers who have grown. ______We’re successful authors, ______Now we will be unknown. ______
16Write Small / Focused Small/focused image Big/unfocused image Licking the pink frosting off the ends of the candlesStrobe lights flickering over laughing faces as the beat pounds onA mountain of children’s shoesBig/unfocused imageBirthday parties are fun.School dances are strange.The holocaust was inhuman.
17Now, you turn these big images into small images. His car was a mess.The food did not look good.The dog was mean.Her shoes did not fit.
18Image Practice How would you describe how you feel when you are angry? Directions: Read each sentence. Write yourresponse for each question by giving as manydescriptions as possible.How would you describe how you feel when you are angry?Describe how you feel after winning a game.Describe the odor of rotting garbage.Describe the scent left after a rainfall.Describe the feeling of walking on hot sand on the beach.
19Mood/Voice Request to a Minstrel Sing unto me a song of seasons Of death, rebirth, and happiness.Sing unto me a song of reasonsStaid thoughts and deepest contemplations.Sing unto me a song of sorrowsQuiet longing and dark despair.Then, sing unto me a song of tomorrowsOf joy and laughterTarry longest there.-Andrea Cox
20Mood/Voice Like, Am I Noticed I kind of got my hands on One of those slickLeather jacketsAnd a mean sort ofCool brown hatI was justKind ofWalking down the streetSort ofMinding my businessI felt likeYou know, this…Urge to be noticed,I sort of casually walkedDown the streetYou knowTo the cornerThis group ofLikeKind of like cool kids wereSort of thereI like slipped by inKind of like aCool mannerI sort of wonderedIf they noticed meI kind of turned aroundOnly to find them likeLaughing at meI wasSort of likeReally embarrassed kind ofI kind of, likeYou knowWent homeMike Gelanger
21Cinquain PoemA five-line poem with a set number of syllables for each line. Each line adds an additional image to the subject of the poemFormula poem
22Cinquain Formula Line 1 2 syllables Subject Line 2 4 syllables Description of subjectLine 3 6 syllables Describes an actionLine 4 8 syllables Expresses a feelingLine 5 2 syllables Another word for subjectExampleSummerFruits, ice cream, funSwimming, playing, laughingNo homework, only sun, I smileThree months
23Simile Poem Prejudice Prejudice is like the feeling you get When you’re left out of a gameIt is like the music ofA seashell: hollow and distantIt’s when you never reach the front door;Always being turned away at the first step.Kimberly Harmon
24Metaphor Line-by-Line Poem The Highwayman The wind was a torrent of darkness among the gusty trees,The moon was a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas,The road was a ribbon of moonlight over the purple moor,And the highwayman came riding-riding-riding-The highwayman came riding, up to the old inn door.Alfred Noyes (excerpt)
25Simile Line-by-Line Example Dream Deferred What happens to a dream deferred?Does it dry upLike a raisin in the sun?Or fester like a sore-And then run?Does it stink like rotten meat?Or crust and sugar over-Like a syrupy sweet?Maybe it just sags like a heavy load.Or does it explode?Langston Hughes
26Metaphor Poems Line-by-Line Metaphor Hate is a sore, festering and bubbling on the heartHate is a single-leafed tree, its owner weak and aloneHate is a wilted rose, time has worn it from beauty to wretchednessHate is a zit, ready to burstHate is the Hulk, small when calm, huge and fierce when agitatedHate is a snake, it swallows its enemies wholeHate is a birthday party, it can take you by surpriseHate is a tree, it stands the test of timeHate is a rubber band, it will snap when pulled too hardHate is a deadly disease, something you don’t want to catch
27Metaphor Poems Extended Metaphor Hate is a zit Earned by debris, dirt, oil, grimeKicked into a faceBy a filthy worldIt begins beneath the surfaceThen pokes out its disgusting headMakes the face turn redAnd grows and growsUntil finallyIt explodes
28Alliteration Cafeteria Chaos The line lingers,My stomach growls.Tina topples her tray,And the whole place howls!Spinach spills!Pass the paper towels!Someone pings a pea,And the fifth grade teacher frowns!What’s likely at lunch?Everyone chomps and chows down!
29Limerick Formula Poem Humorous and often bawdy (inappropriate ) 5 lines totalRhyme Scheme AABBABeats-Lines 1, 2, 5 have 3 beatsLines 3-4 have 2 beatsFirst line usually has the name of a place (often a fictional name made up to rhyme with the rest of the poem)
30LimerickExamples:There was an Old Person whose habits, Induced him to feed upon rabbits; When he'd eaten eighteen, He turned perfectly green, Upon which he relinquished those habits.There was an Old Man with a beard, Who said, 'It is just as I feared! Two Owls and a Hen, Four Larks and a Wren, Have all built their nests in my beard!'
31Onomatopoeia Poem What Some People Do Jibber, jabber, gabble, babbleCackle, clack, and prate,Twiddle, twaddle, mutter, stutterUtter, splutter, blate…Chatter, patter, tattle, prattle,Chew the rag and crack,Spiel and spout and spit it out,Tell the world and quack…Sniffle, snuffle, drawl and bawl,Snicker, snort, and snap,Bark and buzz and yap and yelp,Chin and chip and chat…Shout and shoot and gargle, gasp,Gab and gag and groan,Hem and haw and work the jaw,Grumble, mumble, moan…Beef and bellyache and bat,Say a mouthful, squawk,That is what some people doWhen they merely talk.