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Unit 7 The Virtues of Growing Older. Contents Contents Pre-reading questions Pre-reading questions Pre-reading questions Pre-reading questions Background.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 7 The Virtues of Growing Older. Contents Contents Pre-reading questions Pre-reading questions Pre-reading questions Pre-reading questions Background."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 7 The Virtues of Growing Older

2 Contents Contents Pre-reading questions Pre-reading questions Pre-reading questions Pre-reading questions Background information Background information Background information Background information Structure analysis Structure analysis Structure analysis Structure analysis Comprehension questions Comprehension questions Comprehension questions Comprehension questions Language points of Text I Language points of Text I Language points of Text I Language points of Text I Grammatical items Grammatical items Grammatical items Grammatical items Exercises Exercises Exercises Comprehension questions of Text II Comprehension questions of Text II Comprehension questions of Text II Comprehension questions of Text II Oral activities Oral activities Oral activities Oral activities Writing practice Writing practice Writing practice Writing practice

3 Text I The Virtues of Growing Older Pre-reading questions Pre-reading questions 1. What, in your opinion, are the advantages and disadvantages of growing older? 2. What do you think are the virtues of being young?

4 Background information (1) Background information (1) Benefits Of Growing Older Benefits Of Growing Older *In a hostage situation, you are likely to be released first. *No one expects you to run into a burning building. *People no longer view you as a hypochondriac. *There's nothing left to learn the hard way. *Things you buy now won't wear out. (To be continued)

5 Background information (2) *You can eat dinner at 4:00. *You enjoy hearing about other people's operations. *You can have a party and not bother the neighbors. *Speed limits are no longer a challenge. *You can sing along with the elevator music. *Your eyes won't get much worse.

6 Background information (3) *Your investment in health insurance is finally beginning to pay off. * Your joints are more accurate than the National Weather Service. *Your secrets are safe with your friends because they can't remember them either. *Your supply of brain cells is finally down to a manageable size.

7 Background information (4) “As for old age, embrace it and love it. It abounds with pleasure if you know how to use it.” to use it.” ---SENECA (3 B.C A.D.) ---SENECA (3 B.C A.D.)

8 Structure analysis of the text (1) This text is a piece of exposition, which tells us a number of distinct advantages of growing old with examples. This text is a piece of exposition, which tells us a number of distinct advantages of growing old with examples. The text is mostly organized and developed by means of ideas. The text is mostly organized and developed by means of ideas.

9 Structure analysis of the text (2) Paragraphs 1-2 Paragraphs 1-2 These two paragraphs make up the first part of the text. These two paragraphs make up the first part of the text.

10 Structure analysis of the text (3) Paragraphs 3-5 Paragraphs 3-5 These paragraphs may be considered to constitute the second part or the main part of the text. During these paragraphs the author reveals three advantages of growing older respectively. They are stated as follows: These paragraphs may be considered to constitute the second part or the main part of the text. During these paragraphs the author reveals three advantages of growing older respectively. They are stated as follows:

11 Structure analysis of the text (4) Paragraphs 6 Paragraphs 6 After sharing her own experience in contrast to adolescents’ problems with the reader, in this paragraph the writer turns to the issue similar to the one mentioned in the first paragraph: the validity of American values on the aging problem. After sharing her own experience in contrast to adolescents’ problems with the reader, in this paragraph the writer turns to the issue similar to the one mentioned in the first paragraph: the validity of American values on the aging problem.

12 Comprehension questions (1) 1. What is the Americans’ attitude toward the problem of growing older? And how is this attitude expressed in their daily life? 1. What is the Americans’ attitude toward the problem of growing older? And how is this attitude expressed in their daily life? The answer to this question can be found in the first two paragraphs. The beginning statement tells readers about the fact that Americans worship youth. In other words, they are afraid of growing. This fear is manifested in their efforts “ to delay the effects of age” with the passion for cosmetics and physical exercises. The answer to this question can be found in the first two paragraphs. The beginning statement tells readers about the fact that Americans worship youth. In other words, they are afraid of growing. This fear is manifested in their efforts “ to delay the effects of age” with the passion for cosmetics and physical exercises.

13 Comprehension questions (2) 2. How many aspects does the author list to show the distinct advantages of growing older? What are they? 2. How many aspects does the author list to show the distinct advantages of growing older? What are they? The writer mentions three aspects to show distinct advantages of growing older. i.e. less concern of one’s appearance (paragraph3), less uncertainty about the unknowns in the future ( paragraph4) and self-identity( paragraph5). The writer mentions three aspects to show distinct advantages of growing older. i.e. less concern of one’s appearance (paragraph3), less uncertainty about the unknowns in the future ( paragraph4) and self-identity( paragraph5).

14 Comprehension questions (3) 3. Why are young people often confused, uncertain and troubles despite their carefree façade? 3. Why are young people often confused, uncertain and troubles despite their carefree façade? Refer to Paragraph 4, in which the writer says, “when you are young, major decisions await you at every turn.” This suggests that they feel uncertain about what would happen to them and what they would do in the future. Refer to Paragraph 4, in which the writer says, “when you are young, major decisions await you at every turn.” This suggests that they feel uncertain about what would happen to them and what they would do in the future.

15 Comprehension questions (4) 4. How does the author contrast young people with older ones in terms of self-identity? 4. How does the author contrast young people with older ones in terms of self-identity? Refer to Paragraph5. The writer presents the distinct difference between the adolescents and the forty-year-olds by repeated use of “ Being young mean…” or “ It means…” in contrast with “ I…now…” or “ I no longer…” Refer to Paragraph5. The writer presents the distinct difference between the adolescents and the forty-year-olds by repeated use of “ Being young mean…” or “ It means…” in contrast with “ I…now…” or “ I no longer…”

16 Comprehension questions (5) 5. What significance does the author draw from her parents’ contentment in their sixties? 5. What significance does the author draw from her parents’ contentment in their sixties? The writer learns the significance from her parents’ contentment that the newer (younger) is not necessarily better, and she can be happier than before as she grows older. The writer learns the significance from her parents’ contentment that the newer (younger) is not necessarily better, and she can be happier than before as she grows older.

17 Language points of Text I (1) 1. aging: the process of growing old 1. aging: the process of growing old eg. Our society has negative attitudes towards aging and old people. eg. Our society has negative attitudes towards aging and old people. 2. dread: to feel great fear or anxiety about 2. dread: to feel great fear or anxiety about eg. I’ve got an interview with the bank manager tomorrow - I’m dreading it. eg. I’ve got an interview with the bank manager tomorrow - I’m dreading it. He always dreaded asking them for their rent because he knew it would end in an argument. He always dreaded asking them for their rent because he knew it would end in an argument.

18 Language points of Text I (2) 3. distinct: noticeable; unmistakable 3. distinct: noticeable; unmistakable eg. There is a distinct possibility that she’ll be appointed manager of the company. eg. There is a distinct possibility that she’ll be appointed manager of the company. 4. (be) obsessed with: to have an unreasonably strong and continuous interest in particular things or persons 4. (be) obsessed with: to have an unreasonably strong and continuous interest in particular things or persons eg. She became obsessed in her old age with what to do with her immerse wealth. eg. She became obsessed in her old age with what to do with her immerse wealth.

19 Language points of Text I (3) 5.perfect: v. to make something perfect 5.perfect: v. to make something perfect eg. Graham has decided to live in Paris for a couple of years to perfect his French. eg. Graham has decided to live in Paris for a couple of years to perfect his French. A new technique of heart surgery has been perfected by the doctors in Victoria. A new technique of heart surgery has been perfected by the doctors in Victoria.

20 Language points of Text I (4) 6. diet: 6. diet: 1) v. to eat less in order to lose weight 1) v. to eat less in order to lose weight eg. She dieted, went on exercise programmes nut still she didn’t attain that perfect figure she was looking for. eg. She dieted, went on exercise programmes nut still she didn’t attain that perfect figure she was looking for. 2) n. 2) n. eg. Exercise and a well-balanced diet keep you fit and healthy. eg. Exercise and a well-balanced diet keep you fit and healthy. During the training, soldiers learn how to survive on a diet of fruit, nuts and animals they have killed and cooked themselves. During the training, soldiers learn how to survive on a diet of fruit, nuts and animals they have killed and cooked themselves.

21 Language points of Text I (5) 7. satisfy: v. 7. satisfy: v. eg. A compromise was eventually reached between the factory and the water company, yet even this failed to satisfy environmentalists. eg. A compromise was eventually reached between the factory and the water company, yet even this failed to satisfy environmentalists. 8. plead: to beg 8. plead: to beg eg. The wife of one of the hostages appeared on TV last night to plead for her husband’s life. eg. The wife of one of the hostages appeared on TV last night to plead for her husband’s life.

22 Language points of Text I (6) 9. tolerate: to suffer without complaining 9. tolerate: to suffer without complaining eg. For years we’ve had to tolerate appalling working conditions and low-quality outdated equipment. eg. For years we’ve had to tolerate appalling working conditions and low-quality outdated equipment. 10. beyond: outside the range or limit of 10. beyond: outside the range or limit of eg. Understanding this article is beyond my capability. eg. Understanding this article is beyond my capability. The fruit is beyond my reach. The fruit is beyond my reach.

23 Language points of Text I (7) 11. agony: extreme mental or physical pain or suffering 11. agony: extreme mental or physical pain or suffering eg. He lay in agony until the doctor arrived. eg. He lay in agony until the doctor arrived. With renewed fighting for control of the capital, there seems to be no end to their agony. With renewed fighting for control of the capital, there seems to be no end to their agony.

24 Language points of Text I (8) 12. deny oneself: not to allow oneself to have something that one normally has 12. deny oneself: not to allow oneself to have something that one normally has eg. He denied himself all small pleasures and luxuries in his effort to live a holy life. eg. He denied himself all small pleasures and luxuries in his effort to live a holy life. Stop denying yourself! Relax and have a good time. Stop denying yourself! Relax and have a good time.

25 Language points of Text I (9) 13. preferable: more desirable or suitable 13. preferable: more desirable or suitable eg. For young offenders, probation is usually preferable to prison as a form of punishment. eg. For young offenders, probation is usually preferable to prison as a form of punishment. Wouldn’t it be preferable to take our vacation in the spring? Wouldn’t it be preferable to take our vacation in the spring?

26 Language points of Text I (10) 14. critical: extremely important; crucial 14. critical: extremely important; crucial eg. These accusations came at a critical phrase in the negotiations. eg. These accusations came at a critical phrase in the negotiations. The next few months could be critical for the whole mining industry. The next few months could be critical for the whole mining industry.

27 Language points of Text I (11) 15. await: to wait for 15. await: to wait for eg. The committee is awaiting a decision from head office before it takes any action. eg. The committee is awaiting a decision from head office before it takes any action. Two men have been charged with murder and are now in prison awaiting trial. Two men have been charged with murder and are now in prison awaiting trial.

28 Language points of Text I (12) 16. unknown: n. an unknown person or thing 16. unknown: n. an unknown person or thing eg. Starting a new relationship with someone is always a journey into the unknown. eg. Starting a new relationship with someone is always a journey into the unknown. In 1492 Columbus and his group of tiny ships set off into the unknown. In 1492 Columbus and his group of tiny ships set off into the unknown.

29 Language points of Text I (13) 17. benefit: n. anything that brings help, advantage or profit 17. benefit: n. anything that brings help, advantage or profit eg. Think of the benefits our breath care plan has to offer. eg. Think of the benefits our breath care plan has to offer. beneficial: a. beneficial: a. eg. These changes in the education system are beneficial to both teachers and students. eg. These changes in the education system are beneficial to both teachers and students. Tax cuts would have a beneficial effect on the economy. Tax cuts would have a beneficial effect on the economy.

30 Language points of Text I (14) 18. sanity: the condition of being mentally healthy 18. sanity: the condition of being mentally healthy eg. Your visits were the only thing that preserved my sanity. eg. Your visits were the only thing that preserved my sanity. His story was so extraordinary that we began to doubt his sanity. His story was so extraordinary that we began to doubt his sanity. which they overcome in later life. which they overcome in later life.

31 Language points of Text I (15) 19. quirk: a strange or unusual habit or part of someone’s character 19. quirk: a strange or unusual habit or part of someone’s character eg. She always went for three minutes’ walk exactly 10: 45 and the robber took advantage of this little quirk. eg. She always went for three minutes’ walk exactly 10: 45 and the robber took advantage of this little quirk. Children often have these little quirks. Children often have these little quirks.

32 Language points of Text I (16) 20. contradict: to be opposite in nature to 20. contradict: to be opposite in nature to eg. The account of events given by the witness contradicted the version of the accused. eg. The account of events given by the witness contradicted the version of the accused. The results of his experiments seemed to contradict the laws of physics. The results of his experiments seemed to contradict the laws of physics. 21. phase: stage of development 21. phase: stage of development eg. With the development of this machine, the mining industry entered a new phrase. eg. With the development of this machine, the mining industry entered a new phrase.

33 Exercises (1) Translation exercises 1. 他们都看着我 —— 说真的,在我一生中 为感到如此的窘迫。( embarrassed ) 1. 他们都看着我 —— 说真的,在我一生中 为感到如此的窘迫。( embarrassed ) They were all staring at me --- honestly, I had never felt so embarrassed in my whole life. They were all staring at me --- honestly, I had never felt so embarrassed in my whole life.

34 Exercises (2) 2. 在做出真正选择之前,你需要更多的信 息。( make a choice ) 2. 在做出真正选择之前,你需要更多的信 息。( make a choice ) Before you can make the right choice, you need a lot more information. Before you can make the right choice, you need a lot more information. 3. 该党未能使多数选民相信他们能够治理 国家。( convince ) 3. 该党未能使多数选民相信他们能够治理 国家。( convince ) The party failed to convince the majority of the voters that it was capable of governing the country. The party failed to convince the majority of the voters that it was capable of governing the country.

35 Exercises (3) 4. 为了保持苗条的身材,她克制自己不吃 冰淇凌。( deny oneself ) 4. 为了保持苗条的身材,她克制自己不吃 冰淇凌。( deny oneself ) To keep slim, she denied herself ice-creams. To keep slim, she denied herself ice-creams. 5. 最近他和两个坏孩子混在一起,这让他 的父母非常生气。( take up with ) 5. 最近他和两个坏孩子混在一起,这让他 的父母非常生气。( take up with ) Recently he had taken up with two bad boys, which makes his parents really angry. Recently he had taken up with two bad boys, which makes his parents really angry.

36 Exercises (4) 6. 你看了那些报纸的报道了吗?完全是自 相矛盾。( contradict ) 6. 你看了那些报纸的报道了吗?完全是自 相矛盾。( contradict ) Have you read these newspaper reports? They totally contradict each other. Have you read these newspaper reports? They totally contradict each other. 7. 在一些失业中,超过退休年龄而继续工 作是可能。 ( beyond ) 7. 在一些失业中,超过退休年龄而继续工 作是可能。 ( beyond ) In a number of professions it is possible to continue working beyond the retirement age. In a number of professions it is possible to continue working beyond the retirement age.

37 Exercises (5) 8. 他心情好的时候,就会唱起他最喜欢的 那首歌。( in the mood ) 8. 他心情好的时候,就会唱起他最喜欢的 那首歌。( in the mood ) When he was in the mood, he would sing his favorite song. When he was in the mood, he would sing his favorite song.

38 Exercises (6) Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. delay take up with façade feverishly confront dread hold out premise resent automatically

39 Exercises (7) 1.I ______ answering you because of pressure of work. 1.I ______ answering you because of pressure of work. 2. __________ he set to work, and by the end of the day he had composed the whole concern to. 2. __________ he set to work, and by the end of the day he had composed the whole concern to. 3. Although they put up a _________ of honesty, I know that they were involved in various criminal activities. 3. Although they put up a _________ of honesty, I know that they were involved in various criminal activities. delayed Feverishly facade

40 Exercises (8) 4. On my first day at work I was ___________ with the task of chairing a meeting. 4. On my first day at work I was ___________ with the task of chairing a meeting. 5. British and American justice works on the __________ that an accused person is innocent until he’s proved guilty. 5. British and American justice works on the __________ that an accused person is innocent until he’s proved guilty. confronted premise

41 Comprehension questions of Text II 1. Do you believe in the reconnection of age groups? Explain your opinion. 2. Do you think senior-citizen homes are a good place for the aged? Why/Why not?

42 Oral activities 1. Retell the virtues of growing older in class. 1. Retell the virtues of growing older in class. 2. Discuss the following topics: 2. Discuss the following topics: 1) The advantages and disadvantages of being old. 1) The advantages and disadvantages of being old. 2) The role that the old play both in China and abroad. 2) The role that the old play both in China and abroad.

43 Writing practice Advantages of Learning English Advantages of Learning English

44 Writing practice One possible version One possible version The passing two decades have witnessed a rush for learning English in China. And people have become more interested in it nowadays. Not only do they want to learn the language for educational purpose, but also to master it for today’s or tomorrow’s careers. The passing two decades have witnessed a rush for learning English in China. And people have become more interested in it nowadays. Not only do they want to learn the language for educational purpose, but also to master it for today’s or tomorrow’s careers.

45 Writing practice Learning English offers a lot of opportunities. Many jobs now require that a person know the language for it is used widely in the world. Jobs related to travel, hotels, and airlines are a few examples. There are others, like working with the government, and in business. One example of this is one of my friends who recently changed jobs. She used to be working in a travel agency. She said her knowledge of English made a lot of things easier for her. Learning English offers a lot of opportunities. Many jobs now require that a person know the language for it is used widely in the world. Jobs related to travel, hotels, and airlines are a few examples. There are others, like working with the government, and in business. One example of this is one of my friends who recently changed jobs. She used to be working in a travel agency. She said her knowledge of English made a lot of things easier for her.

46 Writing practice Just a few weeks ago I received a letter from her saying that she is now working with the US Embassy in China. She said that without the English language she would not be working there. Just a few weeks ago I received a letter from her saying that she is now working with the US Embassy in China. She said that without the English language she would not be working there. As you can see from the above example, there are many advantages in learning English, especially when one finishes schooling and job opportunities are greatly needed. As you can see from the above example, there are many advantages in learning English, especially when one finishes schooling and job opportunities are greatly needed.

47 Good Bye !


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