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1 1. 2 Composition/Performance of Hymn due May 18 Topic: the character of God Topic: the character of God Create three-stanza lyric Create three-stanza.

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Presentation on theme: "1 1. 2 Composition/Performance of Hymn due May 18 Topic: the character of God Topic: the character of God Create three-stanza lyric Create three-stanza."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 Composition/Performance of Hymn due May 18 Topic: the character of God Topic: the character of God Create three-stanza lyric Create three-stanza lyric Set to borrowed or original tune Set to borrowed or original tune You may partner with someone from class You may partner with someone from class Work on this during Easter Recess? Work on this during Easter Recess?

3 3 Romans 12: 1,2 NRSV I appeal to you, therefore, brothers and sisters, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual act of worship. I appeal to you, therefore, brothers and sisters, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual act of worship. Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your minds, so that you may be able to discern what is the will of God − what is good and acceptable and perfect. Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your minds, so that you may be able to discern what is the will of God − what is good and acceptable and perfect.

4 4 Romans 12: 1,2 NRSV I a__ to you, therefore, brothers and sisters, by __________________, to present your _____, as a ____ ____, holy and ____to God, which is your ________________________. I a__ to you, therefore, brothers and sisters, by __________________, to present your _____, as a ____ ____, holy and ____to God, which is your ________________________. Do not be __________________, but be____ by the ____________,so that you may be able to discern w___ i_ Do not be __________________, but be____ by the ____________,so that you may be able to discern w___ i_ t_ w__ of G__, what is good and ____ and ____. t_ w__ of G__, what is good and ____ and ____.

5 5 Romans 12: 1,2 NRSV I appeal to you, therefore, brothers and sisters, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual act of worship. I appeal to you, therefore, brothers and sisters, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual act of worship. Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your minds, so that you may be able to discern what is the will of God − what is good and acceptable and perfect. Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your minds, so that you may be able to discern what is the will of God − what is good and acceptable and perfect.

6 6 The Wesley Brothers © 2012 Barry Liesch Biola University La Mirada, CA Charles Wesley Hymn writer Charles Wesley Hymn writer John Wesley Preacher & publisher John Wesley Preacher & publisher

7 7 Just one generation after Watts Were active Charles Wesley Hymn writer Charles Wesley Hymn writer John Wesley Preacher & publisher John Wesley Preacher & publisher

8 8 In 1700’s the Anglican church –had power, political power, spiritual power, was in control

9 9 In 1700’s the Anglican church –had power, political power, spiritual power, was in control But i t was a dark time… low morale, squalor, unrest, cold Christianity Deism had infiltrated the Church.

10 10 In 1700’s the Anglican church –had power, political power, spiritual power, was in control But i t was a dark time… low morale, injustice, unrest, cold Christianity Deism had infiltrated the Church. John Charles Wesley brothers – preached Arminian doctrine

11 11 In 1700’s the Anglican church –had power, political power, spiritual power, was in control But i t was a time of… low morale, injustice, unrest, cold Christianity Deism had infiltrated the Church. John Charles Wesley brothers – preached Arminian doctrine Calvinis tic Doctrin e

12 12 In 1700’s the Anglican church –had power, political power, spiritual power, was in control But i t was a time of… low morale, injustice, unrest, cold Christianity Deism had infiltrated the Church. John Charles Wesley brothers – preached Arminian doctrine clashed with Calvinist authorities regarded as radicals, dangerous, teaching “heresy” Calvinis tic Doctrin e

13 13 John Charles Not ensconced in comfortable church positions. Like Jesus, they preached in fields, market squares.

14 14 John Charles Not ensconced in comfortable church positions. Like Jesus, they preached in fields, market squares. Spear-headed a national revival Credited with helping avert a French-style Revolution

15 15 Brilliant Courageous Experiential Innovative Theological Controversial Influential

16 16 Awesome academic talent Both John and Charles When a teenager, Charles competed in a scholarly joust or "Challenge.” One fellow tried to "stump" another on any of a hundred subtle questions concerning Greek grammar.

17 17 The competition began early in the morning and continued until nine at night, three or four nights a week, for eight weeks! Much was at stake. The winner would be named a "King's Scholar" and guaranteed entrance to Oxford or Cambridge University. Awesome academic talent Both John and Charles

18 18 Charles triumphed, enrolled at Oxford University. Awarded a Master’s degree in Classical Languages and Literature. ( 1% of population attended University) Awesome academic talent Both John and Charles

19 19 John also excelled at Oxford Prominent student leader Drew strength from music his entire life Sang devotional hymns 4 to 5 times daily Translated German, Moravian hymns Song began & ended Methodist meetings Awesome academic talent Both John and Charles

20 20 Brilliant Courageous Experiential Innovative Theological Controversial Influential

21 21 Through his 80 th Birthday, John Wesley was Circuit-Riding Evangelist I preached at five about a mile from Altringham. At nine I preached at Stockport to a large congregation. Thence we rode to Derbyshire, a lone house on the side of a high steep mountain. I preached on justifying the ungodly. God’s word was as dew upon the tender herb. At five I preached at Mill Town. Wesley’s Journal April 28, 1745 Preached not only in churches & homes…

22 22 Through his 80 th Birthday, John Wesley was Circuit-Riding Evangelist Preached in open air Preached in open air  To miners, the poor, outcasts of society Involved in prison reform Involved in prison reform Faced church opposition Faced church opposition  Ministered outside church establishment  Slandered by clergy, censured by Bishops Riots, mobs erupted … for example Riots, mobs erupted … for example

23 23 Through his 80 th Birthday, John Wesley was Circuit-Riding Evangelist A clergyman incites mob charges John with preaching blasphemy charges John with preaching blasphemy Rock-throwing mob surrounds house, breaks windows, rips off shutters, floods rooms with a fire engine hose, deluges house, drives John’s horse into pond. Shouting, “We want minister. We will have minister.” They seize him. Force him to appear before magistrate.

24 24 Through his 80 th Birthday, John Wesley was Circuit-Riding Evangelist A clergyman incited mob charged John with preaching blasphemy charged John with preaching blasphemy Rock-throwing mob surrounds house, brakes windows, rips off shutters, floods rooms using a fire engine, deluges house, drives John’s horse into pond. Shouting, “We want minister. We will have minister.” They seize him. Force him to appear before magistrate. Methodist converts—mauled, hounded with bulldogs, threatened, their businesses looted

25 25 ”Always look a mob in the face”

26 26 Hymn from Charles Wesley expresses it all… Outcasts of men, to you I call, Harlots, and publicans and thieves He spreads his arms to embrace you all.... Come, all ye Magdalens in lust Ye ruffians fell in murders old Repent and live. Fearless, Gutzy, Disciplined!

27 27 Brilliant Courageous Experiential Innovative Theological Controversial Influential

28 28 Response to Deism John Wesley at Oxford University Opposes Deism’s Absent God People can have a personal relationship with a personal God People can have a personal relationship with a personal God Conversion could to be “felt” and “experienced” Conversion could to be “felt” and “experienced”

29 29 Response to Deism John Wesley at Oxford University Leads “holy club” (unflattering nickname) Charles reads Luther’s Galatians Has “born again” experience, feels forgiven Has “born again” experience, feels forgiven 1738 John reads Luther’s Romans I felt my heart strangely warmed I felt my heart strangely warmed I felt I did trust in Christ alone for my salvation I felt I did trust in Christ alone for my salvation He had taken away my sins, even mine He had taken away my sins, even mine

30 30 Charle’s Conversion Hymn... written day after (1738) O how shall I thy good tell... That I, a child of wrath and hell Should be called a child of God, Should know, should feel my sins forgiven

31 31 Personal-Theological hymns include … O for a 1000 tongues written “For the Anniversary Day” of his conversion written “For the Anniversary Day” of his conversion 18 verses! 18 verses! Several stanzas appear in current hymnbooks Several stanzas appear in current hymnbooks

32 32 Narrative stanzas not in current hymnbooks O for a 1000 tongues #96 On this glad day the glorious Sun On this glad day the glorious Sun Of Righteousness arose; On my benighted soul he shone And filled it with repose I felt my Lord’s atoning blood I felt my Lord’s atoning blood Close to my heart applied; Me, me he loved, the Son of God For me, for me, he died!

33 33 In current hymnbooks O for a 1000 tongues #96 O for a 1000 tongues to sing O for a 1000 tongues to sing My great Redeemer’s praise The glories of my God and King The triumphs of His grace

34 34 In current hymnbooks O for a 1000 tongues #96 O for a 1000 tongues to sing O for a 1000 tongues to sing My great Redeemer’s praise The glories of my God and King The triumphs of His grace He breaks the power of canceled sin He breaks the power of canceled sin He sets the prisoner free His blood can make the foulest clean His blood avails for me

35 35 Not in current hymnbooks but theological O for a 1000 tongues Look unto him, ye nations, own Look unto him, ye nations, own Your God, ye fallen race Look, and be saved through faith alone Be justified by grace Key Reformation tenets proclaimed

36 36 Charle’s And Can it be #366...tells his personal salvation story Narrative emphasis Narrative emphasis Theological emphasis Theological emphasis Both combined! Both combined!

37 37 Charle’s And Can it be #366...tells his personal salvation story And can it be that I should gain An interest in the Savior’s blood? Died He for me, who caused His pain? For me, who Him to death pursued? Amazing love! How can it be That thou my God should die for me?

38 38 Charle’s And Can it be #366...tells the gospel story He left His Father’s throne above, So free, so infinite His grace! Emptied Himself of all but love, And bled for Adam’s helpless race. ‘Tis mercy all immense and free For O my God it found out me

39 39 Charle’s And Can it be #366 …resumes his personal salvation story Long my imprisoned spirit lay Fast bound in sin and nature’s might; Thine eye diffused a quick’ning ray, I woke, the dungeon flamed with light: My chains fell off, my heart was free; I rose went forth and followed thee.

40 40 Charle’s And Can it be #366...his new standing before God No condemnation now I dread: Jesus, and all in Him is mine! Alive in Him, my living Head, And clothed in righteousness divine. Bold I approach the eternal throne And claim the crown through Christ alone

41 41 Charle’s And Can it be #366...for stanzas 2 and 4 Assignment 1. Trace the scriptural allusions Use Strong’s Concordance (KJ) Use Strong’s Concordance (KJ) 2. Summarize the key theological ideas 3. Hand in a written introduction Devised for a worship service Devised for a worship service

42 42 Brilliant Courageous Experiential Innovative Theological Controversial Influential

43 43 John Wesley - Innovator Small Group Methodology Brilliant organizer – for discipleship, bible studies 100’s of groups meet week nights 100’s of groups meet week nights  Outside of formal church structure for prayer, singing, mutual confession of faults for prayer, singing, mutual confession of faults to speak freely, plainly, and concisely the real state of your heart to speak freely, plainly, and concisely the real state of your heart

44 44 Charles Wesley writes Small Group Hymn What troubles have we seen, What conflicts we have past, Fightings without, and fears within, Since we assembled last.

45 John Wesley publishes Collection of Hymns for the People called Methodists  “The hymns are not carelessly jumbled together, but carefully arranged according to the experience of real Christians... a little body of experimental and practical divinity.” 56 Hymn Publications in All

46 46 Brilliant Courageous Experiential Innovative Theological Controversial Influential

47 47 Charles Wesley hymn on… Christ and his Kingdom… Christ is King, Lord Overthrows evil Establishes his kingdom Rules, Judges …all of this in the following hymn …all of this in the following hymn

48 48 Christ as Lord Rejoice, the Lord is King #342 Rejoice, the Lord is King Your Lord and King adore Rejoice give thanks and sing And triumph evermore Refrain Lift up your heart Lift up your voice rejoice again I say rejoice!

49 49 Christ as Exalted Savior Rejoice, the Lord is King #342 Our Savior, Jesus, reigns The God of truth and Love When he had purged our sins He took his seat above Refrain Lift up your heart Lift up your voice rejoice again I say rejoice!

50 50 Christ as Kingdom-Ruler Rejoice, the Lord is King #342 His kingdom shall not fail He rules o’er earth and heaven The keys of death and hell Are to our Jesus given Refrain Lift up your heart Lift up your voice rejoice again I say rejoice!

51 51 Christ as Enthroned in Heaven Rejoice, the Lord is King #342 He sits at God’s right hand Till all his foes submit And bow to his commands And fall beneath his feet Refrain Lift up your heart Lift up your voice rejoice again I say rejoice!

52 52 Christ as Coming Judge Rejoice, the Lord is King #342 Rejoice in glorious hope For Christ the Judge shall come To gather all his saints To their eternal home Refrain Lift up your heart Lift up your voice rejoice again I say rejoice!

53 53 Charles Wesley Retains Liturgical Year (Charles remains a chastised Anglican) Writes for Christmas celebrations Writes for Christmas celebrations Writes for Easter celebrations Writes for Easter celebrations Narrative & Theological combined

54 54 Charles Wesley: Christmas Hymn #185 Hark! The Herald Angels Sing Hark! the herald angels sing Glory to the new born king Peace on earth and mercy mild God and sinners reconciled Joyful all ye nations rise Join the triumph of the skies With the’angelic host proclaim Christ is born in Bethlehem Hark! the...

55 55 Charles Wesley: Christmas Hymn #185 Hark! The Herald Angels Sing Christ by highest heaven adored Christ the everlasting Lord Late in time behold him come Offspring of the Virgin’s womb Veiled in flesh the God-head see Hail the incarnate Deity Pleased with us in flesh to dwell Jesus our Immanuel Hark! the…

56 56 Charles Wesley: Christmas Hymn #185 Hark! The Herald Angels Sing Hail the heaven-born Prince of Peace Hail the Son of Righteousness Light and life to all he brings Risen with healing in his wings Mild he lays his glory by Born that we no more may die Born to raise us from the earth Born to give us second birth Hark! the…

57 57 Charles Wesley: Christmas Hymn #185 Hark! The Herald Angels Sing Assignment 1. Trace the scriptural allusions Use Strong’s Concordance (KJ) Use Strong’s Concordance (KJ) 2. Summarize the key theological ideas 3. Hand in a written introduction Devised for a worship service Devised for a worship service

58 58 Charles Wesley: Easter Hymn #288 Christ the Lord is risen today Christ the Lord is risen today... Sons of men and angels say... Raise your joy and triumphs high... Sing ye heavens and earth reply...

59 59 Charles Wesley: Easter Hymn #288 Christ the Lord is risen today Christ the Lord is risen today... Sons of men and angels say... Raise your joy and triumphs high... Sing ye heavens and earth reply... Lives again our glorious king... Where, O death, is now thy sting?... Dying once He all doth save... Where thy vict-o-ry, O grave?...

60 60 Brilliant Courageous Experiential Innovative Theological Controversial Influential

61 61 ArminianismCalvinism (TULIP) Free Will (Human Ability) Total Depravity (Total Inability) Conditional ElectionUnconditional Election Unlimited Atonement (Universal/General Redemption) Limited Atonement (Particular Redemption) Resistable Grace (Resistable Call of Spirit) Irresistable Grace (Irresistable Call of Spirit) Fallable: fall from Grace Can lose salvation Perseverance of Saints

62 62 Charles Wesley’s Hymns A textbook of Weslyan theology A textbook of Weslyan theology  free will  universal call of salvation  vivid born again experience  strong evangelistic emphasis “Heresy” by some Calvinists “Heresy” by some Calvinists

63 63 Charles Wesley’s Hymns Universal call Universal call  Pure universal love thou art  Thy sovereign grace to all extends “Immense and unconfined “Immense and unconfined From age to age it never ends From age to age it never ends It reaches all mankind” It reaches all mankind”

64 64 Charles Wesley’s Hymns Atonement for all Atonement for all The world he suffered to redeem For all he hath the atonement made For those that will not come to him The ransom of his life was paid

65 65 Charles Wesley Emphasis on free will Invitation hymn Invitation hymn individual can say “yes” or “no” to God individual can say “yes” or “no” to God Come, sinners to the gospel feast: Let every soul be Jesus’ guest. Ye need not one be left behind, For God has bid all humankind.

66 66 Charles Wesley Emphasis on free will Invitation hymn Invitation hymn  individual can say “yes” or “no” to God

67 67 Charles Wesley Emphasis on free will Invitation hymn Invitation hymn  individual can say “yes” or “no” to God Do not begin to make excuse; Ah! do not you his grace refuse; Your worldly cares and pleasures leave, And take what Jesus hath to give.

68 68 Arminian-Calvinist Heated Dispute Wesley vs Toplady Wage public battle-pamphlets/letters/sermons Toplady charges W with lying, forgery, heresy …guilty of Satanic shamelessness …hater of the gospel system …lurking, sly assassin, acting like Pope Wesley’s blast back I do not fight with chimney-sweeps I do not fight with chimney-sweeps Shall the Hellish doctrine stand? (hymn text) Yet, years later Wesley publishes Toplady’s Rock of Ages

69 69 Toplady’s Theologically-Loaded Hymn Rock of Ages #384 Rock of Ages cleft for me Let me hide myself in thee Let the water and the blood From thy wounded side which flowed Be of sin the double cure Save from wrath and make me pure

70 70 Toplady’s Theologically-Loaded Hymn Rock of Ages #384 Not the labors of my hands Can fulfill thy law’s demands Could my zeal no respite know Could my tears forever flow All for sin could not atone Thou must save and thou alone

71 71 Toplady’s Theologically-Loaded Hymn Rock of Ages #384 Nothing in my hand I bring Simply to thy cross I cling Naked come to thee for dress Helpless look to thee for grace Foul I too the fountain fly Wash me Savior or I die

72 72 Toplady’s Theologically-Loaded Hymn Rock of Ages #384 While I draw this fleeting breath When my eyes shall close in death When I soar to world’s unknown See thee on thy judgment throne Rock of ages cleft for me Let me hide myself in thee Wesley’s admiration of hymn text overcomes his personal antagonism

73 73 Toplady’s Theologically-Loaded Hymn Rock of Ages #384 Today’s notions of the individual Sense of sin muted/goodness of humankind Sense of sin muted/goodness of humankind Promotion self-esteem Promotion self-esteem Raising self-image Raising self-image Watts/Wesleys image of individual Deep, profound awareness of sin Deep, profound awareness of sin Total lostness apart from God Total lostness apart from God Under the wrath of God Under the wrath of God Calvinistic values embedded in culture Calvinistic values embedded in culture

74 74 Brilliant Courageous Experiential Innovative Theological Controversial Influential

75 75 Wesley’s – the turning point toward Modern Evangelicalism Changed the face of Protestant Reformation Changed the face of Protestant Reformation Broadened its outreach Broadened its outreach Broke with religious conventions Broke with religious conventions Willing to adapt, experiment, discard tradition Willing to adapt, experiment, discard tradition More participatory concept of Church More participatory concept of Church Revitalized doctrine of grace gone stale Revitalized doctrine of grace gone stale Modeled a more deeply personal religion Modeled a more deeply personal religion Advocate for genuine piety, evangelism Advocate for genuine piety, evangelism Pioneered para-church concept Pioneered para-church concept Founded Methodist denomination Founded Methodist denomination Forerunner of Nazarenes, C&MA, Pentecostals Forerunner of Nazarenes, C&MA, Pentecostals

76 76 1. wrote over 7000 hymns  works out to 10 lines every day for 50 years! 2. proclaims core theology 3. some hymns teach Arminian theology  opposes the TULIP philosophy 4. reveals Methodist distinctives  personal conversion experience  evangelistic emphasis  universal gospel Charles - greatest hymnist?

77 77 Impact of Hymns on Early Evangelicalism The one activity all evangelicals shared The one activity all evangelicals shared Bound them closely together Bound them closely together Key element in the USA Great Awakening Key element in the USA Great Awakening Popular hymns united evangelicals Popular hymns united evangelicals  Hymns shied away from controversy  Hymns pacified theological disputes  Hymns bridged black/white races Nothing was more central to the evangelical revival than the singing of new hymns. Mark Noll, historian

78 78 Hymns of Charles Wesley O for a 1000 tongues O for a 1000 tongues Love divine, all loves excelling Love divine, all loves excelling Come thou long expected Jesus Come thou long expected Jesus Hark! the herald angels sing Hark! the herald angels sing And can it be And can it be Christ the Lord is risen today Christ the Lord is risen today Rejoice the Lord is King Rejoice the Lord is King Lyrics “toned down” by today’s editors

79 79 A Model for You & Me? Bold Dogged perseverance Great command of scripture Wedded experience & theology Committed

80 80 A Model for You & Me? Bold Dogged perseverance Great command of scripture Wedded experience & theology Committed No pabulum, no bland hymns!

81 81 Charles’ personal favorite (2 tunes available) Jesus, Lover of My Soul #439 Jesus, lover of my soul Let me to thy bosom fly While the nearer water flow While the tempest still is high Hide me O my Savior hide Till the storm of life is past Safe into the haven guide O receive my soul at last

82 82 Charles’ personal favorite (2 tunes available) Jesus, Lover of My Soul #439 Other refuge have I none Hangs my helpless soul on thee Leave, ah! leave me not alone Still support and comfort me All my trust in thee is stayed All my help from thee I bring Cover my defenseless head With the shadow of thy wing

83 83 Charles’ personal favorite (2 tunes available) Jesus, Lover of My Soul #439 Thou, O Christ art all I want More than all in thee I find Raise the fallen, cheer the faint Heal the sick, and lead the blind Just and holy is thy name I am all unrighteousness False and full of sin I am Thou art full of truth and grace

84 84 Charles’ personal favorite (2 tunes available) Jesus, Lover of My Soul #439 Plenteous grace with thee is found Grace to cover all my sin Let the healing streams abound Make and keep me pure within Thou of life the fountain art Freely let me take of thee Spring thou up within my heart Rise to all eternity

85 85 Jesus, Lover of My Soul regarded as One of the greatest hymns

86 86 brother John refused to publish Jesus, Lover of my Soul … “ too sentimental ” comes into general use after Charle’s death Charle’s son Samuel becomes famous organist/composer

87 87 Thank you Charles!

88 88 Worship in the English language Metrical Psalms – imitating Geneva Psalter Hymns – Watts − > Wesleys Worship Choruses Gospel Songs Fanny Crosby 1850

89 89 Brilliant Courageous Experiential Innovative Theological Controversial Influential

90 90


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