Presentation on theme: "Presented by: Juluat, Arriane Joy I- OPSDIA. At the end of the Presentation, you will understand and learn about: Definition of Phobia Types of Phobia."— Presentation transcript:
At the end of the Presentation, you will understand and learn about: Definition of Phobia Types of Phobia Symptoms Of Phobia Common Phobias Overcoming Phobias My Top Ten Phobias
Psychiatrists define a phobia as a type of anxiety disorder that consists of a morbid and irrational fear of a specific object or situation associated with severe anxiety, and recognized by the subject to be unreasonable or unwarranted. It is more than fear, however, for the feared object or situation must be avoided, or can be endured only with marked distress, because of the anxiety response or panic attack that it almost invariably provokes. This condition is also known as angst Phobias are IRRATIONAL, meaning that they interfere with one's everyday life or daily routine. For example, if your fear of high places prevents you from crossing necessary bridges to get to work, that fear is irrational. If your fears keep you from enjoying life or even preoccupy your thinking so that you are unable to work, or sleep, or do the things you wish to do, then it becomes irrational. Other words that are synonyms of the word phobia include: fear, hatred, dread, anxiety, aversion, panic, fright, terror, torment, scare, terrify, angst, disgust, abhorrence, antipathy, repulsion, and revulsion.
1. Specific phobias (also known as simple phobia or isolated phobia). 2. Social phobias (social anxiety disorders; although when they occur in children, they are known as avoidant disorders).
The essential feature of a specific phobia is a persistent, irrational fear of, and compelling desire to avoid, specific objects or situations. This kind of phobia is characterized by a relatively specific fear of an object or situation. The range of stimuli that may elicit a fearful response is narrower than in other phobic disorders and such phobias are sometimes also referred to as simple phobias.
animal type - cued by animals or insects natural environment type - cued by objects in the environment, such as storms, heights, or water blood-injection-injury type - cued by witnessing some invasive medical procedure situational type - cued by a specific situation, such as public transportation, tunnels, bridges, elevators, flying, driving, or enclosed spaces other type - cued by other stimuli than the above, such as of choking, vomiting, or contracting an illness
Individuals who have social phobias have excessive anxieties in social situations; such as, parties, meetings, interviews, restaurants, making complaints, writing in public, eating in restaurants, and interacting with the opposite sex, strangers, and aggressive individuals. They often fear situations in which they believe they are being observed and evaluated, such as eating, drinking, speaking in public, driving, etc.
Unlike specific or simple phobias, which tend to diminish as the individual grows into puberty and young adulthood, social phobias persist as one gets older. Many such individuals have traits that interfere with social and marital adjustment. Some have ongoing problems with generalized anxiety, dependence, authority, and depression.
As defined by the American Psychiatric Association, “Agoraphobia is the fear of being alone in any place or situation from which it would be difficult or help unattainable should the need arise.” Most people will develop this disorder after experiencing an intense panic attack in a situation such as being in a room full of people or on a busy street. These attacks are random and the person fears another. The person eventually becomes afraid to leave their own home. This is the most debilitating of the phobias.
Phobias are emotional but cause the body to exhibit physical symptoms. Feelings of panic and dread or terror Recognition that the fear is abnormal Reactions that are involuntary and out of control Rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, trembling, sweating, intense anxiety, and an Overwhelming desire to leave the situation Extreme measures taken to avoid the feared object or situation Impaired ability to function at normal tasks due to fear Taking usual measure to avoid the cause of your fear
Ablutophobia- Fear of washing or bathing. Achluophobia- Fear of darkness. Acousticophobia- Fear of noise. Acrophobia- Fear of heights. Aeroacrophobia- Fear of open high places. Agliophobia- Fear of pain. Agyrophobia- Fear of streets or crossing the street. Alektorophobia- Fear of chickens. Altophobia- Fear of heights. Amaxophobia- Fear of riding in a car. Androphobia- Fear of men. Anthrophobia or Anthophobia- Fear of flowers. Anthropophobia- Fear of people or society. Antlophobia- Fear of floods. Anuptaphobia- Fear of staying single. Apeirophobia- Fear of infinity. Arachibutyrophobia- Fear of peanut butter sticking to the roof of the mouth. Arachnephobia or Arachnophobia- Fear of spiders. Astraphobia or Astrapophobia- Fear of thunder and lightning.(Ceraunophobia, Keraunophobia) Atelophobia- Fear of imperfection. Atychiphobia- Fear of failure. Aulophobia- Fear of flutes. Automysophobia- Fear of being dirty. Autophobia- Fear of being alone or of oneself. Aviophobia or Aviatophobia- Fear of flying.
Bacillophobia- Fear of microbes. Bacteriophobia- Fear of bacteria. Ballistophobia- Fear of missiles or bullets. Bolshephobia- Fear of Bolsheviks. Barophobia- Fear of gravity. Basophobia or Basiphobia- Inability to stand. Fear of walking or falling. Bathmophobia- Fear of stairs or steep slopes. Bathophobia- Fear of depth. Batophobia- Fear of heights or being close to high buildings. Batrachophobia- Fear of amphibians, such as frogs, newts, salamanders, etc. Belonephobia- Fear of pins and needles. (Aichmophobia) Bibliophobia- Fear of books. Blennophobia- Fear of slime. Bogyphobia- Fear of bogeys or the bogeyman. Botanophobia- Fear of plants. Bromidrosiphobia or Bromidrophobia- Fear of body smells. Brontophobia- Fear of thunder and lightning. Bufonophobia- Fear of toads. Cacophobia- Fear of ugliness. Caligynephobia- Fear of beautiful women. Catagelophobia- Fear of being ridiculed. Catapedaphobia- Fear of jumping from high and low places. Catoptrophobia- Fear of mirrors. Chirophobia- Fear of hands. Chrometophobia or Chrematophobia- Fear of money. Cibophobia- Fear of food.(Sitophobia, Sitiophobia) Claustrophobia- Fear of confined spaces. Cleithrophobia or Cleisiophobia- Fear of being locked in an enclosed place. Cleptophobia- Fear of stealing. Clinophobia- Fear of going to bed. Coimetrophobia- Fear of cemeteries. Cymophobia or Kymophobia- Fear of waves or wave like motions.
Decidophobia- Fear of making decisions. Defecaloesiophobia- Fear of painful bowels movements. Deipnophobia- Fear of dining or dinner conversations. Dementophobia- Fear of insanity. Demonophobia or Daemonophobia- Fear of demons. Demophobia- Fear of crowds. (Agoraphobia) Dendrophobia- Fear of trees. Dentophobia- Fear of dentists. Dermatophobia- Fear of skin lesions. Dermatosiophobia or Dermatophobia or Dermatopathophobia- Fear of skin disease. Dextrophobia- Fear of objects at the right side of the body. Diabetophobia- Fear of diabetes. Didaskaleinophobia- Fear of going to school. Dikephobia- Fear of justice. Doraphobia- Fear of fur or skins of animals. Doxophobia- Fear of expressing opinions or of receiving praise. Dromophobia- Fear of crossing streets. Dutchphobia- Fear of the Dutch. Dysmorphophobia- Fear of deformity. Dystychiphobia- Fear of accidents. Ecclesiophobia- Fear of church. Ecophobia- Fear of home. surroundings.(Domatophobia, Oikophobia) Eisoptrophobia- Fear of mirrors or of seeing oneself in a mirror. Electrophobia- Fear of electricity. Elurophobia- Fear of cats. (Ailurophobia) Emetophobia- Fear of vomiting. Enochlophobia- Fear of crowds. Entomophobia- Fear of insects. Epistaxiophobia- Fear of nosebleeds. Equinophobia- Fear of horses. Eremophobia- Fear of being oneself or of lonliness. Ereuthrophobia- Fear of blushing. Ergasiophobia- 1) Fear of work or functioning. 2) Surgeon's fear of operating. Ergophobia- Fear of work. Euphobia- Fear of hearing good news. Eurotophobia- Fear of female genitalia. Erythrophobia or Erytophobia or Ereuthophobia- 1) Fear of redlights. 2) Blushing. 3) Red.
Febriphobia or Fibriphobia or Fibriophobia- Fear of fever. Felinophobia- Fear of cats. (Ailurophobia, Elurophobia, Galeophobia, Gatophobia) Francophobia- Fear of France or French culture. (Gallophobia, Galiophobia) Frigophobia- Fear of cold or cold things.(Cheimaphobia, Cheimatophobia, Psychrophobia) Galeophobia or Gatophobia- Fear of cats. Gallophobia or Galiophobia- Fear France or French culture. (Francophobia) Gamophobia- Fear of marriage. Geliophobia- Fear of laughter. Geniophobia- Fear of chins. Genophobia- Fear of sex. Genuphobia- Fear of knees. Gephyrophobia or Gephydrophobia or Gephysrophobia- Fear of crossing bridges. Germanophobia- Fear of Germany or German culture. Gerascophobia- Fear of growing old. Gerontophobia- Fear of old people or of growing old. Geumaphobia or Geumophobia- Fear of taste. Glossophobia- Fear of speaking in public or of trying to speak. Gnosiophobia- Fear of knowledge. Graphophobia- Fear of writing or handwriting. Gymnophobia- Fear of nudity. Gynephobia or Gynophobia- Fear of women. Hadephobia- Fear of hell. Hagiophobia- Fear of saints or holy things. Hemophobia or Hemaphobia or Hematophobia- Fear of blood. Heterophobia- Fear of the opposite sex. (Sexophobia) Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia- Fear of long words. Hodophobia- Fear of road travel. Hominophobia- Fear of men. Hylophobia- Fear of forests. Hypengyophobia or Hypegiaphobia- Fear of responsibility. Hypnophobia- Fear of sleep or of being hypnotized. Hypsiphobia- Fear of height.
Iatrophobia- Fear of going to the doctor or of doctors. Ichthyophobia- Fear of fish. Ideophobia- Fear of ideas. Illyngophobia- Fear of vertigo or feeling dizzy when looking down. Iophobia- Fear of poison. Insectophobia - Fear of insects. Isolophobia- Fear of solitude, being alone. Isopterophobia- Fear of termites, insects that eat wood. Japanophobia- Fear of Japanese. Judeophobia- Fear of Jews. Kainolophobia or Kainophobia- Fear of anything new, novelty. Kakorrhaphiophobia- Fear of failure or defeat. Katagelophobia- Fear of ridicule. Kathisophobia- Fear of sitting down. Kenophobia- Fear of voids or empty spaces. Keraunophobia or Ceraunophobia- Fear of thunder and lightning.(Astraphobia, Astrapophobia) Kinetophobia or Kinesophobia- Fear of movement or motion. Kleptophobia- Fear of stealing. Koinoniphobia- Fear of rooms. Kopophobia- Fear of fatigue. Koniophobia- Fear of dust. (Amathophobia) Kosmikophobia- Fear of cosmic phenomenon. Kymophobia- Fear of waves. (Cymophobia) Kynophobia- Fear of rabies. Kyphophobia- Fear of stooping.
Lachanophobia- Fear of vegetables. Laliophobia or Lalophobia- Fear of speaking. Leprophobia or Lepraphobia- Fear of leprosy. Leukophobia- Fear of the color white. Levophobia- Fear of things to the left side of the body. Ligyrophobia- Fear of loud noises. Lilapsophobia- Fear of tornadoes and hurricanes. Limnophobia- Fear of lakes. Linonophobia- Fear of string. Liticaphobia- Fear of lawsuits. Lockiophobia- Fear of childbirth. Logizomechanophobia- Fear of computers. Logophobia- Fear of words. Luiphobia- Fear of lues, syphillis. Lutraphobia- Fear of otters. Lygophobia- Fear of darkness. Lyssophobia- Fear of rabies or of becoming mad. Maieusiophobia- Fear of childbirth. Melanophobia- Fear of the color black. Microphobia- Fear of small things. Misophobia or Mysophobia- Fear of being contaminated with dirt or germs. Mnemophobia- Fear of memories. Molysmophobia or Molysomophobia- Fear of dirt or contamination. Monophobia- Fear of solitude or being alone. Monopathophobia- Fear of definite disease. Motorphobia- Fear of automobiles. Mottephobia- Fear of moths. Musophobia or Muriphobia- Fear of mice. Mycophobia- Fear or aversion to mushrooms. Myctophobia- Fear of darkness. Myrmecophobia- Fear of ants. Mythophobia- Fear of myths or stories or false statements. Myxophobia- Fear of slime. (Blennophobia) Necrophobia- Fear of death or dead things. Neophobia- Fear of anything new. Noctiphobia- Fear of the night. Nosocomephobia- Fear of hospitals. Nosophobia or Nosemaphobia- Fear of becoming ill. Nostophobia- Fear of returning home. Nyctohylophobia- Fear of dark wooded areas or of forests at night Nyctophobia- Fear of the dark or of night.
Obesophobia- Fear of gaining weight.(Pocrescophobia) Ochlophobia- Fear of crowds or mobs. Ophidiophobia- Fear of snakes. (Snakephobia) Ophthalmophobia- Fear of being stared at. Ouranophobia or Uranophobia- Fear of heaven. Panophobia or Pantophobia- Fear of everything. Papaphobia- Fear of the Pope. Paraskavedekatriaphobia- Fear of Friday the 13th. Pediculophobia- Fear of lice. Pediophobia- Fear of dolls. Pedophobia- Fear of children. Peladophobia- Fear of bald people. Pharmacophobia- Fear of taking medicine. Phasmophobia- Fear of ghosts. Philophobia- Fear of falling in love or being in love. Phobophobia- Fear of phobias. Pneumatiphobia- Fear of spirits. Pteromerhanophobia- Fear of flying. Pyrophobia- Fear of fire. Rhabdophobia- Fear of being severely punished or beaten by a rod, or of being severely criticized. Also fear of magic.(wand) Rhypophobia- Fear of defecation. Rhytiphobia- Fear of getting wrinkles. Rupophobia- Fear of dirt. Russophobia- Fear of Russians. Sciophobia Sciaphobia- Fear of shadows. Scotophobia- Fear of darkness. (Achluophobia) Scriptophobia- Fear of writing in public. Selachophobia- Fear of sharks. Siderodromophobia- Fear of trains, railroads or train travel. Sinistrophobia- Fear of things to the left or left-handed. Snakephobia- Fear of snakes. (Ophidiophobia) Social Phobia- Fear of being evaluated negatively in social situations. Sociophobia- Fear of society or people in general. Somniphobia- Fear of sleep. Stygiophobia or Stigiophobia- Fear of hell. Suriphobia- Fear of mice.
Tachophobia- Fear of speed. Taphephobia Taphophobia- Fear of being buried alive or of cemeteries. Thalassophobia- Fear of the sea. Thanatophobia or Thantophobia- Fear of death or dying. Tonitrophobia- Fear of thunder. Trypanophobia- Fear of injections. Uranophobia or Ouranophobia- Fear of heaven. Urophobia- Fear of urine or urinating. Vaccinophobia- Fear of vaccination. Venustraphobia- Fear of beautiful women. Verbophobia- Fear of words. Verminophobia- Fear of germs. Vestiphobia- Fear of clothing. Walloonphobia- Fear of the Walloons. Wiccaphobia: Fear of witches and witchcraft. Xanthophobia- Fear of the color yellow or the word yellow. Xenoglossophobia- Fear of foreign languages. Xenophobia- Fear of strangers or foreigners. Xerophobia- Fear of dryness. Xylophobia- 1) Fear of wooden objects. 2) Forests. Xyrophobia-Fear of razors. Zelophobia- Fear of jealousy. Zeusophobia- Fear of God. Zemmiphobia- Fear of the great mole rat. Zoophobia- Fear of animals.
According to the American Psychiatric Association, phobias are treatable. Treatment can be through medication, behavior modification, or cognitive-behavioral therapy. In behavior modification, which is effective with those who experience object or situational phobias such as fear of flying (pterygophobia), a trained therapist assists the person to confront his fears and to control his physical reaction. This may done through a form of deep breathing or exposure therapy in which the person is gradually exposed to his fear and shown coping skills. Medications can be added in the treatment of panic attacks associated with agoraphobia or social phobia. Paxil, an antidepressant, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration as a treatment for social phobia. Beta Blockers work by blocking the stimulating effect of epinephrine (adrenaline) which increases heart rate and elevates blood pressure. A sedative in a low dose can be prescribed for a short period. Most people have some fear or aversion to some object or situation in life. It is when this fear becomes so intense that it causes not only an emotional reaction, but a physical one as well, that it becomes a phobia. When life has become miserable due to fear, when leaving the house becomes impossible, when employment becomes difficult, seek treatment. There is hope. Remember an old German proverb: “Fear makes the wolf bigger than he is.”
“I must not fear. Fear is the mind-killer. Fear is the little- death that brings total obliteration. I will face my fear. I will permit it to pass over me and through me. And when it has gone past I will turn the inner eye to see its path. Where the fear has gone there will be nothing. Only I will remain.” “You gain strength, courage and confidence by every experience in which you really stop to look fear in the face. You are able to say to yourself, 'I have lived through this horror. I can take the next thing that comes along.' You must do the thing you think you cannot do.”