Presentation on theme: "Unwillingly on Holiday Unit 2 Text I Unwillingly on Holiday Integrated English 3."— Presentation transcript:
Unwillingly on Holiday Unit 2 Text I Unwillingly on Holiday Integrated English 3
Learning objectives Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to master new words and expressions; appreciate and use techniques for describing emotions; talk about holidays and festivals.
Tom's Midnight Garden Philippa Pearce
Tom is a twelve year old boy who is angry about being sent to spend the summer with his childless aunt and uncle after his brother falls ill with a contagious fever. Tom thinks his summer will be ruined. He'll have to spend time in a poky old flat with his boring aunt and uncle and won't be able to do any of the outdoor activities that he and his brother had planned for their vacation. At first, the flat is everything Tom feared. He has no one to play with and nothing to do. Then one night Tom hears the landlady's antique grandfather clock strike thirteen times. When Tom goes downstairs to investigate, he finds that the house has been transformed to a large manor, instead of a series of flats, and the formerly paved backyard is now a sprawling country garden, complete with grass, trees and even a playmate -- a young girl named Hatty. Synopsis of the novel
Tom returns to the garden each night and delights in the fun he and Hatty have, but something about the situation bothers him. Even though it's night in his world, in the garden it is almost always day. And sometimes Tom can't find Hatty anywhere. Plus, while he stays the same age, Hatty does not. Tom's not sure if he's a ghost or if Hatty is. As the mystery of the garden unravels, Tom's friendship with Hatty teaches him that girls can be as fun as boys, and that friendship is important at any age.
Comprehension questions 1. Where did Tom live? 2. What was their garden like? 3. How did Tom feel when he was about to leave home? 4. Why was he unwilling to go to his uncle’s place? 5. What did Mrs. Long try to do before Tom left? 6. How did Mrs. Long feel about having to send Tom away? 7. Why did Mrs. Long have to do so? 8. How did Peter feel? 9. What was on Tom’s mind when he was in Uncle Alan’s car? 10. How does the writer describe Tom and his psychology? 11. How does the writer describe the mother?
Description of the boy's feeling Nouns, verbs, adjectives, & adverbs tears of anger raged repeated bitterly, shout back, waved good-bye angrily to… careless even of the cost of others, waved to an inflamed face … in hostile silence …did not answer it. (Was he supposed to respond?) knew he was being rude, but made excuses for himself cooped up for weeks with …
Speech/Thought "I didn't say you'd all be having a nice time without me,"… "Very kind," (repeated bitterly) "I'd rather have had measles with Peter – much rather!" "If only he'd beat me, I could run away home …" "Aunt Gwen – she's worse" They lived in a flat, with no garden (vs. the Longs' garden) Description of the boy's feeling (cont.)
Word order & Focus of the sentence If, standing alone on the back doorstep, Tom allowed himself to weep tears, they were tears of anger. (line 1) Standing alone on the back doorstep, if Tom allowed himself to weep tears, they were tears of anger. Before he had been in Brighton three hours, Hale knew that they meant to murder him. Hale knew, before he had been in Brighton three hours, that they were meant to murder him.
Paraphrase 1. (line 2) He looked his goodbye at the garden, and raged that he had to leave it. He said goodbye to the garden by looking at it, and felt furious that he had to … 2. (line 4) Town gardens are small, as a rule, and the Longs' garden was no exception. ... are usually (more often than not) small, and the same was the case with the Longs' garden. 3. (line 12) Mrs. Long clung to the case for a moment, claiming his attention first. Mrs. Long held the case tight for a while in an effort to call his attention.
4. (line 13) it's not nice for you to be rushed away like this … … to be sent away in such haste/a hurry … 5. (line 22) She kissed him, gave him a dismissive push towards the car … … pushed him towards the car so as to send him away … 6. (Line 34) … careless even of the cost of others … … without/not considering (ignoring/unconcerned about) the pain and suffering it might give others,...
7. (line38) Tom closed the car window …, in hostile silence. … keeping quiet and showing strong resentment and unfriendliness. 8. (line43) If only he'd beat me… How I wish he would beat me… 9. (line45) Cooped up for weeks with … Confined/kept in a small space with …
be seen as: be considered to be He is seen as a good student. The film is seen as a good one. Language points
dread He dreaded the interview with Mr. Fox. Do you dread exams? What do cats dread? dread doing sth./dread to do sth. do sth. with a dread have a dread of In dread of *dreadful (adj.)
weep (wept, wept) Weep tears of anger/sadness/disappointment… weep for sth. (because of ) e.g. He wept for joy. weep over sth. e.g. He wept over his misfortune. She wept over her lost youth. vt. e.g. She wept her fate. She wept herself to sleep. weep to do/see/find/know e.g. She wept to see him in such a terrible state. She wept to know the bad news.
rage To be in a state of being angry; to behave in an angry manner She ~d when her money was stolen. ~ at/ against sb./sth. My mother ~d against my failure in the exam. He ~d at me for not letting him have his own way. (of weather, storm, disease, fire, etc.) be very violent The fire ~d for hours. The disease ~d through the city for months. Noun [u] The child wept with ~. His ~ over the matter was beyond words. Noun [c] He is in a ~ now. He went into a ~ when he knew this.
an exception (to): sb./sth. that is excepted (not included) All must be here before 8; I can make no exception. I like all his books with only one exception. There's no exception to this rule.
cling ( clung, clung) (v.) to hold tightly, stick firmly, retain, hold on, hang on The baby monkey ~s to its mother’s back until it can climb by itself. stay near, remain close Mary was ~ing to me all night at the disco. I just couldn’t get rid of her. remain faithful to or in favor of an idea, belief, etc cling to + belief / idea / feeling / hope I was ready to put up with any hardship as long as I could ~ to the hope that he still loved me. clinging (adj): too dependent That ~ child refuses to leave his mother.
Claim (v) to call for, need, require The difficulty ~s our undivided attention. 这 困难需要我们专心一意应付。 to ask for/ demand as one’s right to ~ one’s lost property to declare to be true Jean ~s to own a car but I don’t believe her. Claim (n) sb.'s claim to sth./to do/to have done sth.
Notice: a warning or information about sth. that is going to happen The students will give you one month’s ~ before they move. He dismissed the man without ~. All students who want to ask for a leave should give the teacher a day’s ~. * at short notice: very quickly We were told to have an exam at short notice.
Use "notice" to translate the following sentences. 1. 价格变动不另行通知。 Prices may be altered without notice. 2. 只要及时通知我们，欢迎你来住宿。 You are welcome to come and stay as long as you give us plenty of notice. 3. 这是我们临时能弄到的最好的房间了。 This was the best room we could get at such short notice. 4. 你必须准备随时出发。 You must be ready to leave at a moment’s notice.
inflame His working over night inflamed his eyes. He is inflamed with passion.
Letter writing This was Tom's first night at his uncle's home. He found a short letter from … his mother his brother his uncle and aunt After reading the letter, Tom felt much better…
Suggested keys: 1. All children dread injections. 2. His parents raged at his dishonesty. 3. Though it is very hot, he’d rather use an electric fan than have the air-conditioner on. 4. Diamond jewels/ornaments are expensive, and this necklace of hers is no exception. 5. He helped me out when I was in great difficulty. 6. He must keep to his bed for two weeks after he had had an operation. 7. If only I had listened to his advice at that time. 8. He has prepared himself for the new challenge. 9. Because of the heavy burdens in studies, more and more children have to be confined to their houses and miss many entertainment activities. 10. The landlady gave him two months’ notice to move out.
Text II 1. When is April Fool’s Day? 2. What do people do that day? 3. Are people supposed to be irritated if they are fooled? 4. How do young people fool their friends? Give examples. 5. Who do they want to fool most? 6. Do students dare to fool their teachers? Give examples. 7. Are students most excited about fooling their teachers? 8. Do children also fool their parents? 9. Make a bilingual list of the Chinese and foreign holidays that you know of. Compare your list with those of your classmates. 10. Describe a Chinese traditional holiday in English.