Presentation on theme: "Causes of The American Revolution Mr. Cummings US History."— Presentation transcript:
Causes of The American Revolution Mr. Cummings US History
Historical background 1.1776-1783 2.War between 13 colonies + Britain 1.Eventually involves France and Spain 3.Land and sea war fought mostly in America
Causes of the American Revolution The French and Indian War –Colonies vs. French/Indians –French defeat in 1763 give Britain most of north America –Leaves Britain w/huge debt
“The Death of General Wolfe” by Benjamin West (1770)
Causes of the American Revolution Proclamation of 1763 –No colonists allowed west of the Appalachian Mountains –Colonists felt betrayed- ignored the order
Causes of the American Revolution Stamp Act (1765) –Britain collects taxes to pay for Fr./Ind. War debt –“Stamp” required on all official documents –“No Taxation without Representation” is a common protest
“If this be treason, make the most of it!” Patrick Henry at The Virginia House of Burgesses May 1775 “Oh, did I say ‘disloyal?? I’m sorry!!” “Uh, bro… you threw me on the floor…that’s raw, dog!”
Causes of the American Revolution The Boston Massacre (1770) –Five colonists die after crowd throws snowballs at soldiers – Accidental firing by one soldier starts massacre – John Adams defends soldiers at trial to ease tensions
One View of the Massacre… Who Made This? PAUL REVERE!
Causes of the American Revolution The Tea Act (1773) –Tax placed on all tea purchases –Angered colonists b/c tea was essential to culture (milk, bread) “The Bostonians Paying the Excise-Man” (1774)
Causes of the American Revolution The Boston Tea Party (1774) –Colonists dressed as Mohawks raid ships/destroy 342 chests of tea –23,000 lbs –Cost British billions of dollars Intolerable Acts (1774) –Closed Boston’s port to all ships –British soldiers could live in anyone’s home for any reason
…A Change of opinion Public opinion changes with Thomas Paine’s book Common Sense Released January 10, 1776 Wrote in a common sense style that appealed to the colonists
Effects of Events 1774: Colonial Representatives meet in Philadelphia 1774: Colonies ban British goods 1775: “Shot Heard ‘Round the World” at Lexington 1776: Declaration of Independence signed- WAR DECLARED
“ Declaration of Independence,” Douglas Trumbull (1817) The “Committee of Five” presents their draft on June 28, 1776. This is NOT the actual “signing” of the Declaration! Do Historical Inaccuracies take away from its importance?
The American Revolution Web Sites http://www.col-ed.org/cur/sst/sst137.txt American Revolution Simulation History Rock - The Shot Heard Round the World Schoolhouse Rock Song http://www.pbs.org/ktca/liberty/game/index.html The Road to Revolution Game Revolutionary War Scavenger Hunt