Presentation on theme: "Native American Cultures and Exploration"— Presentation transcript:
1Native American Cultures and Exploration Unit 28th Grade Georgia Studies
2Paleo Indians Paleo (from Greek, “Very Old”) Also called Old Stone Age Time period lasted about 10,000 yearsNomadic (roaming) huntersMost tools and spear points made of stoneUsed an “atlatl”: stone sling-like implement that threw darts from a longer distance
3Archaic Indians Archaic (means “Old”) Three time spans: Early, Middle, LateEarly Archaic period: 8,000 B.C. to 5,000 B.C.Hunted large animals and small gameInvented tools from deer antlersMoved with each season to find best food resources
4Woodland Indians 1,000 B.C. to 1,000 A.D. Tribe: group of people sharing common ancestry, name, and way of livingHundreds of families formed tribesBuilt domed-shaped huts with treesUsed bow and arrows to huntHeld religious ceremoniesImproved pottery-making techniques
5Mississippian Indians Also called the Temple Mound periodFarmed with homemade tools and grew most of their foodThousands might live in a single settlement, protected by fences and moatsVery religious; used jewelry and body art
6Archaeological Finds!Ancient middens (garbage piles) show what people ate, how they used fire, what they used for cooking.Ocmulgee National Monument near Macon reveals a large ceremonial area with benches and platforms.There are large temple mounds in Early, Bartow, and Bibb counties.Stallings Island near Augusta is a large shell midden.