Presentation on theme: "Native American Cultures and Exploration"— Presentation transcript:
1 Native American Cultures and Exploration Unit 28th Grade Georgia Studies
2 Paleo Indians Paleo (from Greek, “Very Old”) Also called Old Stone Age Time period lasted about 10,000 yearsNomadic (roaming) huntersMost tools and spear points made of stoneUsed an “atlatl”: stone sling-like implement that threw darts from a longer distance
3 Archaic Indians Archaic (means “Old”) Three time spans: Early, Middle, LateEarly Archaic period: 8,000 B.C. to 5,000 B.C.Hunted large animals and small gameInvented tools from deer antlersMoved with each season to find best food resources
4 Woodland Indians 1,000 B.C. to 1,000 A.D. Tribe: group of people sharing common ancestry, name, and way of livingHundreds of families formed tribesBuilt domed-shaped huts with treesUsed bow and arrows to huntHeld religious ceremoniesImproved pottery-making techniques
5 Mississippian Indians Also called the Temple Mound periodFarmed with homemade tools and grew most of their foodThousands might live in a single settlement, protected by fences and moatsVery religious; used jewelry and body art
6 Archaeological Finds!Ancient middens (garbage piles) show what people ate, how they used fire, what they used for cooking.Ocmulgee National Monument near Macon reveals a large ceremonial area with benches and platforms.There are large temple mounds in Early, Bartow, and Bibb counties.Stallings Island near Augusta is a large shell midden.