2 What We’ll Cover Little League rules Not ALL of them (you need to study yourself)Basic plate/field mechanics (two-man)Other important tidbits to make you a better volunteer umpire, such asUniforms and equipmentWorking with your partnerDisclaimer: We won’t make you perfect That’s up to you!
4 Umpire Do’s Look the part (appearance) Know the rules (study) Show up on timeHave pre-game talk w/ partnerPause, read, reactTiming, timing, timingLeave from winner’s side as soon as game is overOh, yeah: HAVE FUN!
5 Umpire Don’ts Coach the players Have rabbit ears Am I ready?Coach the playersHave rabbit earsCarry on conversations with fansSocialize with only one dugoutGive excuses after a callGang up on a coachMeet between innings after a close callSay, “One more word and you’re gone!”
6 Uniforms and Equipment Navy or light blue LL shirt (both umpires the same!)Grey pants with black beltNavy, red or black undershirtBlack socks & shoesNavy or black hat (league logos acceptable)Plate gear under uniformBall bag on Plate Umpire onlyWear your cup!Sunglasses okay if not mirroredBase umpires: red flag!
7 Ball goes out, umpire comes in; Ball stays in, umpire stays out. On the FieldPU: Balls/strikes, Fair/foul, Catch/no catch, plays at home, some plays at third (communicate!), could help at firstBU:All bases except when PU takes thirdFair/foul or trouble balls in RF when in A positionBU positions:A (10’-12’ behind first in foul territory): No runnersB (behind second baseman): Runner on 1BC (behind shortstop): All other situationsBall goes out, umpire comes in;Ball stays in, umpire stays out.
11 Reg VI: Pitching and Catching Pitcher delivers 41+ pitches, he/she is not eligible to catchRestriction is for the whole day, even for double headersApplies at all levels, even Big LeagueCatcher catches any part of four innings in a game, he/she is not eligible to pitch rest of that day
12 Reg VI: Pitch Counts Pitches in called games count Rest requirements: Unless you don’t complete 1st inningPitch count itself does not carry overRest requirements must still be observedPitches in uncompleted innings under the “revert back” rule do countRest requirements:# Days/Age14 and Under15 thru 18Four66+76+Three51-6561-75Two36-5046-60One21-3531-45None1-201-30
13 Reg VI: Pitch Counts Reach max limit while pitching to a batter Can continue until batter reaches base or is put outIf third out is recorded on a base, pitcher cannot continue pitching to same batter in next inningIf a pitcher reaches a day(s) of rest threshold while facing a batter, the pitcher may continue to pitch until any one of the following conditions occurs:That batter reaches base;That batter is retired;The third out is made to complete the half-inning or game.The pitcher will only be required to observe the calendar day(s) of rest for the threshold he/she reached during that at-bat, provided that pitcher is removed before delivering a pitch to another batter
14 So, What’s a Pitch?2.00 Definition: A ball delivered by the pitcher to a batterIllegal Pitch (even if a pitch wasn’t delivered)Balk (except on pickoff or pitch not thrown)Anything else is NOT a pitch!Warm-up pitches in the bullpenWarm-up pitches between inningsPitches declared “No Pitch”Throws to make plays/appeals“Ball” penalty to the batter without a delivered pitchPitcher licks fingers, delays more than 20 sec, etc.
15 Reg VI: Pitch Counts Verify eligibility at plate conference League should designate the counter in its local rules/policiesIdentify official counter before the game startsOnly one (1) official counter per gameWho keeps the pitch counts?Anybody BUT the umpire!
16 Reg XIV: Field DecorumOnly players, managers and rostered coaches allowed on the fieldAll game participants must stay in the dugouts/bullpensOne adult in dugout at all timesNo alcohol or tobacco anywhereAdults can not warm up pitchers anywhere
18 Rule 1.01 “Little League Baseball is a game…” Teams must have NINE players on fieldException: Minor League Instructional divisions may play with less than nine
19 Rule 1.10: LL BatsBaseball bats in baseball, softball bats in softballWood bats are perfectly legalMust be smooth and roundedCheck with approved bat ringIf cracked, get rid of it!Painted bats not allowedNO!OK!
20 Rule 1.10: LL Bats Majors/below INT/Juniors Seniors/Big Composite bats must be on approved listBPF of 1.15 or lessINT/JuniorsComposite bats must meet BBCOR standard2-1/4” bats must be BPF of 1.15 or lessSeniors/BigAll bats not made of a single piece of wood shall meet the BBCOR standard and no more than “-3” dropBPF 1.15 or BBCOR markingsMUST BE READABLE on bat
21 Rule 1.11: The Uniform What’s not allowed: Metal cleats (Majors and below)Long white sleeves on pitchersArm/wrist bands on pitchersNeoprene sleeves must be coveredFrayed/ragged sleevesMetal or glass ANYTHINGJewelry (including rubber bracelets)Except medical alert stuffCasts on field (even adult base coaches and umpires)
22 Rule 1.16: Batting Helmets Minimum of six (seven in Juniors/above) Required for all batters, base runners, players/non-adult base coaches, and bat retrieversMust be NOCSAE certifiedChin straps, face guards are optionalMay be required by League Local RulesNo cracks or unauthorized paint/decals
23 Correct any violations! Rule 1.17: Catcher’s GearRequired: Chest protector, helmet/mask, and shin guards, catcher’s mitt, cup for male catchersHelmet/mask must:Be NOCSAE certifiedHave throat guard (even on hockey-styled mask)Not have cracks or unauthorized paint/decalsHelmet/mask is required for:Player warming up pitcher between inningsPlayer warming up pitcher in the bullpenCatcher during pre-game warm-upInfield AND OutfieldCorrect any violations!
25 Rule 2.00: Def of Ball Pitch that is not in the strike zone Pitch that bounces and then goes through the strike zonePitch that hits batter but batter does not attempt to get out of the wayAn award due to certain pitching infractionsMore on that later
26 Rule 2.00: Def of Bunt A ball that is intentionally met with the bat In baseball, the batter does not have to pull the bat back as pitch approachesIf the batter keeps the bat over the plate, it’s a ball or strike on the pitch
27 Rule 2.00: Def of Catch What is a Catch? Secure possession of ball in hand or gloveFielder must show complete controlRelease must be voluntary and intentional
28 Rule 2.00: Def of Catch What is NOT a Catch? Ball hits the ground firstFielder uses any part of uniform or equipment to secure the ballBall falls out before fielder pulls it out of gloveBall falls out of the glove after the fielderFalls to the groundCollides with another playerCollides with the fence
29 Rule 2.00: Def of Force PlayRunner that HAS to advance because batter-runner is going to firstForced runner can be retired by tagging runner or forced-to baseForce is removed when:Batter-runner is retired (all forces removed)A following runner is retired (force is removed on lead runner)When force is removed, runners must be tagged
30 Rule 2.00: Def of Fair/Fair Territory Foul lines, bases and plate are all in fair territoryBouncing ball that travels past B/3B while in fair territoryBouncing ball that travels over any part of the 1B/3B bagUntouched ball in flight that lands in fair territory at or beyond B/3BBall first touched in fair territory, regardless of fielder's position
31 Rule 2.00: Def of Foul/Foul Territory Bouncing ball that travels past 1B or 3B while in foul territoryUntouched ball in flight that lands in foul territoryBall first touched in foul territory, regardless of person's positionBall which touches anything “foreign to natural ground" in foul territory before 1B/3BBatted ball that hits batter while in the box
32 Umpire Responsibilities Fair/Foul 32Umpire Responsibilities Fair/FoulThis ball settled on foul ground before passing the front of first base.Therefore, this is the plate umpires call.
33 Umpire Responsibilities Fair/Foul 33Umpire Responsibilities Fair/FoulThis ball passed the front of first base and then settled in foul territory.It doesn’t matter where the ball first went foul.Therefore, this is the base umpires call.
34 Umpire Responsibilities Fair/Foul 34Umpire Responsibilities Fair/FoulThis ball passed the front of first base in fair territory.Therefore, this is the base umpires call.
35 Umpire Responsibilities Fair/Foul 35Umpire Responsibilities Fair/FoulThis ball stayed in fair territory and either settled or was fielded before passing the front of first base.Therefore, this is the plate umpires call.
36 This ball settled on fair ground between home and first base. 36Fair or Foul?This ball settled on fair ground between home and first base.Therefore, this is a Fair Ball.
37 Therefore, this is a Foul Ball. 37Fair or Foul?This ball did not settle on fair territory between home and first or home and third, or pass first or third base while bounding to the outfield.Therefore, this is a Foul Ball.
38 Therefore, this is a Fair Ball. 38Fair or Foul?This ball was bounding to the outfield and went over first base. The ball needs only to pass over any part of the base to be a fair ball.Therefore, this is a Fair Ball.
39 Fair or Foul? The ball touches first, second, or third base; 39Fair or Foul?The ball touches first, second, or third base;Therefore, this is a Fair Ball.
40 40Fair or Foul?This ball fell first on fair territory, beyond first base.Therefore, this is a Fair Ball.
41 41Fair or Foul?This ball fell first on fair territory, beyond first base.Therefore, this is a Fair Ball.Even though it settled in foul territory.
42 42Fair or Foul?This ball fell first on foul territory, beyond first base.Therefore, this is a Foul Ball.
43 Fair or Foul? This ball hit a foreign object. 43Fair or Foul?This ball hit a foreign object.Remember, foreign objects can only be in foul territory.Therefore, this is a Foul Ball.
44 Fair or Foul? This ball hit an object in fair territory. 44Fair or Foul?This ball hit an object in fair territory.Remember, foreign objects can only be in foul territory.Therefore, this is a fair ball.
45 45Fair or Foul?This ball touches the person of an umpire or player in fair territory.Therefore, this is a fair ball.
46 Therefore, this is a fair ball. 46Fair or Foul?This ball while over fair territory, passes out of the playing field in flight.Therefore, this is a fair ball.
50 Rule 2.00: Def of Foul TipBatted ball that goes sharp and direct from the bat to the catcher’s hand or mitt and is legally caughtMust hit the hand or mitt firstMust be caught by the catcherA short-hop is not a legal catchA Foul Tip is a Strike. Ball is Live and in play; runners may run!Do NOT call “Foul Ball!” or “Foul Tip!”
51 Rule 2.00: Def of Infield Fly Rule to prevent defense from getting a “cheap” double playMust have the following:Less than two outsRunners on 1st and 2nd, or bases loadedFair fly ball (not line drive or bunt)Ball that could be caught by an infielder using ordinary effortCan be caught by an outfielder
52 Rule 2.00: Def of Infield Fly Umpire calls “Infield Fly” when the ball reaches its apexWhen called, batter is out and force is immediately removedIf caught, runners must tag upIf dropped, ball is Live and runners may (but don’t have to) advanceWhat happens if the umpires forget to call?Fix it.
53 Rule 2.00: Def of InningAn inning ends the moment the third out is made (for time limit purposes)Minors: An inning ends after three outs OR have batted the roster OR five runs are scoredFive runs means five runsCan’t go beyond 5, even on a home runLimit applies even in the last inning, unless league adopts 5.07 optionIf a team cannot catch up, refer to your league’s local rules
54 Rule 2.00: Def of Interference Interference occurs when someone prevents the defense from making a playOffensive interferenceUmpire interferenceSpectator interferenceException: Defensive interference is when a defensive player prevents the batter from hitting a pitch??
55 Rule 2.00: Def of Interference Umpire interference only happens in two waysBase umpire gets hit by a batted ball before it passes an infielder other than the pitcherPlate umpire prevents a catcher from throwing out a base runnerIt’s NOT umpire interference ifBatted ball was deflectedCatcher throws out runnerUmpire gets hit by a thrown ballUmpire gets in the way of a base runner??
56 Rule 2.00: Def of Interference Spectator interferenceHappens when a fan reaches into the field of play and interferesCould also happen when fan clearly causes a player to react and affect playBall is immediately deadUmpire awards bases/penaltiesIt’s NOT interference if ball is beyond field boundaries??
57 Rule 2.00: Def of Strike “Live Ball” Strikes “Dead Ball” Strikes Ball swung at and missedBall not swung at that passes through the strike zone in flightFoul tip“Dead Ball” StrikesFoul ball with less than two strikesFoul buntTouches batter while in the strike zoneBatter swings/attempts to bunt and the ball contacts the batter
58 Rule 2.00: Def of Strike Zone Area over the plateAny part of the ball over any part of the plateTop: batter’s arm pitsBottom: top of batter’s kneesBatter in “natural” stance“Natural” is the position of the batter as he swings the batZone doesn’t change whenHe ducks or steps out of the boxHe moves way up or way back in the box
59 Rule 2.00: Def of Tag Tag of person and bag are different! A person may only be tagged by:Touching him with the ball while holding itTouching him with the glove while the ball is in itTouching him with the hand while the ball is in itA bag may be tagged with any part of the body while holding the ball in the hand or glove
60 Common Unauthorized Local Rules Must slide ruleThrown bat is an outCourtesy runners for catchers with two outsSlash bunts are not allowedPitcher must be removed after X hit batsmenHockey-style mask doesn’t need a throat protectorAdults can warm up pitchersManagers must control their fansUmpires can eject fansManager must pay a fee to lodge a protest
62 Rule 3.03: SubstitutionsA sub must play 6 consecutive defensive outs and 1 at bat before starter or another sub removes him/herWhen can a manager make a substitution?Defensive: While on defenseOffensive: While at bat or on baseDon’t accept substitutions that violate thisTypically done to take advantage of Special Pinch Runner rule
63 Rule 3.05: Starting/Sub Pitchers Starting pitcher MUST pitch to one batterSub MUST also pitch to one batter, unless inning ends on a putoutWhen removed from the mound, cannot return to pitchException: INT/JRs/above can return once in the game if not removed from lineupIf using CBO, the pitcher must remain on the field to be eligible to return (cannot sit out an inning)
64 Rule 3.08: Unannounced Subs An unannounced sub is official when:Batter steps in the boxFielder gets in positionRunner gets on baseUnannounced pitcherDelivers a warm-up pitch from the rubberAny player that delivers a pitch from the rubber between innings is in! (Prevent it!)No real penalty if sub is eligible to enter
65 Other 3.00 Rules 3.10: Who decides on field conditions? Before game: managersAfter game starts: UIC3.17: Cannot use electronic comm devicesCarrying one is okay, but bewarePenalty for using one: ejectionElectronic scorekeepers are okay3.18: Managers are NOT responsible for spectators!Don’t make a manager go silence a fanGet BOD member on duty involved
68 Rule 4.01: Plate Conference Managers exchange lineupsUIC should check for accuracyUmpires are “in charge” when exchangedLate arrivals not required to playWhat to cover:Introductions“Players properly equipped?”Ground rules, if anyEncourage to keep game movingRemind managers to go thru UIC for subsKEEP IT SHORT!!
69 Rule 4.04: Continuous Batting Order Mandatory in Minors/below; optional in Majors/aboveFree defensive substitutionsDon’t forget Mandatory PlayCannot use Special Pinch RunnersInjured player skipped with no penaltyLeague needs a local rule to decide whenRunner gets injured and cannot continueBatter gets injured and cannot continue
70 Rule 4.06: Game ConductTeams should not refer to one another in a derogatory wayOffense cannot say/do anything to distract pitcherDefense cannot say/do anything to distract batterUmpires must judge when cheering gets out of hand
71 What part of “Good-bye” don’t you understand? Rule 4.07: EjectionsWhat part of “Good-bye” don’t you understand?A manager or coach who gets ejected MUST leave the game siteNo hanging around the fieldFailure to comply is grounds for suspending play until he/she leavesEjected player may still remain in the dugout under adult supervisionAn ejected manager, coach or player must sit out the team’s next physically-played game.Must be a full gameCannot be at the game site in any capacity, not even as a spectatorSuspension is mandatory!Cannot be lessened by BoD
72 Rule 4.09: Timing PlayTiming Play: A runner attempts to score during a play in which the third out is madeThe umpire must judge when the runner touched the plateIf the runner touches the plate before the outRUN COUNTSIf the runner touches the plate after the outRUN DOES NOT COUNTPlate umpire MUST inform the official scorekeeper if the run does/doesn't count
73 Rule 4.10: Regulation Game Majors/below: 6 innings (5-1/2+ if home team is winning)If called, at least 4 innings (3-1/2+)INT/Juniors/above:7 innings (6-1/2+ if home team is winning)If called, at least 5 innings (4-1/2+)Game called after 1 inning: resumed laterLeagues can choose to not adopt 10-run “mercy” rule
74 Rule 4.19: Protests Judgment calls aren’t protestable Protest of rule misinterpretationBefore next pitch or playUmpires MUST discuss the callAfter decision, manager can formally lodge the protestUIC must submit a written reportProtest of ineligible playerBefore umpires leave the field
76 Rules 5.09 – 5.10: Calling Time When batter gets hit by pitch When someone gets seriously injuredWhen manager, coach, player requests it AND umpire grants itWhen umpire wants to clean the plate, secure a base, eject the mgr, etc…When lights failSo players can tie their shoesHolding up 1 hand to stop pitcher = calling TIME!TIME!
77 x Rules 5.09 – 5.10: Calling Time WHEN NOT TO CALL TIME Between batters / pitches / outsCoach assists runner (by touching)Thrown ball touches base coachHead first slideTo give advantage to Offense:Runner not steady or overruns baseTo give advantage to DefenseReturning ball to pitcherBall 4TIME!x
78 WHEN TO DELAY CALLING TIME Rules 5.09 – 5.10: Calling TimeWHEN TO DELAY CALLING TIMEIllegal Pitch/Balk (Delayed Dead Ball)Catcher Interference (DDB)Plate Umpire Interference (DDB)Obstruction – No play being made on the obstructed runner (DDB)Runner Left Early (DDB if advance)Max Runs reached – let play continueMay have a force out nullifying one or more runsSafety issueYawn...TIME!
79 Always Put the Ball Back in Play!!! Rule 5.11: Putting Ball Back in PlayAll runners touching base (90’ retouch)All fielders (except catcher) in fair territoryCatcher in catcher’s box ready to receive- Gear on, facing pitcher, can be standingPitcher holding the ball - in contact with rubberPartner(s) are in position and readyPlate umpire signals and announces “Play”The umpire is responsible for making the ball live again.Do not make the ball alive until the runner(s) have retouched their bases.Always Put the Ball Back in Play!!!
80 Speaking of Lightning… As soon as you see it, stop the game!Tell managers to clear the fieldGo to a safe placeDon’t let players stay in dugoutsResume play 30 minutes from last lightning strike (or 6-10 miles with detector)Game UIC has final decisionLocal League Safety PlanRulebook Appendix “A”
82 Rules 6.02 & 6.03: Batter and the Box Batter must get in the box promptlyBoth feet must be in the boxFoot on the line: OkayFoot over the line: NOTBatter leaves the box during the pitchBall or STRIKE as pitch dictatesNo balk/illegal pitch if pitcher stopsBatter refuses to get in box: Umpire calls a strike (pitch not required)
83 Rules 6.02 & 6.03: Batter and the Box What’s legal and what’s not before the pitch?
84 Rules 6.02 & 6.03: Batter and the Box What’s legal and what’s not before the pitch?Don’t let pitcher pitch until batter is in the box.LegalIllegal
85 * Leagues may choose to opt out for regular season for Majors. Rule 6.05: Batter is OutOther than the obvious, the batter is out when:In Majors*/above, the third strike is not caught with less than two outs, but a runner is at firstThe batter swings at a third strike, but the ball hits his hand, wrist, arm, etc.He hits an Infield FlyHe is touched by his own fair ball (unless a fielder had a chance to field it)The bat hits the ball a second time in fair territory* Leagues may choose to opt out for regular season for Majors.
86 Rule 6.05: Batter is OutOther than the obvious, the batter is out when:He intentionally hits/kicks a foul ball that could go fairA fielder touches and intentionally drops his fly ball/line drive anytime there’s a runner on 1B and less than two outsNot out if ball falls untouched (unless an infield fly)A preceding runner intentionally interferes to break up a double playHe violates the runner’s lane rule
87 Rule 6.05j: Lane Violation Three-foot lane halfway from home to first Batter must run completely in laneIf the batter is out of the lane and prevents the fielder at first from fielding the throw, interference
88 Rule 6.05j: Lane Violation Throw towards first hits batter: Out First baseman can’t catch throw: OutCatcher doesn’t throw: No penaltyCatcher hesitates, then throws late: No penaltyCatcher throws wild and then tries to blame batter: No penaltyCatcher purposely hits batter and ball isn’t going towards first: No penaltyBall thrown towards home hits batter: No penalty
89 Rule 6.06: Illegal Batter Action The batter is out whenHe hits the ball with a foot completely out of the box and on the groundHe steps from one box to the other when pitcher is ready to pitchHe interferes with a play on a runner while at bat
90 The entire foot must be completely out of box. On The Line
92 Rule 6.06c: Batter Interference Steps/stumbles out of the box and impedes catcher's throw to retire a runnerStays put in the box and affects a play at the plateIntentionally impedes catcher's throw while in the boxThrows his bat and hinders a fielder
93 Rule 6.06c: Not Batter Interference Stays in box and does nothing out of the ordinaryBacks out and unintentionally kicks a loose ballRunner is put out despite the batter’s actionNo play being made (dead ball)Catcher’s throw to pitcher hits batter or bat (live or dead, depending on intent)
94 Rule 6.06d: Illegal BatBefore batter steps in or after next batter steps in box:Remove bat onlyAfter batter steps in box:Batter is outLose one eligible adult base coach (not ejected)After the ball is hit: (Defense has the option)Defense takes play:Lose one eligible adult base coachAny advances resulting from use of the illegal bat are LegalDefense takes penalty:Batter/runner is outAny advances resulting from use of the illegal bat are Nullified
95 Rule 6.07: Batting Out of Order Hey wait, I’m up!Improper Batter: Batter who is batting out of turnProper Batter: Batter who should be up to batIf defense appeals before IB completes at bat:Just fix itPB comes to the plate and simply assumes countIf defense appeals after IB completes his at-batPB is ruled outResult of at bat is nullified (except what happens during at bat)Next batter up is the batter after the PB
96 Rule 6.07: Batting Out of Order Defense must appeal before next pitch or playIf defense fails to appealIB’s at-bat countsIB now becomes the PBNext batter up is the batter after the new PBOffense cannot appeal their own mistakeUmpires and scorekeepers: SHHHH!!!Hey wait, I’m up!
97 Rule 6.08: Batter Gets First Batter gets hit by pitch, unlessHe doesn’t try to avoid the pitchHe swung at the pitchThe pitch was in the strike zoneFielder interferes with batterRunner interferenceUmpire gets hit by batted ball before it passes a fielder other than pitcher
98 Rule 6.08c: Defensive Interference Occurs when catcher or fielder prevents a batter from hitting the pitchPenalty: Batter gets first, runners advance only if forced or stealingIf batter:Misses pitch/hits uncaught foul: Call Time, enforce penaltyHits pitch: let play end, manager gets choice of play or penalty,If everyone advances one base safely, ignore infraction?!
99 Rule 6.09b: Uncaught Third Strike Majors/above: The batter may run to first on an uncaught third strike whenNobody on firstRunner on first with two outsCan’t advance: “BATTER’S OUT! BATTER’S OUT!”Batter can’t advance after entering dugoutNot interference if batter runs when he shouldn’t
100 Top Ten Rule Myths Heard at the Little League Park 10. “That’s a Strike, Blue! He kept his bat over the plate on the bunt!”9. “He can’t high-five his coach on a home run, Blue!”8. “He can’t go to first, Blue! The pitch bounced before it hit him!”7. “He caught it, Blue! He held that ball for three seconds!”6. “He can’t be out! He was on the base when the ball hit him, Blue!”5. “Tag him! He can’t turn to the left to go back to first base!”4. “He broke his wrists, Blue! That’s a strike!”3. “Tie goes to the runner, Blue! He’s safe!”2. “He gets one plus one on an overthrow, Blue!”1. “The hands are part of the bat!”
102 Rules 7.01, 7.02, 7.04:7.01: Runner cannot return to previous base when pitcher is ready – on rubber with ball7.02: Must touch all bases forwards and backwardsAnytime ball is liveAnytime bases are awardedWhen returning to touch missed baseNot necessary following foul ball or runners returning following 7.13 violation (leaving early)7.04: Runners get one base if fielder catches a fly ball then falls in DBTIf fielder stays on his feet, ball is Live
103 Rule 7.03: Two Runners on a Base When two runners are on the same base, it’s not an automatic outDefense must tag runner not entitled to the baseNo force then lead runner is entitled baseForce then trailing runner is entitled to baseIf fielder tags both, point to runner who is out to prevent confusion
104 Rule 7.05: Base Awards Four bases: Three bases: Two bases: One base: fair batted ball in flight prevented from going over fence by detached equipmentThree bases:batted ball is touched by detached equipmentTwo bases:Thrown ball is touched by detached equipmentBatted bouncing ball goes out of play / stuck in fenceThrown ball goes out of playOne base:Pitched ball goes out of play, stuck in fence or ump gear (two bases if pushed by catcher/fielder)Pitched ball is touched by detached equipmentPitcher throws ball from rubber out of play
105 Rule 7.05g: Ball Thrown Out of Play Have to determineWho threw the ball?If an infielder, was it an “initial” play or “subsequent” play?Where were the runners?If “initial” play by infielderTwo bases from Time of PitchUnless ALL runners advance before ball was thrownAny other:two bases from Time of ThrowAward is never from when ball goes out of play
106 Rule 7.06: Obstruction7.06a: Obstructed runner being played upon, or batter obstructed before reaching firstImmediate dead ballRunners get base they would have achieved had there been no obstructionObstructed runner gets at least the next base from last one legally touched before the obstruction
112 Rule 7.06: Obstruction Fielder without the ball cannot impede a runner 7.06b: Obstructed runner not being played uponUmpire signals and calls ObstructionDelayed dead ballEnd of play, umpire awards bases, IF ANY, that nullifies the obstructionObstructed runner could overrun his protection
113 Rule 7.08: Runner is Out The not-so-obvious, runner is out when he: Avoids a tag by going three feet out of his base pathDoesn’t slide or attempt to get around a fielder waiting to make a tagSlides headfirst going to a base (Majors/below)Abandons first after touching itPasses a lead runnerRuns bases in reverse order (except to correct missed base)Misses home and doesn’t return (must be appealed)
114 Rule 7.09: Runner Interference A runner is out for interference whenHe hinders a fielder attempting to field a batted ball (no intent required)He intentionally hinders a fielder’s throwA batter hinders a play on that runner at home with less than two outs (if two outs then batter is out – no runs score)A teammate hinders a play on that runnerThe base coach physically assists that runner
115 Rule 7.09: Runner Interference A runner is out for interference whenThe base coach acts like that runner to draw a throwHe is hit by a batted ball before an infielder (other than the pitcher) had a chance to field itIf interference breaks up double playBy runner: he and batter are outBy batter-runner: he and runner closest to home are outExcept for coach’s assistance, ball is immediately deadAllows defense to make additional plays
116 Rule 7.09: Runner Interference A runner is NOT out for interference when:He unintentionally hinders a throwHe is hit by a batted ball after it passes all infielders (other than the pitcher) that had a legitimate chance at fielding the ballHe is hit by a deflected batted ballHe runs into a fielder chasing a loose ball (this is Obstruction)
118 Rule 7.10: Appeal What constitutes a viable appeal? Runner misses a baseRunner fails to tag up on a caught fly ballRunner fails to return to first immediatelyRunner fails to touch home and doesn’t returnHow does the defense appeal?Tag the guilty runnerTag the offended baseAppeal must be “clear and unmistakable”Tell the umpire who, what, where
119 Rule 7.10: Appeal Who can appeal? When can the defense appeal? Any defensive player with the ballNot the manager or coachWhen can the defense appeal?When the ball is LiveBefore a subsequent play, attempted play, or illegal pitch/balkBefore all defensive players leave fair territoryDoes not require ball returned to pitcher firstSuccessive appeals after err not allowed
120 Rule 7.13: Leaving Base Early Runners cannot leave bases once the pitcher and catcher are “ready”Pitcher on the rubber with the ballCatcher behind the plate with mask onBall is liveOne guilty = all guiltyLet play continue; all outs standPenalty: all runners return unless forced
121 Rule 7.13: Leaving Base Early Umpire must judge the “value” of the hitRunners advance no further, no matter what happens during the playIf batter reaches on an error, nobodygets more than one baseBases loaded and batted ball staysin the infield, no runs will scoreBases loaded, 2 outs, U3K, no runs will scoreBatter is retired during the play, everyone returns!
122 Rule 7.14: Special Pinch Runner Only allowed in Majors/above when not using CBOSPRs are NOT courtesy runnersOnly a player not in the lineup can SPRThat’s why SPRs aren’t allowed under CBOOne SPR per inning maxA player can only be removed for a SPR once in a game
124 Rule 8.01: The Windup Preliminary position: Pitching motion: Pivot foot: Touching any part of the rubberFree foot: In front, behind, or to the side of the rubberHands: Can be together or apartIf apart, pitcher can bring them together withoutstarting his motion to pitchPitching motion:Free foot: Step to the back or sidePivot foot: Pivot to the side, staying in contactHands: Brought together and lifted upFree foot: Step forward
125 Rule 8.01: The WindupTo disengage, pitcher must step back with his pivot foot firstPitcher may throw to a base by stepping directly to that base with his free footPitcher cannot start his windup and then stopNo runners: NothingRunners:Balk (INT/JRs/above)Illegal pitch (Majors/below)
126 Rule 8.01: The Set Preliminary position (Stretch): Pivot foot: Touching any part of rubberFree foot: In front of and parallel to pivot footHands apartIntermediate position (going to Set):Free foot: brought closer to pivot foot (optl)Hands brought togetherMUST come to complete stop (except Majors/below)Pitching motion: Lift and step forward with free foot
127 Rule 8.01: The SetTo disengage, pitcher must step back with his pivot foot firstHands must separate before reengagingPitcher may throw to a base by stepping directly to that base with his free footPitcher cannot start winding up from the Set (except in Majors/below)
128 Rules 8.01/.02/.03 8.01: Pitcher can take signs from anybody 8.02a: Pitcher cannot go to mouth while on the mound8.02c: Pitcher cannot intentionally throw at batter8.03: One minute to warm up between inningsNot more than 8 pitchesMore if pitcher hasn’t warmed upPitcher must pitch within 20 seconds (no base runners)
129 Rule 8.05: Balk/Illegal Pitch Balk on big field; Illegal Pitch on small fieldCannot balk/deliver illegal pitch with no runnersTwo exceptions in red (always an illegal pitch)A pitcher balks/delivers illegal pitch when he:Starts his pitching motion, then stopsThrows to a base without stepping towards the baseFakes a throw to first from rubberThrows to an unoccupied base (except during an appeal)Quick-pitchesStarts his motion to pitch while not in contact with the rubber
130 Rule 8.05: Balk/Illegal Pitch A pitcher balks/delivers illegal pitch when he:Pitches without facing the batterStands on or astride the rubber without the ballFeints a pitch while not in contact with the rubberDelays the gameDrops the ball while on the rubberBrings his hands together, separates them, then brings them together again
131 Rule 8.05: Balk/Illegal Pitch Illegal pitch penalty (Majors/below)Dead ball, ball on batter (runners don’t advance)If the ball is pitched and batted, let play continueIf batter and all runners advance one base safely, ignore the illegal pitch (same if pitch is ball four)If illegal pitch occurs on a throw to a base, ignore if all runners advance; otherwise, enforce penaltyCounts as a pitchManager does get a choice if the batted ball benefits the offense
132 Rule 8.05: Balk/Illegal Pitch Balk penalty (INT/Juniors/above)Dead ball, runners advance one baseIf the ball is pitched and batted, let play continueIf batter and all runners advance one base safely, ignore the balk (same if pitch is ball four)Otherwise, no pitch, and runners advance one baseIf balk occurs on a throw to a base, ignore if all runners advance; otherwise, enforce balkManager gets no choice
133 Rule 8.06: Pitcher Conference Manager/coach may visit the same pitcherTwice in one inningThree times in the gameThe next visit, pitcher must be removed from the moundAny/all players may participateIf catcher talks to pitcher after visiting with the manager/coach, it’s a visit
134 Rule 8.06: Pitcher Conference If the adult talks to another defensive player, it’s a visitIt is not a visit:If the offense asked for Time firstDuring between inning warm-ups if no delayIf the manager/coach is checking on an injuryUmpire should monitor conversationIn INT/Juniors/above, if the manager replaces the pitcher
136 Rule 9.00: The Umpire 9.01(c): Make it up if you can’t find it* 9.01(f): Clear the field when fans get too out-of-hand9.02: How to handle appealsDon’t change judgment callsManager must go to the umpire who made the callManager cannot appeal on a checked swing StrikeDon’t overrule your partner!* Just kidding! – Everything you need is covered in the book.
137 Rule 9.00: The Umpire 9.03(d): Game Coordinator Required when no adult umpire is on the fieldCannot be a manager or coach from that gameParticipates in pre-game conferenceMust stay at the field at ALL times (game stops if coordinator leaves)Is solely responsible for judging darkness/weatherHas the power to eject!
138 Rule 9.00: The Umpire9.04(c): What to do when two umps make different calls simultaneouslyGet together and fix itUIC makes the final callCarrying the rulebookDon’t let it be seen (ball bag)Don’t pull it out between inningsShould only use during a protestDon’t let the manager show you up!
139 Pre-game conference SIGNALS & COMMUNICATION FAIR/FOUL INFIELD FLYTIMING PLAYOUTSDROPPED COUNTPUT THE BALL IN PLAYCHECK SWINGS – APPEAL AND “YES HE WENT”FAIR/FOULTROUBLE BALLS DOWN THE RF LINE WITH BU IN A POSITIONPU – UP TO THE BAG, STRADDLING THE LINE“GRAY AREA” – ZONE NEAR THE BAG WHERE ONE UMPIRE MUST MAKE CALLEYE CONTACT AND TIMING SOLVES PROBLEM OF DOUBLE CALL IN GRAY AREACATCH/NO CATCH RESPONSIBILITIESROTATIONFIRST TO THIRD COVERAGE
140 Post-game conference 1. Did I arrive in time to prepare for the game? 2. Was I in position for every call?3. Was I properly prepared for each call?4. Working the plate: was my strike zone consistent?5. How was my timing?6. Were my signals clear & sharp?7. Did I communicate with my partner(s)?A. Hand signals (infield fly, timing play )B. Verbal (during a particular play )8. Plate umpire:A. Did I come up the foul lines as required? ( Trailing batter/runner down the first base line ).B. Did I come up to third base for a play?C. Did I help my partner on a rundown play if I could?D. Did I move to help my partner when I could have?
141 2015 Umpire Registry Umpire Receives Copies of all Little League Baseball Rule Books Baseball and Softball Rules,Electronic Edition or Rules which you download from a websiteAccess to the LL Rules Instruction ManualA copy of The Right Call/ The Umpire in Little LeagueAn Official Little League Bat RingAn official Little League Baseball Registry ID, Certificate and Umpire PatchOnline Subscription to Umpire Registry Newsletter, Fair Ball
142 2015 Umpire Training Resources Little League International in Williamsport, PASpring Umpire Clinic – April ($85)Umpire School - April ($235)Fall Umpire Clinic - September ($85)Southeastern Region in Warner-Robins, GAUmpire School – Oct ($425)Umpire Resource Center