Presentation on theme: "Warm-Up Which country is the largest country in the world? Russia."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-Up Which country is the largest country in the world? Russia
Opening: What are political maps? Learning Target: Work Session: 1. Check Political Map of Europe 2. Begin Physical Map
What does a political map show? Boundaries of different countries
Check your Political Map of Europe ____ Belgium ____ France ____ Germany ____ Italy ____ Poland ____ Russia ____ Spain ____ Ukraine ____ United Kingdom
Why does location matter? SS6G8 – The student will locate selected features of Europe. a. Locate on a world and regional political- physical map: the Danube River, Rhine River, English Channel, Mediterranean Sea, European Plain, the Alps, Pyrenees, Ural Mountains, Iberian Peninsula, and Scandinavian Peninsula. Opening:
Why does location matter? location affects a society’s economy, culture, and development.
Europe: An Asian Peninsula? Europe: An Asian Peninsula?
Standard SS6G8 The student will locate selected features of Europe. a. Locate on a world and regional political- physical map: the Danube River, Rhine River, English Channel, Mediterranean Sea, European Plain, the Alps, Pyrenees, Ural Mountains, Iberian Peninsula, and Scandinavian Peninsula.
Vocabulary Terms - Organizer What is a peninsula? A piece of land surrounded on three sides by water and connected to a larger mass of land What is a plain? A large area of flat or gently rolling land with little forest areas What is a plateau? An elevated plain, usually with at least one steeply dropping or rising side. What is a strait? A narrow stretch of water that connects 2 larger bodies of water. What is a channel? A length of water wider than a strait, joining two larger areas of water, especially two seas
Plains North European Plain in Europe and the Great Plains of North America
Strait Strait of Gibralter Bering Strait Strait of Magellan
The Geography of Europe Before the 1900’s, the easiest way to travel around Europe was by water. This is because some parts of Europe are very mountainous. Many rivers and seas make Europe ideal for waterway travel.
Today, Europe is full of railways, airports, and roads. These man-made transportation corridors allow people to move throughout Europe without waterways.
Before the advent of modern transportation, the many waterways were vital to the growth of Europe. Water surrounds almost the entire continent. The southern coast of Europe borders the warm waters of the Mediterranean Sea. (Color blue and label) Crossroads for 3 continents (Europe, Africa, & Asia)
English Channel Waterway between Great Britain and France. It is 150 miles wide at its widest and only 21 miles wide at its narrowest. (Label and color blue) The Chunnel is an undersea rail tunnel Linking the United Kingdom and the rest Of Europe. It is 31.4 miles long.
Europe has an extensive river system. Major Rivers Rhine River Danube River Volga River These rivers allowed for movement of goods, people, & ideas throughout the continent in the past.
Rhine River (Color Blue and label) Longest and one of the Most impt. rivers in Europe. Navigable (deep & wide) for carrying trade goods inland. Flows north though Germany to the North Sea.
Danube River (Color Blue and label) Flows threw 10 different European countries. One of the most impt. commerical waterways on the continent. 2 nd longest river in Europe Begins in Germany’s Black Forest and ends in the Black Sea.
Volga River hhhhhhhhhhhhhh (Color Blue and label) European Russia’s longest river, the Volga, flows into the Caspian Sea.
Landforms of Europe Europe is sometimes called a “continent of peninsulas.” This is because several large peninsulas, or bodies of land surrounded by water on three sides, form the European continent.
Iberian Peninsula (Color Orange/Peach) Includes: Spain & Portugal 2 nd largest peninsula in Europe Lies west of France
Italian Peninsula (Color Orange/Peach)
Scandinavian Peninsula Includes: Norway & Sweden & Northern Finland (Color Orange/Peach) Rich in timber, iron, and copper
Balkan Peninsula Balkan Peninsula juts into the Mediterranean Sea to the south with the Adriatic Sea to the West and the Black Sea to the East. Greece, Bulgaria, Albania, Turkey, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia
Landforms of Europe Along the jagged shorelines of the Scandinavian Peninsula are fjords. A fjord is a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea located between steep cliffs. These were carved by glaciers during the last ice age.
Landforms of Europe Much of Europe is covered with mountains. All of the peninsulas we just saw contain mountain ranges. The highest mountains in Europe are the Alps. Draw brown peaks to show location of mts.
The Alps Major Tourist Destination
Pyrenees Mountains separate the countries Spain and France and the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of Europe (draw brown peaks for the Pyrenees)
The Ural Mountains divide the continent of Europe from Asia. (Draw brown peaks) The people on the western side of the Urals have more of a European culture, whereas those on the eastern side have a more Asiatic culture.
Not all of Europe is mountainous. A large region called the Great or North European Plain stretches from the coast of France to the Ural Mountains making it one of the largest level land areas on earth. This land is good for farming. Most people live on the plains. Color the plains green and label
The North European Plain is home to some of the world’s best farmland. It also contains many rivers, which made it a great place to live in the days before modern transportation & grocery stores. A plain is a large, flat area of land, usually with few or little forest cover.
Climate of Europe Europe usually experiences cold winters in the northern regions. Overall, western Europe is warmer than other places in the world at the same latitude, like Canada. This is because the gulf stream brings warm water to the continent which makes warm weather.
Climate of Europe
Natural Resources of Europe Europe had an abundance of natural resources. It still has a lot, but Europe has so many people that the resources go quickly. Europe has a good bit of coal, ores, & mineral resources. Most of the forests have been cleared for timber.
Let’s Review Last week Physical Map of Europe Locate the selected physical features of Europe: European Plain Iberian Peninsula Scandinavian Peninsula Alps Mountains Ural Mountains Danube River Rhine River Mediterranean Sea English Channel