Presentation on theme: "Which country is the largest country in the world?"— Presentation transcript:
1Which country is the largest country in the world? Warm-UpWhich country is the largest country in the world?Russia
2Opening: What are political maps. Learning Target: Work Session: 1 Opening: What are political maps? Learning Target: Work Session: 1. Check Political Map of Europe 2. Begin Physical Map
3What does a political map show? Boundaries of different countries
4Check your Political Map of Europe ____ Belgium ____ France ____ Germany ____ Italy ____ Poland ____ Russia ____ Spain ____ Ukraine ____ United Kingdom
5Why does location matter? Opening:SS6G8 – The student will locate selected features of Europe.a. Locate on a world and regional political- physical map: the Danube River, Rhine River, English Channel, Mediterranean Sea, European Plain, the Alps, Pyrenees, Ural Mountains, Iberian Peninsula, and Scandinavian Peninsula.
6Why does location matter? location affects a society’s economy, culture, and development.
8Standard SS6G8 The student will locate selected features of Europe. a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: the Danube River, Rhine River, English Channel, Mediterranean Sea, European Plain, the Alps, Pyrenees, Ural Mountains, Iberian Peninsula, and Scandinavian Peninsula.
9Vocabulary Terms - Organizer What is a peninsula? A piece of land surrounded on three sides by water and connected to a larger mass of land What is a plain? A large area of flat or gently rolling land with little forest areas What is a plateau? An elevated plain, usually with at least one steeply dropping or rising side. What is a strait? A narrow stretch of water that connects 2 larger bodies of water. What is a channel? A length of water wider than a strait, joining two larger areas of water, especially two seas
14StraitStrait of GibralterBering StraitStrait of Magellan
15The Geography of Europe Before the 1900’s, the easiest way to travel around Europe was by water.This is because some parts of Europe are very mountainous.Many rivers and seas make Europe ideal for waterway travel.
16Today, Europe is full of railways, airports, and roads. These man-made transportation corridors allow people to move throughout Europe without waterways.
17Water surrounds almost the entire continent. Before the advent of modern transportation, the many waterways were vital to the growth of Europe.Water surrounds almost the entire continent.The southern coast of Europe borders the warm waters of theMediterranean Sea.(Color blue and label)Crossroads for 3 continents(Europe, Africa, & Asia)
19English Channel Waterway between Great Britain and France. It is 150 miles wide at its widest and only 21 miles wideat its narrowest. (Label and color blue)The Chunnel is an undersea rail tunnelLinking the United Kingdom and the restOf Europe. It is 31.4 miles long.
20Europe has an extensive river system. Major RiversRhine RiverDanube RiverVolga RiverThese rivers allowed for movement of goods, people, & ideas throughout the continent in the past.
21Rhine River (Color Blue and label) Longest and one of the Most impt. rivers inEurope.Navigable (deep & wide)for carrying trade goodsinland.Flows north thoughGermany to theNorth Sea.
22Danube River (Color Blue and label) Flows threw 10 different European countries.One of the most impt.commerical waterways onthe continent.2nd longest river in EuropeBegins in Germany’s BlackForest and ends in the BlackSea.
23Volga River hhhhhhhhhhhhhh European Russia’s longest (Color Blue and label)hhhhhhhhhhhhhhEuropean Russia’s longestriver, the Volga, flowsinto the Caspian Sea.
24Europe is sometimes called a “continent of peninsulas.” Landforms of EuropeEurope is sometimes called a “continent of peninsulas.”This is because several large peninsulas, or bodies of land surrounded by water on three sides, form the European continent.
25Iberian Peninsula (Color Orange/Peach) Includes: Spain & Portugal2nd largest peninsula in EuropeLies west of France
27Scandinavian Peninsula (Color Orange/Peach)Includes: Norway&Sweden& Northern FinlandRich in timber, iron, and copper
28Balkan Peninsula Greece, Bulgaria, Albania, Turkey, Macedonia, Montenegro, andSerbiaBalkan Peninsula juts into the Mediterranean Sea to the south with the Adriatic Sea to theWest and the Black Sea to the East.
29Landforms of EuropeAlong the jagged shorelines of the Scandinavian Peninsula are fjords.A fjord is a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea located between steep cliffs.These were carved by glaciers during the last ice age.
30Much of Europe is covered with mountains. Landforms of EuropeMuch of Europe is covered with mountains.All of the peninsulas we just saw contain mountain ranges. The highest mountains in Europe are the Alps.Draw brown peaks to show location of mts.
32Pyrenees Mountains separate the countries Spain and France and the Iberian Peninsula fromthe rest of Europe(draw brown peaks for the Pyrenees)
33The Ural Mountains divide the continent of Europe from Asia. (Draw brown peaks)The people on the western side of the Urals have more of a European culture, whereas those on the eastern side have a more Asiatic culture.
34This land is good for farming. Most people live on the plains. Not all of Europe is mountainous.A large region called the Great or North European Plain stretches from the coast of France to the Ural Mountains making it one of the largest level land areas on earth.This land is good for farming.Most people live on the plains.Color the plains green and label
35The North European Plain is home to some of the world’s best farmland The North European Plain is home to some of the world’s best farmland. It also contains many rivers, which made it a great place to live in the days before modern transportation & grocery stores.A plain is a large, flat area of land, usually with few or little forest cover.
36Europe usually experiences cold winters in the northern regions. Climate of EuropeEurope usually experiences cold winters in the northern regions.Overall, western Europe is warmer than other places in the world at the same latitude, like Canada.This is because thegulf stream brings warm water to the continent which makes warm weather.
38Natural Resources of Europe Europe had an abundance of natural resources. It still has a lot, but Europe has so many people that the resources go quickly.Europe has a good bit of coal, ores, & mineral resources.Most of the forests have been cleared for timber.
39Let’s Review Last week Physical Map of Europe Locate the selected physical features of Europe: European Plain Iberian Peninsula Scandinavian Peninsula Alps Mountains Ural Mountains Danube River Rhine River Mediterranean Sea English Channel