2 IntroductionA great deal of drawing is receptive which means we use it to attempt to capture the physical appearance of something before us.Another type of drawing is projective which means we may draw something that already exists in our minds, either as a memory of something we have seen or a vision of something we imagineThe general tendency among today’s artists in Europe and the United States seems to be toward projective types of drawing
3 Auguste RodinWhen French sculptor Auguste Rodin saw a troupe of Cambodian folk dancers in 1906, he was so transfixed by their graceful movements that he went to their rehearsals and made dozens of drawings. His Cambodian Dancer is one of these, heightened with washes of watercolor and crayon. The drawing seems almost as spontaneous and fluid as the dancer’s movements that inspired it.
5 Leonardo da vanciLeonardo da Vinci kept many of his exploratory drawings and writings in notebooks. He drew this study of Three Seated Figures next to idea sketches for some mechanical devices.
6 Leonardo da VinciTHREE SEATED FIGURES AND STUDIESOF MACHINERY. 1490
7 GUILLERMO DEL TOROGuillermo del Toro, director of Hellboy, 3993, and other films, keeps a sketchbook for jotting notes and ideas. The pages here show his musings about the desire for fame, meeting other directors, and sketches of some strange beings that found their way into his 2006 feature Pan’s Labyrinth.
9 VINCENT VAN GOGHVan Gogh learned a great deal about both seeing and painting through his practice of drawing. He was just beginning his short career as an artist when he made the drawing of a Carpenter. Although stiff, and clumsy in proportion, the drawing reveals van Gogh’s careful observation and attention to detail. Yet he struggled to render the world with pencil and crayon, as his letters to his brother Theo show. In one of these notes, he recalled the difficulty and a breakthrough.
10 Vincent van GoghOLD MAN WITH HIS HEADIN HIS HANDS
11 3 Ways Drawings Can Function: PURPOSES OF DRAWING3 Ways Drawings Can Function:As a notation, sketch, or record of something seen, remembered, or imaginedAs a study or preparation for another, usually larger and more complex work such as a sculpture, a building, a film, a painting, or another drawingAs an end in itself, a complete work of art
12 Michelangelo & Picasso These artists and many more used simple, tiny, and quickly done sketches as a beginning point to later create large masterpiecesAn example of this is Michelangelo’s study of the LIBYAN SIBYL.
13 Michelangelo.Studies for theLIBYAN SIBYL onthe Sistine Chapelceiling
14 ArtistsSome artists didn’t think of these sketches as finished artwork they did keep these tiny rough drafts as a reminder of their creative process that lead them to their final piece.
15 Pablo Picasso. First composition study for guernica. 1937.
16 Cartoons Another form of preparatory drawing Its original meaning was a full-sized drawing made as a pilot for a large work in another medium, usually a painting or mosaic.
17 Drawing Tools Some that tools used are 3 types of hatching. These are hatching, cross-hatching and contour hatching
18 Example of cross-hatching Charles White.PREACHER
19 Dry media Includes pencil, charcoal, conte, crayon, and pastel. The surface grain of the paper is also know as tooth.There are different techniques that can be used when drawing with pencil in order to produce a range of values. Line quality is determined by the hardness of the pencil.
21 More dry mediaCharcoal is easy to smudge, blur or erase and can produce a wide range of light to dark valuesConte crayon is semi-dark chalk mixed with oilPastels are similar to chalk and allow for less detail
22 Example of charcoalGeorgia O’KeefeBANANA FLOWER
24 Example of pastels Rosalba Carriera. PORTRAIT OF A GIRL WITH A BUSSOLA
25 Liquid media The most common drawing liquids are black or colored inks There are washes of ink thinned with water that some brush drawings made ofThese ink drawings can have similarities of water color paintingsIn liquid media, felt- and fiber-tipped pens are widely used as well as the pen-and-ink media
26 Fountain in the hospital garden By Vincent van Gogh is a perfect example of liquid mediavan Gogh used a Japanese bamboo pen and ink for the lines in the drawingHe varies the darkness of lines by using both full strength and diluted ink
27 Vincent van Gogh.THE FOUNTAIN IN THEHOSPITAL GARDEN
28 HOKUSAI Japanese artist A very skilled draftsman Said to have created about 13,000 prints and drawingsHe has a good-humored statement about the development of his artistic ability that should encourage all artists to persevere.
29 Graphic novels/comics Chronological art form based on drawingIn the early 20th century, most American newspapers contained a few pages of amusing comicsBy the 1950s, American comics were so well- known that the trade began to control its own content with the Comics Code Authority.
30 Famous comicsArt Speigelman and Francoise Mouly founded the magazine Raw. This magazine was made to collect and publish the most innovative work. It was ran for 11 yearsGary Panter was a contributor to Raw. His drawn art includes two graphic novels based on Dante’s Inferno.The 9/11 events threw him into depression and he turned to making very short comics such as BACK TO NATURE.Gilbert Hernandez along with his brothers created one of the longerst-running alternative comics, Love and Rockets.
32 Growth of comicsIncreasing recognition of graphic novels has led to major publishers to search for artists and produce their work.One of the most famous was PERSEPOLIS by Marjan SatrapiPERSEPOLIS is a story of a girl growing up in a progressive family in Tehran, Iran in the years before the 1980s.
34 Contemporary approaches Many artist use drawing in combination with other media in finished works.Some use it as a tool to free the imagination by giving tangible form to ideas.Some use drawing as an aid to understanding drawings from the pastA few artists use drawing to create works in new ways using new media.
35 Christine HiebertMakes lines directly on walls with the blue tape that painters use.In works that she does in exhibits, her lines affect our perception of space.In UNTITLED, she interrupted the clean horizontals and verticals of a gallery with diagnols of varying thickness.
37 BARRY MCGEEBarry McGee removes drawing from the kingdom of “fine art” and brings in to everyone’s level.In UNTITLED 2006, he used pens he bought in a drug store. The four heads resemble doodles that we might make while talking on the phone or in class. The paper was found in a dumpster and he bought the frame at a thrift store.