Presentation on theme: "Forgotten Fire Discussion Leader. Foreword Discussion Leader."— Presentation transcript:
Forgotten Fire Discussion Leader
Foreword Discussion Leader
Summary : Armenia is between Europe and Asia Throughout history-many invaders Ottoman Empire (Muslim Turks) 16 th century By 1900s Muslim Turks Considered Armenian Christians inferior and a threat to government’s security Muslim Turks feared Armenian oppression would draw attention to European powers (weaken already weak Ottoman Empire) Turkish leaders gave more rights back in 1908-lasted two years Decided to remove threat of European interference Destroyed non-Muslim minorities (massacres and genocide) Muslim superiority Book told through the eyes of a twelve year old Armenian
Vocabulary Page x Massacre: mass murder Genocide: the deliberate extermination of an entire group of people based on race, religion, politics, etc. Holocaust: mostly referred to as the systematic mass slaughter of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps during WWII (noun)/ mass slaughter and destruction of life (by fire)
Characterization Page xi Based on the true story of one child (Armenian)
Literary Terms Point of View: First Person
Passages Right before the foreword begins Adolf Hitler No one remembers the extermination of people
Questions What does Hitler mean by this? Why is it so important to remember tragedies? What do you think the central conflict will be in this story based on the historical context?
Chapter One Discussion Leader
Summary Vahan Kenderian born in Bitlis which is a providence of Turkey (once Armenia) Remembers the details and beauty of this city with sensory details on page 3 and 4 On page 4, he recalls a superior attitude about the greatness of his hometown In 1915, Vahan was 12 years old (youngest child of one of the wealthiest Armenians in Turkey) He grew up with luxuries and never knew what suffering really felt like His father does not like his laziness/troublesome behavior and insists that he needs to develop character and discipline because he has a poor attitude Vahan’s father leads by example, and he is honorable and dependable Vahan’s world is sheltered and safe/secure/ Childhood
Vocabulary Cobbled page 3 paved with small rounded stones Blighting page 3 harming, destroying, spoiling Madzoon page 3 yogurt product Consolation page 5 comfort, support
Characterization Direct Characterization Page 4 Vahan Kenderian- wealthy, 12 years old, youngest, small, stocky, strong, never knew life without luxery, troublemaker, lazy, poor attitude Indirect Characterization Page 5 Threw paper at friends (Manoosh and Pattoo) Fell asleep at desk, gave a teacher a disrespectful look, skipped school, slacked on chores
Characterization Vahan’s Father Page 6 Direct Characterization Leads by example Honorable Hard working Helpful and dependable Indirect Characterization Page 6 He was a man that others turned to for support
Literary Terms Setting Bitlis (Providence of Turkey) Foreshadowing Page 6-top of 7 Father tried to open Vahan’s eyes “beyond the long white wall that surrounded our property…” to the “challenges of the real world.”
Passages Page “In my real world, there would always be this house I loved, the laughter of brothers and sisters, uncles, and cousins. In my real world, I would always belong, and I would always be happy.
Questions What does this passage indicate? What does Vahan’s father want him to do? Why does Vahan not act more honorable like his father desires?
Chapter Two Discussion Leader
Summary Begins with a flashback to Vahan’s childhood home- shows wealth and luxury Introduces family members Setting is established 1915 Discusses the separation between the Turks and Armenians-different languages, different schools, different churches Turks are superior- Armenians must learn language Rumors of an Armenian massacre at a near city years before Vahan was not told any of the details Vahan believes that the Turks in Bitlis are good, but reveals that later finds out that they are the same
Characterization Direct Characterization Diran: Oldest brother; hardworking; pride of family (page 9) Tavel: brother Sisak: brother closest in age with Vahan (shares a room) (page 8) Uncle Mumpreh: plays piano (page 8) Karnig: houseman Oskina: sister (helps brothers with chores) indirect Armenouhi: sister; pretty; ready for suitors (courting for marriage)
Literary Terms Flashback: “If I close my eyes I can still see my home…” (page 8) Foreshadowing: (page 10) “I would learn that some of the Turks of Adana were also the Turks of Bitlis.”
Passages Page 9 “I did not know we were enemies…”
Questions What does Vahan mean by that statement? How does Vahan differ from his siblings? Why does Uncle Mumpreh say, “We can’t trust them,” on page 10?
Chapter 3 Discussion Leader
Summary In the spring of 1915, policemen took Vahan’s father away His father’s name is Sarkis Kenderian Vahan’s grandmother, Toumia is the wisest and most respected in the family and assured Vahan’s mother that he will be back Vahan’s father does not return Vahan is worried The audience sees Vahan is more of a child than he realizes and he goes to see his mother because he is afraid She assures Vahan that his father is away on business as usual and she is not worried Vahan feels better but he doesn’t believe his mother His city began to change for the worse Uncle Mumpreh is arrested for being a revolutionary
Vocabulary Page 11 gendarmes: policemen Page 12 antidote: cure, remedy Page 14 renown: reputable, famous, well known
Characterization Sarkis Kenderian Indirect Characterization: “It’s nothing…” (confident) Uncle Mumpreh says, “He knows more about running this city than they do” (page 12) which indicates Vahan’s father is powerful and respected Mother: (direct characterization) hazel eyes, brown hair, tender smile, worrier
Literary Terms Foreshadowing page 14: stores closed, heard gun shots, screams, houses burned down, no more school, stay home
Passages Page 14 to top of 15 “There was no question now that this was our Adana…”
Questions What does Vahan mean? What happened in Adana? Why does Vahan feel better after talking to his mother, but reveals that everything she said was a lie? What clues are given that Vahan’s childhood will soon be coming to an end?
Chapter 4 Discussion Leader
Summary The gendarmes (police) took Uncle Mumpreh away-accused of being a revolutionary All of the rumors were true about the massacres/screams/suffering It was only the beginning for Vahan Providence of Van –Selim Bey governor-murdered thousands of Armenians Hundred of Armenians marching through with Turkish soldiers/police –husbands and fathers killed Karnig (houseman) disappeared-No one tells Vahan (sheltered) Oskina informs him he committed suicide by hanging himself after discovering his family was killed All men were shot on the way (march) to Diarbekir- Vahan’s father is assumed dead Armenians marching through Bitlis Tavel and Diran want to fight back; Sisak wants to esacpe- venerable grandmother believes all will be fine because of power of Vahan’s father Uncle Mumpreh was brought home with burns on his face and hands which indicates he’s been tortured Gives the women bags of poison just in case they need it, and the next morning he was gone again
Vocabulary Fortress: any place of exceptional security Haggard: worn; fatigued; exhausted
Characterization Direct Characterization: Page 16 Uncle Mumpreh- father’s younger brother Comedian, black sheep Vahan and Uncle Mumpreh relate (both feel they are black sheep in family) Gifted student; dropped out of medical school Page Oskina tomboy; protective, motherly, mature Indirect Characterization: helps struggling people with minor medical issues Page 17 Selim Bey-governor of Van murdered Armenians by the thousands Page 18 Karnig: houseman hung himself
Literary Terms Page 21 Foreshadowing: Uncle Mumpreh gives the women in his family bags of poison to wear around their necks
Passages …”Eight or nine hundred of them, all Armenian, with soldiers and gendarmes on either side” (19).
Questions Page 20 What do the burns on Uncle Mumpreh indicate as an inference you can make? Page 21 Why does Uncle Mumpreh disappear again? Page 17 Why does Vahan smile after he discovers that all men were killed on their way to Diarbekir?
Chapter Five Discussion Leader
Summary Soldiers surrounded Vahan’s house They question his mother where Uncle Mumpreh is and if they are hiding anyone The soldiers ask the age of Diran (19) and Travel (17), and they take them all out to the garden and shoot Diran and Tavel Armenouhi rarely left her room-afraid The soldiers came back a week later They do not shoot anyone else but take Vahan and his family to Goryan’s Inn
Characterization Direct Characterization Diran: oldest son, natural leader, optimistic, 19 years old Tavel: Diran’s best friend, 17 years old Oskina- is a lot like her father Indirect Characterization Vahan wants to comfort his mother but is too afraid Oskina on page 30 questions with effrontery (arrogance) where they are being taken
Literary Terms Suspense “I looked up at the street and my heart fell” (30) Setting: moving to Goryan’s Inn (30)
Passage Page 23 “I did not know when I opened my eyes the next morning that it was the last day of my childhood.”
Questions Why do the soldiers ask if they are hiding anyone? Why do the soldiers kill Diran and Tavel? Why don’t they kill Sisak and Vahan?