3Armenia is between Europe and Asia Throughout history-many invaders Summary:Armenia is between Europe and AsiaThroughout history-many invadersOttoman Empire (Muslim Turks) 16th centuryBy 1900s Muslim Turks Considered Armenian Christians inferior and a threat to government’s securityMuslim Turks feared Armenian oppression would draw attention to European powers (weaken already weak Ottoman Empire)Turkish leaders gave more rights back in 1908-lasted two yearsDecided to remove threat of European interferenceDestroyed non-Muslim minorities (massacres and genocide)Muslim superiorityBook told through the eyes of a twelve year old Armenian
4Vocabulary Page x Massacre: mass murder Genocide: the deliberate extermination of an entire group of people based on race, religion, politics, etc.Holocaust: mostly referred to as the systematic mass slaughter of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps during WWII (noun)/ mass slaughter and destruction of life (by fire)
5Characterization Page xi Based on the true story of one child (Armenian)
10SummaryVahan Kenderian born in Bitlis which is a providence of Turkey (once Armenia)Remembers the details and beauty of this city with sensory details on page 3 and 4On page 4, he recalls a superior attitude about the greatness of his hometownIn 1915, Vahan was 12 years old (youngest child of one of the wealthiest Armenians in Turkey)He grew up with luxuries and never knew what suffering really felt likeHis father does not like his laziness/troublesome behavior and insists that he needs to develop character and discipline because he has a poor attitudeVahan’s father leads by example, and he is honorable and dependableVahan’s world is sheltered and safe/secure/ Childhood
11Vocabulary Cobbled page 3 paved with small rounded stones Blighting page 3 harming, destroying, spoilingMadzoon page 3 yogurt productConsolation page 5 comfort, support
12Characterization Direct Characterization Page 4 Vahan Kenderian- wealthy, 12 years old, youngest, small, stocky, strong, never knew life without luxery, troublemaker, lazy, poor attitudeIndirect CharacterizationPage 5 Threw paper at friends (Manoosh and Pattoo)Fell asleep at desk, gave a teacher a disrespectful look, skipped school, slacked on chores
13Characterization Vahan’s Father Page 6 Direct Characterization Leads by exampleHonorableHard workingHelpful and dependableIndirect CharacterizationPage 6 He was a man that others turned to for support
14Literary Terms Setting Bitlis (Providence of Turkey) Foreshadowing Page 6-top of 7Father tried to open Vahan’s eyes “beyond the long white wall that surrounded our property…” to the “challenges of the real world.”
15PassagesPage “In my real world, there would always be this house I loved, the laughter of brothers and sisters, uncles, and cousins. In my real world, I would always belong, and I would always be happy.
16QuestionsWhat does this passage indicate? What does Vahan’s father want him to do? Why does Vahan not act more honorable like his father desires?
18SummaryBegins with a flashback to Vahan’s childhood home-shows wealth and luxuryIntroduces family membersSetting is established 1915Discusses the separation between the Turks and Armenians-different languages, different schools, different churchesTurks are superior- Armenians must learn languageRumors of an Armenian massacre at a near city years beforeVahan was not told any of the detailsVahan believes that the Turks in Bitlis are good, but reveals that later finds out that they are the same
20Characterization Direct Characterization Diran: Oldest brother; hardworking; pride of family (page 9)Tavel: brotherSisak: brother closest in age with Vahan (shares a room) (page 8)Uncle Mumpreh: plays piano (page 8)Karnig: housemanOskina: sister (helps brothers with chores) indirectArmenouhi: sister; pretty; ready for suitors (courting for marriage)
21Literary Terms Flashback: “If I close my eyes I can still see my home…” (page 8)Foreshadowing:(page 10) “I would learn that some of the Turks of Adana were also the Turks of Bitlis.”
22PassagesPage 9 “I did not know we were enemies…”
23Questions What does Vahan mean by that statement? How does Vahan differ from his siblings?Why does Uncle Mumpreh say, “We can’t trust them,” on page 10?
25Summary In the spring of 1915, policemen took Vahan’s father away His father’s name is Sarkis KenderianVahan’s grandmother, Toumia is the wisest and most respected in the family and assured Vahan’s mother that he will be backVahan’s father does not returnVahan is worriedThe audience sees Vahan is more of a child than he realizes and he goes to see his mother because he is afraidShe assures Vahan that his father is away on business as usual and she is not worriedVahan feels better but he doesn’t believe his motherHis city began to change for the worseUncle Mumpreh is arrested for being a revolutionary
26Vocabulary Page 11 gendarmes: policemen Page 12 antidote: cure, remedy Page 14 renown: reputable, famous, well known
27Characterization Sarkis Kenderian Indirect Characterization: “It’s nothing…” (confident)Uncle Mumpreh says, “He knows more about running this city than they do” (page 12) which indicates Vahan’s father is powerful and respectedMother: (direct characterization) hazel eyes, brown hair, tender smile, worrier
28Literary TermsForeshadowing page 14: stores closed, heard gun shots, screams, houses burned down, no more school, stay home
29PassagesPage 14 to top of 15 “There was no question now that this was our Adana…”
30Questions What does Vahan mean? What happened in Adana? Why does Vahan feel better after talking to his mother, but reveals that everything she said was a lie?What clues are given that Vahan’s childhood will soon be coming to an end?
32SummaryThe gendarmes (police) took Uncle Mumpreh away-accused of being a revolutionaryAll of the rumors were true about the massacres/screams/sufferingIt was only the beginning for VahanProvidence of Van –Selim Bey governor-murdered thousands of ArmeniansHundred of Armenians marching through with Turkish soldiers/police –husbands and fathers killedKarnig (houseman) disappeared-No one tells Vahan (sheltered) Oskina informs him he committed suicide by hanging himself after discovering his family was killedAll men were shot on the way (march) to Diarbekir- Vahan’s father is assumed dead8-900 Armenians marching through BitlisTavel and Diran want to fight back; Sisak wants to esacpe- venerable grandmother believes all will be fine because of power of Vahan’s fatherUncle Mumpreh was brought home with burns on his face and hands which indicates he’s been torturedGives the women bags of poison just in case they need it, and the next morning he was gone again
33Vocabulary Fortress: any place of exceptional security Haggard: worn; fatigued; exhausted
34Characterization Direct Characterization: Page 16 Uncle Mumpreh- father’s younger brotherComedian, black sheepVahan and Uncle Mumpreh relate (both feel they are black sheep in family)Gifted student; dropped out of medical schoolPage Oskina tomboy; protective, motherly, matureIndirect Characterization: helps struggling people with minor medical issuesPage 17 Selim Bey-governor of Van murdered Armenians by the thousandsPage 18 Karnig: houseman hung himself
35Literary TermsPage 21 Foreshadowing: Uncle Mumpreh gives the women in his family bags of poison to wear around their necks
36Passages…”Eight or nine hundred of them, all Armenian, with soldiers and gendarmes on either side” (19).
37QuestionsPage 20 What do the burns on Uncle Mumpreh indicate as an inference you can make?Page 21 Why does Uncle Mumpreh disappear again?Page 17 Why does Vahan smile after he discovers that all men were killed on their way to Diarbekir?
39Summary Soldiers surrounded Vahan’s house They question his mother where Uncle Mumpreh is and if they are hiding anyoneThe soldiers ask the age of Diran (19) and Travel (17), and they take them all out to the garden and shoot Diran and TavelArmenouhi rarely left her room-afraidThe soldiers came back a week laterThey do not shoot anyone else but take Vahan and his family to Goryan’s Inn
41Characterization Direct Characterization Diran: oldest son, natural leader, optimistic, 19 years oldTavel: Diran’s best friend, 17 years oldOskina- is a lot like her fatherIndirect CharacterizationVahan wants to comfort his mother but is too afraidOskina on page 30 questions with effrontery (arrogance) where they are being taken
42Literary TermsSuspense “I looked up at the street and my heart fell” (30)Setting: moving to Goryan’s Inn (30)
43PassagePage 23 “I did not know when I opened my eyes the next morning that it was the last day of my childhood.”
44Questions Why do the soldiers ask if they are hiding anyone? Why do the soldiers kill Diran and Tavel?Why don’t they kill Sisak and Vahan?