2 Warm UpIn 1532, 168 Spanish soldiers defeated an army of over 40,000 Inca soldiers and captured the Incan emperor, Atahualpa. No Spaniards were killed during the battle.What reasons can you think of that might explain how the Spanish could do this?Post Answers on Back Wall
3 Essential Question Why were the Spanish so successful at Cajamarca? HW Project: Why were Europeans so successful in conquering Native American civilizations?
4 ObjectivesSummarize the events associated with the “Collision at Cajamarca”Outline the major reasons Jared Diamond gives for why the Spanish/Europeans were successful at Cajamarca
5 Video: Guns, Germs, and Steel By Jared Diamond, 1997Attempts to explain why Eurasian civilizations have survived and conquered others, while arguing against the idea that Eurasian dominance is due to any form of Eurasian intellectual, moral, or genetic superiority.Diamond argues that the gaps in power and technology between human societies originate in environmental differences.
6 Context: Collision at Cajamarca November 16, 1532
7 What happened at Cajamarca? As you watch the video, answer the questions on your worksheet.Disc 1, Ep. 2 – 26:45-28:19, 34:42-42:52
8 What was Pizarro’s military strategy to defeat the Inca? Surprise attack, kidnap AtahuallpaWhy did Atahuallpa disarm the soldiers he brought to meet Pizarro?Power of Inca to scare away “gods”What caused violence to break out?Atahuallpa threw away BibleWhy did the Indians (Incas) panic so quickly and so completely?Horses, guns – scary!What was the result of the encounter?Thousands of Inca killed, Atahuallpa capturedWhy did Pizarro capture Atahuallpa?Ransom him for gold, force Inca to submitPair/Share then Post Answers
9 Let’s Revise Our Warm-Up Answers In 1532, 168 Spanish soldiers defeated an army of over 40,000 Inca soldiers and captured the Incan emperor, Atahualpa. No Spaniards were killed during the battle.What reasons can you think of that might explain how the Spanish could do this?Add to answers on back wall
10 HorsesWhat advantage did horses give the Spanish, according to Diamond?12:26-14:24
11 Guns (Harquebus)What advantage did guns give the Spanish, according to Diamond?18:08-19:38
12 SteelWhat advantage did steel weapons give to the Spanish, according to Diamond?19:38-23:37
13 WritingWhat advantage did writing (literacy) give to the Spanish, according to Diamond?Why did the Inca not have writing?28:19-34:40
14 Exit TicketIn chronological order, write a one paragraph (4-6 sentence) summary of what happened at the “Collision at Cajamarca.”