Irony in Literature… Situational- “Water, water everywhere, nor any drop to drink” – Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Rappaccini’s Daughter and Young Goodman Brown, Desire’s Baby, The Necklace, Gift of the Magi, Wizard of Oz Dramatic- Romeo and Juliet, Oedipus Rex, Othello Verbal- “Let’s put our Christmas presents away awhile, they’re too nice to use just at present”
Stephen Crane’s “War is Kind” Swift, blazing flag of the regiment Eagle with crest of red and gold, These men were born to drill and die Point for them the virtue of slaughter Make plain to them the excellence of killing And a field where a thousand corpses lie. Mother whose heart hung humble as a button On the bright splendid shroud of your son, Do not weep. War is kind. Do not weep, maiden, for war is kind. Because your lover threw wild hands toward the sky And the affrighted steed ran on alone, Do not weep. War is kind. Hoarse, booming drums of the regiment Little souls who thirst for fight, These men were born to drill and die The unexplained glory flies above them Great is the battle-god, great, and his kingdom– A field where a thousand corpses lie. Do not weep, babe, for war is kind. Because your father tumbled in the yellow trenches, Raged at his breast, gulped and died, Do not weep. War is kind. video
Ironic Story Choices: Option 1: “The Sniper”: In 1922, there was an Irish civil war. One warm June night, in the city of Dublin, a Republican sniper is pinned down on a rooftop. Will he survive? Option 2: “Desiree’s Baby” In the antebellum South, Desiree has a perfect life, perfect baby, and perfect husband, a rich plantation owner. Is it too good to be true? Option 3: “The Necklace”: In 19 th century France, a young woman who wants to impress borrows a diamond necklace. What will it really cost her?
Directions You are going to divide into groups based on what story you want to read. Work on the pre-reading questions with your group, then read the story silently to yourself, answering the while reading questions as you go. If you finish the story before the others in your group, work on the after-reading questions. Once the group is done reading, complete the after-reading questions together (or compare your answers). (If there are issues with people talking when it’s supposed to be quiet, or letting the others in the group do all the work, you will do this on your own)
Group Checklist: Reading questions Paragraph describing setting, 2 examples of imagery Character web for chosen character Character analysis paragraph Plot chart for story, at least 5 events Presentation chart (organizing basic details, 6 word summary) Visual for story (can show setting, characters, include words, explain irony, etc) Group presentation: Describe setting, characters, main events, why story is ironic, show and explain visual. Everyone must speak, everyone in your group must be able to answer questions about any part of your group’s story. Explain clearly, because the rest of the class must know the information for the test.