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**CHEMISTRY CHAPTER 4 PROBLEM SOLVING IN CHEMISTRY**

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**Steps for solving word problems:**

1. Find unknown 2. Find knowns 3. Plan solution 4. Calculate 5. Check

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**A conversion factor is a ratio with a value of one. Ex**

A conversion factor is a ratio with a value of one. Ex. 1 ft = 12 inches g water = 1 mL water cm = 1m

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**Dimensional Analysis is also called the “factor label method” of problem solving.**

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Ex m = ____ mm 52.5 m x 1000 mm = 5.25 x 104 mm 1m or 52.5m 1000mm = 5.25 x 104 mm

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Ex km = ____ cm 73.2 km 1000m 1 km 73.2 km 1000m 100 cm 1 km 1m = 7.32 x 106 cm

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**How many seconds are there in 2.5 years?**

2.5 years 365 days 1 year 2.5 years 365 days 24 hours 1 year 1 day 2.5 years 365 days 24 hours 60 min 1 year 1 day 1 hour 2.5 years 365 days 24 hours 60 min 60 s 1 year 1 day 1 hour 1 min = 7.9 x 107 s

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**A clock gains 0. 25 seconds per minute**

A clock gains 0.25 seconds per minute. How many seconds will it gain in exactly 180 days? 180 days 24 hr 1 day 180 days 24 hr 60 min 1 day 1 hr 180 days 24 hr 60 min 0.25s gained 1 day 1 hr 1 min =6.48 x 104 s gained = 6.5 x 104 s gained

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A fictitious unit of length called the “zither” is defined by the relationship 7.50 cm = 1.00 zither. How many zithers are in a meter distance? 100.0m 100cm 1 m 100.0m 100cm 1.00 zither 1 m 7.50 cm = 1333 zithers = 1330 zithers

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**What is the mass of a 35.0 mL sample of concentrated sulfuric acid (density 1.84g/mL)?**

35.0 mL 1.84g 1 mL = 64.4 g

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**Nolan Ryan threw a fastball 100.8 mi/h. Calculate this velocity in m/s. 1 mi = 1.6093 km.**

100.8 mi 1 h mi km 1 h 1 mi mi km 1000 m 1 h 1 mi. 1 km mi km 1000 m 1hr 1 h 1 mi. 1 km 60 min mi km 1000 m 1hr 1 min 1 h 1 mi. 1 km 60 min 60 s m/s

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**The density of copper is 8. 96g/cm3 at 25oC**

The density of copper is 8.96g/cm3 at 25oC. Determine its density in kg/m3. 8.96g 1 cm3 8.96g 1kg 1 cm3 1000g 8.96g 1kg (100)3cm3 1 cm3 1000g 1m3 =8960 kg/m3 or 8.96 x 103 kg/m3

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**Copper makes up 1. 1 x 10-4 percent by mass of a normal healthy human**

Copper makes up 1.1 x 10-4 percent by mass of a normal healthy human. How many grams of copper would be found in the body of a person weighing 150 lb? (1.0 kg = 2.2 lb) 150 lb man 1.0kg man 2.2 lb man 150 lb man 1.0kg man 1000g man 2.2 lb man 1 kg man 150 lb man 1.0kg man 1000g man 1.1 x 10-4g Cu 2.2 lb man 1 kg man 100g man = 7.5 x 10-2 g Cu or 0.075g Cu

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