Avoiding Sentence Fragments & Run-Ons Helping you share your ideas with the world!
Why?! Sentence fragments and run-on sentences can confuse your reader.
Fragments Threw the baseball. (WHO threw the baseball?!?!) Mark and his friends. (WHAT did they do?) Around the corner. (WHO? WHAT? HUH?)
Fragments A fragment is a group of words that does not express a complete thought. Something important is missing, and you are left wondering What is this about? or What happened?
Fragments A fragment may be missing a SUBJECT… Threw the baseball. (Who threw the baseball?) A fragment may be missing a PREDICATE… Mark and his friends. (What about them?) A fragment may be missing BOTH… Around the corner. (Who was? What happened?)
fRAGMENTS You can correct a fragment by adding the missing part of speech. Add a subject: Rob threw the baseball. Add a verb: Mark and his friends laughed. Add both: A dog ran around the corner.
Run-Ons A run-on is two thoughts put together in the same sentence. The two ideas may or may not be related. A run-on can be fixed by adding proper punctuation to separate the two complete thoughts.
Run-Ons Tyler delivered newspapers in the rain he got very wet. Kevin and his dog went for a walk it was a beautiful day. On Monday we went outside for recess it was fun.
Run-Ons There are three ways to correct a run-on: 1.Add a period and a capital letter. 2.Add a comma and a FANBOYS conjunction. 3.Add a semicolon.
Run-Ons Let’s correct a sentence using a period and a capital letter! Tyler delivered newspapers in the rain he got very wet. WRONG! RUN-ON! Tyler delivered newspapers in the rain. He got very wet. RIGHT! SENTENCES!
Run-On Let’s correct a sentence using a semicolon! Kevin and his dog went for a walk it was a beautiful day. WRONG! RUN-ON! Kevin and his dog went for a walk; it was a beautiful day. RIGHT! SENTENCES!
Run-On Let’s correct a sentence using a comma and a FANBOYS conjunction! On Monday we went outside for recess it was fun. WRONG! RUN-ON! On Monday we went outside for recess, and it was fun. RIGHT! SENTENCES!
You’ve done a great job identifying and correcting fragments and run-ons! But the real test of your knowledge is in your own writing. You now have to remember what you’ve learned and apply it to your own writing. A great place to do this is in the editing stage of the writing process. When you check your work, keep an eye out for fragments and run-ons!!
Closing On Edmodo, write one sentence explaining what you learned today.
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