Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Unit 5: Part B 21st Century College English: Book 2.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Unit 5: Part B 21st Century College English: Book 2."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Unit 5: Part B 21st Century College English: Book 2

3 Text BText BText BText B Listening PracticeListening PracticeListening PracticeListening Practice AssignmentAssignmentAssignment Review of Text AReview of Text AReview of Text AReview of Text A

4 Assignment CheckupAssignment Checkup  Cloze Cloze  Translation Translation DictationDictationDictation Revision of Text A

5 Dictation You are going to hear 5 sentences. Each will be read three times. Write down the sentences according to the dictation Check-up

6 Dictation It offered her only a small loan and expected her family to come up with the rest. Postponing my dream hurt, but it was the only possibility Priscilla soon found that her restaurant job just didn’t pay enough for her to make ends meet. Priscilla threw herself into the work, and the project supervisors were impressed. 55 Not having to work so many hours allowed her to make school her priority.

7 Exercises Cloze XIV. Fill each blank below with a word from the following list get inquiredknown prospective opportunitystunned available knowing stunning ultimately whereas claimedfirst priority lasteligible domakeassumeas outonup Ex. XIV, p. 120 《读写教程 II 》 : Ex. XIV, p. 120

8 When I visited the Netherlands last year, my first impression was that it was all too good to be true: a country where everyone is satisfied?! So, _____ that young people everywhere are gifted social critics, I sought _____ some university students and _____ what issues young people were concerned about. I was _____ to learn that the main problem students there see is with employment. In a country that’s made good work conditions a[n] _____, this came as a real surprise. Even more _____ was the fact that it wasn’t unemployment that these students were worried about — it was as a shortage of highly paid management positions _____ to fresh university graduates. When I visited the Netherlands last year, my first impression was that it was all too good to be true: a country where everyone is satisfied?! So, _____ that young people everywhere are gifted social critics, I sought _____ some university students and _____ what issues young people were concerned about. I was _____ to learn that the main problem students there see is with employment. In a country that’s made good work conditions a[n] _____, this came as a real surprise. Even more _____ was the fact that it wasn’t unemployment that these students were worried about — it was as a shortage of highly paid management positions _____ to fresh university graduates. knowing inquired out stunned stunning priority available Exercises Cloze

9 _____ the students expressed their resentment toward the older generation for “taking _____ all the good jobs” and their bitterness over the thought of struggling to _____ ends meet on an entry-level salary, I couldn’t help looking back _____ my own early employment experiences. I had graduated with honors from a good school, but my first job was doing door-to-door market research for salary that just barely allowed me to _____ by. For some reason I never resented that — or doubted that I’d _____ end up with a better job. _____ the students expressed their resentment toward the older generation for “taking _____ all the good jobs” and their bitterness over the thought of struggling to _____ ends meet on an entry-level salary, I couldn’t help looking back _____ my own early employment experiences. I had graduated with honors from a good school, but my first job was doing door-to-door market research for salary that just barely allowed me to _____ by. For some reason I never resented that — or doubted that I’d _____ end up with a better job. make on up get ultimately As Exercises Cloze

10 I simply accepted that a young person who was just starting out would have to struggle a bit at _____. I didn’t _____ that my university education gave me the right to expect special treatment. I thought my university education was a special privilege. first assume Exercises Cloze

11 XIII.Translate the following sentences into English. Translation Ex. XIII, p. 119 《读写教程 II 》 : Ex. XIII, p. 119

12 1. 这所大学只提供给普里西一小笔贷款,余下的钱得靠她 自己去筹划。 offer The university offered Priscilla only a small loan and she had to come up with the rest of the money herself. a small loan come up with Translation

13 2. 凭着她在餐馆工作的微薄收入,玛丽几乎无法维持生活。 因此,她已在所住的公寓大楼里找了一些清扫大楼的工 作做。 with With the small income from her restaurant job, Mary could barely make (both) ends meet. That’s why she had found some cleaning work to do in the apartment building where she lived. make both ends meet that’s why Translation

14 3. 在头两个学期她经常熬夜学习,因为她知道必须在班上 取得最高的平均积分点才有资格获得那份奖学金。 stay up late study In the first two semesters, she often stayed up late studying because she knew she had to get the highest GPA in her class to qualify for the scholarship. the highest GPA quality for Translation

15 4. 任何人想在那家公司找到工作,即便没有博士学位, 至少也得有个硕士学位,不然就不会被录用。 find employment in/with that company Anyone who wants to find employment in/with that company must have at least a master’s degree, if not a Ph.D. Otherwise he or she will not be accepted. if not at least Translation

16 5. 只要你全心全意地投身于学习,你终将会达到你成为一 名考古学家的长远目标。 only if Only if you throw yourself into your studies will you ultimately achieve your long-term goal of becoming an archaeologist. throw oneself into archaeologist Translation

17 6. 在办公室里贝思看上去一直很开心,脸上随时带着微笑。 但在内心深处她已厌倦了做秘书。她想做点有创意的事 情。 have a ready smile In the office Beth always looked happy and had a ready smile. But deep down, she was tired of being a secretary. She wanted to do something more creative. deep down be tired of doing something Translation

18 7. 我父亲是来自墨西哥的农业季节工人。当我被华盛顿大 学录取,成为我家上大学的第一人时,他高兴极了。 migrant farm laborer A migrant farm laborer from Mexico, my father was overjoyed when I was accepted by the University of Washington and became the first person in my family to attend college. be overjoyed Translation

19 8. 普西拉里回忆起初艰苦奋斗年月时说,在工作和学习之 间取得平衡是不容易的。 look back on When Priscilla looked back on her years of hard struggle, she said that it was no easy job to balance work and study. years of hard struggle balance Translation

20 Reading Skill Reading SkillReading SkillReading Skill Understanding Idiomatic Expressions Intensive Study Intensive StudyIntensive StudyIntensive Study Difficult Sentences Difficult Sentences Key words and phrases Text-related Information Comprehension Check Comprehension CheckComprehension CheckComprehension Check Text B

21 Understanding Idiomatic Expressions II Reading Skill Remember what we learned in Unit 3? — hypothesizing the meaning of idiomatic expressions. In the case of idiomatic expressions, word formation clues can be misleading, but context clues — examples, explanations, contrasts or parallel phrases — will help you figure out the meanings.

22 XVII. Practice your skills at hypothesizing the meanings of some idiomatic expressions before you read Text B. Match the words and expressions listed on the left with the best definitions on the right and hypothesize what the words and expressions probably mean. Then scan the article until you locate each word or phrase, and look for context clues to check your hypothesis. Write the number of the definition you choose in the space provided. Ex. XVII, p. 122 《读写教程 II 》 : Ex. XVII, p. 122 Reading Skill Understanding Idiomatic Expressions

23 1)soft sell 2)close a sale 3)play havoc in sth. 4)get even (with sb.) 5)get back at sb. Reading Skill C)selling by suggestion or gentle persuasion of buyers G)succeed in selling sth. F)cause a great deal of confusion, problems, etc. in sth. H)punish sb. in return for something wrong they did to you

24 6)patch up 7)knock sb. dead 8)the last straw 9)a sex object Reading Skill E)impress sb. very much B)the final event in a series that finally makes sb. give up or get angry, etc. A)someone who is admired only for being sexually attractive D)settle (a quarrel or disagreement)

25 The Soft Sell Soft SellSoft Sell Art Buchwald Art Buchwald 1 One of the problems with today’s economy is that it’s very hard to find young people who are good salesmen. Many students coming out of college are more interested in a customer’s motivation than they are in closing a sale. They also have a tendency to be too honest, which can play havoc in the retail business. Many students coming out of college are more interested in a customer’s motivation than they are in closing a saleMany students coming out of college are more interested in a customer’s motivation than they are in closing a sale Text B

26 2 A friend of mine has a dress shop here in Georgetown, and she told me of the problems she had with a young lady, a psychology major, whom she had hired as a salesgirl. This, in essence, is what happened: 3 The first day a lady came in the store, and the salesgirl (let us call her Miss Brampton) asked if she could be of help. 4 “I’d like a suit for the fall,” the lady said. 4 “I’d like a suit for the fall,” the lady said. 5 “What price range?” Miss Brampton asked. 5 “What price range?” Miss Brampton asked. 6 “It doesn’t make any difference,” the lady replied. It doesn’t make any differenceIt doesn’t make any difference Text B

27 7 “Well, let me ask you this question: Do you want the suit because you need it? Or have you just had a fight with your husband and are trying to get even by making a very expensive purchase?” get evenget even 8 “I beg your pardon?” the lady said. I beg your pardon?I beg your pardon? 9 “Perhaps you suspect he has a girlfriend, and you think this is the only way you can get back at him.” 10 “I have no idea what you’re talking about,” the customer said. 11 “Spending money in anger is a very expensive form of hostility. My advice to you is to think it over for a few days. Try to patch up your differences. Buying a new suit won’t save your marriage.” Text B

28 12 “Thank you very much,” the customer said coldly and left the store. 13 “She’s angry with me now,” Miss Brampton told the dress shop owner, “but in a week she’ll be grateful I talked her out of it.” 14 My friend the shop owner decided to let the incident pass; but that afternoon another customer came in, and Miss Brampton asked if she could be of help. 15 The lady said, “I need something really exciting. I’m going to the Kennedy Center, and I want a dress that will knock everyone dead.” the Kennedy Centerthe Kennedy Center Text B

29 16 Miss Brampton said, “We have some lovely evening dresses over here for insecure people.” 17 “Insecure people?” 18 “Oh, yes. Didn’t you know that clothes are one of the main ways women compensate for insecurity?” 19 “I’m not insecure,” the lady said angrily. Text B

30 20 “Then why do you want to knock them dead at the Kennedy Center? Why can’t you be accepted for yourself instead of what you wear? You are a very attractive person, and you have an inner beauty you try to disguise. I can sell you a new dress that will attract attention, but then you would never know if it was you or the dress that made people stop and stare.” Why can’t you be accepted for yourself instead of what you wear?Why can’t you be accepted for yourself instead of what you wear? 21 By this time the dress shop owner decided to step in. 22 “Miss Brampton, if the lady wants an evening dress, let her see our evening dresses.” Text B

31 23 “No,” the customer said. “Your girl is right. Why spend five hundred dollars to get a few compliments from people who really don’t care what I wear? Thank you for helping me, young lady. It’s true I’ve been insecure all these years and didn’t even know it.” 24 The customer walked out of the store. 25 The last straw for the dress store owner took place an hour later when a college student came in to buy a miniskirt, and Miss Brampton gave her thirty minutes on women’s lib and then said, “All you do when you buy miniskirts is to become a sex object.” Miss Brampton gave her thirty minutes on women’s libMiss Brampton gave her thirty minutes on women’s lib 26 That night the dress shop owner put a sign in the window: HELP WANTED — NO PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS NEED APPLY. Text B

32 soft sell —method of selling or advertising that involves gentle persuasion rather than putting pressure on people

33 Text-related information Art Buchwald (1925- ) Born in Mount Vernon, N.Y., Art Buchwald is a Jewish American newspaper columnist and humorist. He specializes in political and social satire; his columns appear in about 500 newspapers. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for commentary in 1982.

34 Many students coming out of college are more interested in a customer’s motivation than they are in closing a sale. closing a sale — succeed in selling a product Paraphrase the sentence: ? —Many young people graduating from college and working as salesmen are more interested in a customer’s reason to buy sth. than they are interested in actually selling a product.

35 not make any/ the slightest difference/ makes no difference — not important; have no effect (on sth.) e.g. You can ask him again if you like, but it won’t make any difference.You can ask him again if you like, but it won’t make any difference. What I said makes no difference.What I said makes no difference.

36 get even — get revenge ( 报复 ) e.g. She scratched the door of his car so he got even with her and let the air out of her tyres.She scratched the door of his car so he got even with her and let the air out of her tyres. He certainly had me fooled; I’ll get even with him one day.He certainly had me fooled; I’ll get even with him one day.

37 I beg your pardon? — What did you say? In the context, the lady said “I beg your pardon” not really because she had not heard what the salesgirl had said and wanted her to repeat it, but rather because she felt offended at the girl’s tactless words about her husband and her.

38 Text-related information John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts The Kennedy Center, located on the bank of the Potomac River near the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC, is America’s National Cultural Center. President F. Kennedy, a lifelong supporter and advocate of the arts, took the lead in raising funds for the Center. Two months after his assassination in November 1963, Congress designated the National Cultural Center as a “living memorial” to Kennedy, and helped build what is now known as the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Opened to the public on September 8, 1971, the Center presents the latest musical and theatrical performances.

39 Why can’t you be accepted for yourself instead of what you wear? Paraphrase the sentence: ? —Why can’t you be appreciated by other people for your own character or ability rather than for your clothing?

40 Miss Brampton gave her thirty minutes on women’s lib — Miss Brampton talked to her about women’s liberation for about thirty minutes

41 Comprehension Check 1.The main target of the author’s humor is ______. A)the idealism of college students A)the idealism of college students B) the hidden motivations of consumers B) the hidden motivations of consumers C) both A and B C) both A and B Ex. XVIII, p.126 《读写教程 II 》 : Ex. XVIII, p The main target of the author’s humor is ______. A)the idealism of college students A)the idealism of college students B)the hidden motivations of consumers B)the hidden motivations of consumers C)both A and B C)both A and B

42 Comprehension Check 2.The author argues that college students are rarely good salespeople because they _______. A)are too eager to satisfy the customers A)are too eager to satisfy the customers B)spend too much time talking with the customers B)spend too much time talking with the customers C)don’t lie enough C)don’t lie enough 2.The author argues that college students are rarely good salespeople because they _______. A)are too eager to satisfy the customers A)are too eager to satisfy the customers B)spend too much time talking with the customers C)don’t lie enough C)don’t lie enough

43 Comprehension Check 3.The author considers the salesgirl’s analysis of the first customer’s motivation __________. A)possibly true, but not suitable for a situation B)totally wrong, and not suitable for a sales situation C)too complex for the customer to comprehend 3.The author considers the salesgirl’s analysis of the first customer’s motivation __________. A)possibly true, but not suitable for a situation B)totally wrong, and not suitable for a sales situation C)too complex for the customer to comprehend

44 Comprehension Check 4.The salesgirl’s satisfaction after the customer left arose from her ______. A) incomprehension of the aims of retail business B) successful application of what she learned at college C) both A and B 4.The salesgirl’s satisfaction after the customer left arose from her ______. A) incomprehension of the aims of retail business B) successful application of what she learned at college C) both A and B

45 Comprehension Check 5.The author describes the incident with the second customer in order to provide _______. A)a contrast to the first incident B)a further example in support of his argument. C)an example of how retailers could serve their customers better 5.The author describes the incident with the second customer in order to provide _______. A)a contrast to the first incident B)a further example in support of his argument. C)an example of how retailers could serve their customers better

46 Comprehension Check 6.The dress shop owner decided to step in because she ________. A)felt sorry for the customer B)was tired of the salesgirl C)didn’t want to lose another customer 6.The dress shop owner decided to step in because she ________. A)felt sorry for the customer B)was tired of the salesgirl C)didn’t want to lose another customer

47 Comprehension Check 7.From the incident with the third customer, we know that the salesgirl is against _____. A) women’s lib B) becoming a sex object C) all retail customers 7.From the incident with the third customer, we know that the salesgirl is against _____. A) women’s lib B) becoming a sex object C) all retail customers

48 Comprehension Check 8.From the final paragraph, we know that the shop owner _____. A)fired the salesgirl B)changed her sales techniques C)decided to close her shop 8.From the final paragraph, we know that the shop owner _____. A)fired the salesgirl B)changed her sales techniques C)decided to close her shop

49 You will hear 10 short conversations. After each conversation you will hear a question. Listen carefully and choose the best answer from the four choices given. Short Conversations Part 5.3, p. 76 《听说教程 II 》 : Part 5.3, p. 76 Listening Practice: Conversations

50 1.A)£ 155. B)£ 150. C)£ 170. D)£ 175.

51 2. A)Whether to rent the house or not. B)How to arrange the furniture in a anew house. C)What size the room is. D)Whether to buy a new bed. Listening Practice: Conversations

52 3. A)Join the students union herself. B)Attend the next union meeting. C)Persuade other union members not to quit. D)Help the man find someone to fill the vacancy. Listening Practice: Conversations

53 4. A)To reach it, you have to go to the end of a corridor. B)It’s on the first floor. C)It’s to the right of the elevator. D)It’s downstairs. Listening Practice: Conversations

54 5. A)Employee number. B)Quality. C)Color number. D)Quantity. Listening Practice: Conversations

55 6. A)In a restaurant. B)In an office. C)In a classroom. D)In a hotel. Listening Practice: Conversations

56 7. A)Teacher and students. B)Nurse and patient. C)Driver and passenger. D)Employee and employee. Listening Practice: Conversations

57 8. A)She didn’t buy the coat. B)She bought the coat on sale. C)She was glad that the coat fit her so well. D)She thought the coat was too expensive. Listening Practice: Conversations

58 9. A)A secretary. B)A tailor. C)A nurse. D)A housewife. Listening Practice: Conversations

59 10.A)The woman is satisfied that the book has been returned. B)The woman will not lend books to anyone. C)The man is too embarrassed to borrow a book from the woman. D)The man can’t find the book he borrowed from the woman. Listening Practice: Conversations Check-up

60 Listening Practice: Check-up 1.A)£ 155. B)£ 150. C)£ 170. D)£ A)£ 155. B)£ 150. C)£ 170. D)£ 175.

61 1.W:Good morning. Can I help you? M:Yes, please. I want to know the fees for your summer courses. W:Well, each costs £ 150 plus a £ 5 registration fee. M:And do I have to pay a deposit? W:Yes, for each course we need a deposit of £ 20. M:Oh, thank you. Q:How much does one have to pay for a course? Listening Practice: Check-up

62 2. A)Whether to rent the house or not. B)How to arrange the furniture in a new house. C)What size the room is. D)Whether to buy a new bed. 2. A)Whether to rent the house or not. B)How to arrange the furniture in a new house. C)What size the room is. D)Whether to buy a new bed.

63 2.M:Mm, it’s not a bad room, is it? W:Oh, it’s great. M:The first thing we ought to do is just decide where the bed’s going. W:Oh, well … What about right here next to the door — sort of behind the door as you come in? M:Yes, that’s a good idea. Q:What are they talking about? Listening Practice: Check-up

64 3. A)Join the students union herself. B)Attend the next union meeting. C)Persuade other union members not to quit. D)Help the man find someone to fill the vacancy. 3. A)Join the students union herself. B)Attend the next union meeting. C)Persuade other union members not to quit. D)Help the man find someone to fill the vacancy.

65 3.M:One of the members of the students union is quitting. W:I was told she would move out of this town. M:That’s right. Do you know anyone who’ll be interested in taking her place? W:I’m not sure. But I’ll certainly keep an eye out for you. Q:What will the woman probably do? Listening Practice: Check-up

66 4. A)To reach it, you have to go to the end of a corridor. B)It’s on the first floor. C)It’s to the right of the elevator. D)It’s downstairs. 4. A)To reach it, you have to go to the end of a corridor. B)It’s on the first floor. C)It’s to the right of the elevator. D)It’s downstairs.

67 4.M:There’s the lunch bell. W:Finally! Is the lunchroom on this floor? M:No, it’s downstairs. Go to the first floor. At the bottom of the stairs, turn right. Go to the end of the corridor and take a left. It’s the first door to the left of the elevator. W:Thanks, Peter. Q:Which of the following descriptions of the lunchroom is NOT true? Listening Practice: Check-up

68 5. A)Employee number. B)Quality. C)Color number. D)Quantity. 5. A)Employee number. B)Quality. C)Color number. D)Quantity.

69 5.M:Ann, can you help me to fill out this supply form? W:Let me see. You write your employee number here. And here, the color number for the thread. M: Color number 024. And what does that mean? W: Q-N-T-Y means quantity. M: Okay. I get it. Many thanks. Q:Which is NOT in the supply form? Listening Practice: Check-up

70 6. A)In a restaurant. B)In an office. C)In a classroom. D)In a hotel. 6. A)In a restaurant. B)In an office. C)In a classroom. D)In a hotel.

71 6.M:Helen, are you very busy? W:Not really. M:Listen. Jean’s going to be late, and I’ve got to wait on her tables. Would you mind taking two more tables until she comes? W:Sure, no problem. M:Thanks a lot. I really appreciate it. Q:Where does the conversation most probably take place? Listening Practice: Check-up

72 7. A)Teacher and students. B)Nurse and patient. C)Driver and passenger. D)Employee and employee. 7. A)Teacher and students. B)Nurse and patient. C)Driver and passenger. D)Employee and employee.

73 7.M:Could I talk to you a minute? W:Sure. M:I really have my hands full tonight. Can you work late this evening? W:Well, okay. M: Thanks, Janet. W: No problem. Q:What is the probable relationship between the speakers? Listening Practice: Check-up

74 8. A)She didn’t buy the coat. B)She bought the coat on sale. C)She was glad that the coat fit her so well. D)She thought the coat was too expensive. 8. A)She didn’t buy the coat. B)She bought the coat on sale. C)She was glad that the coat fit her so well. D)She thought the coat was too expensive.

75 8.M:Don’t you like the coat you just tried on? W:Well, I like the color and fabric. M:And it is really nice and reasonably priced. W:Yes. I would have bought it right away if they had had it in my size. Q:What can be inferred about the woman? Listening Practice: Check-up

76 9. A)A secretary. B)A tailor. C)A nurse. D)A housewife. 9. A)A secretary. B)A tailor. C)A nurse. D)A housewife.

77 9.M:OK. But the sleeves need to be about half an inch longer. W:I’ll see to it, sir. M: And could you make it fit a bit more loosely under the arms? W: A bit looser, all right. And did you decide about the lining? M: Yes, I’d like it half-lined. Q:What is the woman’s job? Listening Practice: Check-up

78 10.A)The woman is satisfied that the book has been returned. B)The woman will not lend books to anyone. C)The man is too embarrassed to borrow a book from the woman. D)The man can’t find the book he borrowed from the woman. 10.A)The woman is satisfied that the book has been returned. B)The woman will not lend books to anyone. C)The man is too embarrassed to borrow a book from the woman. D)The man can’t find the book he borrowed from the woman.

79 10.M:Janet, here’s the book you lent me. W:Oh, thank you. M:But I’m a bit embarrassed for keeping the book so long. W:I would have never even noticed this. You are the few people who actually returned the books to me. Q:What can be inferred from the conversation? Listening Practice: Check-up

80 Assignment 1.Reading Analysis p Structured Writing p. 121


Download ppt "Unit 5: Part B 21st Century College English: Book 2."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google