Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 and 8 Celebration of Knowledge Review 2015"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 7 and 8 Celebration of Knowledge Review 2015
2 #1 All of the following were things that Americans expected from their government EXCEPT? A monitor the economy and pay off the debtB monitor and control trade of both imports and exportsC pass fair tax laws, help small businesses and not interfere in daily lifeD institute the right to settle western lands
3 B monitor and control trade of both imports and exports
4 A procedure” B precursor” C policy” D precedent” #2 The new federal government in America took actions that would set an example for the future. In Washington’s words, these exemplary actions “will serve to establish aA procedure”B precursor”C policy”D precedent”
6 #3 All of the following issues divided Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson EXCEPT? A how to address the national debtB how to repay the value of bondsC whether or not to move the capitalD whether or not to limit the federal government
8 #4 The national debt can best be defined as the amount of money owed A to the nation by the nation’s citizens and foreign countriesB by the nation to the foreign countries and the nation’s citizensC to the federal government by individual statesD by the federal government to domestic debtors
9 B by the nation to the foreign countries and the nation’s citizens
10 #5 Alexander Hamilton stood for a flexible reading of the Constitution, but Thomas Jefferson stood forA loose constructionB soft constructionC strict constructionD tight construction
12 #6 According to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, what was the most serious flaw in Alexander Hamilton’s plan for a national bank?A The federal government lacked the authority to create a national bank making the bank unconstitutional.B Keeping the nation’s money in one place would create and unnecessary risk endangering the economy in case of foreign attackC A national bank would put private money lenders out of business giving the federal government a monopoly on granting loansD A national bank would rob the states of power, leading to friction between the states and the federal government.
13 A The federal government lacked the authority to create a national bank making the bank unconstitutional.
14 #7 All of the following were reasons why Alexander Hamilton wanted a national bank for the United States EXCEPT?A to secure the national economyB to have the money to pay for a national health plan for all its citizensC to provide for a place for the government to keep its moneyD to make loans to businesses and citizens
15 B to have the money to pay for a national health plan for all its citizens
16 A contamination B competition C theft D boycott #8 A “protective tariff” adds a tax to the price of imported goods to protect domestic products from foreignA contaminationB competitionC theftD boycott
18 A Boston B New York City C Philadelphia D Washington D.C. #9 Alexander Hamilton changed Southerners’ minds about paying war debt by convincing northern members of Congress to move the capital to where?A BostonB New York CityC PhiladelphiaD Washington D.C.
20 #10 Alexander Hamilton’s vision of a robust economy depended on the contributions of business people and manufacturers but Thomas Jefferson's vision put greater emphasis onA teachers and educationB farmers and agricultureC merchants and small businessD doctors and healthcare
22 #11 George Washington’s statement that America would not take sides in disputes between warring European countries was called?A the Swiss PactB the Neutrality ProclamationC the Peace Treaty of 1793D Pinckney’s Treaty
24 #12 Why did some members of Congress criticize George Washington’s pronouncement about staying out of disputes between European Countries?A They felt the president was overstepping the bounds of his authority and wanted to enforce the separation of powers.B They felt there was a clear favorite in the disputes between France and Great Britain and wanted to express their sympathies.C They felt it would be best for national security if the United States forged clear alliances with foreign countries.D They felt that the president’s idea was sensible, but that the executive branch should have to answer to the legislative branch.
25 A They felt the president was overstepping the bounds of his authority and wanted to enforce the separation of powers.
26 #13 Why did Thomas Jefferson criticize the U.S. policy towards France? A He disagreed with George Washington’s stand on foreign alliances because he believed the new U.S. should use its military power whenever it couldB He believed the U.S. owed France support because France had backed the U.S. during the Revolutionary War.C He wanted to undermine Alexander Hamilton’s pro-British stance and reduce his rivals in influence on the president’s foreign policyD He was eager to quit his position in George Washington’s cabinet and saw the French issue as a convenient excuse.
27 B He believed the U.S. owed France support because France had backed the U.S. during the Revolutionary War.
28 #14 Which statement best expresses George Washington’s attitude toward Jay’s Treaty? A He did not like it but believed it was the most that could be done.B He urged the Senate not to approve it in hopes of a better compromise.C He felt it was the best possible solution to the British threat to U.S. neutrality.D He was glad to pay off the country’s pre-Revolutionary debts to the British
29 A He did not like it but believed it was the most that could be done.
30 A France B Britain C Spain D Mexico #15 Pinckney’s Treaty addressed American settlers’ disputes over the Florida border with which country?A FranceB BritainC SpainD Mexico
32 #16 The greatest threat to American expansion into the Northwest Territories was A diseases, such as smallpox and influenza, spread by American IndiansB American Indian tribes supplied with guns and ammunition by the BritishC Americans’ inability to counter attacks on supply lines into the territoriesD Americans’ inability to cope with harsh winter conditions and inadequate forts
33 B American Indian tribes supplied with guns and ammunition by the British
34 #17 On their march to the western frontier to fight the American Indians, many of General Wayne’s troops were unable to fight effectively, becausea. they had been up all night due to a full moon and no clouds to block the bright moonlightb. they were ill from influenza and smallpoxc. the quality of their weapons was not as good as the Native American allianced. it of the heavy snow and blizzard conditions that existed at the time of the fight
36 #18 How did the Whiskey Rebellion end? A Tax collectors tarred and feathered the rebels before Washington’s army arrivedB The rebels hid their stores of whiskey before Washington’s army arrived.C Most of the rebels fled before Washington’s army arrived.D Most of the rebels formed a militia and battled Washington’s Army.
37 C Most of the rebels fled before Washington’s army arrived.
38 #19 President Washington personally led the militia against the westerners in the Whiskey Rebellion because ?A he felt individual farmers should have to pay off the national debt trough taxesB he felt the federal government was owed taxes for providing settlers with protection and opportunities for tradeC he felt people needed to understand the Constitutional right of Congress to institute tax lawsD he felt the rebellion might spark similar incidents of violence
39 C he felt people needed to understand the Constitutional right of Congress to institute tax laws
40 #20 During George Washington’s farewell address, he warned Americans against all of the following dangers EXCEPTA making foreign alliancesB burdening future generations with debtC increasing political conflicts at homeD maintaining the institution of slavery
48 #24 How was a vice president chosen in 1796? A He ran alongside the presidential candidateB He was elected by popular voteC He was the presidential candidate who came in secondD He was appointed by the president-elect
49 C He was the presidential candidate who came in second
50 #25 Who became vice president as a result of the 1796 election? A JeffersonB AdamsC MadisonD Hamilton
52 A industry B trade C federal government power D state government power #26 Alexander Hamilton helped found the Federalist Party, which wanted to limit what?A industryB tradeC federal government powerD state government power
54 A speech B press C expression D religion #27 The Republicans took control from the Federalist in 1800 as a result of popular distaste for the Alien and Sedition Acts, which limited all EXECPT which of the following freedom?A speechB pressC expressionD religion
56 #28 The Alien and Sedition Acts were supported by the Federalist as a way to A protect the country from Republican criticsB limit the government power over foreigners and criticize the governmentC imprison foreigners and journalistD punish French speakers
58 #29 Republicans’ main criticism of the Alien and Seditions Acts was that they A gave too much power to the national government and interfered with state governmentB took too many rights, such as freedom of speech, away from foreignersC went against the American policy of neutralityD forced the press to publish falsehoods
59 A gave too much power to the national government and interfered with state government
60 A TGIF Talks B ABC Incident C RST Event D XYZ Affair #30 During the presidency of John Adams, three French agents would discuss a treaty with the U.S. only in exchange for a bribe. The incident came to be known as theA TGIF TalksB ABC IncidentC RST EventD XYZ Affair
62 #31 Which best describes President John Adams’s attitude toward going to war with France? A He was eager to go to war despite the cost.B He wanted war, but would not declare it without congressional approval.C He thought war might be unavoidable and gave up hope for a treaty.D He refused to go to war despite protests by members of his own party.
63 D He refused to go to war despite protests by members of his own party.
64 #32 The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions were put forward by which leaders? A Hamilton and MadisonB Adams and JeffersonC Jefferson and MadisonD Adams and Hamilton
66 #33 “Loose construction” is best defined as A the idea that the parts of the Constitution need not be interpreted in the context of the whole.B the interpretation that says the federal government can take reasonable actions in special cases as long as they are not specifically forbidden by the Constitution.C the notion that there is an elasticity to the Constitution that allows politicians to stretch it in order to deal with any new situation.D the position that says the Constitution allows only necessary means to deal with new situations and should not be stretched merely because politicians find it convenient.
67 B the interpretation that says the federal government can take reasonable actions in special cases as long as they are not specifically forbidden by the Constitution.
68 #34 The Judiciary Act of 1789 was passed by President George Washington to set up a system of federal courts because he believed thatA the stability and success of the national government depends on the interpretation and execution of its laws by an independent judicial branch.B the problems of crime and violence caused by a growing population could be prevented by extending the reach of the judicial branch.C with the executive and legislative branches securely in place, the judiciary branch was the last piece needed to complete the puzzle of a new government.D when cases of constitutional interpretation arose the executive and legislative branches would not have time to make good judgments.
69 A the stability and success of the national government depends on the interpretation and execution of its laws by an independent judicial branch.
70 #35 What is the Electoral College? A a body of delegates from each state that casts the deciding votes for presidentB a school for the advanced study of voting practices and political campaigningC a group of voters hand-picked for cabinet positions by the president-electD a name given to all voters who cast ballots in presidential elections
71 A a body of delegates from each state that casts the deciding votes for president
72 #36 Which statement best answers the question of whether or not there were political divisions in America in 1789?A The fact that George Washington was selected unanimously showed that there were probably no political divisions.B Public debates over who would serve in George Washington’s cabinet showed that tension surrounded political appointments.C George Washington’s passage of the Judiciary Act of 1789 showed that the greatest struggle was between presidential and legislative authority.D The splitting of the executive branch into departments showed that social issues divided the country.
73 A The fact that George Washington was selected unanimously showed that there were probably no political divisions.
74 #37 What is one way that Abigail Adams and Judith Sargent Murray were different from Martha Washington?A Martha Washington strongly supported the idea of Republican MotherhoodB They believed that it was up to the men in the family to raise children to be good citizens.C They wanted women to play a more important role in the new nation than Martha Washington did.D They believed that the First Lady should just entertain guests and attend social functions.
75 C They wanted women to play a more important role in the new nation than Martha Washington did.
76 A national policy B foreign policy C economic policy D tax policy #38 In general, Congress created departments in the executive branch to address what type of policy?A national policyB foreign policyC economic policyD tax policy
78 #39 In 1790, how did Americans feel about the future of their new government? A Their expectations were high because they trusted their leaders to protect their economic and security interests.B They were uncertain because they had experienced only monarchy and didn’t know whether the democratic experiment would succeed.C Their expectations were low because they questioned the president’s honesty and disliked the First Lady.D They worried because they knew the nation was deep in debt from the Revolutionary War.
79 A Their expectations were high because they trusted their leaders to protect their economic and security interests.
80 #40 Which statement best characterizes American farmers in 1790? A They were independent people who didn’t want government interfering in their daily lives.B They were civic-minded people who took every opportunity to organize and participate in community events.C They were hard working and generous people who wanted to have their tax money distributed to those less fortunate.D They were extremely competitive people and refused to accept any law designed to protect them from foreign rivals.
81 A They were independent people who didn’t want government interfering in their daily lives.
82 #41 Why did Alexander Hamilton take measures to limit the national bank’s power? A He believed in strict construction of the Constitution and didn't believe in the bank.B He did not want to create a banking monopoly that lasted indefinitely.C He was not a Federalist.D He believed in states’ rights, and wanted the states to have banks of their own.
83 B He did not want to create a banking monopoly that lasted indefinitely.
84 # 42 According to George Washington’s Farewell Address, all of the following were key’s to national success EXCEPT?A political unityB neutrality in foreign policyC economic securityD checks and balances
86 #43. According to Thomas Jefferson, the primary role of the federal government includes all of the following EXCEPTA protecting the nation from foreign threats.B delivering the mail.C collecting customs duties.D expanding domestic taxes.
88 A Aaron Burr’s B John Marshall’s C John Adams’ D James Madison’s #44 In the hotly contested election of 1800, whose supporters claimed that a Thomas Jefferson presidency would bring to America the chaos of the French Revolution?A Aaron Burr’sB John Marshall’sC John Adams’D James Madison’s
90 ****#45 What was the significance of the Battle of the Thames River?? a. It broke both the British and American Indian power in the Northwest.b. It forced the British to withdraw from Lake Erie and gave the Americans new hope.c. It led the way for an American invasion of Canada.d. It inspired the writing of the national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
91 a. It broke both the British and American Indian power in the Northwest.
92 #46 Which of the following was a major theme of Thomas Jefferson’s inaugural address? A uniting Republicans and FederalistsB increasing the size of governmentC improving the capital’s infrastructureD repaying the national debt
94 #47 All of the following statements reflect the significance of Marbury v. Madison EXCEPT? A It confirmed the Supreme Court’s power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional.B It established the power of judicial review.C It meant the Supreme Court had to hear every case brought before it.D It helped make the judicial branch equal to the other two branches.
95 C It meant the Supreme Court had to hear every case brought before it.
96 #48 The Louisiana Purchase was significant to the United States because A it nearly doubled the size of the country.B it helped the United States challenge British power in North AmericaC it set a precedent regarding the purchase of territory without congressional approval.D it took New Orleans out of Spain’s control.
100 #50 French leader Napoleon Bonaparte was so eager to get rid of his American territories that when America’s ambassador tried to buy New Orleans, the French offered to sell all of Louisiana for $15 million. All of the following statements describes Napoleon's strategic reasoning behind this move EXCEPT?A France was at war with the British and thought that an expanded U.S. would humble England’s pride sooner or later.B Napoleon needed the $15 million from the sale to reinforce his military in the fight against the British, France’s greatest enemy.C A slave revolt on the island of Hispaniola had dashed Napoleon’s hopes of rebuilding France’s empire in North America, so he didn’t mind giving up the Louisiana territory.D Napoleon wanted to show that Jefferson was a hypocrite about “strict construction” by making an offer he couldn’t refuse, even without congressional approval.
101 D Napoleon wanted to show that Jefferson was a hypocrite about “strict construction” by making an offer he couldn’t refuse, even without congressional approval.
102 #51 The Lewis and Clark expedition was undertaken in order to explore the Louisiana Purchase, learn about the plants and animals of the West, andA provide Americans with their first accounts of the Northwest.B establish the Corps of Discovery.C form alliances with American Indian tribesD attempt to find a river route to the Pacific Ocean.
103 D attempt to find a river route to the Pacific Ocean.
104 #52 Which mountains presented a major obstacle to the Lewis and Clarke expedition? A the Appalachian MountainsB the Sawtooth MountainsC the Rocky MountainsD the Blue Ridge Mountains
106 #53 What was the significance of Zebulon Pike’s exploration? A It provided many Americans with their first account of the NorthwestB It helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s western border with New SpainC It provided a full report of Spanish spying activities in the Southwest.D It inspired mountain climbers to explore the peaks of the Cascade Range.
107 B It helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s western border with New Spain
108 #54 As the result of which activity did the United States find itself involved in the war between Britain and France when it broke out in 1803?A patrolling the English Channel with war shipsB shipping goods and war supplies to both countriesC negotiating the Louisiana PurchaseD protecting escaped British sailors from impressment
109 B shipping goods and war supplies to both countries
110 A Britain. B France. C Europe. D all foreign countries. #55 After a British navy ship targeted an American navy ship in 1807, Great Britain’s violations of U.S. neutrality resulted in the Embargo Act, which banned trade withA Britain.B France.C Europe.D all foreign countries.
112 #56 The Embargo Act failed because A the Non-Intercourse Act limited its scope.B the Federalist Party rallied against it.C it caused American merchants to lose money and had little effect on Britain and France.D Spain replaced the loss of U.S. trade with increased trade in South America.
113 C it caused American merchants to lose money and had little effect on Britain and France.
114 #57 In 1810, the Governor of the Indiana Territory urged Tecumseh to follow the Treaty of Greenville, signed in What was Tecumseh’s reply?A “The white people have no right to take the land from the Indians, because the Indians had it first.”B “If we submit, the independence of the Indians is lost.”C “With the signing of that treaty and the loss of that land, I lost all hope.”D “The chief who signed the white man’s treaty signed away land that was not his. It cannot be yours.”
115 A “The white people have no right to take the land from the Indians, because the Indians had it first.”
116 #58 Why were U.S. officials worried by Tecumseh’s actions? A Tecumseh's actions broke the Treaty of Greenville.B Tecumseh's actions might have created an Indian confederation.C Tecumseh's actions may have been supported by the British.D Tecumseh's actions inflamed Americans.
117 C Tecumseh's actions may have been supported by the British.
118 A Battle Axes B Warlords C War Hawks D Redcoats #59 The first young members of Congress to call for a trade war against Britain were calledA Battle AxesB WarlordsC War HawksD Redcoats
120 A George Washington B John Adams C Thomas Jefferson D James Madison #60 Who served as president of the United States during the War of 1812?A George WashingtonB John AdamsC Thomas JeffersonD James Madison
122 #61 All of the following help to explain why the U. S #61 All of the following help to explain why the U.S. declared war against Britain in 1812 EXCEPT?A British trade restrictions hurt southern planters and western farmersB The British navy had aided the Barbary pirates in the MediterraneanC British impressments were hurting the U.S. economy.D The British had encouraged American Indians to attack settlers in the West
123 B The British navy had aided the Barbary pirates in the Mediterranean
124 #62 Which of the following explains why the U. S #62 Which of the following explains why the U.S. Navy defeated the British in the War of 1812?A The U.S. Navy was larger than the British Navy.B The British Navy was more spread out than the U.S. NavyC The U.S. Navy had many new warships.D U.S. sailors were more experienced than British sailors
125 B The British Navy was more spread out than the U.S. Navy
126 #63 Which of the following assertions about the War of 1812 is false? A It produced intense feelings of patriotism among Americans.B It strengthened American Indian resistance to Americans.C It produced a boom in American manufacturing.D It strengthened Americans’ faith in the democratic experiment.
127 B It strengthened American Indian resistance to Americans.
128 #64 The document that ended the War of 1812 was called the ? A Treaty of Fort Jackson.B Treaty of Ghent.C Neutrality Proclamation.D Louisiana Purchase.
132 #66 The Treaty of Fort Jackson did which of the following? A forced the Creek Indians to give up 23 million acres of landB guaranteed American protection from American Indians in the Northwest TerritoriesC gave the U.S. control of American Indian lands along the Tallapoosa RiverD forced Tecumseh to give up his plan to unite American Indian nations
133 A forced the Creek Indians to give up 23 million acres of land
134 #67 Why did Britain’s military forces gain strength in April of 1814? A The Queen ended an expedition to South Africa and ordered the ships to the U.S. coast.B Britain defeated France and could send more troops to America.C France released British war prisoners who were soon added to the military ranks.D There was a major decline in numbers of American volunteers.
135 B Britain defeated France and could send more troops to America.
136 A New Orleans. B Baltimore. C Washington. D New York. E San Francisco. # 68 The first thing the British did after their ranks were reinforced in April of 1814 was attack the city ofA New Orleans.B Baltimore.C Washington.D New York.E San Francisco.
138 #69 American politicians’ fears that a foreign power might take control of the Mississippi might have come true during the Battle of New Orleans, if not for the leadership of a commander who led a mix of soldiers, free African Americans, and Choctaw Indians against the British. What was his name?A Oliver Hazard PerryB Andrew JacksonC Francis Scott KeyD Jean Lafitte
140 # 70 Which statement might a Federalist have made in arguing against war with Britain? a. “The U.S. Navy is far too weak in terms of manpower and the size of its fleet to fight the British. Battles at sea would mean certain death. We should avoid war.”b. “Good relations with the British are essential to the health of New England’s economy. Better to forge friendly business ties than to fight another war.”c. “The federal government has yet to pay off the national debt caused by the Revolutionary War. Let’s not increase the debt by fighting another.”d. “America is a democracy. If the majority of the American people do not want war, we should not fight. And the majority do not want war.”
141 b. “Good relations with the British are essential to the health of New England’s economy. Better to forge friendly business ties than to fight another war.”
142 #71 Which of the following was a failure of the Lewis and Clark Expedition? A collect adequate information about western plants and animals.B survey the Louisiana PurchaseC travel over the Cascade Range on horsebackD find an all river route across the West to the Pacific Ocean
143 D find an all river route across the West to the Pacific Ocean
144 # 72 Thomas Jefferson and his treasury secretary, Albert Gallatin, reduced government spending in order to repay the national debt. Arguably, this policy weakened the United States’ position in relation to the British because itA abolished domestic taxes that could have funded American troops.B cut the navy to a very small number of active ships.C lowered military spending and reduced the size of the Air Force.D limited the national government to several hundred people
145 B cut the navy to a very small number of active ships.
146 #73 The Federalists’ plea to end the War of 1812 caused embarrassment to the party despite the fact that it was never heard in Washington. Why wasn’t it heard?A The Federalist delegates elected at the Hartford Convention to meet with Congress missed their appointment.B When the Federalist delegates got to Washington it was engulfed in fires the British had set, which made it politically unwise to argue against war.C Slow communications meant the Federalist delegates hadn’t heard about the treaty that ended the war until they got to the capital.D Republican patriots accused the Federalists of loyalty to the Queen of England, which caused them to give up and stay in Connecticut.
147 C Slow communications meant the Federalist delegates hadn’t heard about the treaty that ended the war until they got to the capital.
148 #74 Legislators Henry Clay, John C #74 Legislators Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, and Felix Grundy fought for war against the British because they wereA from the South and West, and wanted to put a stop to British influence on Indian groups on the frontier.B War Hawks, and wanted to prove their political strength against the Federalists by opposing Federalist claimsC from the North, and hoped to open more land for settlement by invading Canada.D Populists, and were angered by British trade restrictions that hurt planters and farmers
149 A from the South and West, and wanted to put a stop to British influence on Indian groups on the frontier.
150 #75 How is judicial review best defined? A the power of Congress to oversee decisions made by the Supreme CourtB the power of Congress to review the appointment of Supreme Court justicesC the power of the judiciary to declare an act of Congress unconstitutionalD the power of the judiciary to monitor the conduct of presidential elections
151 C the power of the judiciary to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
152 #76 Which of the following finally determined who would be President of the United States in the Election of 1800?A The Electoral CollegeB The United States Supreme CourtC The United States House of RepresentativesD The United States Senate
154 #77 All of the following are true of the Election of 1800 EXCEPT? A The Constitution’s system of choosing the president and vice president failed to work properlyB The House of Representatives selected the president and vice presidentC The president and vice president were from different political partiesD Alexander Hamilton threw his support behind Thomas Jefferson and against Aaron Burr
155 C The president and vice president were from different political parties
156 A Crazy Horse B Little Turtle C Tecumseh D Chief Powhatan #78 Which of the following was a Shawnee leader that tried to convince Native American peoples to unite in order to save their remaining land from white settlement?A Crazy HorseB Little TurtleC TecumsehD Chief Powhatan
158 A John Jay B John Marshall C John Roberts D Thurgood Marshall # 79 Who was the Chief Justice that presided over the case that established the principle of judicial review for the Supreme Court?A John JayB John MarshallC John RobertsD Thurgood Marshall
160 # 80 Who wrote a poem that later became the national anthem of the United States, while watching the battle for Fort McHenry?A Francis Scott KeyB Oliver Hazard PerryC Stephen Collins FosterD George Wilkes Booth
162 #81 What was the purpose of the Non-Intercourse Act? A It kept any new immigrants from moving into AmericaB It made it illegal to criticize the government either by speech or by writingC It made it illegal to tax a citizen without first allowing representationD It banned trade with Britain, France and all of their colonies
163 D It banned trade with Britain, France and all of their colonies
164 #82 What impact did Sacagawea have on American History? A She helped a U.S. expedition to explore the Louisiana TerritoryB She tried to unite Native Americans against westward expansionC She led a slave revolt against white settlers in LouisianaD She led Native Americans against white settlers in the Ohio Valley over fur trade
165 A She helped a U.S. expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory
166 #83 What battle in 1794, basically ended the ability of the tribes in the Northwest Territory to continue to wage war?A Battle of GettysburgB Battle of Fallen TimbersC Battle of YorktownD Battle of New Orleans
168 # 84 All of the following would have been a beliefs of Thomas Jefferson and other Democratic-Republicans during the Election of 1800 EXCEPT?A Believed in rule by the common man or citizenB Favored alliances to the French over the BritishC Wanted the economy to be based on agricultureD Believed that the Federal Government should be more powerful than State Governments
169 D Believed that the Federal Government should be more powerful than State Governments
170 # 85 All of the following would have been a beliefs of John Adams and other Federalists during the Election of 1800 EXCEPT?A Believed in rule by the wealthy, well-educated classB Favored alliances to the British over the FrenchC Wanted an economy that put an emphasis on manufacturingD Believed that State Governments should have more power than the Federal GovernmentE Believed in a loose or broad interpretation of the United States Constitution
171 D Believed that State Governments should have more power than the Federal Government
172 # 86 Which of the following Supreme Court cases set the precedent of allowing for judicial review? A McCullough v. MarylandB Marbury v. MadisonC Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka KansasD Roe v. Wade
174 #87. All of the following contributed to the rise of political parties EXCEPT? A. Jefferson’s and Hamilton’s differing goals for the future of AmericaB. The war between Great Britain and FranceC. Hamilton’s and Jefferson’s opposing views on the ConstitutionD. Jefferson’s and Madison’s differing opinions about the Marbury v. Madison case
175 D. Jefferson’s and Madison’s differing opinions about the Marbury v D. Jefferson’s and Madison’s differing opinions about the Marbury v. Madison case
176 #88. Who were the Federalists trying to silence by instituting the Alien and Sedition Acts? A. The Whig PartyB. The Constitutional Union PartyC. The Democratic-Republican PartyD. The Communist PartyE. The American Reform Party
178 #89. Which of the following was the condition of the U. S #89. Which of the following was the condition of the U.S. military at the end of the War of 1812?A. The army had a surplus of soldiers, they were well trained and had a stockpile of weapons.B. They had French and Prussian officers leading the U.S. militaryC. The army was small, not well trained and lacked suppliesD. The army had new uniforms, rifles and large cannons.
179 C. The army was small, not well trained and lacked supplies
180 #90. Which amendment changed the way the president and vice president would be elected to avoid what happened to the election of 1800?A. 11th AmendmentB. 12th AmendmentC. 13th AmendmentD. 14th AmendmentE. 15th Amendment
182 A. 2 million B. 4 million C. 6 million D. 8 million E. 10 million 91. What was the approximate population of the United States in the 1790s?A. 2 millionB. 4 millionC. 6 millionD. 8 millionE. 10 million
184 92. All of the following people were in President Washington’s first cabinet EXCEPT? A. Secretary of State – Thomas JeffersonB. Secretary of Diplomacy – Benjamin FranklinC. Attorney General – Edmund RandolphD. Secretary of War – Henry KnoxE. Secretary of Treasury – Alexander Hamilton
188 94. All of the following were reasons why farmers made their grain into whiskey EXCEPT? A. Grain was very bulky to take to marketB. It was easier to make whiskey than to remove the husks from the cornC. They could get more money from customers for whiskey than for cornD. A farmer could trade whiskey for other products
189 B. It was easier to make whiskey than to remove the husks from the corn
190 a. Visionary d. Speculator b. Entrepreneur e. Broker c. Investor 95. Which of the following terms is used to explain a person who buys an item at a very low price in the hopes that the value will rise so they can make a large profit?a. Visionary d. Speculatorb. Entrepreneur e. Brokerc. Investor
192 96. Who was the Miami chief that led many victories in the Northwest Territory, and tried to convince the other chiefs to negotiate once Anthony Wayne took over the American troops in the area?a. Tecumseh d. Sitting Bullb. Pocahontas e. Little Turtlec. Crazy Horse
194 a. Wall Street c. Money Street b. Front Street d. Boardwalk Street 97. Much of our nation’s economic activity takes place at the New York Stock Exchange which is found on which of the following streets?a. Wall Street c. Money Streetb. Front Street d. Boardwalk Street
198 99. Why did President Jefferson agree to buy Louisiana from France? a. He wanted to learn more about the lands and peoples east of the Mississippi Riverb. He believed that the United States would benefit from the purchasec. He wanted to end the French threat in North Americad. He hoped to increase the president’s constitutional power
199 b. He believed that the United States would benefit from the purchase
200 100. In the 1790s, most Americanslived in the countryside and worked on family farmslived in cities and worked as laborers, craftspeople or merchantslived in small towns and worked as laborers or craftspeoplelived west of the Appalachian Mountains or wanted to move West
201 a. lived in the countryside and worked on family farms