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Unit 8 综合英语精品课程组 李晓东. I. Time Allotment 6 II. Teaching Objectives and Requirements 1. To master the key language points and grammatical structures in.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 8 综合英语精品课程组 李晓东. I. Time Allotment 6 II. Teaching Objectives and Requirements 1. To master the key language points and grammatical structures in."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 8 综合英语精品课程组 李晓东

2 I. Time Allotment 6 II. Teaching Objectives and Requirements 1. To master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text 2.To understand the main idea, structure of the text and the author ’ s writing style 3. To understand the significance of life

3 IV. Teaching Process III. Key Points and Difficult Points in Teaching 1. Key language points and grammatical structures in the text 2. Understanding of the main idea, structure of the text and the author ’ s writing style 1. Key language points and grammatical structures in the text 2. Understanding of the main idea, structure of the text and the author ’ s writing style

4 1. Pre-reading questions --- Can an invalid lead a happy life? Please explain. --- How would you show your appreciation if somebody helps you when you are in trouble? --- What is your ideal life? An integrated analysis of text I Fourteen Steps

5 The text is to tell that life ’ s value lies not only in one ’ s struggle against adversity, but also in one ’ s readiness to help others. According to the development of the story, the text is composed of four parts, each of which focuses on one topic. Respectively, these topics are about the author ’ s first life, his second life, his third life and his reflection on the auto-repair incident. Try to tell those paragraphs that makes up each part. The text is to tell that life ’ s value lies not only in one ’ s struggle against adversity, but also in one ’ s readiness to help others. According to the development of the story, the text is composed of four parts, each of which focuses on one topic. Respectively, these topics are about the author ’ s first life, his second life, his third life and his reflection on the auto-repair incident. Try to tell those paragraphs that makes up each part. 2. Structural analysis of the text 1

6 Part 1(Para.1-2): these two paragraphs are about the author ’ s first life which could be further divided into two phases: 3. The passage can be divided into four parts 3. The passage can be divided into four parts

7 the first phase was a hard struggle to make a living because of the early death of his father and the support for his paralyzed mother, and the second phase was “ a pleasant dream ”, because the author had everything that a happy life can offer. --- “ when I arrived as …” : when I was born as. --- “ San Jose ” and “ San Carlos ” : are two small cities in the west of California, USA.

8 Part 2(Para.3-5): In these three paragraphs, the author depicts his life afflicted by the disease, especially the difficulty in climbing the 14 steps. However, what the author attempts to convey is not so much a picture of his struggles against the disease as his painful climbing of the 14 steps. Instead of boasting his strength and courage as one might expect, Part 2(Para.3-5): In these three paragraphs, the author depicts his life afflicted by the disease, especially the difficulty in climbing the 14 steps. However, what the author attempts to convey is not so much a picture of his struggles against the disease as his painful climbing of the 14 steps. Instead of boasting his strength and courage as one might expect,

9 the author confides to us his frustration and disillusionment through his reactions to the rhetorical question “ Crazy? ” and the assumption of others: “ You might think that here walked a man of courage and strength. Thus we see his dread that he would be through — if he could not one day repeat the process of climbing the steps ”. the author confides to us his frustration and disillusionment through his reactions to the rhetorical question “ Crazy? ” and the assumption of others: “ You might think that here walked a man of courage and strength. Thus we see his dread that he would be through — if he could not one day repeat the process of climbing the steps ”.

10 Part 3(Para.6-8): Paragraph 6 describes how the author got a flat tire in a stormy night and his desperate need for help. --- “ the less-traveled road ” : the road that usually has little traffic. Part 3(Para.6-8): Paragraph 6 describes how the author got a flat tire in a stormy night and his desperate need for help. --- “ the less-traveled road ” : the road that usually has little traffic. The following questions could be asked: ---What does the author mean by “ And I managed to keep my health and optimism, to a degree, because of 14 steps ” ? ---Why does the author call these steps “ 14 miserable steps ” ?

11 --- “ the steering wheel jerked in my hands ” : the steering wheel became uncontrollable because of sudden and unsteady movements --- “ as the enormity of the situation swept over me ” : as the terrible situation shocked me instantly. The word “ enormity ” implies a serious situation that usually is vicious or wicked. --- “ the steering wheel jerked in my hands ” : the steering wheel became uncontrollable because of sudden and unsteady movements --- “ as the enormity of the situation swept over me ” : as the terrible situation shocked me instantly. The word “ enormity ” implies a serious situation that usually is vicious or wicked.

12 Paragraph7 describes how the man and the little girl managed to replace the flat tire and how the author felt about it Paragraph8 mainly consists of conversations between the author and the old man and the little girl, in which the old man declined the author ’ s payment. --- “ the shoulder of the road ” : the edge or ridge running on either side of a roadway. “ the rain- slick shoulder of the road ” : the road shoulder made slippery by the heavy rain.

13 Part4 (Para9-10): these two paragraphs concluding paragraphs are the author ’ s reflection on the incident and his life philosophy, from which he discovered the true value of life. --- “… feeling with cold, wet fingers for bolts and tools in the dark – a dark that for him would probably never end until his death. ” : Here “ in the dark ” refers to that dark night, while “ a darkness ” alludes to the man ’ s blindness. Part4 (Para9-10): these two paragraphs concluding paragraphs are the author ’ s reflection on the incident and his life philosophy, from which he discovered the true value of life. --- “… feeling with cold, wet fingers for bolts and tools in the dark – a dark that for him would probably never end until his death. ” : Here “ in the dark ” refers to that dark night, while “ a darkness ” alludes to the man ’ s blindness.

14 Note that here is a play of words, which can also be noticed in the last sentence in paragraph 10,, “ I will change a tire for a blind man in a car – someone as blind as I had been. ” The author means that he had so far been blind to the needs of others. --- “ Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do yr even so to them.. ” : therefore do to other people whatever you would like them to do to you. “ ye ” (old written form): you Note that here is a play of words, which can also be noticed in the last sentence in paragraph 10,, “ I will change a tire for a blind man in a car – someone as blind as I had been. ” The author means that he had so far been blind to the needs of others. --- “ Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do yr even so to them.. ” : therefore do to other people whatever you would like them to do to you. “ ye ” (old written form): you

15 To cause severe suffering or pain E.g. The old man was afflicted with blindness. E.g. Pollution might be one of the major problems currently afflicting Third World countries. To cause severe suffering or pain E.g. The old man was afflicted with blindness. E.g. Pollution might be one of the major problems currently afflicting Third World countries. 5.Language points: Be inclined to To be likely or tend to E.g. Middle-class victims are more inclined to contact the police. E.g. I don ’ t feel victims to talk to him. To be likely or tend to E.g. Middle-class victims are more inclined to contact the police. E.g. I don ’ t feel victims to talk to him. Afflict

16 To keep one ’ s grip on; not to let go of E.g. hold on to your ticket — you might need it on the return journey. To keep one ’ s grip on; not to let go of E.g. hold on to your ticket — you might need it on the return journey. Disillusioned Disappointed E.g. Disillusioned by his team ’ s performance, the manager resigned. E.g. Impossibly high expectations of the new regime have left many voters disillusioned. Hold on to

17 To become slower or less active E.g. The train slacked speed as we approached the station. To become slower or less active E.g. The train slacked speed as we approached the station. Swerve To turn suddenly to one side E.g. The driver swerved sharply to avoid hitting a dog. E.g. Next, the pitcher threw a curved ball, Which swerved away from me as I lunged forward to hit it. Slacken

18 To enter or pass(into or through) E.g. light cannot penetrate a brick wall. To enter or pass(into or through) E.g. light cannot penetrate a brick wall. Jack up To lift with a jack E.g. Why don ’ t you jack it up and we ’ ll have a look at the suspension? To lift with a jack E.g. Why don ’ t you jack it up and we ’ ll have a look at the suspension? Frail Weak and poor in health E.g. woman with a walking stick came slowly down to the gate to meet us. Weak and poor in health E.g. woman with a walking stick came slowly down to the gate to meet us. Penetrate

19 To be very full E.g. Kerry handed me a glass overflowing with wine, trying not to let it spill on the carpet. E.g. Mother Teresa was respected by the people because she had a heart overflowing with love. To be very full E.g. Kerry handed me a glass overflowing with wine, trying not to let it spill on the carpet. E.g. Mother Teresa was respected by the people because she had a heart overflowing with love. Overflow with

20 6.Questions for consideration ---What do you live for? Recall an experience that you have overcome difficulties successfully. Indifference Not caring about E.g. Though thoroughly apprehensive, he put on a show of indifference. E.g. All our requests for government help have been with complete indifference. Not caring about E.g. Though thoroughly apprehensive, he put on a show of indifference. E.g. All our requests for government help have been with complete indifference.

21 Exercises in Students ’ book Vocabulary exercises Grammar exercises: Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills: spelling and passage dictation; close Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Exercises in Students ’ book Vocabulary exercises Grammar exercises: Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills: spelling and passage dictation; close Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises VI. Assignment

22 Text 2 Topics for discussion about Text 2: --- What do you think made the author stand up again? --- Do you believe in power of belief? Please illustrate your point with examples. Text 2 Topics for discussion about Text 2: --- What do you think made the author stand up again? --- Do you believe in power of belief? Please illustrate your point with examples.

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