Presentation on theme: "1/27/09: Essential Questions: How have Americans expressed their discontent with government and how has the American government responded? Bellwork:"— Presentation transcript:
1/27/09: Essential Questions: How have Americans expressed their discontent with government and how has the American government responded? Bellwork: Are the clothes the we choose to wear important? Why or why not? Place your Major Grade work in your folder.
Homework due on Thursday: Join or Die cartoon analysis
Sons of Liberty: Objectives What was the SL’s response to the Stamp Act? Identify the purpose of Tar and Feathering Were the Sons of Liberty terrorists or patriots?
How have Americans expressed their discontent with government policy? How has American government responded to insurrections? The Sons of Liberty The Sons of Liberty were a secret organization of American “Patriots” who wanted to resist the British Crown with acts of protest, and were often involved in mob violence The Sons of Liberty are best known for the Boston Tea Party
Tar and Feathering Started with Richard the Lion Hearted Not used extensively until Sons of Liberty Not typically fatal, but extremely uncomfortable Applying the burning hot tar to bare skin usually caused painful blistering and efforts to remove it often made the condition worse. The adding of feathers which stuck to the tar added to the humiliation and made the victim a comical figure. Sometimes tar was applied to the clothing, and was only a minor warning.
Tar and Feathering In the spring of 1766 Captain William Smith came under suspicion as an informer of American smuggling activities. He experienced first hand the tar and feather. In retribution, John Gilchrist, a Norfolk merchant and shipbuilder and several accomplices captured Smith and, as he reported, "dawbed my body and face all over with tar and afterwards threw feathers on me." Smith's assailants, which included the mayor of Norfolk, then carted him "through every street in town," and threw him into the sea. Fortunately, Smith was rescued by a passing boat just as he was "sinking, being able to swim no longer." This may have been the first tarring and feathering in America.
Boston Tea Party Objectives Why were colonists mad about paying less money for their tea? They did not want the British companies to have monopolies They did not want to pay the taxes Why did they dress as Indians? They didn’t want the British to know it was actual the Sons of Liberty They thought the British would retaliate against the Indians instead of the Sons of Liberty
Boston Tea Party Objectives What was the British Response? The British took away liberties (freedoms) from the colonists
How have Americans expressed their discontent with government policy? How has American government responded to insurrections? The Boston Tea Party Today there is a political party called The Boston Tea Party (est. 2006) The Boston Tea Party supports reducing the size, scope and power of government at all levels and on all issues, and opposes increasing the size, scope and power of government at any level, for any purpose.
1 st Continental Congress Objectives What was it? What did they want? What did they NOT want? What was America’s response? Video
1 st Continental Congress Objectives What was it? “I am not a Virginian, but an American”. This was the first time the leaders of the colonies voiced that they should be American. GA is the only colony that did not participate. Why not? What did they want? They wanted to fix the wrongs they thought Britain had done to them What did they NOT want? Independence What was America’s response?
Lexington & Concord Objectives Identify the role of the minutemen Explain the role of the rider Who do you think was most likely responsible for firing first at Lexington & Concord Compare the military engagements at Lexington & Concord Video