2 Forms of Poetry: Lyric Poem Sonnet Free Verse Haiku Catalog Poem Ballad
3 Lyric Poem: Expresses a speaker’s emotions or thoughts. A BlessingBy: James WrightJust off the highway to Rochester, Minnesota,Twilight bounds softly forth on the grass,And the eyes of those two Indian poniesDarken with kindness.They have come gladly out of the willowsTo welcome my friend and me.We step over barbed wire into the pastureWhere they have been grazing all day, alone.They ripple tensely, they can hardly contain their happinessThat we have come.They bow shyly as wet swans. They love each other.There is no loneliness like theirs.At home once more,They begin munching the young tufts of spring in the darkness.I would like to hold the slenderer one in my arms,For she has walked over to meAnd nuzzled my left hand.She is black and white,Her mane falls wild on her forehead,And the light breeze moves me to caress her long ear,That is delicate as the skin over a girl's wrist.Suddenly I realizeThat if I stepped out of my body I would breakInto blossom.Expresses a speaker’s emotions or thoughts.It does not tell a story.Usually short and focused on one single, strong emotion.
4 Sonnet: Once by the Pacific A fourteen line lyric poem. Usually written in iambic pentameter and have a regular rhyme scheme.Once by the PacificBy: Robert FrostThe shattered water made a misty din.Great waves looked over others coming in,And thought of doing something to the shoreThat water never did to land before.The clouds were low and hairy in the skies,Like locks blown forward in the gleam of eyes.You could not tell, and yet it looked as ifThe shore was lucky in being backed by cliff,The cliff in being backed by continent;It looked as if a night of dark intentWas coming, and not only a night, an age.Someone had better be prepared for rage.There would be more than ocean-water brokenBefore God’s last Put out the Light was spoken.
5 Free Verse:in Just –By: E.E. Cummingsin Just-spring when the world is mud-luscious the littlelame balloonmanwhistles far and weeand eddieandbill comerunning from marbles andpiracies and it’sspringwhen the world is puddle-wonderfulthe queerold balloonman whistlesfar and weeand bettyandisabel come dancingfrom hop-scotch and jump-rope andit’sandthegoat footedballoon Man whistlesfarweePoetry that doesn’t have a regular meter or rhyming scheme.Free verse tries to capture the rhythm of ordinary speech.
6 and allow me to plant these Haiku:A three line poem with seventeen syllables.Lines 1 and 3 have five syllables each, and line 2 has seven syllables.Usually contrast two images from nature or daily life.UntitledBy: Miura ChoraGet out of my roadand allow me to plant thesebamboos, Mr. Toad.
7 Catalog Poem: The Car Presents a list of many different images. By: Raymond CarverThe car with a cracked windshield The car with a sticky carburetorThe car that threw a rod The car that hit the dog and kept goingThe car without brakes The car with a hole in its mufflerThe car with a faulty U-joint The car with no mufflerThe car with a hole in its radiator The car my daughter wreckedThe car I picked peaches for The car with corroded battery cablesThe car with a cracked block The car bought with a bad checkThe car with no reverse gear Car of my sleepless nightsThe car I traded for a bicycle The car with a stuck thermostatThe car with steering problems The car whose engine caught fireThe car with no back seat The car with no headlightsThe car with a torn front seat The car with a broken fan beltThe car that burned oil The car with wipers that wouldn’t workThe car with rotten hoses The car I gave awayThe car that left the restaurant without paying The car with transmission troubleThe car with bald tires The car I washed my hands ofThe car with no heater or defroster The car I struck with a hammerThe car with it’s front end out of alignment The car with payments that couldn’t be metThe car the child threw up in The repossessed carThe car I threw up in The car whose clutch pin brokeThe car with the broken water pump The car waiting on the back lotThe car whose timing gear was shot Car of my dreamsThe car with a blown head gasket My car.The car I left on the side of the roadThe car that leaked carbon dioxidePresents a list of many different images.Image is repeated with different descriptions over and over throughout the poem.
8 Ballad: A song that tells a story. Perfect TwoYou can be the peanut butter to my jellyYou can be the butterflies I feel in my bellyYou can be the captain and I can be your first mateYou can be the chills that I feel on our first dateYou can be the hero and I can be your side kickYou can be the tear that I cry if we ever splitYou can be the rain from the cloud when it's stormin‘Or you can be the sun when it shines in the mornin'Don't know if I could ever beWithout you cause boy you complete meAnd in time I know that we'll both seeThat we're all we needCause you're the apple to my pieYou're the straw to my berryYou're the smoke to my highAnd you're the one I wanna marryCause your the one for me (for me)And I'm the one for you (for you)You take the both of us (of us)And we're the perfect twoYou can be the prince and I can be your princessYou can be the sweet tooth and I can be the dentistYou can be the shoes and I can be the lacesYou can be the heart that I spill on the pagesA song that tells a story.Use a steady rhythm, strong rhymes, and repetition of a refrain.
9 Imagery: Image: Sensory Detail: A word or phrase that appeals to one more of the five senses.Sensory Detail:Elements that help the reader imagine how something looks, sounds, smells, feels, or tastes.
10 Figurative Language: Simile: Metaphors: Example: Two unlike things are compared using a word such as: like, as, than, or resembles.Metaphors:A comparison of two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another.Example:Simile: “You eat like a pig.”Metaphor: “You are a pig.”
11 Metaphor Continued: Direct Metaphor: Indirect Metaphor: Directly compares two things by using a verb like are.Example:“The days are nouns: touch themThe hands are churches that worship the world.”Indirect Metaphor:Implies or suggests a comparison between two things rather than stating it directly.Example:“Golden Baked Skin”“Shut your trap”
12 Figurative Language Continued: Personification:A type of metaphor in which human qualities are given to something that is not human (an object, animal, force of nature, or idea).
13 Rhyme:The repetition of a stressed vowel sound and any sounds that follow it in words that are close together.End Rhymes:Rhymes in poetry that occur at the ends of lines.Internal Rhymes:Rhymes in poetry that occur when at least one rhymed word falls within a line.Rhyme Scheme:A regular pattern of end rhymes.Approximate Rhyme:Repeat some sounds, but are not exact echoes.Marking a Rhyme Scheme:ABABABBA
14 Rhythm:A musical quality based on repetition. When you talk about the beat you hear when you read a poem, you are describing it’s rhythm.
15 Meter: A common form of rhythm. A regular pattern of stressed (`) and unstressed (U) syllables in the lines of a poem.
16 Foot: Usually consists of one stressed and one unstressed syllable. Iamb: a foot that has one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.Example:Barack ObamaThis line is written in iambic pentameter and has five iambs:“But soft! / What light/ through yon / der win / dow breaks?”
17 Sound Devices: Onomatopoeia: Alliteration: Assonance: Words that sound like what they mean.EXAMPLE:Buzz, hiss, boom, bang.Alliteration:Repeating the same consonant sound in several words.Fragrant flowers, dog days, cool as a cucumber.Assonance:Repeating the same vowel sounds in several words.Quick fix, around town.
18 Weekend Homework: Find a poem that you like. Label the poem type. Mark the rhyme scheme (if there is one)Bring a copy of the poem to class Monday.If you don’t bring a copy of your poem, then you will have a separate writing assignment to complete while the rest of the class does a fun activity!