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Muckraking A study of the muck. Muckraking The exposing or revealing of corruption in the government or private business to the public.

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Presentation on theme: "Muckraking A study of the muck. Muckraking The exposing or revealing of corruption in the government or private business to the public."— Presentation transcript:

1 Muckraking A study of the muck

2 Muckraking The exposing or revealing of corruption in the government or private business to the public

3 Chicago’s Union Stock Yards

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5 The Jungle

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9 The Jungle’s effect Government created sanitation laws and other restrictions for the meat companies – This made food products safer Made Chicago’s industry the focus of America

10 Cornelius Vanderbilt

11 Robber Barons One of the American industrial or financial tycoons who became wealthy by unethical means, such as exploitation of labor – Think monopoly guy Cornelius Vanderbilt was considered one Argued for “laissez faire” – What is laissez faire?

12 John D. Rockefeller President of Standard Oil Company – ExxonMobil, Chevron, Conoco, BP, Marathon Accused of being a robber baron – corrupt boss He had $257.6 BILLION in today’s dollars – Bill Gates only has $100 billion

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15 Labor Unions Why would you want to be in a labor union? – What does a labor union accomplish?

16 Haymarket Square Riot Chicago, May 4, hour work day was scheduled to be implemented on May 1, 1886 Some bosses weren’t following that law Someone threw a bomb at the police Most people thought it was an anarchist or socialist. Why?

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20 Haymarket Square Riot The media may have distorted the event The governor pardoned some of the people convicted in the deaths of police officers – Labor union population dropped dramatically International Labor Day is on May 1 st – Ours is in September – May 1 in the U.S. is Law Day

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25 Labor Injustices We talked about robber barons who paid low wages and had disgusting working conditions Bosses weren’t afraid to hire children

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35 Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire Women working in a shirt factory Factory caught fire on the 8 th, 9 th, and 10 th floors 146 workers died

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37 Progressive Era a period of reform which lasted from the 1890s to the 1920s

38 Goals of Progressivism 1.Social justice 2.Moral improvement 3.Democracy 4.Economic Change 5.Efficiency 6.Conservation

39 Social Justice Settlement houses YMCA Soup kitchens

40 Moral Improvement Prohibition – 18 th amendment – A social movement led by women Women’s Christian Temperance Union – Feminism

41 Democracy Women’s suffrage – 19 th amendment – More rights for more people Direct Election of Senators – 17 th amendment – Gave voters more control Secret Ballot

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43 Economic Change Muckrakers Child Labor laws Trust Busting – Trust – business entity formed with intent to monopolize

44 Trust Bustaz refers to government activities designed to break up trusts or monopolies No more laissez faire

45 Trust Bustaz


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