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UCL/APM Introduction to Project Management 2006 Leadership and Motivation Graham Collins University College London (UCL)

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1 UCL/APM Introduction to Project Management 2006 Leadership and Motivation Graham Collins University College London (UCL)

2 ©Graham Collins 2005 Socrates - A leader of ideas  Knowledge the key to leadership  Set himself the task of clarifying current issues of politics and moral life  Method he used was distinctive ‘Socratic’

3 ©Graham Collins 2005 Leadership and Management  There is a difference between managing –administration, planning and controlling- and leadership  Leadership transcends these. Leadership is about creating a vision and in the words of John Adair ‘arousing the willing and enthusiastic support of others to the common task at hand  John Kotter, has outlined the differences in ‘What Leaders really do’ Harvard Business Review, Dec 2001

4 ©Graham Collins 2005 John Adair – Three Circles Model Task TeamIndividual People need to know where they are going in terms of their common task They need to be held together as a team Each individual has personal needs that require satisfaction

5 ©Graham Collins 2005 Xenophon- Leaders encourage people ‘When Xenophon heard this, he jumped down from his horse, pushed Soteridas out of the ranks, took his shield away from him and went forward on foot as fast as he could, carrying the shield. He happened to be wearing a cavalry breastplate as well, so that it was heavy going for him. He kept on encouraging those in front to keep going and those behind to join up with them, though struggling along behind them himself. The other soldiers, however, struck Soteridas and threw stones at him and cursed him until they forced him to take back his shield and continue marching. Xenophon then remounted and, so long as the going was good, led the way on horseback. When it became impossible to ride, he left his horse behind and hurried ahead on foot. And so they got to the summit before the enemy.’

6 ©Graham Collins 2005 Xenophon  Temperance  Justice  Sagacity  Amiability  Presence of mind  Tactfulness  Humanity  Sympathy  Helpfulness  Courage  Magnanimity  Generosity  Considerateness In his Cyropaedia he listed the qualities of an ideal ruler as:

7 ©Graham Collins 2005 Pericles – an effective communicator Plutarch wrote: ‘ Since he used his authority honestly and unswervingly in the interests of the city, he was usually able to carry the people with him by rational argument and persuasion.’

8 ©Graham Collins 2005 Pericles – making the right decisions ‘We Athenians, in our own persons, take our decisions on policy or submit them to proper discussions: for we do not think that there is an incompatibility between words and deeds; the worst thing is to rush into action before the consequences have been properly debated. And there is another point where we differ from other people. We are capable at the same time of taking risks and of estimating them beforehand. Others are brave out of ignorance and, when they stop to think, they begin to fear.’

9 ©Graham Collins 2005 The Athenian model of democracy  Harnessing the capabilities of knowledge workers is arguably the key challenge of our time  The city’s unique participative system of democracy helped unleash the creativity of the Athenian people and channel it to produce the greatest good for society  The system succeeded in bringing individual initiative and common cause into harmony Beyond Empowerment: Building a Company of Citizens, Brook Manville and Josiah Ober, Harvard Business Review, Jan 2003

10 ©Graham Collins 2005 Book slot John P. Kotter Leading Change Harvard Business School Press 1996 ISBN


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