Presentation on theme: "By Tasha Kuester & James Wassell The survival of humans in the cold."— Presentation transcript:
By Tasha Kuester & James Wassell The survival of humans in the cold
Why are we different? Economics Scientific thought. Mathematics Sex beyond procreation. Change. Emotions Morality we have a capacity for a relationship A homeothermic species
The bodies response How has our body adapted to surviving in cold environments? Shivering Blood vessels constrict Body fat Increases mussel activity Becoming accustom to the temperature Blood pressure Ingenuity
Shivering Shivering is the body’s response to cold and wet conditions. This is done by the raped contractions in the mussels producing heat Blood vessels/ pressure When we are exposed to low temperatures the blood vessels close to the skin constrict reducing the heat lost threw the skin this is called vasoconstriction. Ability to alter blood pressure has been seen in people who live in the cold.
Body fat Muscle activity Muscle, on the other hand, is made from fibers that are always contracting and expanding, even when you are standing still. This constant movement of the muscle tissue generates heat, and helps you keep warm when it's cold out Fat is a great insulator protecting blood vessels and organs from outer temperatures 1 Cm of fat has the same affect as one layer of dry wool clothing
Acclimation to Temperature Our ability to adapt to our environment is one of the main ways we are able to survive in many different conditions after living in the cold for a period of time your body gets used to it and adapts to the environment
Ingenuity The largest reason for the humans survival in harsh conditions is our ingenuity. Human ingenuity refers to the ability of man to solve difficult problems over other animals humans have proven our ingenuity in many different ways
People who have adapted to living in the cold These groups of people have been studied on how there bodies have adapted to cold temperatures Australian aborigines Indians/ Eskimo Tibetan and Indian yogis Quebec mailmen Fisherman Antarctic workers
Australian aborigines Sleep nearly naked Go threw torpor Suppressed shivering Reduced heat production Body temp drops
Indians/ Eskimo Elevated metabolic rate that is 30 or 40% higher then normal Don’t shiver Reduced hart rate and blood pressure Increased circulation Increased temperature in the bodes extremities
Tibetan and Indian yogis Increased temp in extremities and core delayed shivering live in freezing Himalayas in unheated houses Meditation
Quebec mailmen Outside 30 hr a week Temps average -11 C Reduced hart rate Reduce blood pressure
Fishermen Temperatures can be as low as – 28C wet conditions Have low shivering rates and higher blood pressure Increased circulation Work 12 hr shifts in extreme cold temperatures
Antarctic Workers Live where no others live Some of the temperatures are coldest on earth Where extremely warm clothing Experience mild hypothermia
Who has the toughest time dealing with cold Older people Children People with diseases Injured people People who use drugs or alcohol
Older people Broken bones Hypothermia Lower cold tolerances Less active Low body mass
Children Weak immune system Susceptible to different diseases Go out side for extended amounts of time
Sick & Injured Body doesn’t function right Body's ability to retain heat Less able to move around
Drugs and alcohol Drinking makes us feel warmer Brings blood to skin Decreases core temp Allows vital organs to become to cold Motor skills Drugs slow you down
Cold weather survival tips C keep yourself and your clothes Clean. O avoid Overheating. L wear clothes loose and in Layers. D keep Dry.
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