Presentation on theme: "1 Pertemuan 16 First & Second Conditionals Matakuliah: G0134 – Grammar III Tahun: 2005 Versi: revisi 1."— Presentation transcript:
1 Pertemuan 16 First & Second Conditionals Matakuliah: G0134 – Grammar III Tahun: 2005 Versi: revisi 1
2 Learning Outcomes Pada akhir pertemuan ini, diharapkan mahasiswa akan mampu : Menganalisa kesalahan dalam kalimat dan memperbaiki kesalahan tersebut. Menyusun kalimat yang menggunakan first, second dan zero conditional dengan benar.
3 Outline Materi First Conditional Second Conditional Zero Conditional
4 First Conditional First conditional: If+ present tense, + future tense If you leave me, I’ll die of a broken heart. future tense (no comma) + if + present tense I’ll die of a broken heart if you leave me imperative condition + and + future tense Leave me and I’ll die of a broken heart.
5 Second Conditional Second conditional If + past tense, + would + verb If you left me, I would die of a broken heart. Would + verb (no comma) + if + past tense I would die of a broken heart if you left me.
6 Second Conditional We use the second conditional for an imaginary condition, which we believe to be impossible or very improbable. We use the past tense although the speaker is thinking about the present or future: If you left me, I’d (would) die of a broken heart. (but I believe you won’t leave me, so my heart is safe)
7 Second Conditional With I we often use were instead of was in conditional sentences, especially when we write. It is more formal: If I were you, I would write him a letter.
8 Zero Conditional Zero conditional If + present tense, + present tense If you’re in love, nothing else matters. present tense (no comma) + if + present tense Nothing else matters if you’re in love. We use this to state general truths: If you’re in love, nothing else matters.