Presentation on theme: "Personal Safety and Wellbeing Session 3 Alcohol Awareness."— Presentation transcript:
Personal Safety and Wellbeing Session 3 Alcohol Awareness
Alcohol-related deaths in the United Kingdom, 2010 In 2010 there were 8,790 alcohol-related deaths in the UK, 126 more than in 2009 (8,664) In 1991 there were 4,144 alcohol related deaths in the UK There are more alcohol-related deaths in males than in females, with 67 per cent of all alcohol-related deaths in the UK in 2010 being male Alcohol-related death rates were highest for those aged 55-74 and lowest for those aged under 35 over the last ten years UK males aged 55-74 years showed a sharp and statistically signficant increase in alcohol-related death rate from 41.8 per 100,000 in 2009 to 45.2 per 100,000 in 2010 Alcohol-related death rates varied between the regions of England and tended to be highest in the North and lowest in the East of England over the last ten years Within England and Wales, alcohol-related death rates are higher in Wales. In 2010 this difference was statistically significant
Stay Safe Stay Healthy Alcohol Know your limit 3-4 alcohol units a day for a male and 2-3 units a day for a female. Good at maths? Pint of Stella =5.2x 568/1000=2.95
1.3 pints 3x25ml 1.3 x 175ml Daily recommended Intake For Woman
1.7 x 175 ml 1.7 pints 4 x 25 ml Daily recommended intake for men
1.5 units How many Units ? 1.1 units 28 units 10.5 units 9 units 14 units 1.5 units 2.2 units 2.units
ALCOHOL & YOU When you drink alcohol it is absorbed into the body through your stomach and small intestine. It then travels, via the bloodstream, around the body including all the major organs. This process takes only a few minutes. Food will help slow down this absorption, so drinking on an empty stomach will affect you sooner. Your body cannot store this alcohol so your liver has to turn it into the toxic substance acetaldehyde. This in turn becomes a less harmful substance, which can leave the body in your urine, breath and sweat. It takes about one hour for your body to break down a unit of alcohol, although age, weight and gender all vary this process.
BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION (B.A.C.) Blood Alcohol Concentration (B.A.C.) is the amount of alcohol present in blood. The concentration will vary on a number of different factors, for example, the quantity of alcohol you have drunk and the time in which you drank it. Height and weight will vary the B.A.C. For example a small person will have a blood volume less than that of a tall person. Identical volumes of alcohol will probably affect the small person more. Gender will also have an effect on the B.A.C. Women are generally smaller and have proportionately less body water and more body fat. Alcohol (which does not dissolve easily in fat) will be present in a higher concentration for women then men. Being dehydrated means alcohol has a greater effect on you. Drinking alcohol after exercising or while in a high temperature will result in you feeling drunk sooner. If you drink alcohol after eating it will take longer to absorb through your stomach. The process of alcohol reaching your brain and body is slowed down.
ALCOHOL & ITS EFFECTS Alcohol is a drug. It affects the body’s nervous system, which is responsible for sending messages around the body. Alcohol works by slowing these messages down, it also has an affect on the part of the brain that is responsible for self-control. As a result you will notice your reactions slow down, you will suffer from a lack of co-ordination, slurred speech and double vision. Some people can even experience stronger emotions – aggression or sadness for example. Alcohol also impairs your judgement – you may act out of character and even become uncontrollable. Such behaviour can obviously be extremely dangerous.
ALCOHOL & ITS AFTER EFFECTS Negative symptoms experienced after drinking excessive units of alcohol are known as a ‘hangover’ and are usually experience the morning after. They include headache, thirst, depression and nausea. Heightened sensitivity to both light and sound are also common. These can be brought on by alcohol dehydrating the body but can also be related to toxins present in some drinks. Clear drinks, for example vodka, generally contain fewer toxins than opaque drinks such as red wine. If you ever experience a hangover the following can, in most cases, help. Drink plenty of water to rehydrated the body Painkillers will help lessen the headache ALCOHOL & ITS AFTER EFFECTS Antacid can calm you stomach Caffeine will help perk you up Eating will help replace lost sugars Never try to do “hair of the dog” this, contrary to what some people believe, will only prolong the suffering. Try to avoid drinking again for 48 hours.
ALCOHOL & YOUR LOOKS Drinking alcohol regularly will physically change the way you look. It can result in weight gain, as alcohol is high in calories. One pint of beer or two glasses of wine is equivalent to a bar of chocolate! Dry skin, due to alcohol dehydrating the body. The veins in the body can break, as blood vessels just under the surface of the skin dilate. Often around the nose and cheeks, resulting in ugly red blotches. Red eyes from inflamed and enlarged blood vessels. A bad smell due to alcohol being excreted in your urine, breath and sweat. Even accidental bruises, cuts and broken bones leading to scars from loss of coordination.
ALCOHOL & ITS LONG-TERM EFFECTS Alcohol, when drunk heavily on a regular basis, will cause health problems. Such as: Alcohol dependence, known as alcoholism Cirrhosis of the liver Cancer, especially liver cancer and breast cancer among women Heart Disease and strokes Pancreatitis Impotence Stomach ulcers Brain damage and dementia Depression Fatal alcohol poisoning Even small amounts of alcohol can damage your health. Drinking while on medication, driving, or doing any other activity, which requires judgement and coordination, can easily result in accidental injury or death to either you or others.
SAFETY Planning ahead is crucial for having a safe night out. You should decide how you and your friends will get home before setting out. If you are taking a car decide who will be the designated driver. This person must not drink alcohol for that evening. But can enjoy many delicious non-alcoholic drinks such as our ‘Mocktails.’ Reliable, licensed taxi firms are another alternative so make sure you have spare money set aside. If you are relying on public transport make sure you know all the details before you start drinking. Finally if you have to walk home try to avoid doing so alone and keep to a well-lit, safe route.
FIRST AID if somebody loses consciousness due to drinking too much alcohol: Firstly do not panic. Next make sure they are still breathing and that their airways are clear. You can hear a person breathing by listening closely to their nose and mouth, and see them breathing by movement of their chest. Lay the individual on their side in the recovery position and call for an ambulance. Try to keep them warm, either with a coat or blanket and stay with the individual until help arrives. However if they stop breathing someone (ideally trained in first aid) will have to perform mouth-to-mouth Resuscitation. When somebody vomits due to drinking too much alcohol it is advised to keep them sitting up, however if they do lay down keep them in the recovery position and if they start choking you must get help immediately. Symptoms of alcohol poisoning include irregular, slow breathing and perhaps periods of no breathing. They are unconscious and cannot be woken up. Also if their skin becomes cold and clammy to the touch, while pale and bluish in colour. You must immediately call for an ambulance as alcohol poisoning can lead to a coma and can even result in death.
ALCOHOL & ITS POSITIVE EFFECTS Drinking alcohol is considered by many to be relaxing. It is often associated with socialising and partying. For responsible adults’ in good health, drinking a sensible amount is unlikely to cause you any harm. There is evidence to support that small amounts of alcohol (1 or 2 units per day) can help to lower cholesterol and lower the chance of coronary heart disease in men over 40 and post-menopausal women.
‘YOUR ROUND!’ OBJECTIVE To illustrate the effects alcohol has on; Concentration Memory Co-ordination Balance Spatial awareness Vision Mental arithmetic REQUIREMENTS VIS Goggles Small Tray Bottles (plastic, water-filled) Plastic drinking cups. Chairs and tables Some lose change. 4-6 Volunteers.
‘YOUR ROUND!’ SETTING UP Arrange the chairs and tables into a scattered bar-like scene with a table at the front to act as the bar. Have water-filled bottles and cups, tray and money on front table. Participants are not allowed to negotiate around the ‘set’, they must choose a path through. Select 4-6 volunteers from the group (the remainder can act as ‘extras’). Give the VIS Goggles to one member of the group (all three pairs if available). Ask them not to put them on yet. Give the lose change to a different group member. Sit the team at the table furthest from the Bar. For the purpose of this exercise the trainer or another volunteer can play the part of the Barman. cont...
INSTRUCTIONS The first member of the group (one without VIS Goggles) takes a drinks order from the rest of the group and makes their way to the bar, orders the round (including one for him/herself.) With the lose change he/she pays the barman the set amount in exact change (no change given). He/she is then handed the tray of drinks and makes his/her way back to his/her friends. The ‘drunk’ member then puts on the V.I.S. goggles and leaves them on for the remainder of the activity, giving time for him/her to become accustomed to wearing them. This is then repeated by the other two ‘sober’ members until it is the ’drunk’ member’s turn to get a round of drinks in. Watch as the ‘drunk’ member bumps into chairs and tables on their way, forgets the drink order, struggles to calculate the exact payment and slops the drinks on their way back to the table.
HINTS & TIPS Encourage everyone to order complicated drinks like cocktails or a particular brand of spirit etc, ensure they are particular about diet mixers and ice & lemon etc. Do not allow the person ordering drinks to shout back to their friends to remind them. For the purpose of this activity you should assume that it is a busy, noisy bar and the group are out of earshot from the person placing the order. Do not allow the impaired person to have another go unimpaired. The other team members have already acted as the control in this experiment. It also reinforces the point that you can’t turn off being drunk.
HEALTH & SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS Please take care when wearing the goggles and if you feel unwell at any time or feel that you are about to fall over please remove the goggles