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Summary of 2012 Changes Revised 1994 Haz Com Standard (HCS) Goal is to be consistent with United Nations Globally Harmonized System Terminology Changes:

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Presentation on theme: "Summary of 2012 Changes Revised 1994 Haz Com Standard (HCS) Goal is to be consistent with United Nations Globally Harmonized System Terminology Changes:"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Summary of 2012 Changes Revised 1994 Haz Com Standard (HCS) Goal is to be consistent with United Nations Globally Harmonized System Terminology Changes: Hazard Determination Hazard Classification Evaluate Classify MSDS SDS

3 Appendices Information that used to be in definition section was moved to appendices: Appendix A – Health Hazard Criteria Appendix B – Physical Hazard Criteria Appendix C – Allocation of Label Elements Appendix D – Safety Data Sheets

4 NYS PESH Training and Education4 Purpose of Regulation To protect employees from chemical hazards in the workplace

5 Hazardous Chemical Any chemical which is classified as a physical hazard or a health hazard Also includes: Simple asphyxiants Combustible dusts Pyrophoric gases Hazards not otherwise classified

6 Hazard Classification Hazard Class and Category (Severity), where appropriate Identify and consider full range of available scientific literature and other evidence concerning potential hazards including mixtures Appendix A for Health Hazards Appendix B for Physical Hazards

7 Appendix B – Physical Hazard

8 8 App B - Physical Hazards App B - Physical Hazards

9 Explosives/Blasting Agents Old New NYS PESH Training and Education9

10 Flammables Gases, Aerosols, Solids and Liquids Precautions - Sources of ignition Storage Housekeeping Proper use

11 Comparison of New and Old Flammable Liquid Criteria GHSFlammable and Combustible Liquids Standard (29 CFR ) Category Flashpoint º C (°F) Boiling Point º C (°F) Class Flashpoint º C (°F) Boiling Point º C (°F) Flammable 1< 23 (73.4)≤ 35 (95)Flammable Class IA< 22.8 (73)< 37.8 (100) Flammable 2< 23 (73.4)> 35 (95)Flammable Class IB< 22.8 (73)≥ 37.8 (100) Flammable 3≥ 23 (73.4) and ≤ 60 (140) Flammable Class IC Combustible Class II ≥ 22.8 (73) and < 37.8 (100) ≥ 37.8 (100) and < 60 (140) Flammable 4> 60 (140) and ≤93 (199.4) Combustible Class IIIA≥ 60 (140) and <93.3 (200) NoneCombustible Class IIIB≥ 93.3 (200)

12 NYS PESH Training and Education12 Gases Under Pressure Formerly known as “Compressed Gases” Oxygen Acetylene Chlorine Nitrogen

13 NYS PESH Training and Education13 Oxidizers Substance which may, generally by providing oxygen, cause or contribute to the combustion of other material more than air does

14 NYS PESH Training and Education14 Pyrophorics A solid or liquid which, even in small quantities, is liable to ignite within five minutes after coming into contact with air Pyrophoric gas is a chemical in a gaseous state that will ignite spontaneously in air at a temperature of 130 degrees F (54.4 degrees C) or below

15 NYS PESH Training and Education15 Self-reactive chemicals are thermally unstable liquid or solid chemicals liable to undergo a strongly exothermic decomposition even without participation of oxygen Self-heating of a substance or mixture is a process where the gradual reaction of that substance or mixture with oxygen (in air) generates heat Self-Reactive & Self-Heating

16 Chemicals which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases are solid or liquid chemicals which, by interaction with water, are liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable gases in dangerous quantities Organic peroxides are thermally unstable chemicals, which may undergo exothermic self-accelerating decomposition. In addition, they may have one or more of the following properties: (a) Be liable to explosive decomposition; (b) Burn rapidly; (c) Be sensitive to impact or friction; (d) React dangerously with other substances.

17 17 App A - Health Hazards Hazard ClassHazard Category Acute Toxicity1234 Skin Corrosion/Irritation1A1B1C2 Serious Eye Damage/ Eye Irritation 12A2B Respiratory or Skin Sensitization1 Germ Cell Mutagenicity1A1B2 Carcinogenicity1A1B2 Reproductive Toxicity1A1B2Lactation Specific Target Organ Toxicity (STOT) – Single Exposure 123 STOT – Repeated Exposure 12 Aspiration1 Simple AsphyxiantsSingle Category

18 NYS PESH Training and Education18 Toxicity The ability to cause injury to a living system Neurotoxin Hepatotoxin Nephrotoxin Dermaltoxin Cardiotoxin

19 NYS PESH Training and Education19 Routes of Exposure Inhalation Ingestion Absorption Injection

20 NYS PESH Training and Education20 Acute vs Chronic Toxicity Acute – effects appear promptly after exposure, usually within 24 hours Chronic – delayed effects following repeated, long duration exposure

21 NYS PESH Training and Education21 Dose – Response Concept The effect of a chemical depends upon the amount and duration of exposure A substance could be helpful in small doses (drug remedy) but harmful in larger doses (poison)

22 Acute Toxicity Adverse effects occurring following oral or dermal administration of a single dose of a substance, or multiple doses given within 24 hours, or an inhalation exposure of 4 hours Acute Toxicity – Inhalation:

23 NYS PESH Training and Education23 Toxicity AgentLD50 (mg/kg) Ethanol10,000 Sodium Chloride4,000 Morphine Sulfate900 DDT100 Nicotine1.0 Tetrodotoxin0.10 Botulinus toxin

24 Corrosion vs Irritation Irreversible tissue damage Reversible tissue damage

25 Sensitizers Respiratory sensitizer – Chemical that will lead to hypersensitivity of the airways following inhalation Skin sensitizer – Chemical that will lead to an allergic response following skin contact

26 NYS PESH Training and Education26 Other Health Hazards Carcinogens – Known, presumed or suspected Germ Cell Mutagens – Cause genetic changes which can be passed onto offspring Reproductive toxins – Adverse effects on sexual function and fertility or development of offspring Specific Target Organ Toxicity (STOT)

27 New Hazards Added Hazard categorySignal wordHazard statement Simple AsphyxiantWarningMay displace oxygen and cause rapid suffocation Pictogram No Pictogram Hazard categorySignal wordHazard statement Combustible Dust 2 2 WarningMay form combustible dust concentrations in air

28 NYS PESH Training and Education28 Hierarchy of Controls 1. Engineering Controls – substitution, elimination, ventilation, enclosure 2. Administrative Controls – work practices and employee rotation 3. Personal Protective Equipment – Last resort because hazard still exists

29 NYS PESH Training and Education29 How to Protect Employees Implement Effective Program Evaluate chemical hazards in workplace Transmit information to employees

30 NYS PESH Training and Education30 Hazard Communication Program Elements Training Labeling Maintain MSDS Chemical List Written Program HazCom Program

31 NYS PESH Training and Education31 Develop Chemical List Evaluate workplace and develop list of hazardous chemical products present Also add to list those hazardous chemicals produced in workplace

32 e) Written Program (1)(i) List of Hazardous Chemicals by Product Identifier referenced on Safety Data Sheet

33 f) Labels – Extensively Rewritten New detailed provisions in Appendix C (1) Labels on Shipped Containers (i) Product Identifier (ii) Signal Word (iii) Hazard Statement (iv) Pictogram (v) Precautionary Statement(s), and (vi) Name, address and telephone number of manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party

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37 New Label Elements Signal word - Indicate the relative level of severity of hazard and alerts the reader to a potential hazard on the label Danger - used for more severe hazards Warning - used for less severe Hazard statement - Describes the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the degree of hazard Toxic if inhaled Causes severe burns and eye damage Extremely flammable liquid Pictograms

38 Pictograms

39 Precautionary Statements Describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling: Prevention Response Storage Disposal

40 NYS PESH Training and Education40 Work Practice Controls - Wet Methods

41 f) Labels (Cont’d) (2) Manufacturer, importer or distributor shall ensure that labels info is: In accordance with Appendix C Prominently displayed, and In English (3) Manufacturer, importer or distributor shall ensure that signal word, hazard statement, and pictogram is located together on tag, label or mark

42 Appendix C- Label Allocation

43 Sample HS85 Label HS85 Warning Batch number: 85L6543 Harmful if swallowed. Wash hands and face thoroughly after handling. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local, state and federal regulations. First aid: If swallowed: Call a doctor if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. GHS Example Company, 123 Global Circle, Anyville, NY 130XX Emergency Telephone (888)

44 Sample Label

45 f)(6) Workplace Labeling Employer shall ensure that each container of hazardous chemicals in the workplace is labeled, tagged or marked with either: (i) The information specified under paragraphs (f)(1)(i) through (v) or (ii) Product identifier and words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof, which provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicals, and which, in conjunction with the other information available to employees under the hazard communication program, will provide employees with the specific information regarding the physical and health hazards of the hazardous chemical

46 NYS PESH Training and Education46 WARNING: New System CONTRADICTS HMIS System Hazardous Materials Identification System Hazard Scale is OPPOSITE of GHS: Minimal Hazard=0 Slight Hazard=1 Moderate Hazard=2 Serious Hazard=3 Severe Hazard=4

47 NYS PESH Training and Education47 Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Formerly MSDS Obtain SDS for all hazardous chemicals present or produced Obtain from manufacturer, distributor, retailer, or on- line resources Organize SDS so they may be located quickly SDS must be readily accessible to employees during all shifts

48 Safety Data Sheets (SDS) 16-section format that is essentially the same as ANSI Z400.1 and Z129.1 – standard requires similar information, but allowed any format Uniformity will improve effectiveness of SDS Sections will not be enforced by OSHA/PESH (other agency jurisdiction)

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50 NYS PESH Training and Education50 Hazard Communication Training Must be provided upon initial assignment and when new chemical hazard is introduced

51 NYS PESH Training and Education51 Training Must Include: Summary of the standard and the program Hazardous chemical properties and methods that can be used to detect their presence or release Physical and health hazards associated with exposure Procedures to protect against hazards Spill and leak procedures Location of SDS and written program

52 h) Training Changes (h)(3) Employee training shall include at least: (ii) The physical, health, simple asphyxiation, combustible dust and pyrophoric gas hazards, as well as hazards not otherwise classified, of the chemicals in the work area (iv) The details of the HCP developed by the employer, including an explanation of the labels received on shipped containers and the workplace labeling system used by their employer; the SDS, including the order of information and how employees can obtain and use the appropriate hazard information

53 Effective Dates (1) Training on new label elements and SDS format by December 1, 2013 (2) Manufacturers, importers, distributors, and employers must comply with modified provisions no later than June 1, 2015, except: (i) After December 1, 2015, distributor shall not ship containers without compliant labels (ii) Employer must update alternate labeling, HCP, and provide additional training for newly identified physical or health hazards no later than June 1, 2016 (3) May comply with previous and/or current standard during transition period

54 NYS PESH Training and Education54 Right-To-Know NYS law requiring that employees be provided with annual training on toxic substances in the workplace Must be provided during working hours, with no loss of pay, and in location convenient to worksite Required to keep records of training

55 NYS PESH Training and Education55 Right-To-Know Must conspicuously post sign informing employees of their right to information about toxic substances in the workplace


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