Presentation on theme: "Major Biotechnology R&D Institutions and their Programmes"— Presentation transcript:
1 Major Biotechnology R&D Institutions and their Programmes Ts. OYUNSUREN Ph.DCenter for Biotechnology, Institute of Biology, MAS, NFP of BINASIA
2 What is Biotechnology ?Biotechnology is the "science and technology of harnessing the natural and biological capabilities of plants, animals, and microbes for the benefit of people".Biotechnology is the application of biological knowledge, techniques and use of living organisms to make a product or run a process.Generally, biotechnology can be divided into the traditional and the new, or modern biotechnologies
3 Traditional Biotechnology The use of biological processes or organisms for the production of materials and services of benefit to humankind.Many of techniques used in traditional biotechnology are not new in Mongolia. Traditional biotechnology had been used for long time in nomads life for processing of dairy products such as making of airakh ( fermented horse milk), kefir, cheese and other milk products, for preparation of leather items, for improving of livestock breeds etc.Traditional biotechnology techniques are still used widely in nomads life.
4 Modern BiotechnologyThe scientific manipulation of living organisms, especially at the molecular genetics level, to produce new products, such as hormones, vaccines, monoclonal antibodies and othersGenetic engineering GenomicsCell and tissue culture ProteomicsCloning BioinformaticsBio-nanotechnology
5 Biotechnology Policy Documents The research and development of modern biotechnology have started since 19861986 -the Biotechnology was declared by the Mongolian Government as one of the main priority areas of science and technology for the National Economy Development1989-Complex Program of Science and Technology Towards the Year had emphasized the necessity to promote research and development on bioproducts1991- National Program on Biotechnology for was elaborated by the Ministry of Science and Education , but due to social economical changes faced to the country was not considered by the Government
6 Biotechnology Policy Documents-2 1998 –National Program on Biotechnology /Biotechnology Sub-Program/ was adopted by the GovernmentNational Program of Science and Technology Development towards the Year 2010 has special section for Biotechnology2002- Signed the Cartagena Protocol on BiosafetyLaw on Biosafety ? /2005/National Biotechnology Strategy ? /2005/
7 Strategic objectives of National Biotechnology Programmes To establish capacity building for the development of biotechnologyTo promote and coordinate R&D activities in Biotechnology that are focused towards meeting national R&D objectivesTo develop and improve R&D capability
8 Strategic Directions underlying the National Biotechnology Programme Research & DevelopmentHuman Resource DevelopmentManagement of BiotechnologyInternational CollaborationEffective National Policy
9 Mongolian Academy of Sciences The Biotechnology research and development is being conducted mainly by following institutions:Mongolian Academy of Sciences- Center for Biotechnology and- Division of Microbiology at the Institute of Biology- Institute Chemistry and Chemical Technology
10 3. Ministry of Food and Agriculture 2. Ministry of Health- Center for Biotechnology, Institute of PublicHealth3. Ministry of Food and Agriculture- Institute of Animal Husbandry- Institute of Veterinary- Food Institute
11 Research and Production companies Monenzyme Research and Production Co.BiokombinatShim Co.Tsagaan Zalaat Co.Shine Ekhlel Co.
12 Profile of Institutes Institution Established No. of employees Main activitiesCenter for Biotechnology, Institute of Biology, MAS200115Application of genetic engineering, plant cell culture methods for molecular biology research, creation of recombinant organisms, micropropogation of useful, endangered plants.Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biology, MAS198821Establishing of microorganisms database found in soil and other environmental circumstances, elaboration of methods for making of different products using microorganisms
13 Veterinary Research Institute, Mongolian Agricultural Univ Veterinary Research Institute, Mongolian Agricultural Univ. Ministry of Food and Agriculture1961110A testing common and task-narrow methods of modern biotechnology in veterinary, diagnosis, prevention and therapy of diseases of farm animals, and development of vaccines and drugs against different diseases.Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, Mongolian Agricultural Univ. Ministry of Food and Agriculture150The enhancement of livestock development by increasing a number of high quality animals with use of methods of selective breeding and embryo transfer.
14 Mongolian Biotechnology Association Re-established 200415 members and 8 member organizations,To develop a national biotech program in cooperation with Government agencies, to provide members and member organizations with up-to-date biotechnology information, to promote technology transfer, education and trainingBiotechnology Education, Research and Production Center , Public Health Institute, Ministry of Health200286Preparation and production of different products for human health
15 Biotechnology Productions Biotechnology Education, Research and Production Center, Public Health Institute produces:specific immunoglobulins, gastoglobulin, albumin, protein, complex of aminoacidsBiokombinat Co. produces:diagnostics for animal Brucellosis (Rose –Bengal antigen, Complement fixation test antigen , Milk ring test antigen, Agglutination test antigen, Positive serum, Negative serum, Brucellin), for Tuberculosis (Bovine Tuberculin, .Avion Tuberculin), for Salmonellosis , for Fowl typhoid, for Anthrax (Ascoli precipitin test antigen, Positive serum), for Enzootic abortion of ewes and Serums ( Serum antisalmonellosis, Serum antipasteurellosis, Serum anthrax, Serum antienterotoxaemia, Serum anti colibacteriosis, Serum anti enterobacteriosis).
16 3. Monenzyme Science and Production Co. Ltd 3. Monenzyme Science and Production Co.Ltd. produces 30 kinds of products. The main products include proteolytic enzymes from pancreas, bile powder, peptone, casein, dried mare’s milk, mare milk based cosmetics, dried yogurt, mare’s milk oil, mumie powder and liquorices root powder. At present “Monenzyme” R. & P. Co. Ltd. is establishing small unit for production of rapid and ELISA diagnostics of infectious and socially related diseases.4. SHIM Research and Production Co. produces nitrogen fertilizer based on Azotobacter
17 Achievements Plant Tissue Culture -Virus free potato planlets using meristem culture, virus diagnosis and micropropagation techniques have been obtained and transfered to farms of the Darkhan Agriculture Research Institute.-Micropropogation of some endemic and medicinal plants
18 Embryo transferTo increase number of elite groups of goats with high quality of cashmereTo increase the milk production of dairy cows
19 Vaccines Serum-derived vaccine for HBV Genetically modified strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae , which expresses HBsAgVaccine against brucellosis and salmonellas
20 BiofertilizersNitrogen fertilizer based on Azotobacter crococcus
23 Food additivesYeast derived protein additivesVitamins, aminoacids
24 Biotechnology Education 6 universities and institutes have biotechnology teaching activitiesGraduatePostgraduate coursesStudy in foreign countries /by 2003 about 30 students/PostgraduateTrainingPost-doctoral fellowship
25 Constrains Biotechnology capacity building is weak Lack of funds Teaching, research and skills facilities do not meet international standardsLack of Biotechnology IndustryBest practices from other countries are not utilized fully
26 Needs - to develop economic and political integrations - to arise all attentions from policy makers, scientific, public and international communities- to build and strengthen biotechnology capacity- to transfer a new technology- to establish and develop biotechnology industry- to improve and expand International collaborations