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Constructing a Framework for National Drought Policy: The Way Forward in Mexico David Korenfeld Federman (General Director of the National Water Commission.

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Presentation on theme: "Constructing a Framework for National Drought Policy: The Way Forward in Mexico David Korenfeld Federman (General Director of the National Water Commission."— Presentation transcript:

1 Constructing a Framework for National Drought Policy: The Way Forward in Mexico David Korenfeld Federman (General Director of the National Water Commission of Mexico) High-level Meeting on National Drought Policy (HMNDP) Towards More Drought Resilient Societies 13 March 2013 Geneva, Switzerland 1

2 2 Mexico: vulnerable to droughts due to its geographic location David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México Mexico´s North latitude Mexico´s South latitude Tropic of Tropic of Cancer Arabian desertSahara desert

3 Severity Index Meteorologic drought 3 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México Tropic of Cancer Mexico has an area of km²; 105 million inhabitants; and 66% of its territory is desert or semidesert. Light Intense Very intense Severe Very severe Extremely severe

4 During last decade droughts have been recurrent, and in the last two years they have intensified 4 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México Percentage of surface affected by drought in Mexico % D0 Abnormally DryD1 Drought-ModerateD2 Drought-SevereD3 Drought-ExtremeD4 Drought-Exceptional

5 5 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México North American Drought Monitor Simbology State limit lines of impact

6 Reactive approach Traditionally Mexico has acted with emergency assistance programs after drought: water or food supply, financing and indemnification, projects or infrastructure for relief, etc JanAprJulOctJanAprJulOctJan : the most severe drought since 1941 in the North and center of Mexico 6 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

7 January, The President of Mexico ordered the formulation of the National Drought Program. The National Water Commission (Conagua) will design and conduct this Program (PRONACOSE). 7 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

8 “A … measure I want to announce here in Zacatecas, is the creation of a National Drought Program, whose main component is, first, the early warning, …, and second, to provide for early action, so to forecast, prevent and respond promptly to any weather contingencies that will affect the population or farm productivity. For this purpose, … the National Water Commission, in coordination with other agencies of the Government of the Republic will fix very clear which are the preventive actions that will allow timely decisions to prevent and to mitigate the effects of drought. … Conagua to agree with local authorities the needed programs and actions to meet specific conditions in each State of the country.” Speech by the President of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto, in Zacatecas on January 10, David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

9 Mexico´s National Drought Program for has a comprehensive approach in several ways: 9 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

10 1) The National Drought Program includes both: PreventionMitigation Estimate resources, Define actions, Construct organization Reduce impacts on people, goods, infrastructure, activities, as well as on the environment. 10 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

11 2) The National Drought Program enhances: Forecasting, Early warning and data Dissemination Periodic collection and analysis of data: hidrometric, climatic, reservoirs, drought location and stages Spreading drought information so to guide the implementation of actions StageDescriptionCriteriumProbability % 0No droughtSDI ≥ Light-1.0 ≤ SDI < Moderated-1.5 ≤ SDI < Intense-2.0 ≤ SDI < ExtremeSDI < David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

12 3) The National Drought Program exhorts: Federal, State and Municipal coordination (joint programs and resources) Water users involvement (information, voluntary reduction, efficiencies) 12 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

13 4) The National Drought Program promotes: A drought plan for each of the 26 basin councils throughout the country Plans for major Water Users (specific actions for: water utilities, irrigation districts, industrial parks) (+designed and implementated by them: authorities and users +based on local specificities of each region) 13 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

14 5) The National Drought Program is locally implemented: Water users and authorities within each basin council will define triggers and characteristics of agreed actions, based on Conagua´s information about drought evolution. At the begining, a range or menu of several voluntary measures are expected to bring major volume economies,but eventually mandatory measures could be neccesary, with the colaboration of society. 14 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

15 6) The National Drought Program, whose monitor and follow up is through: An Interagency Commission* and a Committee of Experts in charge of review, inform, enrich, and support *A total of 12 Federal Agencies: Presidency, Conagua, Minitry of the Interior, Foresty, Farm Production and Rural Development, Economy, Energy, Health, National Defense, Education, Social Development, Tourism. 15 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

16 Stakeholders will together: BEFORE Drought DURING Drought AFTER design the actions to reduce vulnerability i m p l em e n t set a coordination structure to address drought evaluate to get a better plan, and restore conditions BASIN COUNCILS PLANS FOR DROUGHT 16 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

17 17 Challenges The water users and government agencies adoption of a new water culture and strategy which comprises the prevention, planning and evaluation of the drought plans as the main asset to face a recurrent natural phenomena. Alignment of the federal, state and local fund programs to the directives of the drought plans. In a climate change scenario should be the baseline for the National Development Plan and the framework for a new National Civil Protection System. The funding of Mexico´s vulnerability reduction to drought. An option is to access the world Climate Change Adaptation Funds. A drought communication strategy from the beginning is also critical for the acceptance of the drought measures and for the real evaluation of the success or failure of the Program David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

18 The main interest of Mexico: To guarantee the permanency of the drought planning and implementation for the future. To manage real social involvement in the development and implementation of the drought measures on a permanent basis. The reduction of drought vulnerability as one cornerstone of the Mexican strategy for climate change adaptation in compliance with the Climate Change General Law and the National Water Law. 18

19 forward suggestions first planning phase of the Program should be completed implementation evaluation another planning exercise and the issuing of new developed and improved basin and major water users plans for 2018 and onwards. 4.With a strong governance support: a new National Civil Protection System and with the Climate Change and Water Laws mechanisms and instruments. David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México

20 Thank you all for your kind interest 20 David Korenfeld, Comisión Nacional del Agua, México


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