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Budapest 24 -25/08/2001 FAO categories of risk status for livestock breeds: Incidence on EU regulations. Dominique PLANCHENAULT.

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Presentation on theme: "Budapest 24 -25/08/2001 FAO categories of risk status for livestock breeds: Incidence on EU regulations. Dominique PLANCHENAULT."— Presentation transcript:

1 Budapest /08/2001 FAO categories of risk status for livestock breeds: Incidence on EU regulations. Dominique PLANCHENAULT

2 Budapest /08/2001 Historical overview  The figures for stable populations were reproducing females for cattle, for sheep and goats.  The figures for decreasing populations were reproducing females for cattle, for sheep and goats.  The figures for increasing populations were reproducing females for cattle, for sheep and goats. Under regulation 2078/92. 1

3 Budapest /08/2001 Historical overview Under regulation 2078/92. 2  On this base the breeds were selected :  In 1994, STAR committee added the list of equidae with the criteria of less than reproducing females. 149 for cattle 246 for sheep 72 for goats

4 Budapest /08/2001 Historical overview Application until  Some difficulties with regards to the determination of the number of breeding females animal’s non-registered on a herd book, the lack of data, the detection of some rare breeds with no genealogical book.  No criteria were set for pigs and no list elaborated.  Three countries (Austria, Finland, Sweden) have been omitted from original survey.

5 Budapest /08/2001 Historical overview New application regulation 1750/99. 4  Council regulation 1257/99 gives the possibilities of support to genetic diversity, amends and repeals regulation 2078/92 – application regulation 1750/99.  Evidence should be given of the endangered statue of the breed consistent with scientific data accepted by international organisation regarded authorities in the field (annex VI A).  Support for rearing farm animals of local breeds indigenous to the area and in danger of extinction (Art 13).  The Commission services have asked the Member States to base their assessment of the breeds on the FAO list of endangered species. Therefore, the list presented by the members states are limited to the FAO definition and list of endangered species.

6 Budapest /08/2001 Historical overview FAO criteria for breeds at risk. 5  Categorization based on overall population size, number of breeding females or males and the population trends (increasing, stable, decreasing).  Number of breeding females remains the most used factor. Number of breeding females Not at riskEndangeredCritical  The criteria adopted by FAO limits the categories of livestock breed in danger of extinction to females for all species.

7 Budapest /08/2001 Historical overview Following the 6 th NCs workshop. 6  The members States underline:  The members States propose to the Commission:  General criteria for global level identification of breeds at risk for use in preparing the WWL for Domestic Animal Diversity.  For developing and implementing conservation plans and programmes for developing and developed countries.  No formal review and evaluation of these criteria.  A criteria for use in particular incentive systems remain to be developed.  To recognize the NCs’ group, as an ad hoc group of international experts.  To be able to receive the scientific support of EAAP WG-AnGR.  To be able to provide the necessary data before the end of 2000.

8 Budapest /08/ ERFP and EAAP activities. 1  Brussels meeting – 6/11/2000.  ERFP asks WG-AnGR to develop a new criterion (12/2000).  Preparatory meeting one day before. NCs global agreement.  As “scientific authority” Committee of the Health and Animal Welfare.  The Members States express their disapproval.  No news from European Commission (01/2001).  Old criteria are maintained until the end of 2001 (03/2001).  ERFP asks NCs to take part in a live Internet chat (06/2001).  ERFP and EAAP jointly organise a one-day meeting (26/06/2001).

9 Budapest /08/2001 Case study in France 1 Under regulation 2078/92. Aures et St Girons Flamande Ferrandaise Bordelaise Bleue du Nord Béarnaise Bazadaise NantaiseMaraîchineVillards de Lans Vosgienne Armoricaine Mirandaise LourdaiseFroment du Léon Camargue SalersSaint Nectaire Tarentaise Bretonne Pie Noire

10 Budapest /08/2001 Case study in France 2 FAO criteria (1000 breeding females). SalersSaint Nectaire Tarentaise Aures et St Girons Flamande Ferrandaise Bordelaise Bleue du Nord Béarnaise Bazadaise NantaiseMaraîchineVillards de Lans Vosgienne Armoricaine Mirandaise LourdaiseFroment du Léon Camargue Saônoise Bretonne Pie Noire

11 Budapest /08/2001 Case study in France 3 EAAP proposal (1000 breeding females). SalersSaint Nectaire Tarentaise Aures et St Girons Flamande Ferrandaise Bordelaise Bleue du Nord Béarnaise Bazadaise NantaiseMaraîchineVillards de Lans Vosgienne Armoricaine Mirandaise LourdaiseFroment du Léon Camargue Saônoise Bretonne Pie Noire MassanaiseMarine Landaise Espagnol Brava Maine Anjou Lait Betizu

12 Budapest /08/2001 I thank you for your attention.


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