Presentation on theme: "How measure climate change in Local condition? How should be prepared the communities for face to Climate Change? Local climate observation integrated."— Presentation transcript:
How measure climate change in Local condition? How should be prepared the communities for face to Climate Change? Local climate observation integrated to development Weaknesses community perception of climate change, social pressures and migration like to indirect effect to climate change. Local practices community perspectives and local knowledge climate risk. Conclusions
How measure climate change in Local condition? Nature observation for understand climate change for communities indigenes. Understand relationship between climate, productive systems and ecosystems. Historical memory about climate event and their impacts in livelihood. Change in floristic composition and wildlife.
Bioindicadores If Thola (Parastrephia lepidophilla) flowers early it tells first seeding begin; if it does not Flower The community don’t have first seeding. If it has fruit between September and October, They have good production. If fruit not finish their mature They have frozen or/and drought. BIOINDICATOR Kariwa When flower between in October – November is meaning that is time a seeding, If it early flower there are seeding early too. When flower abundance and yellow is time of seeding for Good production.
When fox finish their howl is advertence there are not good production. But if it not finish their howl it is stopped by stun between their howl adverting the community will have a good production. When fox will make their burrow in low land near the lake This meaning that not has a lot of rainfall. Leke leke Fox Wild animals observations When this birth make a nestle in high place meaning which a lot of rainfall; But if make in lowland is sure has drought. When has eggs put in high point and more big and uniform meaning which better potatoes production; but when it has small point and in less density there will less production.
Pilot experience in two regions of Bolivia like and select by CBA projects. Two regions are mountains areas. Both regions has different particularities in water supply. Theses regions has different responses of communities. They have high property level. Also theses regions have problems under actual condition and additional impact to climate changes which increasing their more properly
Landscape /Ecosystems Forest /brush Natural grassland Water Resource Soil Biodiversity Productive systems Livelihoods Familiar incoming Agriculture Livestoock Others Food security Energy Market Climate change Climate variability Education Health Cultura
Vulnerability and perceptions to climate change by communities a)Productive systems are highly dependent on climatic conditions. b)Lack of access to technology c)Reliant on subsistence agricultural production. d)Inter-annual and inter-decadal variability has immediate impact on agriculture activities. e)To long term reduce opportunities in Economic Active Population and these leave their communities.
Climate Geological Enviroment, Fires, Social ENSO Multivariate Index with number of emergency declaration Increased frequency and intensity of extreme events associated with climate variability Floods, hailstorms, and others event produce serious road and settlement infrastructure damage Floods, hailstorms, and others event produce serious road and settlement infrastructure damage
a)Family income b)Technology access c)Contribution of agricultural production to GDP d)Retreating glaciers and reduction of streamflows. e)Recurrent drought in micro-regions and disturbances in in animals, plants, and ecosystems f)Emergence of new pests and diseases in crops and livestock. g)Increasing ecosystem vulnerability – forest fires, etc. Proxy indicators – ecological, microclimatic changes that are readily apparent to communities
Perspectives and Local Knowledge in Climate Risk Assessment To assess climate change risk is not necessary only to know the behavior of climatic parameters One must understand the relationship of the parameter with livelihood and ecological variables that are important to the community Social perceptions are evaluated in participative meeting when all participant interchanges experiences – a form of social research.
Food Insecurity related with extreme climate events, temperature increase and others Pest and Diseases in Crop Pest and Diseases in Crop Gorgojo de los Andes Polilla de la papa Droughts Hail storms Frost Tizón Tardío de la papa
Competition for final destination of food production
Changes in ecosystem configuration Changes in ecosystem configuration Recurrent droughts in low lands and unusual areas of Amazonia Recurrent droughts in low lands and unusual areas of Amazonia Lost of Biodiversity Lost of Biodiversity Forest degradation Forest degradation
TOP DOWN PROCESS BOTTON UP PROCESS NATIONAL ADAPTATION MECHANISM (SECTORIAL) (SECTORIAL) COUNTIES PILOT ADAPTATION PROJECTS PROJECTS Nacional Departamental Municipal Salud Gestión de Riesgos Organizaciones de base PND Good to living CBA Project Contributing to Adaptation measure implementation
CLIMATE CHANGE INCLUDED IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES POLICIES REDUCTION OF GRENHOUSE GASES AND CARBON SECUESTRATION Programa de Certificación de reducción de emisiones, secuestro y conservación. Programa Nacional de Secuestro de Carbono. Programa de Cambios de Matriz Energética y eficiencia energética para la Reducción de emisiones de GEI. CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION Programa de prevención de desastres en sectores vulnerables. Programa de adaptación de sistemas de subsistencia vulnerables. Recursos Hídricos; recursos Energéticos; soberanía alimentaria. Programas de Educación.
National Climate Change Adaptation Mechanism Sectorial Programs Scientific research Strategic targests Food Security Water Resources Education, Capacitation, and public awareness Health Adaptation measurements Implementación Ecosystem Counties Prefecturas ONGs Universitys Civil Society, comunnities organization Human Settlement and risk Management Anthropological aspects and ancient knowledge Cross cutting Programs Strategies Strategic liason Legal Framework Help sectorial iniciatives Mainstreaming climate change Cross cutting Programs
ADAPTATION PROCESS Local,Sectorial and National Planning Implementation Progress measurement and experiences learning Disaster Recuperation Emergency answers Protection and evacuation Hazards Desastre DISASTER DEVELOPMENT
VULNERABILITY ASSESMENT Strategies and Measurements Implementation ADAPTACION Fase IFase II POLICIES BUILDING
BUILDING RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE CHANGE LIVILIHOOD IMPACTS Vulnerability Assessment for extreme events impacts and climate change sensitive diseases Integrate focus Early warning systems development Building Capacities Public awareness raising Develop adaptive capacity Maistreaming Increase adaptive capacity for long term Building structural scenarios Adjust policy and implmentation in national strategies. Development of concrete adaptation measures – intersectoral and multi-level Evaluate progress and learn from experience Technological Innovation Emphasize the relationship between the biosphere and the prosperous development of society
Present and future vulnerability identification Proactive Behavior of rural comunity Mainstreaming
Understand climate trend for preparing response
CONCLUSIONES 1.Capitalizar el conocimientos ancestrales de las comunidades, es muy importante. 2.Explicar a partir de la ciencia los fenómenos observados en naturaleza. 3.Integrar a la toma de decisiones de la comunidad e incidir en políticas públicas a partir de la experiencia local. 4.Establecer un dialogo entre el saber local y los resultados de la ciencia. 5.Todo integrado a la toma de decisiones podrá garantizar la sostenibilidad