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Reactions induced by 11 Be beam at Rex-Isolde. Alessia Di Pietro INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud

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Overview of previous results. Overview of previous results. Description of the Beryllium experiments: Description of the Beryllium experiments: 10,11 Be at REX-ISOLDE 9 Be at LNS Catania Experimental results Experimental results Comparison with the calculations Comparison with the calculations Summary and outlook Summary and outlook Outline Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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INTEREST: elastic scattering and reactions in collision induced by halo and weakly bound nuclei helps to better understand the continuum. Many papers have appeared in the last few years where this topic has been studied theoretically. EXPERIMENTAL REQUIREMENTS: experimentally detailed elastic scattering angular distributions (good angular resolution) as well as other open reaction channels must be measured (large solid angle coverage). Reaction studies with halo nuclei at low energy. Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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Experimental results obtained mainly with the 2n-halo 6 He beam on several targets General observations: Dumping of elastic scattering angular distribution Large total reaction cross sections Large cross-section for direct processes, saturating most of the R General observations: Dumping of elastic scattering angular distribution Large total reaction cross sections Large cross-section for direct processes, saturating most of the R Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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Elastic scattering angular distribution with 6 He beam R 4 He≈0.65b R 6 He≈1.45b A.Di Pietro et al. PRC 69 (2004) 044613 Larger total reaction cross-section for 6 He induced collision with respect to 4 He at the same Ecm. 6 He+ 208 Pb E=22 MeV O.M. fit of elastic A.D. Large diffuseness of immaginary part needed. A.M. Sanchez Benitez et al. NPA 803,36,(2008) 6 He+ 208 Pb Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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A. M. MORO et al. PRC 75, 064607 (2007) Dineutron model of 6 He 6 He+ 64 Zn @ E=13.6 MeV 4613 data from A.Di Pietro et al. PRC69(2004)044613 6 He+ 64 Zn @ E=13.6 MeV 4613 data from A.Di Pietro et al. PRC69(2004)044613 r r 12 --- 1 channel — CDCC M. Rodrìguez-Gallardo et al. PRC 77, 064609 (2008) 4-body model --- 1 channel — CDCC Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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M. Rodrìguez-Gallardo et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 77, 064609 (2008) Experimental data from: A. Di Pietro et al.PRC69(2004)044613 A. M. Sànchez-Benìtez et al., Nucl. Phys. A803, 30 (2008) 6 He+ 64 Zn@E cm =9MeV 6 He+ 208 Pb@E lab =22MeV Needs to include 1n and 2n transfer coupling effects? N.Keeley and N.Alamanos PRC 77(2008)054602 Needs to include 1n and 2n transfer coupling effects? N.Keeley and N.Alamanos PRC 77(2008)054602 --- 1 channel — CDCC Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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6 He+ 64 Zn: -particle angular distribution E cm =9.0 MeV T+bu =300 100 mb E cm =12.4 MeV T+bu =1200 150 mb T+bu / R 80% The particle angular distributions are forward peaked and shift to larger angles when decreasing the beam energy. Most of the reaction cross-section corresponds to transfer and break-up events. The particle angular distributions are forward peaked and shift to larger angles when decreasing the beam energy. Most of the reaction cross-section corresponds to transfer and break-up events. Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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6 He+ 65 Cu: 1n and 2n transfer reaction @ SPIRAL n coincidence measurement Large cross-section for the 2n transfer. Qualitative agreement with: P. A. DeYoung et al., Phys. Rev. C 71, 051601(R) (2005) A. Chatterjee et al. PRL 101, 032701 (2008) Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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December 8-10, 2010Isolde Workshop 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS 11 Be + 209 Bi Fragmentation beam => large beam energy spread => results suffer from the beam quality. Fragmentation beam => large beam energy spread => results suffer from the beam quality. Mazzocco et al. Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 150, 37 (2007) Experiments with 11 Be beam E(MeV) Counts 11 Be beam energy profile

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Study of the collisions 9,10,11 Be+ 64 Zn at E cm ≈ 24.5 MeV. Main aims : elastic scattering, R Study of the collisions 9,10,11 Be+ 64 Zn at E cm ≈ 24.5 MeV. Main aims : elastic scattering, R Δ 10,11 Be @ REX-ISOLDE (CERN) 9 Be @ INFN LNS (Catania) Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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9 Be+ 64 Zn experiment @ LNS Catania OM fit 9 Be+ 64 Zn R 1100 mb In agreement with Phys. Rev. C71,034608,(2005) 5 E-E Telescopes E: 10 m surface barrier Si detectors E: 500 m surface barrier Si detectors Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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10,11 Be+ 64 Zn @ REX ISOLDE Experimental set-up: 6 Si detector telecopes: ΔE: 50 μm, 50x50 mm 2 DSSSD detectors 16 +16 strips (256 detector pixels each detector) E : 1500 μm 50x50 mm 2 single pad Silicon detectors Detectors inside the chamber Beam time structure: low duty-cycle high instantaneous current Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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Rutherford scattering to verify the detector geometry X0.1 Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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Reaction cross-section R 9 Be≈1.1b R 10 Be ≈1.25b Reaction cross-section R 9 Be≈1.1b R 10 Be ≈1.25b Elastic scattering angular distributions 10 Be+ 64 Zn 9 Be+ 64 Zn 9 Be+ 64 Zn 10 Be+ 64 Zn 9 Be+ 64 Zn 9 Be+ 64 Zn Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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December 8-10, 2010Isolde Workshop 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS Elastic scattering angular distributions Reaction cross-section R 9 Be≈1.1b R 10 Be ≈1.2b R 11 Be ≈2.7b Reaction cross-section R 9 Be≈1.1b R 10 Be ≈1.2b R 11 Be ≈2.7b 11 Be+ 64 Zn 10 Be+ 64 Zn 9 Be+ 64 Zn 9 Be+ 64 Zn 11 Be+ 64 Zn 10 Be+ 64 Zn 9 Be+ 64 Zn 9 Be+ 64 Zn A. Di Pietro et a. Phys. Rev. Lett. 105,022701(2010)

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11 Be+ 64 Zn --DWBA calculation of inelastic scattering A. Di Pietro et a. Phys. Rev. Lett. 105,022701(2010) Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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11 Be Optical Model analysis: 11 Be diffuseness parameter of the DPP potential: a i =3.5fm 11 Be diffuseness parameter of the DPP potential: a i =3.5fm Adopted procedure: volume potential responsible for the core-target interaction obtained from the 10 Be+ 64 Zn elastic scattering fit. a complex DPP is added. The DPP potential is a surface term having the shape of a W-S derivative with a very large diffuseness. The long range part of the OP due to coupling to break-up damping of elastic cross-section at all angles for which the nuclear interaction is felt. Results in agreement with A.Bonaccrso and F.Carstoiu NPA 706(2002)322 The long range part of the OP due to coupling to break-up damping of elastic cross-section at all angles for which the nuclear interaction is felt. Results in agreement with A.Bonaccrso and F.Carstoiu NPA 706(2002)322 Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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18 O+ 184 W@90MeV W.Love et al. Nucl.Phys.A291(1977)183 Absorption in high partial waves causes cross-section to fall below Rutherford at forward scattering angles. 9 Be+ 64 Zn 10 Be+ 64 Zn 11 Be+ 64 Zn 9,10,11 Be+ 64 Zn Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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Effect of coupling to Coulomb dipole break-up as a function of the target charge for 6 He induced collision at energy around the barrier. Y. Kucuk et al. PRC 79(2009)067601 Effect of coupling to Coulomb dipole break-up as a function of the target charge for 6 He induced collision at energy around the barrier. Y. Kucuk et al. PRC 79(2009)067601 — 6 Li+A --- 6 He+A Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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Which processes are contributing to the large reaction cross-section in the 11 Be case? Which processes are contributing to the large reaction cross-section in the 11 Be case? 11 Be + 64 Zn 10 Be + 64 Zn E (MeV) 10 Be 11 Be 10 Be Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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BU/TRANSF ≈1.1b 11 Be+ 64 Zn BU/Transf. contribution A. Di Pietro et a. Phys. Rev. Lett. 105,022701(2010) Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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Summary and outlook The collisions 9,10,11 Be + 64 Zn have shown: Damping of elastic cross-section for the reaction induced by the 11 Be nucleus when compared with both 9 Be (S n =1.67 MeV) and 10 Be (S n =6.8MeV). Surface type DPP with large diffuseness needed to fit the 11 Be data. The total reaction cross-section for 11 Be induced reaction is much larger than for the other two Be isotopes σ rea ( 11 Be) >2 σ rea ( 9,10 Be). Evidence for the presence of a large yield of transfer and/or breakup events in the 11 Be induced collision with a corresponding cross section σ TR / BU ~ 1 barn. A LoI was submitted to the ISOLDE INTC committee to develop a post-accelerated 8 B beam to extend these type of studies to p-halo nuclei. Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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L. Acosta, F. Amorini, M.J.G. Borge, A.D., P. Figuera, L.M. Fraile, J.Gomez- Camacho, H. Jeppesen, M. Lattuada, I. Martel, M. Milin, A.M. Moro, A. Musumarra, M.Papa, M.G.Pellegriti, F. Perez Bernal, R.Raabe, G.Randisi, F. Rizzo, D. Santonocito, G.Scalia, V. Scuderi, O. Tengblad, D.Torresi, A. Maira Vidal, D.Voulot, F. Wenander, M.Zadro INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and Sezione di Catania, Italy Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Universita’ di Catania, Italy Dipartimento di Metodologie Fisiche e Chimiche per l'Ingegneria, Universita’ di Catania, Italy Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Huelva, Huelva, Spain Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Madrid, Spain CERN, Geneva, Switzerland Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Moleculary Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, Spain Ruder Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia Instituut voor Kern-en Stralingsfysica, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Collaboration Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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11 Be+ 64 Zn CDCC calculations N. KEELEY et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 82, 034606 (2010) Isolde Workshop 2010December 8-10, 2010A. Di Pietro INFN-LNS

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