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Getting Started with Congestion Pricing A Workshop for Local Partners Federal Highway Administration Office of Operations.

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Presentation on theme: "Getting Started with Congestion Pricing A Workshop for Local Partners Federal Highway Administration Office of Operations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Getting Started with Congestion Pricing A Workshop for Local Partners Federal Highway Administration Office of Operations

2 SESSION 1 Welcome and Introductions

3 Workshop Objectives  Develop an understanding of congestion pricing alternatives  Provide pricing examples from the U.S. and abroad  Gain understanding of federal programs related to pricing  Learn about challenges with implementing pricing programs  Consider possible applications of pricing in your community

4 Agenda  What is Congestion Pricing?  The Case for Congestion Pricing  Federal Policies and Programs  Lane Pricing in the U.S.  Pricing Examples from Abroad  Six Implementation Challenges - Working Lunch - Peer Exchange Panel  Planning for Your Congestion Pricing Project  Local Application of Pricing  Wrap-up and Summary

5 Congestion Issues Annual hours of delay Annual excess fuel (gallons) Value for the delay and wasted fuel Travel time index US $290*$ Hartford421315$39$ New Haven519314$44$ From the 2009 TTI Urban Mobility Study *inflation adjusted

6 Possible Pricing Projects  I-95 east New Haven – proposed widening from 2 lanes to 3 lanes  I -95 west of New Haven – widening not likely but improvements needed  I-84/Route 8 in Waterbury – heavy congestion and safety concerns  I-84 viaduct in Hartford - needs replacing in years

7 SESSION 2 What is Congestion Pricing? SESSION 2 What is Congestion Pricing?

8 What is Congestion Pricing?  Many terms used:  “road pricing”  “tolling”  “value pricing”  “congestion pricing”  Tolling typically refers to a direct fee for using a highway facility  Pricing has goals besides generating revenue

9 Congestion Pricing Defined… … a way of harnessing the power of the market to reduce the waste associated with traffic congestion. Congestion pricing is the use of increased prices during peak usage to shift rush hour highway travel to more efficient modes or to off-peak periods.

10 Technology for Congestion Pricing...  Electronic toll collection  Transponders or “tags”  “read only”  battery powered  sticker tags  Cameras  video enforcement  video toll

11 Four types of pricing strategies…  Priced lanes  Priced roadways  Priced zones  Priced networks

12 Priced Lanes  HOT Lanes  HOVs, buses, emergency vehicles free or reduced rate  Lower occupant vehicles charged toll  Express toll lanes  Truck-only toll lanes

13 Priced Roadways  Flat toll rates changed to variable  tolls higher during peak travel periods  tolls lower during off-peak travel periods  Toll-free facilities changed to variably priced  tolls charged on congested highway segments  tolls vary by time of day

14 Priced Zones  Fee charged to enter a congested zone  Usually a city center, but could be a defined geographic area  Fees may vary by time of day

15 Priced Networks  Priced limited access network  Distance-based pricing (VMT fees)  Mileage-based user fees or time-distance-place pricing (TDP)

16 The Case for Congestion Pricing

17 Reasons to Consider Pricing  Congestion Relief and Travel Options  Financial  Sustainability/Livability  Environmental

18 Benefits to Transit Riders and Carpoolers…  Transit Riders  preserves or improves vehicle speeds and trip reliability  Funds for transit improvements  Carpoolers  preserve or provide incentives for ridesharing through time savings and trip reliability

19 Benefits to Drivers and Businesses…  SOV Drivers  Congestion-free SOV travel option  Improve reliability  Reduced fuel use  Businesses  Increase predictability of trip times for deliveries  Reduce costs, such as fuel use  Benefits to Society  Reduce fuel use and emissions

20 Revenue Concepts generating healthy revenues: Concepts generating less revenues:  Traditional tolling with variable toll rate  Cordon pricing  HOT lanes  Express toll lanes Cross-subsidizing multimodal investments  Pool funding sources  Helps with public acceptance and equity concerns

21 Use of Revenues  Operate toll collection and traffic management systems  Expansion of roadway facilities  Support public transit  Toll discounts to low income individuals  Reduction of other taxes

22 Project Goals and Objectives  Maintain free flow speed  Maintain desired level of service  Maintain a speed for 90 percent of the peak periods  Save travel time  Optimize throughput  Increase person- and vehicle- carrying capabilities of HOV lanes  Maximize the use of the express lanes  Maintain a “quality throughput”  Optimize traffic flow (throughput)  Maximize throughput and efficiency  Optimize revenue  Generate revenue  Fund new transit and HOV improvements  Generate revenue to pay off bonds The first step: defined goals lead to successful program Typical goals/objectives:

23 Federal Policies and Programs

24 Federal Programs  Value Pricing Pilot Program  Express Lanes Demonstration Program  HOV Facilities

25 Questions and Discussion


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