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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Warm Up Warm Up California Standards California Standards Lesson Presentation Lesson PresentationPreview

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Warm Up Write the prime factorization of each number Find the greatest common divisor and and 5

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple NS2.4 Determine the least common multiple and the greatest common divisor of whole numbers; use them to solve problems with fractions (e.g. to find a common denominator to add two fractions or to find the reduced form of a fraction). California Standards

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Vocabulary multiple least common multiple (LCM)

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple The tires on Kendra’s truck should be rotated every 7,500 miles and the oil filter should be replaced every 5,000 miles. What is the lowest mileage at which both services are due at the same time? To find the answer, you can use least common multiples.

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple A multiple of a number is a product of that number and a nonzero whole number. Some multiples of 7,500 and 5,000 are as follows: 7,500: 7,500, 15,000, 22,500, 30,000, 37,500, 45,000,... 5,000: 5,000, 10,000, 15,000, 20,000, 25,000, 30,000,... A common multiple of two or more numbers is a number that is a multiple of each of the given numbers. So 15,000 and 30,000 are common multiples of 7,500 and 5,000.

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple The least common multiple (LCM) of two or more numbers is the common multiple with the least value. The LCM of 7,500 and 5,000 is 15,000. This is the lowest mileage at which both services are due at the same time.

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Find the least common multiple (LCM). Additional Example 1: Using a List to Find the LCM A. 2, 7 Multiples of 2: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 Multiples of 7: 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 The LCM is 14. List some multiples of each number. Find the least value that is in both lists. B. 3, 6, 9 Multiples of 3: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 Multiples of 6: 6, 12, 18, 24, 30 Multiples of 9: 9, 18, 27, 36, 45 The LCM is 18. List some multiples of each number. Find the least value that is in all the lists.

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Check It Out! Example 1 Find the least common multiple (LCM). A. 3, 7 Multiples of 3: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 Multiples of 7: 7, 14, 21, 28 The LCM is 21. List some multiples of each number. Find the least value that is in both lists. B. 2, 6, 4 Multiples of 2: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 Multiples of 6: 6, 12, 18 Multiples of 4: 4, 8, 12 The LCM is 12. List some multiples of each number. Find the least value that is in all the lists.

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Find the least common multiple (LCM). Additional Example 2A: Using Prime Factorization to Find the LCM 60, = 2 2 3 5 Write the prime factorization of each number. 130 = 2 5 13 2, 2, 3, 5, 13 Circle the common prime factors. List the prime factors, using the circled factors only once. 2 2 3 5 13 Multiply the factors in the list. The LCM is 780.

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Additional Example 2B: Using Prime Factorization to Find the LCM Find the least common multiple (LCM). 14, 35, = 2 7 Write the prime factorization of each number. 35 = 5 7 2, 5, 7, 7 Circle the common prime factors. List the prime factors, using the circled factors only once. 2 5 7 7 Multiply the factors in the list. The LCM is = 7 7

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Check It Out! Example 2A Find the least common multiple (LCM). 50, = 2 5 5 Write the prime factorization of each number. 110 = 2 5 11 2, 5, 5, 11 Circle the common prime factors. List the prime factors, using the circled factors only once. 2 5 5 11 Multiply the factors in the list. The LCM is 550.

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Check It Out! Example 2B 18, 36, = 2 3 3 Write the prime factorization of each number. 36 = 2 2 3 3 2, 2, 3, 3, 3 Circle the common prime factors. List the prime factors, using the circled factors only once. 2 2 3 3 3 Multiply the factors in the list. The LCM is = 2 3 3 3 Find the least common multiple (LCM).

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Mr. Washington will set up the band chairs all in rows of 6 or all in rows of 8. What is the least number of chairs he will set up? Additional Example 3: Application Find the LCM of 6 and 8. 6 = 2 3 8 = 2 2 2 The LCM is 2 2 2 3 = 24. He will set up at least 24 chairs.

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Check It Out! Example 3 Two satellites are put into orbit over the same location at the same time. One orbits the earth every 24 hours, while the second completes an orbit every 18 hours. How much time will elapse before they are once again over the same location at the same time? 24 = 2 2 2 3 18 = 2 3 3 The LCM is 2 2 2 3 3 = 72. Find the LCM of 24 and hours will elapse before they are over the same location at the same time.

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Holt CA Course Least Common Multiple Lesson Quiz Find the least common multiple (LCM) , , 6, You are planning a picnic. You can purchase paper plates in packages of 30, paper napkins in packages of 50, and paper cups in packages of 20. What is the least number of each type of package that you can buy and have an equal number of each? , , 8, packages of plates 6 packages of napkins 15 packages of cups

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