Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 16 BUYING AND OWNING A VEHICLE. CHAPTER 16 BUYING AND OWNING A VEHICLE 16.1 BUYING A VEHICLE 16.2 INSURING A VEHICLE 16.3 ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS."— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER 16 BUYING AND OWNING A VEHICLE
CHAPTER 16 BUYING AND OWNING A VEHICLE 16.1 BUYING A VEHICLE 16.2 INSURING A VEHICLE 16.3 ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
BUYING A VEHICLE DO YOUR NEEDS REALLY JUSTIFY OWNING YOUR OWN CAR?
CAN YOU AFFORD IT? PURCHASE PRICE DEPRECIATION –Vehicles value steadily drops over time FINANCING –Shop around and look for best rate OPERATING COSTS –Fuel, oil, tires repairs, replacement parts, licensing fees, registration, insurance, taxes, etc…..
WHAT KIND SHOULD YOU BUY? What will it be used for? Passengers, cargo? How many miles? Keep it how long?
VEHICLE SIZE Smaller, lighter = better gas mileage but does not offer as much protection Smaller = easier to maneuver Larger = more comfortable but more costly Larger = greater capacity for passengers
OTHER DECISIONS ENGINE –Smaller more fuel efficient –Larger more powerful for working TRANSMISSION –Most automatic with overdrive –Manual last longer, harder to learn OPTIONAL EQUIPTMENT –Technological advancements means lots of toys!
LEASING Cheaper than buying When lease is over you: –Return the vehicle and lease another –Purchase the vehicle at reciprical value –Return the vehicle with no obligations
BUYING USED VEHICLE Buying from private owner may cost less but no warranty Used car dealers usually have a better selection Some now offer certified pre-owned warranties Read warranty carefully How much should you pay? –Kelley’s blue book
CHOOSING A USED VEHICLE Make sure looks good and is in good mechanical condition Need to know if it was ever involved in collision before If possible talk to previous owner
OUTSIDE AND INSIDE CHECKS Doors and locks General appearance Fluid leaks Evidence of collision damage Condition of seats Lights and accessories Mileage Pedals & steering Spare tire and jack Hoses, belts, and fluids Battery and cables
TEST DRIVE Always test drive – make sure everything works and the car drives well.
HAVE VEHICLE INSPECTED Take it to a trusted mechanic and have them inspect it.
INSURING THE VEHICLE Every state has financial responsibility laws. Requires you to prove that you can pay for damage that you might cause
KINDS OF INSURANCE
LIABILITY INSURANCE Protects the driver who caused the collision. Provides compensation for a harm or wrong to a third party
BODILY INJURY INSURANCE Covers the driver who is at fault against claims Claims for injuries to other people
PROPERTY DAMAGE INSURANCE Protects the driver who is at fault against claims for damages to another person’s property, up to specified limits
MEDICAL PAYMENT INSURANCE Pays medical and funeral expenses for bodily injuries sustained by occupants in the insured vehicle
NO-FAULT INSURANCE In some states, people can recover losses and expenses from their own insurance company regardless of who is at fault
COLLISION INSURANCE Provides coverage to pay the costs of repair or replacement of your vehicle
COMPREHENSIVE INSURANCE Pays for damage to your vehicle for reasons other than collisions
UNINSURED AND UNDERINSURED MOTORIST Protects you if you are hit by another driver who has too little or no insurance.
INSURANCE RATES DRIVING RECORD AGE MILES DRIVEN GENDER MARITAL STATUS TYPE OF VEHICLE WHERE DRIVER LIVES DRIVER’S CLAIM RECORD
PREMIUMS The amount you agree to pay each month/quarter/year for insurance coverage
DEDUCTABLE: A set amount that you agree to pay in the event of a claim before the insurance company pays the difference. HIGHER DEDUCTABLE = LOWER PREMIUM LOWER DEDUCTABLE = HIGHER PREMIUM
So if………. Mr. A was in a collision The damage to his cars was $4,500 His deductable was $500 How much dies the Insurance company pay? How much does Mr. A pay?
REDUCED PREMIUMS GOOD GRADES NO CLAIMS OR CONVICTIONS FOR THREE YEARS SAFETY FEATURES
ASSIGNED RISK INSURNACE Drivers who have had their insurance cancelled due to poor driving record Extremely high premium for several years
DISPOSAL OF VEHICLE PARTS AND FLUIDS Vehicle batteries, oil filters, oil, gasoline, transmission, fluid, brake fluid, and antifreeze are hazardous substances. Never dump or put these in the garbage. Service stations usually provide reclimation for these used products
HOW CAN YOU HELP? MASS TRANSPORTATION CAR POOLING ALTERNATIVE FUEL
Mr. A’s Insurance Property Damage Liability 10,000 Bodily Injury Liability 30,000 per person/60,000 MAX Medical Payments 30,000/60,000 MAX Collision 20,000/ 500 deductible Mrs. B Hospital Bills $34,000 Damage to Car $5,500 Mr. A Caused a Collision Hospital Bills $22,000 Damage to Car $6,000 1.How much will Mr. A’s Insurance pay for Ms. B’s Hospital Bills? How Much Will Mr. A pay? 2.How much will Mr. A’s insurance pay for damages to Ms. B’s Car? How much will Mr. A pay? 3.How much will insurance pay for Mr. A’s injuries? How much will Mr. A pay? 4.How much will insurance pay for damages to Mr. A’s car? How much will Mr. A pay?