6 4. Solid Waste Disposal: GAZA CONTROLLED LANDFILL Serves Governorates of Gaza & North GazaDEIR AL BALAH SANITARY LANDFILLServes Governorates of Deir Al-Balah & Khan YounisRAFAH CONTROLLED LANDFILL Serves Governorate of Rafah
7 5. EXISTING LANDFILLS IN GAZA-STRIP Deir El BalahRafahVolume (m3)2‘000‘000800‘000320‘000Start19871997ExpectedLifespan (years)221312New landfill required in20092010
8 6. WASTE COMPOSITION & RECYCLING Paper/CardboardMetals3%Others5%Glass6%8%PlasticCURRENTLY: Promotion of recycling initiativesPLASTIC MATERIALS ARE COLLECTED BY SCAVENGERS TO BE SOLD TO LOCAL FACTORIES THAT SHREDS, WASHES, AND PILES PLASTICS.Organic MaterialPlastic70%PAPER IS COLLECTED BY PRIVATE PAPER COMPANYRECYCLINGSTEEL IS COLLECTED AND SENT TO ISRAEL FOR RECYCLINGSource: UNEP Desk Study, 2002
10 Problems of garbage collection process First – Containers:Burning refuse inside containers.Lack of cleanliness around containers.Lack of maintenance of containers.Steeling and selling some refuse containers as scrap.Second – Vehicles:Fleets are becoming old.No standby vehicles.Frequent breakdown of vehicles due to the use of rough roads.
11 Problems of Land fills : Limited life span and scarcity of land.The close proximity of landfill sites to the border with Israel.Uncontrolled fires and damages by IDF.Sieving plant of the Middle Area is not working because of the lack of coordination with the Israeli side
12 Problems due to the closure Shortage or absence of spare parts and other supplies.Specialists and technicians were unable to access Gaza.Shortage of fuelDonor funding problems.Payment of salaries.
13 4. Waste Disposal / treatment Absence of comprehensive hazardous and clinical waste management system.Absence of alternate disposal options.Land filling is the main option.
15 1. DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY Institutional development. Sharing common database for decision making.Contingency planning for emergenciesPrivate sector involvement.Support extension of Solid waste councils.Standardization of equipment.
16 2. PREREQUISITES FOR DEVELOPMENT Removing all obstacles to humanitarian access and enhancing cross-boarder cooperation.Applying appropriate technologies.Ensuring adequate and sustainable flow of financial and technical assistance by the international communityCoordination of international aid efforts within major donors.
17 3. MEETING SWM INVESTMENT NEEDS Support projects for segregation, recycling and composting of solid waste.Support projects for mechanization of solid waste collection and disposalSupport projects for hazardous and medical waste managementSupport the construction of high capacity incinerators to stop open burning and reduce the number of disposal sites
18 4. ENHANCING COOPERATION Cooperation among municipalities, SWMC’s, PA departments and UNRWA.Partnership with donorsCommunity involvement.
19 5. OTHER CONSIDERATIONS How to improve willingness to pay. Cost recovery.Improving the work environment of personnel.