Number of Net Users Worldwide http://www.internetworldstats.com/
Internet Use According to the Pew Internet & American Life Study (December, 2006), each day… 65% use the internet 54% read or send email 41% use a search engine 31% get news 28% surf for fun
Blogging Stats (2005) 6% of US adults have created a blog ◦ Age 18-29: 19% ◦ Age 50+: 5% 16% of all US adults read blogs http://www.pewinternet.org/PPF/p/1083/pipcomments.asp
Wikipedia Growth http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Size_of_Wikipedia There are currently about 2.4 million articles in the English version of Wikipedia
Facebook More than 80 million active users Facebook is the 6th most-trafficked website in the world (comScore) Over 55,000 regional, work-related, collegiate, and high school networks More than half of Facebook users are outside of college The fastest growing demographic is those 25 years old and older
Talmudic Wisdom Ben Zoma says: Who is wise? The one who learns from every person... Who is brave? The one who subdues his negative inclination... Who is rich? The one who is appreciates what he has... Who is honored? The one who gives honor to others... (Talmud - Avot 4:1)
Ben Franklin Who is wise? ◦ He that learns from everyone. Who is powerful? ◦ He that governs his passions. Who is rich? ◦ He that is content. Who is that? ◦ Nobody.
Maybe Wisdom is Hard to Define But we know it when we see it
Amish Saying “We grow too soon old and too late smart.”
Wisdom and Age But only if the grapes were good in the first place. It’s true, some wines improve with age. “Wisdom doesn’t come automatically with age. Nothing does - except wrinkles. -- Abigail Van Buren
Age & Wisdom After adolescence, no relationship So… building a foundation for wisdom in middle and high school years is critical
Berlin Model of Wisdom Paul Baltes identified five factors in two categories: Basic Meta
Berlin Model Factors Basic Rich factual knowledge about life ◦ Consideration of general (human condition) and specific (e.g., life events, institutions) features of life matters as well as scope and depth in coverage of issues
Berlin Model Factors Basic Rich procedural knowledge about life ◦ Consideration of decision strategies, goal selection, choosing means to achieve goals, people to consult with, as well as strategies of advice giving
Berlin Model Factors Meta Life span contextualism ◦ Consideration of past, current, and possible future life contexts and the circumstances in which a life is embedded
Berlin Model Factors Meta Values Relativism ◦ Consideration of variations in values and life priorities and the importance of viewing each person within an individual framework, but also the importance of a small set of universal values oriented toward the good of others and oneself
Berlin Model Factors Meta Recognition and management of uncertainty ◦ Consideration of the inherent uncertainty of life (in terms of interpreting the past and predicting the future) and effective strategies for dealing with uncertainty
Measuring Wisdom A teenager learns that he or she has failed a test that is very important for his or her future. What could one or the teenager do and think in such a situation? Responses are analyzed for… ◦ Factual & Knowledge about Life ◦ Lifespan Contextualism ◦ Values Relativism ◦ Uncertainty
Good News Clinical psychologists tested higher in wisdom, so… Wisdom may be teachable
Balance Theory of Wisdom Wisdom is defined as the application of tacit as well as explicit knowledge as mediated by values toward the achievement of a common good through a balance among intrapersonal, interpersonal, and extrapersonal interests over the short term and long term to achieve a balance among adaptation to existing environments, shaping of existing environments, and selection of new environments.
Sternberg’s Advice 4. Role-model wisdom because what you do is more important than what you say. Wisdom is action dependent and wise actions need to be demonstrated. 5. Have students read about wise judgments and decision making so that students understand that such means of judging and decision making exist.
Sternberg’s Advice 6. Help students to learn to recognize their own interests, those of other people, and those of institutions. 7. Help students learn to balance their own interests, those of other people, and those of institutions.
Sternberg’s Advice 12. Show students the importance of dialogical thinking, whereby they understand interests and ideas from multiple points of view. 13. Teach students to search for and then try to reach the common good—a good where everyone wins, not only those with whom one identifies.
So… infusing wisdom into schools should be easy Right?
Develop a Proverbs Wiki Summarize and synthesize daily experience from your blog into simple statements, each with a story. Examples: ◦ Choose your battles ◦ Don’t assume you deserve power even when someone wants to give it to you ◦ People sometimes re-enter your life at a later time so be nice
Sample Learning Events DIY Proverbs Wikis To-Know Lists Role Plays Choice Charts
What to do next Monday? Explicitly think about wisdom when designing reading and writing assignments. Give students… ◦ decisions to make and explain, ◦ questions about people very different from them, ◦ opportunities to experience different points of view. Don’t think of it as an add-on.