Presentation on theme: "M AKING H EALTHY D ECISIONS Chapter 1. W HAT IS HEALTH AND WELLNESS ? Health has long been defined as the absence of illness. 1900 - 47 was the avg. lifespan."— Presentation transcript:
M AKING H EALTHY D ECISIONS Chapter 1
W HAT IS HEALTH AND WELLNESS ? Health has long been defined as the absence of illness was the avg. lifespan 2000 – 75 is the avg. lifespan We can shift our focus to the future Quality of life = Overall satisfaction with one’s life Today health is defined as well being of your body, mind, and relationships with other people. This broader view of health, in which overall health is seen as a combination of physical, mental, and social well-being is known as Wellness.
C HARACTERISTICS OF A HEALTHY PERSON 1. Physical Health - How well your body functions. Ability to carry out ADL’s without becoming overly tired. A healthy diet, regular medical check-ups, adequate sleep are all important for attaining physical health. 2. Mental Health - How good you feel about yourself and how well you cope with everyday life. Ability to recognize and learn from mistakes. Able to like yourself for whom you are. 3. Social Health - How well you get along with others. Ability to have loving relationships, respect others and their opinions, and give and accept help from others These three aspects of health are all interrelated, meaning they are linked together in everything you do. For example: Do you lose your temper with family and friends when you are tired?
I LLNESS – W ELLNESS C ONTINUUM A continuum is a gradual progression through many stages between one extreme and another. The illness-wellness continuum is a model that illustrates the full range of health between the extremes of illness and wellness. Poor High Q.O.L. Q.O.L. Where you fall on the continuum depends on IllnessWellness
I DENTIFYING H EALTH R ISKS Most of the decisions you face each day involve risks. The risks you face determine where on the Illness-Wellness continuum you fall. Some risks are within your control, some we may not have any control over. A Risk Factor is any action or condition that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or negative outcome. Many different risk factors can affect a person’s health. These fall into 3 categories: 1. Hereditary, 2. Environmental 3. Behavioral
1. H EREDITARY Risk factors you inherit from a parent or family. Inherited traits determine things such a eye color, height, and also whether a person will be affected by certain disorders and disabilities. A disability is any physical or mental impairment that limits or reduces a person’s ability to participate in normal activities. Examples: Muscular Dystrophy - Can not control High Blood Pressure – Can control
2. E NVIRONMENTAL Physical and social conditions surrounding a person, and the influences they have on a person. If you are aware of these risk factors you can take precautions to avoid some of them. Physical : Outdoor and indoor surroundings Ex: Air, Water, and Sun (outdoor) Mold, smoke, asbestos (indoor) Social: People around you. Others strongly influence how we feel about yourselves, your beliefs, and your ideas of how to get along with others. Ex: Family, friends, classmates and others Cultural: Beliefs and behaviors that is shared by a group of people. Passed from generation to generation. Ex: Food, customs, and attitudes
3. B EHAVIORAL Risk factors that result from actions or decisions. Unlike many risk factors you alone decide which behavioral risk factors you will face. When determining if a risk is worth taking you must make sure the Reward outweighs the Risk Can you think of any risks worth taking?
L EADING C AUSE OF DEATH FOR AGES
R EDUCING B EHAVIORAL R ISK F ACTORS Department of Public Health has developed a plan to confront the serious health risks we face each day Health People 2000 has three main goals: 1. Increase the number of healthy years 2. Decrease health differences between different population groups 3. Increase availability of health care to all Americans The Plan also addresses 300 specific target goals (Ex. Double the number of people who use seat belts; Decrease by 48% the number of people who smoke) Plan emphasizes prevention, which is the practice of healthy behaviors that keep a person free of disease and other health problems. Prevention is the key!