Presentation on theme: "Johannes parlindungan Urban Morphology. BASIC CONCEPTS URBAN MORPHOLOGY : The study of the form and shape of settlement (Carmona et al. 2003) Refers to."— Presentation transcript:
johannes parlindungan Urban Morphology
BASIC CONCEPTS URBAN MORPHOLOGY : The study of the form and shape of settlement (Carmona et al. 2003) Refers to “type” Refers to “physical condition or surface of something” In means that: An urban environment is constituted from: Types of component/element and has certain effect on its physical setting.
Kota Lama, Semarang Land use, time or “tempo”, meaning, transformation Façade, building mass, parcel, street network Townscape, street scape
(Panerai et al. 2004) Hamstead Garden Surburb Cadastal Plan (1975) 1.Town plan or ground plan 2.Building fabric 3.Land and building utilization (Conzenian townscape) 1.Town 2.Street systems 3.Plot patterns 4.Building patterns (Morphological analysis)
Basic concepts PURPOSE Pay attention to historical development of urban area. Provide lessons for future, as basis for rooting the future management in the historical development. (Whitehand. 2001) “Morphogenetic priority” : reflect persistence or lifespan of elements that comprise the form of complex. (Whitehand. 2007) 1.Resistence to change. 2.Historico-morphological characteristics 3.Contribution to hierarchy of units
Ponticelli, Napoli Reconstruction 2.Situation in between, expansion of family 3.Dense built area
Burgage cycle Cyclus of building and use lifespan
Basic concepts “A construct of conventions and norms that exist in a certain region or town that have evolved over time on the basis of experience” “Logical” rules (“syntax”) Historical value “TYPE” is rich of cultural meaning; “STANDART” just consists technical norms and lack and culturally poor.
THREE MAIN APPROACHES ITALIAN SCHOOL MURATORIAN Approach: “Type” has central role, the typo-morphological approach. Spatial structure has material form. There are existed “rules” governing the spatial transformation. The spatial system carries cultural meaning
Three main approaches ITALIAN SCHOOL TYPO - MORPHOLOGICAL analysis: Dialectic between building typologies and urban morphology Systematic way to classify the environment in structuring findings of people-environment studies. Focus on vernacular tradition. Address interrelationship between all scales of environment. Recognize temporal continuities and discontinuities in the environment.
Three main approaches ITALIAN SCHOOL BUILDING ENVIRONMENT PART WHOLE CITY HISTORY
Three main approaches ITALIAN SCHOOL Territory City District Building Design elements Internal structure of elements Form and use Materializa- tion Aspects Scale Levels Typo – morphological analysis
Three main approaches ITALIAN SCHOOL Canignian’s scale levels
Three main approaches ITALIAN SCHOOL CANIGNIAN’s idea : Archetype : looking for the basic type, studied from the preceding types. Use the archetype (basic type) to develop new buildings or environment that incorporated lessons from the past Preceding types New environment
Three main approaches FRENCH SCHOOL GROWTHTYPOLOGY URBAN LANDSCAPE SOCIAL PRACTICESURBAN STRUCTURES
Three main approaches FRENCH SCHOOL Starting from existing characteristicsResearch depend on situationGeneral criteria are not sensible
Three main approaches ENGLISH SCHOOL M.R.G. CONZEN (Conzenian approach) : Geographical approach Aimed at detailed descriptions Classical natural science Parcel as “engine” of the city structure
Three main approaches ENGLISH SCHOOL Streets Parcels Buildings Town Plan / Ground Plan Building Fabric Land / Building Utilization 3D Form Site, street, block Land use
METHODOLOGY PRINCIPLES OF MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS Fundamental physical elements Buildings Open spaces Streets plots Different levels of resolutions Building / plot, district, city, territory Historical analysis Continuity/discontinuity Urban process, transformation
Methodology PURPOSES OF ANALYSIS PURPOSESITALIAN SCHOOL FRENCH SCHOOL ENGLISH SCHOOL DESCRIPTIVE and EXPLANATORY PRESCRIPTIVE ASSESS IMPACT of PAST DESIGN THEORY
Methodology COMPONENTS Land uses Building structures Plot pattern Street pattern CONZENIAN Design elements Internal structures Form and usesMaterialization MURATORI AN
Methodology PURPOSESITALIAN SCHOOL ENGLISH SCHOOL DESIGN ELEMENTS LAND USE / BUILDING USE PLOT PATTERN STRUCTURE MATERIAL COMPONENTS
Methodology DESCRIPTIVE - EXPLANATORY Building Distric City Territory Analysis components Building Distric City Territory Analysis components Building Distric City Territory Analysis components TIME RESOLUTION
Moudon. The role of typomorphological studies in environmental design research. Panerai et al Urban forms : the death and life of the urban block. Architectural Press. Whitehand Conzenian urban morphology and urban landscapes. Proceedings, 6 th International Space Syntax Symposium, Istanbul, Whitehand British urban morphology : the Conzenian tradition. International Seminar on Urban Form, 2001.