2 BASIC CONCEPTS URBAN MORPHOLOGY : The study of the form and shape of settlement(Carmona et al. 2003)Refers to“type”Refers to“physical condition or surface of something”In means that:An urban environment is constituted from:Types of component/element and has certain effect on its physical setting.
3 Land use, time or “tempo”, meaning, transformation Façade, building mass, parcel, street networkTownscape, street scapeKota Lama, Semarang
4 Hamstead Garden Surburb Cadastal Plan (1975)Town plan or ground planBuilding fabricLand and building utilization(Conzenian townscape)TownStreet systemsPlot patternsBuilding patterns(Morphological analysis)(Panerai et al. 2004)
5 Basic concepts PURPOSE Pay attention to historical development of urban area.Provide lessons for future, as basis for rooting the future management in the historical development. (Whitehand. 2001)“Morphogenetic priority” : reflect persistence or lifespan of elements that comprise the form of complex. (Whitehand. 2007)Resistence to change.Historico-morphological characteristicsContribution to hierarchy of units
6 21Ponticelli, NapoliReconstructionSituation in between, expansion of familyDense built area3
7 Cyclus of building and use lifespan Burgage cycle
8 To elaborate the historical content Basic conceptsTYPE vs STANDART“A construct of conventions and norms that exist in a certain region or town that have evolved over time on the basis of experience”“Logical” rules (“syntax”)Historical value“TYPE” is rich of cultural meaning;“STANDART” just consists technical norms and lack and culturally poor.To elaborate the historical contentIn design process..
10 THREE MAIN APPROACHES MURATORIAN Approach: ITALIAN SCHOOLMURATORIAN Approach:“Type” has central role, the typo-morphological approach.Spatial structure has material form.There are existed “rules” governing the spatial transformation.The spatial system carries cultural meaning
11 Three main approaches ITALIAN SCHOOL TYPO - MORPHOLOGICAL analysis: Dialectic between building typologies and urban morphologySystematic way to classify the environment in structuring findings of people-environment studies.Focus on vernacular tradition.Address interrelationship between all scales of environment.Recognize temporal continuities and discontinuities in the environment.
12 Three main approaches ITALIAN SCHOOL BUILDING ENVIRONMENT PART WHOLE CITYHISTORY
13 Three main approaches ITALIAN SCHOOL Territory City District Building Typo – morphological analysisTerritoryCityDistrictBuildingDesign elementsInternal structure of elementsForm and useMaterializa-tionScale LevelsAspects
14 Three main approachesITALIAN SCHOOLCanignian’s scale levels
15 Three main approaches ITALIAN SCHOOL CANIGNIAN’s idea : Archetype : looking for the basic type, studied from the preceding types.Use the archetype (basic type) to develop new buildings or environment that incorporated lessons from the pastPreceding typesNew environment
21 Three main approaches FRENCH SCHOOL GROWTH TYPOLOGY URBAN LANDSCAPE SOCIAL PRACTICESURBAN STRUCTURES
22 Three main approaches FRENCH SCHOOL Starting from existing characteristicsResearch depend on situationGeneral criteria are not sensible
23 Three main approaches M.R.G. CONZEN (Conzenian approach) : ENGLISH SCHOOLM.R.G. CONZEN (Conzenian approach) :Geographical approachAimed at detailed descriptionsClassical natural scienceParcel as “engine” of the city structure
24 Land / Building Utilization Three main approachesENGLISH SCHOOLTown Plan / Ground PlanBuilding FabricLand / Building UtilizationStreetsSite, street, blockParcels3D FormBuildingsLand use
28 METHODOLOGY PRINCIPLES OF MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS Fundamental physical elementsBuildingsOpen spacesStreetsplotsDifferent levels of resolutionsBuilding / plot, district, city, territoryHistorical analysisContinuity/discontinuityUrban process, transformation
29 Methodology PURPOSES OF ANALYSIS PURPOSES ITALIAN SCHOOL FRENCH SCHOOL ENGLISH SCHOOLDESCRIPTIVE and EXPLANATORYPRESCRIPTIVEASSESS IMPACT of PAST DESIGN THEORY
30 Methodology COMPONENTS MURATORIAN CONZENIAN Land uses Building structuresPlot patternStreet patternDesign elementsInternal structuresForm and usesMaterializationCONZENIANMURATORIAN
31 Methodology COMPONENTS PURPOSES ITALIAN SCHOOL ENGLISH SCHOOL DESIGN ELEMENTSLAND USE / BUILDING USEPLOT PATTERNSTRUCTUREMATERIAL
32 Methodology DESCRIPTIVE - EXPLANATORY Building Distric City Territory Analysis componentsBuildingDistricCityTerritoryAnalysis componentsBuildingDistricCityTerritoryAnalysis componentsRESOLUTIONTIME
33 Moudon. The role of typomorphological studies in environmental design research. Panerai et al Urban forms : the death and life of the urban block. Architectural Press.Whitehand Conzenian urban morphology and urban landscapes. Proceedings, 6th International Space Syntax Symposium, Istanbul, 2007.Whitehand British urban morphology : the Conzenian tradition. International Seminar on Urban Form, 2001.