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William Kim. Figure 1: Muscle Mass Associated with Aging Need.

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Presentation on theme: "William Kim. Figure 1: Muscle Mass Associated with Aging Need."— Presentation transcript:

1 William Kim

2 Figure 1: Muscle Mass Associated with Aging Need

3 Polyphenols Chlorogenic Acid (CA) Anthocyanins (ATC)Proanthocyanidins (PAC) lecule.jpg

4 Caenorhabditis elegans neural/celegans/celegans.gif /09/c-elegans_esa.jpg

5 Pharynx of C. elegans

6 C. Elegans Life Cycle hutter/hutterlab/research/pictures /Ce_life_cycle.gif

7 Fig. 2 Blueberry polyphenols extend lifespan and slow aging in C. elegans Literature Review Wilson et. al. 2006

8 Literature Review Figure 3: Mean lifespan of different genotypes of C. elegans

9 Literature Review Figure 4: Structural and functional declines in C. elegans pharynx from days Chow et. al. 2006

10 Literature Review  James Joseph ( )  Tested and still testing fruit polyphenols and their effects on aging and the brain of mice  Tested effects of blackberries, blueberries, strawberries, plum juice, and other berry fruits

11 Purpose Therefore the purpose of this experiment is to test the ability of fruit polyphenols in the prolonging of lifespan in C. elegans. Hypothesis Null Hypothesis: The fruit polyphenols will show no increase on the lifespan of C. elegans. Alternate Hypothesis: The fruit polyphenols will successfully increase the lifespan of C. elegans.

12 Methodology Caenorhabditis elegans Short lifespan of about 2-3 weeks, rapid generation time, and experiemental flexibilty Control Medium Sample Size = 5 Medium + Fed crude blueberry extract (Vaccinium angustifolium) Sample Size = 5 Measurement Average pumping rate of pharynx contraction is recorded with the use of Motic Plus Camera attached to a stereomicroscope. Statistical Analysis Medium + Fed crude blackberry extract Sample Size = 5 Medium + Fed crude strawberry extract Sample Size = 5 Medium + Fed crude Plum extract Sample Size = 5

13 Protocols for Measurement  Commercially prepared single strength wild blueberry juice (Vaccinium angustifolium) is applied to a preconditioned C18 Column  C18 column is washed with water to remove fructose, glucose, and organic acids of blueberries, then with 100% methanol to obtain the total polyphenolic fraction e=101&partNumber=WAT066224

14 Protocols for Measurement  Fruit polyphenol extracts is added to NGM agar plates of C. elegans on the first day of the lifespan assay  Lifespan scoring is initiated after hermaphrodites complete their final larval molt, on the first day of adulthood  Pharynx pumping rates are measured on days 4, 6, 8, and 10 of C. elegans adulthood

15 Protocols for Measurement  Pharynx contraction rate recorded with Motic Plus camera attached to a stereomicroscope  Pumps per minute measured photos/ElegansPharynx.jpg

16 Doability  Motic Plus with Stereomicroscope available in lab for pharynx contraction observation  Fruit polyphenols are easily obtainable  C. elegans are easily obtainable and culturable

17 BudgetVendor Catalogue # PageItem Item # Quantit y Unit $$ Total $$ Carolina Science C. elegans N2 (wild type) NP $10.95 (per culture) $10.95 Caroline Science Nematode Growth Agar NP $6.25 (per 135 ml bottle) $31.25 https://www.wat ers.com/waters/ partDetail.htm?p artNumber=WA T n/an/a Symmetry C18 Column, 3.5 µm, 4.6 x 75 mm WAT $543.00$ Carolina Science Websiten/an/aMethanol $5.75 per 500 mL $5.75 Total Price: $590.95

18 Bibliography “Aging Statistics.” Administration on Aging. (2009) 24 March “Antioxidants.” McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology. McGraw-Hill, “Antioxidants.” MedlinePlus. (2009) 9 Feb Carlson, Rick E., Kirby, Brett S., Voyles, Wyatt F., and Dinenno, Frank A. “Evidence for impaired skeletal muscle contraction-induced rapid vasodilation in aging humans.” American Journal of Physiology – Heart and Circulatory Physiology 294 (2008): H1963-H1970. Joseph, James. "ARS Project: The effects of walnuts on age related changes in neuroprotection, inflammatory signaling and behavior (414597).". Kenney, Richard A. Physiology of Aging: A Synopsis. Chicago, London. Year Book Medical Publishers, INC, Larsson, L., Grimby, G., and Karlsson, J.. “Muscle Strength and Speed of Movement in Relation to Age and Muscle Morphology.” Journal of Applied Physiology 46 (1979): "NCLD - Dyspraxia." NCLD - Home. 04 May Oliver, Rush H., Albury, Acchia N.J., and Mousseau, Timothy A.. “Programmed Cell Death in Flight Muscle Histolysis of the House Cricket.” Journal of Insect Physiology 53 (2007): Scalbert, Augustin, Johnson, Ian T., and Saltmarsh, Mike. “Polyphenols: antioxidants and beyond.” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 81 (2005): 215S-7S. “Types of contractions.” Muscle Physiology. (2006). University of California. 31 May USDA/Agricultural Research Service. "Adding Walnuts To Good Diet May Help Older People Improve Motor And Behavioral Skills." ScienceDaily 25 April May “What Is an Antioxidant?.” American Dietetic Association. (2006). 14 Sept Wilson, Mark A., Shukitt-Hale, Barbara, Kalt, Wilhemina, Ingram, Donald K., Joseph, James A., and Wolkow, Catherine A. “Blueberry polyphenols increase lifespan and thermotolerance in Caenorhabditis elegans.” Aging Cell. 5 (2006):


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