Physical Development Growth Rate declines during infancy but is faster than any other post natal period Growth Rate declines during infancy but is faster than any other post natal period Neo-Natal Reflexes (until about 4 months) such as: Neo-Natal Reflexes (until about 4 months) such as: Babinski (big toe moves toward the top surface of the foot and the other toes fan out after the sole of the foot has been firmly stroked) Babinski (big toe moves toward the top surface of the foot and the other toes fan out after the sole of the foot has been firmly stroked) Startle Reflx Startle Reflx Grasping, Stepping, Rooting, Pursing lips, Withdrawal from pain Grasping, Stepping, Rooting, Pursing lips, Withdrawal from pain
Cognitive Development Preference for face- like patterns Preference for face- like patterns 6-12 mo = remember, recognize, & react 6-12 mo = remember, recognize, & react 12 mo = reasoning & higher level cognitive functions 12 mo = reasoning & higher level cognitive functions What are babies thinking? Ted Talks
Development of Knowledge Theory = Piaget Building blocks of human dev = SCHEMAS Building blocks of human dev = SCHEMAS Generalized mental representation Generalized mental representation Assimilation = using existing schemas & apply to new info Assimilation = using existing schemas & apply to new info Accommodation = change schema Accommodation = change schema
Four Stages 1.Sensorimotorbirth – 2 yrs 2.Preoperational2-7 yrs 3.Concrete Operational 7-11 yrs 4.Formal Operational11 into adulthood
Infant = Scientists! learn about the world through senses and body movements 1 to 4 mo = Learn to combine two reflexes 4 to 8 mo = Improve hand- eye coordination
Step Four 8 to 12 months Intentional behavior They learn certain actions lead to certain results Imitates others Love playing Peek-A-Boo Learn Object Permanence
12 to 18 mo = Trial and error: Push a cracker off a high chair and watch it fall to the floor. Then does it again Can find hidden objects Understands that objects exist independentlyUnderstands that objects exist independently
18 to 24 mo= Begin to experiment mentally as well as physically They think about what they are going to do before they do it
Ages 2 to 7 Basic Mental operations start replacing sensorimotor activities as the primary way to learn Make-believe play is used to create and express all kinds of mental images
I “eated” my apple No, it’s ate Then I “ated” my apple Children learn mostly by language and mental images
I don’t want to go to sleep! I’m not tired! He hurt my feelings so I hit him! Use feeling to solve problems rather than logic
learning multiple classification– the ability to understand that an object may fit into more than one category learning seriation—the ability top order groups of things by size, weight, or any common property –For example arranging beads on a bracelet from smallest to largest
They think the same amount of liquid is more when poured into a tall think glass.They think the same amount of liquid is more when poured into a tall think glass. To them taller means more!
My birthday is before Christmas and after Halloween
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