5Exodus: ThemeGod formed the Hebrews from the sons of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in Egypt; under the leadership of Moses, he delivered them from Egypt; he made them his priest nation and revealed his instructions, the Mosaic Law, at Sinai.
7Exodus: Narrative, 1God prepared Moses for the leadership, formed the sons of Israel into a community, and Moses led them out of Egypt (1-12). The people repeatedly complain against God and Moses because they refuse to believe God’s word.At Sinai, God made them his kingdom of priest and his holy nation (19).God gave the Israeli people His law, called the Mosaic Law (20-34).
8Exodus: Narrative, 2While Moses was on Mount Sinai, Aaron failed as a leader and the people made the golden calf idol (32).Moses interceded for the people based upon God’s covenant to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and God kept his word to bless Israel (32-34).The Israelites complete the tabernacle and God’s glory filled the tabernacle (35-40).
9Exodus Overview Exodus 1-6, Moses’ Preparation Exodus 7-18, Plagues and ExodusExodus 19-24, Priest Nation and The LawExodus 25-40, Tabernacle
10God meets Moses; Israel exits from Egypt (1-13) Tabernacle built; God enters (35-40)Israel rebels (14-18)Israel rebels (32-34)Covenant Laws & Commands (19-24)Commands for building Tabernacle (25-31)
12First 40 Years of Moses Second 40 Years of Moses Birth & Infancy Education (Acts 7:22)The Decision of Moses (Acts 7:23; Hebrews 11:24-26)Murder (Exodus 2:11-12; Acts 7:25)Second 40 Years of MosesFlight to MedianHis marriageMeeting with God at the Burning Bush
13Exodus 14:21-22Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land, and the waters were divided.So the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them, on their right hand and on their left.
14He took off their chariot wheels to swerve, so thatthey drove them withdifficulty (Exodus 14:25)
19The Old Covenant Established Ex. 24:3-8So Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD and all the judgments. And all the people answered with one voice and said, "All the words which the LORD has said we will do." And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD. And he rose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve pillars according to the twelve tribes of Israel. Then he sent young men of the children of Israel, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to the LORD. And Moses took half the blood and put it in basins, and half the blood he sprinkled on the altar. Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read in the hearing of the people. And they said, "All that the LORD has said we will do, and be obedient." And Moses took the blood, sprinkled it on the people, and said, "This is the blood of the covenant which the LORD has made with you according to all these words."
20The New CovenantMat. 26:26-28And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed it and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, "Take, eat; this is My body." And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “All of you drink from it. For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
21The Two Compared: Physical Circumcision Old Covenant / Physical Israel Law of MosesNew Covenant / Spiritual Israel Law of ChristPhysical CircumcisionTaught After Covenant RelationshipNo Remission of SinWritten on Tables of StoneSpiritual CircumcisionTaught to get into the Covenant RelationshipRemission of SinWritten on Hearts & Mind
25The Tabernacle The Pattern: Ex. 25:7-9, 40 Ex. 26:30 Ex. 27:8 And let them make Me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them. According to all that I show you, that is, the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furnishings, just so you shall make it…40 And see to it that you make them according to the pattern which was shown you on the mountain…Ex. 26:30And you shall raise up the tabernacle according to its pattern which you were shown on the mountain.Ex. 27:8You shall make it hollow with boards; as it was shown you on the mountain, so shall they make it.
26The Tabernacle Was it important to make it exactly like the pattern? Thus all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting was finished. And the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD had commanded Moses; so they did.42 According to all that the LORD had commanded Moses, so the children of Israel did all the work.Ex. 40:16Thus Moses did; according to all that the LORD had commanded him, so he did.
27The TabernacleWhy was it important to make it exactly as God commanded?Because it all represented a (pattern, type, figure) of something to come in the future. WHAT?Heb. 9:23-24Therefore it was necessary that the copies of the things in the heavens should be purified with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us;…
28The Tabernacle Today What About Today? ONLY Levites could enter & serve in the Holy Place!What About Today?1 Peter 2:5, 9…you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ…9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;
29The Tabernacle in the New Testament Acts 2:36-38, 41, 47"Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ." Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, "Men and brethren, what shall we do?" Then Peter said to them, "Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit…41 Then those who gladly received his word were baptized; and that day about three thousand souls were added to them…47 …praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved.
31Exodus: Lesson For Us Today God is sovereign and holy, yet gracious and compassionate.Redemption is always through sacrifice.God does have his Plan for his people and guides his people.God reveals his word, inspires his word, illumines his word, and communicates his word.Unbelief or negative volition reaps consequences.God always keeps his word to his people.God appointed leadership is necessary for his people.
32Moses One of most noted OT Characters About 1/10 of OT story devoted to him
33Exodus Numbers Acts 7:17-43 Heb. 11:23-29 Key Sections Three Periods (40 Years Each)Growing up in Egypt(Acts 7:20-28)Shepherd in Midian(Acts 7:29-30)Leading People(Acts 7:30-44)
35The Man A. His Family – of the tribe of Levi 1. Father: Amram (Exo. 6:20)2. Mother: Jochedbed (Exo. 6:20)3. Brother: Aaron (Exo. 4:14)4. Sister: Miriam (Exo. 15:20)5. Wife: Zipporah (Exo. 2:21)6. Two Sons: (Acts 7:29)- Gershom (Exo. 2:22)- Eliezer (Exo. 18:2-3)7. Father-in-law: Jethro (Exo. 18:2)
36The Man A. His Family – of the tribe of Levi B. Taken From Family As A Baby1. Hid as baby for 3 months (Exo. 2:2; Acts 7:20)2. Put in ark of bulrushes (Exo. 2:3)3. Pharaoh's daughter took him (Exo. 2:5-10)
37The Man 1. When about 40 A. His Family – of the tribe of Levi B. Taken From Family As A BabyC. Name – Moses (Exo. 2:10)D. Education (Acts 7:21-22)E. Flight to Midian (Exo. 2:11-25)1. When about 402. Saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew – Killed the Egyptian3. When Pharaoh heard sought to kill Moses4. Where he met Zipporah
38II. Moses – The Decision Maker I. Moses – The ManII. Moses – The Decision Maker
39The Decision Maker A. The Decision (Heb. 11:24-26) B. What He Gave Up 1. Pleasures of sin2. Treasures of Egypt3. Possible line to the Throne4. Prestige – Honor5. Money
40The Decision Maker A. The Decision (Heb. 11:24-26) B. What He Gave Up C. What He Chose1. Affliction with God’s people2. Cast his lot with nation of slaves3. People who complained, murmured, etc.D. Application1. Must sever our ties with Egypt to march to Canaan.2. Are things of greater value than treasures of life3. Take unpopular stand
41II. Moses – The Decision Maker I. Moses – The ManII. Moses – The Decision MakerIII. Moses – The Prophet
42The Prophet A. The Call (Exo. 3:1-10) B. The Task 1. Persuade the people to leave Egypt2. Convince Pharaoh to let them goC. Excuses1. “Who am I?” (Exo. 3:11)2. “Say, What is his name?” (Exo. 3:13)3. “What if do not listen?” (Exo. 4:1)4. “Slow of speech & tongue” (Exo. 4:10)
43The Prophet A. The Call (Exo. 3:1-10) B. The Task C. Excuses D. The Signs1. Rod became a serpent2. Hand became LeporousE. He Accepts The Challenge (Exo. 4:18-5:1)
44II. Moses – The Decision Maker I. Moses – The ManII. Moses – The Decision MakerIII. Moses – The ProphetIV. Moses – The Leader
45The Leader A. Courage (Exo. 5:1-ff) B. People Business (Exo. 18:19) C. Communicate (Exo. 18:20)D. Delegated (Exo. 18:21, 25)E. Faced Opposition1. From Pharaoh2. From own people
46II. Moses – The Decision Maker I. Moses – The ManII. Moses – The Decision MakerIII. Moses – The ProphetIV. Moses – The LeaderV. Moses – The Lawgiver
47The Lawgiver A. Went Into the Mount to Receive the Law 1. Exo. 19:20 2. Wrote on two tables of stone (Exo. 31:18)B. Wrote the First Five Books of BibleGenesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, DeuteronomyC. Why Called the Law of Moses / Moses1. Luke 16:292. 1 Kings 2:3
48II. Moses – The Decision Maker VI. Moses – The Disobedient Servant I. Moses – The ManII. Moses – The Decision MakerIII. Moses – The ProphetIV. Moses – The LeaderV. Moses – The LawgiverVI. Moses – The Disobedient Servant
49The Disobedient Servant A. Given Specific Instructions (Num. 20:8)B. He Disobeyed (Num. 20:10-11)C. God’s Rebuke (Num. 20:12)
50Allowed to see promised land but from far (Deut. 34:1-4) MosesAllowed to see promised land but from far (Deut. 34:1-4)Died in land of Moab (Deut. 34:5Age: 120Where buried – Don’t know.
52Moses => Christ Christ Moses Birth amidst slaying of many infants by Herod; He escaped to Egypt with Joseph and St. MaryAt the baptism by John, He heard the voice of God. “This is my beloved Son”. Remission of SinHe gave the Sermon on the MountBirth amidst slaying of many infants by Pharaoh; he alone being sparedHeard God’s voice at the Burning Bush, begins his role as the Deliverer and Leader of his people. No Remission of SinHe gave them the words of God from the mountain
53The Burning BushExodus 3:1-7; “And the Angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush” => A visible manifestation of God communicated the will and calling of God to Moses => Incarnation1John 1:1 ; “…we have heard, seen, looked upon, and our hands handled, concerning the Word of life” => The Word of Life was visibly manifestedExodus 3:14; “I AM WHO I AM”John 8:58; “Before Abraham was, I AM”
54The Living BreadExodus 16:4; “Then the Lord said to Moses, ‘behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you”John 6:48-51 ; “I am the bread of life. Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and are dead. This is the bread which comes down from heaven, that a man may eat of it and not die. I am the living bread which came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever; and the bread that I shall give is My flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world”
55The RockExodus 17:6; “Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it” => the water from the rock gave life to the people1Corinthians 10:4 ; “and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ” => Jesus, gives spiritual life to those dying in sinJohn 4:13-14; “…”
56The Passover LambExodus 12:5-7, 46 => Passover lamb had to be killed for its blood to be affective in keeping them from death.1 Corinthians 5:7&8; “For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us” => It was the blood of the Savior who died for us that keeps us from death.It was to be an unblemished lambOnly a perfect one could make atonement. In the same way, Jesus’ whose judge, Pilate, said, “I find no fault in Him.”
57The Tabernacle The Tent of Meeting was where God dwelt with His people A tent is compared to our body in the NT2Corinthians 5:1; “For we know that if our earthly house, this tent, is destroyed, we have … a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens”John 1:14; “And the Word became flesh” Literally means, the Word of God became flesh and tabernacled among usThe Tabernacle looks unattractive from the outside. The exterior perimeter was of badger skins (black) but the inside was altogether lovely (scarlet, blue and purple embroidery)Isaiah 53:3 “…nothing in his appearance that we should desire him.” but in reality, He was God to save us.
58The Tabernacle Altar of Burnt Offering: Hebrews 10:12 “One sacrifice for sins forever”Shewbread or Bread of the Presence“I AM the Bread of life”Golden Lampstand“I AM the Light of the world”Ark of Covenant => Manna, Rod of Aaron, Ten Commandments