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Genesis The Book of Beginnings Traces the origins of God’s people from creation to Egypt.

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1 Genesis The Book of Beginnings Traces the origins of God’s people from creation to Egypt

2 Genesis 1-11 Events Predominant – Creation – Fall – Flood – Tower of Babel Genesis People Predominant – Abraham – Isaac – Jacob – Joseph Race as a wholeFamily of Abraham Over 2000 years250 years

3 The Creation - millions of years ago (???? B.C.) By His Word, God created all things: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by Him; and without Him was not any thing made that was made” (John 1:1-3 King James Version). The creation of the heavens and the earth are also recorded in Genesis chapter 1:1 “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” When was the beginning? Well, we are not told exactly when that was. Geologists confirm that the earth is millions of years old

4 The Destruction of the “World that Was” – thousands of years ago (???? B.C.) Verse two of Genesis chapter one tells us that the earth became destroyed after the creation: “And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the water.” The word “was” in verse two should be translated as the word “became.” And the words “without form” would be better translated as “waste, or desolate.” Thus, God created the heavens and the earth billions of years ago and the earth later became wasted or desolate. This desolation happened when God destroyed the world that then was because of the Satan’s rebellion in that first age (Ezekiel 28). This great destruction is also known in part as the ice ages and is recorded in the II Book of Peter 3:5-6; “For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished.” God does not create anything void and without form (Isaiah 45:18), it became that way.

5 Genesis 1 The heavens and the earth are created in six days. Genesis 2 Creation of the man and woman (no time element mentioned). Man in his cosmic setting Man as central to God’s purpose Panorama of creation as a whole Detailed focus on one aspect of creation Centers on God creating the heavens and the earth Centers on man as the crowning act of God’s creation

6 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; 17 but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you shall surely die.“ (Genesis 2:16-17)

7 When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate. (Genesis 3:6)

8 THE FALL the results from taking and eating the forbidden fruit

9 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel. (Genesis 3:15)

10 The Flood – (2348 B.C.) Noah Shem Ham Japheth

11 Genesis 11:1-2 Now the whole earth used the same language and the same words. 2 It came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there.

12 Genesis 11:3-4 They said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks and burn them thoroughly.” And they used brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar. 4 They said, “Come, let us build for ourselves a city, and a tower whose top will reach into heaven, and let us make for ourselves a name, otherwise we will be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.”

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14 Genesis 11:9 Therefore its name was called Babel, because there the LORD confused the language of the whole earth; and from there the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of the whole earth.

15 ● Babel

16 OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

17 WARM-UP Group Exercise Read Genesis 6:19 and 7:2-3 Answer the following question: How may animals of each kind did Noah take into the Ark?

18 Seed of the WomanParallel Bloodline Abel & SethCain Lamech Enoch Noah ShemHam AbrahamCanaan

19 From Abraham to the Exodus (1996 B.C. – 1491 B.C.) I.1996 B.C. Birth of Abraham II.1896 B.C. Birth of Isaac III.1836 B.C. Birth of Jacob IV.1491 B.C. The Exodus

20 Call of Abraham Gen.12:1-3 The Lord had said to Abram, "Leave your country, your people and your father's household and go to the land I will show you. "I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. “I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you." “I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you."

21 ● Ur Haran ● And Abram took Sarai his wife and Lot his nephew… …and they set out for the land of Canaan; thus they came to the land of Canaan. (Genesis 12:5).

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23 Birth of Isaac (1896 B.C.) Birth of Jacob (1836 B.C.)

24 Jacob had a dream at Bethel.Jacob had a dream at Bethel. “And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it. And behold the LORD stood above it, and said, “I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed: And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed” (Genesis 28:12-15).

25 The Jacob Narrative His name: “Heel-grabber”His name: “Heel-grabber” The Birthright.The Birthright. The Blessing.The Blessing. Jacob’s Ladder.Jacob’s Ladder. Sojourn in Haran.Sojourn in Haran. The Esau IncidentThe Esau Incident

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27 The Joseph Story A problem of favoritismA problem of favoritism Deception with garments and a goatDeception with garments and a goat Departure from the landDeparture from the land Egypt in the days of JosephEgypt in the days of Joseph Joseph’s ImprisonmentJoseph’s Imprisonment Joseph’s ExaltationJoseph’s Exaltation Israel’s Entrance into EgyptIsrael’s Entrance into Egypt

28 The Book of Redemption Exodus

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30 Exodus from Egypt: 10 Plagues Giving of the Law: 10 Commandments Building the Tabernacle: 10 Items

31 Nile into Blood Frogs Lice Insects Cattle Boils Hail Locusts Darkness Death of Firstborn Plagues Fall upon everyone in Egypt Fall only upon the Egyptians Extent Loathsome Destructive beyond anything previously known Extent Painful

32 Toward God No other Gods No idols God’s name is to be holy The Sabbath Respect for parents No murder No adultery No stealing No false witness No coveting Toward Men

33 OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

34 WARM-UP Group Exercise Listed below are Jacob’s sons and daughter: Asher, Benjamin, Dan, Dinah, Gad, Issachar, Joseph, Judah, Levi, Naphtali, Reuben, Simeon, and Zebulin Who was the eldest son? the youngest son? What was Dinah’s mother’s name? Moses was a descendant of which son? Was Dan’s mother Leah’s or Rachel’s slave?

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36 Review of Last Class Concluded Genesis – Book of Beginnings Call of Abraham The Patriarchs The Story of Joseph Began Exodus – The Book of Redemption Call of Moses The 10 Plagues Crossing the Red Sea into the Wilderness The Giving of the Law QUESTIONS?

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38 Exodus 40:17 Now in the first month of the second year, on the first day of the month, the tabernacle was erected.

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41 The Tabernacle

42 “You shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty.” (Exodus 28:2)

43 The Book of Atonement Leviticus

44 CENTRAL THEME FELLOWSHIP 1 John 1:7 The WAY to God (Lev. 1-17) – “Get right with God!” –Access to God through holy sacrifices –“The blood cleanseth us … The WALK with God (18-27) – “Keep right with God!” –Fellowship with God through holy living –“If we walk in the light…”

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46 Chapters 1-3 Various Offerings – Burnt Offerings – Grain Offerings – Peace Offerings – Sin Offerings – Guilt Offerings Chapters 4-5 Chapters 6-7 Focus on the priest’s actions in the offering ritual and mentions the disposal of the offering after it has been offered Offered in worship Offered because of sin or guilt

47 Burnt Offering Lev. 1Atonement Bull, sheep, goat, bird It was the foundational offering that allowed men to come into the presence of the Lord. A life was offered upon the altar. It was to be completely burnt upon the altar. Jesus Christ offering Himself without spot to God.

48 Grain Offering Lev. 2Celebration Flour, oil, incense It was an unbloody offering. It was to be made without leaven or honey. Part went to the Lord, the rest the priests. Seasoned with salt as a “salt covenant.” Jesus Chris as the Bread of Life

49 Peace Offering Lev. 3Rejoicing Male or female cattle or sheep The fat of the animal as well as the entrails were to go to the Lord. The flesh went to the priests and to the one making the offering. Everyone ate a portion of this offering, signifying communion with God. Jesus Christ is our shalom.

50 Sin Offering Lev. 4:1 – 5:13 Unintentional Sin Bull, goat (male or female) Teaches us the great cost of sin. Teaches us that sin can be ignorant or willful, active or passive. Teaches us that the only solution to sin is the death of an innocent substitute. Christ as the sin bearer

51 Guilt Offering Lev. 5:14 – 6:7Atonement Ram or equivalent sum This offering is the only one not described as a soothing aroma. Includes the mandate of a financial recompense to the party that was wronged (6:5). Both sin offerings and guilt offerings are for unintentional offenses. Christ atoning for the damage of sin

52 Burnt Offering Lev. 1Atonement Bull, sheep, goat, bird Grain Offering Lev. 2Celebration Flour, oil, incense Peace Offering Lev. 3Rejoicing Male or female cattle or sheep Sin Offering Lev. 4:1 – 5:13 Unintentional Sin Bull, goat (male or female) Guilt Offering Lev. 5:14 – 6:7Atonement Ram or equivalent sum

53 OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

54 WARM-UP Group Exercise You are an Israelite traveling with Moses through the Wilderness. What kind of offering would you make for each situation? Burnt Grain Peace Sin Guilt 1.Express gratitude to God for His goodness 2.For defrauding a friend and make restitution 3.For sin in general (not for a specific sin) 4.Commission of an unintentional sin 5.Show honor to God in worship

55 WARM-UP Group Exercise You are an Israelite traveling with Moses through the Wilderness. What kind of offering would you make for each situation? Burnt Grain Peace Sin Guilt P- Express gratitude to God for His goodness Gu- For defrauding a friend and make restitution B- For sin in general (not for a specific sin) S- Commission of an unintentional sin Gr- Show honor to God in worship

56 Burnt Offering Lev. 1Atonement Bull, sheep, goat, bird Grain Offering Lev. 2Celebration Flour, oil, incense Peace Offering Lev. 3Rejoicing Male or female cattle or sheep Sin Offering Lev. 4:1 – 5:13 Unintentional Sin Bull, goat (male or female) Guilt Offering Lev. 5:14 – 6:7Atonement Ram or equivalent sum

57 Review of Last Class Concluded Exodus – Book of Redemption The Tabernacle Began Leviticus – The Book of Atonement The Main Purpose The Abiding Value The Structure The Offerings QUESTIONS?

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59 Description of the opening ministry of these priests Instructions for the ordination of the priesthood Leviticus 8 Leviticus 9 Judgment and replacing of sinning priests Leviticus 10

60 Laws for the Priesthood (8-10) The High Priest and Priests were: Cleansed (8:6) Clothed (8:7-8, 13) Crowned / Charged (8:9, 35) Anointed (8:12, 30)

61 Lessons from Nadab & Abihu God must be worshiped as He ordains that He is to be worshiped. Obedience is better than sacrifice. The presence of God can be either a curse or a blessing. It is possible to do the right thing in the wrong way

62 Chapter 11 Clean and Unclean Animals Clean– ceremonially clean and fit to eat Unclean – all other Clean animals: all quadrupeds that chew the cud and divide the hoof Clean fish: whatsoever hath fins and scales Clean birds:all except birds of prey and most water-fowl Clean Creepers:winged creeping things that go on all four which have their feet to leap withal

63 God’s Holiness Demands Man’s Holiness Book of Leviticus, where it is stated, “You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am Holy”, details laws for Israel regarding purity  Clean and Unclean foods (11:1-23)  Biological functions (12:1-8)  Disease (chapters 13 through 16)  Sexual Morality (chapter 18)  Sabbath keeping (19:1-3)  Idolatry (19:4)  Stealing, Lying, Hatred, Injustice, etc. (19)

64 OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

65 WARM-UP Group Exercise 1. In Exodus how did God dwell with and lead His people? 2. What does the Tabernacle teach us today? 3. What is the theme or central truth of Leviticus? 4. Explain what atone means in Leviticus?

66 Review of Last Class Continued Study of Leviticus – Book of Atonement The Way To God –The Priests [Workbook: Page 17, 8(2)] –The People –The Altar The Walk With God –A Holy People –Holy Priests –Holy Feasts (through the Day of Atonement) QUESTIONS?

67 Passover Unleavened Bread Pentecost Trumpets Atonement Booths First Fruits Spring Feasts Fall Feasts Deliverance from Egypt Removal of impurities of old life Holy Spirit (giving of the Covenant) New Civil Year Atonement for the Nation God dwelling with His people Promise of new life to come

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69 The Sabbatical Year and The Year of Jubilee

70 Leviticus 25:3-4 Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather in its crop, 4 but during the seventh year the land shall have a sabbath rest, a sabbath to the LORD; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard.

71 Leviticus 25:10 You shall thus consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim a release through the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you, and each of you shall return to his own property, and each of you shall return to his family. 

72 Leviticus 25:11-12 You shall have the fiftieth year as a jubilee; you shall not sow, nor reap its aftergrowth, nor gather in from its untrimmed vines. 12 For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy to you. You shall eat its crops out of the field.

73 If you walk in My statutes and keep My commandments… (26:3) I will give you rain The land will yield its produce The trees of the field will bear fruit You will eat your food to the full I will grant you peace You will chase your enemies I will make you fruitful and multiply you I will dwell with you

74 If you do not obey Me and carry out all these commandments… (26:14) I will appoint over you a sudden terror, consumption and fever You shall sow your seed uselessly You shall be struck down before your enemies Those who hate you shall rule over you You shall flee when no one is pursuing

75 If, after these things, you do not obey me… (26:18) I will punish you seven times more I will break down your pride of power Your strength will be spent uselessly Your land will not produce its produce The trees of the land will not yield their fruit

76 Leviticus 27 VOWS AND PROMISES

77 KEY LESSONS FROM LEVITICUS How to approach God is vital (1-7) Cleanliness can depict godliness (11-15) Holiness is a chief concern to God God is interested in what people eat (11) God is concerned with all of life (11-15) Celebrating is a wholesome experience (23) Sin must be removed from our fellowship

78 OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

79 WARM-UP Group Exercise Match Column A to Column B: 1.Feast of Tabernacles a. Nadab 2.Cud chewing quadrapedsb. Ethanim 1 with split hoofs 3.Strange Firec. Feast of Shelters 4.Day of Atonementd. Aaron 5.High Prieste. Clean Animals 6.Feast of Trumpets f. Yom Kippur

80 WARM-UP Group Exercise Match Column A to Column B: 1.Feast of Tabernacles a. Nadab 2.Cud chewing quadrapedsb. Ethanim 1 with split hoofs 3.Strange Firec. Feast of Shelters 4.Day of Atonementd. Aaron 5.High Prieste. Clean Animals 6.Feast of Trumpets f. Yom Kippur

81 Review of Last Class Concluded Leviticus – Book of Atonement The Feast of Booths Jewish Calendar The Sabbatical Year The Year of Jubilee God’s Promises of Blessings and Curses Voluntary Vows Lessons Learned from Leviticus QUESTIONS?

82 The Book of Wanderings NUMBERS

83 Mount Sinai Preparation for the Journey From Sinai to Kadesh Kadesh to Moab The Plains of Moab 1:1 10:1010:11 14:4515:1 21:4122:1 36:13 The Test Wilderness Wanderings End of the Journey The Old Generation The New Generation Several Weeks Several Months 38 Years Mount SinaiMount NeboMount Hor

84 Numbering Adult Males (Over 19 yrs.) Chapter 1Chapter 26 Reuben46,50043,730 Simeon59,30022,200 Gad45,65040,500 Judah74,60076,500 Issachar54,40064,300 Zebulin57,40060,500 Ephraim (son of Joseph)40,50032,500 Manasseh (son of Joseph)32,20052,700 Benjamin35,40045,600 Dan62,70064,400 Asher41,50053,400 Naphtali53,40045,400 Grand Total 603, ,730

85 Distribution of Tribes N Naphtali Asher Dan Merarites Kohathites Reuben Simeon Gad Merarites: Crossbars, posts, frames, etc. Gershonites:Curtains and coverings Kohathites:The furniture LEVITE RESPONSIBILITIES

86 NUMBERS CHAPTER 3 Numbering of the Levites A.All male Levites one month old and older were counted. B.They are to begin serving in the Tabernacle at age 25 and must retire at age 50. C.Count:Gershonite Clan:7,500 males Kohathite Clan8,600 males Merarite Clan6,200 males D.Since the Passover all first born males are the legal property of the Lord. However God takes as substitute, the priestly tribe of Levi.

87 OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

88 WARM-UP Group Exercise : TRUE OR FALSE 1.The were more Israelite males over 20 leaving Egypt than those entering the Promised Land. 2.Numbers begins with the Israelites at Sinai. 3.The tribe of Issachar was positioned south of the Tabernacle. 4. A 28 year old Levite carried the curtains of the Tabernacle from Sinai to Kadesh. 5.The Hebrew name for Numbers is “In The Desert.” 6.God told Moses to number every male Israelite 20 years and older.

89 WARM-UP Group Exercise : TRUE OR FALSE 1.The were more Israelite males over 20 leaving Egypt than those entering the Promised Land. 2.Numbers begins with the Israelites at Sinai. 3.The tribe of Issachar was positioned south of the Tabernacle. 4. A 28 year old Levite carried the curtains of the Tabernacle from Sinai to Kadesh. 5.The Hebrew name for Numbers is “In The Desert.” 6.God told Moses to number every male Israelite 20 years and older.

90 Review of Last Class Began Numbers – Book of Wanderings Structure Main Themes Numbering of Adult Males Numbering of Levites Position of Tribes and Levites around The Tabernacle The Redemption of the Firstborn QUESTIONS?

91 The Book of Wanderings NUMBERS

92 NUMBERS CHAPTER 5 Provisions to assure holiness in the camp due to God’s presence A.Ceremonially unclean excluded from camp B.Sin and wrongdoing must be confessed and restitution made C.The Law of Jealousy (Trial by Ordeal) 1. Means by which a husband suspecting his wife of unfaithfulness can present his concern to the priest 2. Means by which an innocent wife can be vindicated If after drinking a potion of bitter water and she is still able to bear children, she is cleared of any guilt

93 NUMBERS CHAPTER 6 The Law of the Nazarites A.Voluntary vow taken by man or woman to dedicate themselves totally to God B.Required to observe three vows: 1. No wine, fermented drink, or anything from grapevine 2. No razor upon the head 3. No contact with the dead C.Special ceremony and offering made when the period of separation was over D.Period of separation varied (from days to a lifetime)

94 7Offerings at the Tabernacle Dedication 8Consecration of the Levites 9The Passover and Cloud Over Tabernacle 10The Silver Trumpets; Israelites Leave Sinai 11Complaints; Quail from God; Plague 12Mariam & Aaron Complain Against Moses 1312 Spies Search Out Canaan 14People Rebel; Judgment Falls Numbers: At Mt. Sinai & Kadesh-Barnea

95 15More Offerings; Sabbath-Breaker Stoned 16Rebellion of Korah, Dathan and Abiram 17Aaron’s Staff Buds 18Duties and Offerings for Priests 19The Red Heifer and Water of Cleansing 20The Water of Meribah; Edom Denies Passage; Deaths of Miriam and Aaron Numbers: Wandering in the Wilderness

96 OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

97 WARM-UP Group Exercise 1.“Bemidbar,” the Hebrew name for the book of Numbers, means what? a. In the wilderness b. Chosen People c. In the beginning d. Accounting 2. When the 12 spies were sent to Canaan, how many returned with a good report? a. none b. one c. two d. all 3. Who rebelled against Moses, attempting to seize the priesthood, only to be swallowed by the earth? a. Aaron b. Korah c. Levi d. Eli

98 WARM-UP Group Exercise 4. Moses was prohibited from entering Canaan because he a. slew an Egyptian b. married a foreigner c. worshipped an idol d. smote a rock 5. Whom did the king of Moab send for to prophesy against the Israelites? a. Barak b. Hosea c. Balaam d. Balak 6. Who was temporarily cursed with leprosy for murmuring against Moses? a. Miriam b. Korah c. Aaron d. Joshua

99 WARM-UP Group Exercise 7. What tribe was responsible for doing the work of the tabernacle? a. Asher b. Judah c. Dan d. Levi 8. What fruit grew from Aaron’s rod? a. olives b. almonds c. grapes d. pomegranates 9. What shall never come upon a Nazarite’s head? a. hair b. curls c. cap d. razor 10. Who was not a son of Aaron? a. Eleazar b. Ithamar c. Phinehas d. Abihu

100 WARM-UP Group Exercise 1.“Bemidbar,” the Hebrew name for the book of Numbers, means what? a. In the wilderness b. Chosen People c. In the beginning d. Accounting 2. When the 12 spies were sent to Canaan, how many returned with a good report? a. none b. one c. two d. all 3. Who rebelled against Moses, attempting to seize the priesthood, only to be swallowed by the earth? a. Aaron b. Korah c. Levi d. Eli

101 WARM-UP Group Exercise 4. Moses was prohibited from entering Canaan because he a. slew an Egyptian b. married a foreigner c. worshipped an idol d. smote a rock 5. Whom did the king of Moab send for to prophesy against the Israelites? a. Barak b. Hosea c. Balaam d. Balak 6. Who was temporarily cursed with leprosy for murmuring against Moses? a. Miriam b. Korah c. Aaron d. Joshua

102 WARM-UP Group Exercise 7. What tribe was responsible for doing the work of the tabernacle? a. Asher b. Judah c. Dan d. Levi 8. What fruit grew from Aaron’s rod? a. olives b. almonds c. grapes d. pomegranates 9. What shall never come upon a Nazarite’s head? a. hair b. curls c. cap d. razor 10. Who was not a son of Aaron? a. Eleazar b. Ithamar c. Phinehas d. Abihu

103 Review of Last Class Continued in Numbers – Book of Wanderings Provisions to insure holiness in God’s presence Law of the Nazarites Freewill Offerings Keeping the Passover The Silver Trumpets Quail from God Plague Mariam & Aaron Complain Against Moses 12 Spies Search Out Canaan People Rebel; Judgment Falls

104 Review of Last Class Aaron’s Staff Buds Moses smites the rock twice; Deaths of Miriam and Aaron Balak Sends for Balaam; Balaam and The Angel The Prophecies of Balaam QUESTIONS?

105 The Book of Wanderings NUMBERS

106 21Defeats of Arad, Sihon, and Og; The Bronze Snake 22Balak Sends for Balaam; Balaam and The Angel 23The Prophecies of Balaam 24The Prophecy from Peor 25Israelites Sin in Moab; Phinehas Intervnes 26The Second Census 27The Daughters of Zelophehad; Joshua Succeeds Moses Numbers: From Kadesh to Moab

107 The Daughters of Zelophehad The Daughters of Zelophehad were five sisters who lived during the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt, and who raised before Moses the case of a woman's right and obligation to inherit property in the absence of a male heir in the family. Zelophehad's daughters argued that were they not to inherit, then Zelophehad's name would be lost to his clan. (Num. 27:4.) Moses took their case to God. (Num. 27:5.) God told Moses that the plea of Zelophehad's daughters was just, and that they should be granted their father's hereditary holding. (Num. 27:6–7.)

108 The Daughters of Zelophehad … The Story Continues … Later, the family heads of the clan of Manasseh's grandson Gilead appealed to Moses and the chieftains, arguing that if Zelophehad's daughters married men from another Israelite tribe, then their share would be lost to the tribe of Manasseh and be added to the portion of the tribe into which they married. (Num. 36:1–3.) So Moses, at God's bidding, instructed the Israelites that the plea of the tribal leaders was just and that Zelophehad's daughters could marry anyone they wished, but only among the men of the tribe of Manasseh. (Num. 36:5–6.) Zelophehad's daughters did as God had commanded Moses, and they each married sons of their uncles. (Num. 36:10–11.) When the Israelites entered the land, Zelophehad's daughters appeared before Eleazer the priest, Joshua (who by then had assumed leadership from Moses), and the chieftains, reminding them that God had commanded Moses to grant them a portion among their kinsmen, and Zelophehad's daughters received a portion in the holdings of Manasseh on the west side of the Jordan River. (Josh. 17:4–6.)

109 28Daily, Sabbath, and Monthly Offerings; Passover and Feast of Weeks 29Offerings of the Seventh Month 30The Law of Vows 31The Slaughter of the Midianites and Division of Spoils 32Reubenites and Gadites Settle in Gilead 33Summary of Israel’s Journey 34Borders of Canaan Numbers: The New Instructing

110 CHAPTER 35 Of the 48 cities given to the Levites, the following were designated Cities of Refuge: Kedesh Golan Ramoth-Gilead Shechem Bezer Hebron

111 KEY LESSONS FROM NUMBERS Get organized for maximum efficiency Life wandering can result from sinful choices God has to discipline his people at times There's a place for the gung-ho (6) God gets sick of people complaining (11) We must resist the mob mentality (13-14) Rebellion can be serious (16) God provides (20-21) Don't make an ass of yourself (22) Beware of prophets for profit (23-25) All God's people should have their share (34)

112 HOW MUCH DO YOU REMEMBER?

113 Deuteronomy (Second Giving of the Law) The Book of Transition The Book of Destination Final Preparation to go into Canaan

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115

116 OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

117 WARM-UP Group Exercise 1.Jacob’s 7 th son 7. Kadesh-_________ 2.2 nd High Priest 8. Babel 3.Book of Beginnings 9. Victim of Phinehas 4.Pentateuch 10. Guilt __________ 5.Priestly Tribe 11. Promised Land 6.Aaron’s Son

118 WARM-UP Group Exercise

119 Review of Last Class Concluded Numbers Daughters of Zelophehad The New Numbering The New Instructing Inheritance of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh Cities of Refuge Began Deuteronomy Final Book of Moses Its Name QUESTIONS?

120 Deuteronomy (Second Giving of the Law) The Book of Transition The Book of Destination Final Preparation to go into Canaan

121 DEUTERONOMY A. Remember Your Covenant History, 1:1-4:43 1. Remember Your Past: God provided for you during the past forty years, 1:1-3:29 2. Anticipate Your Future: A full enjoyment of life depends on obeying God, 4:1-43 B. Remember God’s Commandments To Do Them, 4:44-26:19 3. Jehovah is the One True God: Teach your children to love God, 4:44-6:25 4. Jehovah is the One True God: Not by bread alone but by the Word of God, 7:1- 12:32 5. Jehovah is the One True God: Condemnation of false prophets and idolatry, 13: Jehovah is the One True God: Holy in food, tithes, Sabbath & festivals, 14:1- 16:17 7. Justice in the Promised Land: Judges, kings, Levites and prophets, 16:18-18:22 8. Justice in the Promised Land: Homicide, capital crime, warfare & murder, 19:1- 21:9 9. Justice in the Promised Land: Domestic life, marriage and the family, 21:10- 22: Justice in the Promised Land: Godly character in public life, 23:1-26:19 C. Remember Your Covenant With God, 27:1-30: Ratification of Israel’s Covenant: Blessings and Curses, 27:1-28: The Abrahamic Covenant Applied: The Land of Israel, 29:1-30:20 D. Remember That God Is Your Refuge And Strength, 31:1-34: Leadership Passed to Joshua & the Priests, 31:1-29 Moses’ Song of the Rock of Ages, 32:1-47 Last Testament and Death of Moses, 32:48-34:12

122 THE BASIC FACT There is one God Whom we should love fully THE BASIC TRUTH By His power and grace God is faithful to bring us out of bondage to sin into an inheritance of life THE BASIC REQUIREMENT Obedience THE BASIC PLEDGE God pledges His faithfulness to His promises THE BASIC DIFFERENCES The New Testament shifts emphasis on worship from a place (Tabernacle) to a Person (Jesus Christ) THE BASIC BLESSING The Word of God was a blessing to Jesus and will be to us also as we study and apply it.

123 Originally, the Shema consisted only of one verse: Deut. 6:4. The recitation of the Shema in the liturgy, however, consists of three portions: Deut. 6:4-9, 11:13-21, and Numbers 15: The three portions relate to central issues of Jewish belief. THE BASIC FACT There is one God Whom we should love fully Shema Yisrael -- "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is One" -- is perhaps the most famous of all Jewish sayings. The Shema is a declaration of faith, a pledge of allegiance to One God. It is said upon arising in the morning and upon going to sleep at night. It is said when praising God and when beseeching Him. It is the first prayer that a Jewish child is taught to say. It is the last words a Jew says prior to death.

124 OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

125 WARM-UP Group Exercise IN WHICH BOOK OF THE PENTATEUCH DO YOU FIND THE SCRIPTURE? [Closed Book]

126 WARM-UP Group Exercise IN WHICH BOOK OF THE PENTATEUCH DO YOU FIND THE SCRIPTURE? [Answers will be checked at the end of tonight’s class]

127 Review of Last Class Continued Book of Deuteronomy Chapter Outline The Basic Fact QUESTIONS?

128 Romans 8:1-2 (New International Version) Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus, 2 because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit of life set me free from the law of sin and death. THE BASIC TRUTH By His power and grace God is faithful to bring us out of bondage to sin into an inheritance of life Deuteronomy 6:23 (New International Version) 23 But he brought us out from there to bring us in and give us the land that he promised on oath to our forefathers.

129 John 14:21-23 (New International Version) 21 Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him." 22 Then Judas (not Judas Iscariot) said, "But, Lord, why do you intend to show yourself to us and not to the world?" 23 Jesus replied, "If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. THE BASIC REQUIREMENT Obedience Deuteronomy 10:12-13 (New International Version) 12 And now, O Israel, what does the LORD your God ask of you but to fear the LORD your God, to walk in all his ways, to love him, to serve the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, 13 and to observe the LORD's commands and decrees that I am giving you today for your own good?

130 Deuteronomy 29:12-13 (New International Version) 12 You are standing here in order to enter into a covenant with the LORD your God, a covenant the LORD is making with you this day and sealing with an oath, 13 to confirm you this day as his people, that he may be your God as he promised you and as he swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. THE BASIC PLEDGE God pledges His faithfulness to His promises Deuteronomy 4:27-31 (New International Version) 27 The LORD will scatter you among the peoples, and only a few of you will survive among the nations to which the LORD will drive you. 28 There you will worship man-made gods of wood and stone, which cannot see or hear or eat or smell. 29 But if from there you seek the LORD your God, you will find him if you look for him with all your heart and with all your soul. 30 When you are in distress and all these things have happened to you, then in later days you will return to the LORD your God and obey him. 31 For the LORD your God is a merciful God; he will not abandon or destroy you or forget the covenant with your forefathers, which he confirmed to them by oath.

131 THE BASIC DIFFERENCES The New Testament shifts emphasis on worship from a place (Tabernacle) to a Person (Jesus Christ) Deuteronomy 12:10-14 (New International Version) 10 But you will cross the Jordan and settle in the land the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance, and he will give you rest from all your enemies around you so that you will live in safety. 11 Then to the place the LORD your God will choose as a dwelling for his Name—there you are to bring everything I command you: your burnt offerings and sacrifices, your tithes and special gifts, and all the choice possessions you have vowed to the LORD. 12 And there rejoice before the LORD your God, you, your sons and daughters, your menservants and maidservants, and the Levites from your towns, who have no allotment or inheritance of their own. 13 Be careful not to sacrifice your burnt offerings anywhere you please. 14 Offer them only at the place the LORD will choose in one of your tribes, and there observe everything I command you.

132 THE BASIC BLESSING The Word of God was a blessing to Jesus and will be to us also as we study and apply it. Matthew 4:4 (New International Version) 4 Jesus answered, "It is written: 'Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God. Deuteronomy 8:3 (New International Version) 3 He humbled you, causing you to hunger and then feeding you with manna, which neither you nor your fathers had known, to teach you that man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the LORD.

133 THE BASIC BLESSING The Word of God was a blessing to Jesus and will be to us also as we study and apply it. Matthew 4:7 (New International Version) 7 Jesus answered him, "It is also written: 'Do not put the Lord your God to the test.’” Deuteronomy 6:16 (New International Version) 16 Do not test the LORD your God as you did at Massah. Matthew 4:10 (New International Version) 10 Jesus said to him, "Away from me, Satan! For it is written: 'Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.” Deuteronomy 10:20 (New International Version) 20 Fear the LORD your God and serve him. Hold fast to him and take your oaths in his name.

134 Key Sections ExodusNumbers Acts 7:17-43 Heb. 11:23-29 Three Periods (40 Years Each) Growing up in Egypt (Acts 7:20-28) Shepherd in Midian (Acts 7:29-30) Leading People (Acts 7:30-44)

135 Allowed to see promised land (Deut. 34:1-4) Died in land of Moab (Deut. 34:5ff Age: 120 Where buried – Don’t know. A. Given Specific Instructions (Num. 20:8) B. He Disobeyed (Num. 20:10-11) C. God’s Rebuke (Num. 20:12)

136 Lessons Learned from Deuteronomy -New adaptations have to be made for new generations (5) -Life must be governed by God's truth -God gives guidelines about teaching children wisely (6) -God takes covenant relationship seriously -Don't have idols (9) -God has something to say on the subject of war (20) -Evading the truth has consequences (28)

137 HOW MUCH DO YOU REMEMBER?

138 WARM-UP Group Exercise 1.Exodus 19:5 9. Genesis 1:1 2. Genesis 12:310. Exodus 20:13 3.Numbers 14:22-23 Deuteronomy 5:17 4.Leviticus 20:2611. Genesis 3:15 5.Deuteronomy 30:912. Numbers 24:17 6.Leviticus 6:1313. Leviticus 17:11 7.Exodus13:1814. Deuteronomy 33:27 8.Numbers 6: Exodus 12:29


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