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Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Chapter 13 Late Adulthood.

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Presentation on theme: "Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Chapter 13 Late Adulthood."— Presentation transcript:

1 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Chapter 13 Late Adulthood

2 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Late Adulthood  Late adulthood—65 and older  Young old:  Old:  Very old: 90 and older  Fastest growing segment of population  Life expectancy  Life span

3 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Aging  Definitions  Aging  Senescence  Gerontology  Myths of aging

4 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Theories of Aging  Biological theories  Clockwork theory  Free-radical theory  Wear-and-tear theory  Immune system–failure  Autoimmune theory

5 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Theories of Aging (continued)  Psychosocial theories  Disengagement theory  Activity theory  Continuity-Developmental theory  Natural remedies thought to delay aging

6 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Physical Characteristics of Late Adulthood  Height and weight  Musculoskeletal system  Cardiovascular system  Respiratory system

7 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Physical Characteristics (continued)  Gastrointestinal system  Integumentary system  Sensory system  Genitourinary system  Endocrine system

8 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Homeostasis  Homeostasis—a balance or equilibrium between the internal and external environment  Thermoregulatory changes  Cardiac reserve changes  Visual changes

9 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Vital Signs  Temperature  Pulse  Respirations  Blood pressure

10 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Developmental Milestones  Motor development  Sexual development  Psychosocial development  Erikson’s stage of ego integrity  Reminiscence

11 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Aging Adjustments  Ageism  Adjusting to changes in:  Body image  Family roles  Work and leisure  Sexuality  The inevitability of death

12 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Cognitive Development  Intelligence  Learning  Memory  Long term  Short term

13 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Moral Development  Moral beliefs  Spiritual needs

14 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Nutrition  Nutritional needs  Weight maintenance  Eating patterns  Fluid needs  Malnutrition risks

15 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Sleep and Rest  Need less sleep and more rest  Measures to promote sleep

16 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Exercise and Leisure  Maintain moderate physical activity  Problems associated with inactivity

17 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Safety  Physical changes resulting in accidents  Auditory and visual changes  Gait changes  Neurological changes  Fear causing social isolation  Abuse

18 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Health Promotion  Healthy lifestyle  Exercise  Diet modification  Health screening and maintenance  Regular immunizations  Early diagnosis and treatment of health problems

19 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Special Health Concerns  Delirium  Dementia  Depression and suicide

20 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Regulatory Programs  Social Security  Medicare  Medicaid  Rights of the elderly  DNR  Living Will

21 Journey Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition Chapter Challenge  Explain the term old  List five normal age-related physical changes  Distinguish delirium from dementia


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