4 Steps of the Mining Process 1. Find the minerals. 2. Mine minerals from the earth.
3. Refine the minerals. 4. Transport minerals to market to be used in products.
Ores - mineral deposits in the earth’s crust that contain a desired material. 1. Metals or nonmetals. 2. Must be present in high enough quantities to make its removal profitable. 3. Ore refining= removing these wanted products from the ore.
Most Common Copper Ores Chalcocite Chalcopyrite Malachite
Nevada was the first silver mining district in the United States.
Mining began in Nevada on the heels of the California gold rush in 1849 before Nevada was even a state. The major discovery of silver, known as the Comstock Lode, happened a decade later in 1859 and brought great changes to the area as miners rushed into the region and boom towns including Virginia City, Aurora, Unionville and Austin were born. Over the next 20 years, almost $1 billion of gold and silver were produced by Nevada mines. The wealth of Nevada mines, the population surge they created and the ongoing American Civil War prompted Abraham Lincoln to declare Nevada the 36th state in the Union on Oct. 31, 1864.