Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials NNFCC Sustainable Chemicals and Materials from Plant Sources Dr Jeremy Tomkinson.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials NNFCC Sustainable Chemicals and Materials from Plant Sources Dr Jeremy Tomkinson."— Presentation transcript:

1 The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials NNFCC Sustainable Chemicals and Materials from Plant Sources Dr Jeremy Tomkinson September 2011

2 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials An Independent ‘not for profit’ company Mission The NNFCC is committed to the sustainable development of markets for biorenewable products. We promote the benefits of biorenewable energy, liquid fuels and materials for enhancement of the bioeconomy, environment and society. Company Activity Advisor to UK Government Commercial Consultancy Member Information Service

3 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials EU Renewable Energy Directive European Governments focussed on Bioenergy Mandatory EU target of 20% renewable energy in overall energy consumption by 2020

4 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Biorenewable Chemicals and Polymers Market size ~ 50 million tones Fermentation Products

5 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Policy Support Technology Drive – reduce process energy costs Market Demand – novel functionality, Green premiums? Feedstock Pressure- reduce exposure to crude oil prices Interest in bio-based chemicals - Why now?

6 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Relative feedstock pricing

7 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials

8 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Gudbrand Rødsrud, Director Business Development, Borregaard Innovasjon Norge workshop, Tromsø juni 2010 : ”Profitability in biorefining is difficult to achieve without an integrated approach, where bulk products such as biofuel are produced side-by-side with high-end chemicals.” Biorefineries hold the key to sustainable bio- based product economics

9 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials

10 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials DOE’s Top 12 Bio-derived building blocks (2004) O

11 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Lignin Syngas Products HydrocarbonsPhenolsOxidised Products Macromolecules Methanol DME Ethanol Mixed Alcohols Fischer Tropsch Liquids C1-C7 Gasses Benzene Toluene Xylene Cyclohexane Styrenes Biphenyls Phenol Substituted Phenols Catchols Cresols Resorcinols Eugenol Syringols Coniferols Guaiacols Vanilin Vanilic Acid DMSO Aromatic Acids Aliphatic Acids Syringaldyde Aldehydes Quinones Cyclohexanol Β-keto Adipate Carbon Fibre Fillers Polymer Extenders Substituted Lignins Thermoset Resins Composites Adhesives Binders Preservatives Pharmaceuticals Polyols

12 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Source: Mapping the Develop of UK biorefinery complexes (Tamutech Consultancy)

13 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials British Sugar, Wissington Wissington sugar beet processing factory. © British Sugar 2010

14 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials British Sugar, Wissington Wissington sugar beet processing factory. © British Sugar 2010

15 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials

16 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Propylene glycol from glycerol ADM – Propylene glycol Plant location – Decatur US Capacity 100,000 tons DOW Chemical Company - Status unknown Huntsman Corporation – Status unknown Cargil/Ashland – Capacity 65,000 tonnes, location Europe

17 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Epichlorohydrin from glycerol Solvay Epicerol ® process Demonstration - Tavaux, France Commercial Plant location - Map Ta Phut Capacity 100,000 tonnes Glycerine demand – 120,000 tonnes Start Up - Q1 2012

18 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Lactic acid Food and cosmetic ingredient Polylactic acid – First large scale bio-based synthetic polymer European demand predicted to rise from 25,000 per year to 650,000 tonnes by 2025 Global lactic acid production capacity > 500,000 tonnes End Products from compostable packaging to textile fibres

19 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials

20 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Succinic acid

21 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Les Sohette’s Biorefinery Bazancourt–Pomacle, France

22 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Les Sohette’s Biorefinery Development

23 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials

24 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials PET - the other half? Butamax and Gevo have targeted isobutanol as fuel and chemical precursor Avantium are working on new furan platforms Anellotech developing fast pyrolysis process to produce BTX from biomass

25 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Ethylene Value Chain Source: Nexant ChemSystems

26 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Bio-ethylene market activity Braskem (Brazil) ethylene plant commissioned Q Capacity 200,000 tonnes/year –Further plants under study Dow (Brazil) Planned Polyolefin production Capacity 350,000 tonnes/year Solvay (Brazil) Planned PVC and PVA

27 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Value Chain Activity TETRA PAK PLANS BIOPLASTIC TRIALS THE COCA-COLA COMPANY INTRODUCES INNOVATIVE BOTTLE MADE FROM RENEWABLE, RECYCLABLE, PLANT-BASED PLASTIC BRASKEM AND PROCTER & GAMBLE: WORLD PARTNERS FOR THE GREEN POLYETHYLENE SUPPLY THE CAR PRODUCER TOYOTA HAS ANNOUNCED ITS INTENTION TO USE BIO-BASED PET FOR VEHICLE LINER MATERIAL AND OTHER INTERIOR SURFACES

28 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials GHG savings per unit of land Land unitOutputGHG savings Bioethanol from wheat 1 ha66801 MJ 3181 litres 2,472 kg CO 2 eq. LLDPE from wheat 1 ha1.4 tonnes3,270 kg CO 2 eq. Using wheat grain for polyethylene delivers an additional 32% GHG saving over fuel ethanol Land unitOutputGHG savings LLDPE from sugar beet 1 ha2.7 tonnes6,402 kg CO 2 eq.

29 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Market confusion – bio means biodegradable Samsung Reclaim M560 Phone, Earth Green (Sprint) Contains 40% polylactic acid According to the blogosphere - A biodegradable phone!

30 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials What is bio ? Origin of materialBiodegradabilityExampleThe meaning of the prefix “bio-” RenewableBiodegradablePolyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) Biodegradable and bio-based Non-renewableBiodegradablePolycaprolactone (PCL) Biodegradable RenewableNon-biodegradablePolyethylene (PE) from sugar cane Bio-based Non-renewableNon-biodegradablePolyetheretherketone (PEEK) for biomedical applications Biocompatible Adapted from: Taking bio-based from promise to market, EU Commission

31 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Labels and standards Biodegradability - material function –Plastic products can provide proof of their compostability by successfully meeting the harmonised European standard, EN 13432

32 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Bio-based content define by C14 levels Vinçotte announces proudly the first OK biobased certificates of a whole range of raw materials. Labels and standards

33 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials CO 2 Cultivation Food and Material Cycles Energy Cycle End of life/Raw material Carbon recycling and policy development

34 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Feedstock Value RO (Electricity) –1 tonne of dry biomass at 30% energy efficiency will yield about 1.6 MWh of electricity £65-£72 approx sale price (£40 - £45 per MWh) £80 ROC price (£ 50 approx per ROC) - multiply this by 1, 1.5 or 2 depending on feedstock and technology used RTFO (Fuel) –1 tonne of dry biomass at 45% energy efficiency will yield about 270 litres of synthetic diesel (equivalent 2.4 MWh) £137 approx sale price (51 p/L at £1.35/L pump price) £65 RTFC price – could multiply by 2 for advanced biofuels

35 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Methane (bioSNG) Mixed alcohols synthesis Furnace/Boiler Fuel cell Ethanol (fermentation) Fischer Tropsch Engine/Turbine direct combustion chemical synthesis Gasification Methanol synthesis Carbon monoxide Hydrogen Ammonia DiMethylEther (DME) Diesel / jet fuel n-paraffins Fertilisers Acetyls MTO/MOGD Formaldehyde Heat Power Fuels chemicals and materials syngas

36 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Advanced bioenergy projects underway Bioethanol, power and heat from biowastes - Ineos Bio (Seal Sands) – due to be operational from 2012 Aviation fuel from waste wood - British Airways / Solena (London) – due to be operational from 2014 Bio SNG from wood and wastes – Progressive Energy/National Grid – in project finance planning Biomethanol from wood and wastes – Choren and N East Consortia – in project finance planning

37 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Biomass to Liquids - Ineos Bio Process to produce ethanol via gasification is about to be demonstrated at commercial scale on Teesside.

38 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Fermentation Gasification Distillation Power generation FEED completed for initial plant at Teesside

39 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Ineos Bio Programme 144 kt pa bioethanol 43 MW of gross renewable power Greater than 1 Mt pa of wastes diverted from Landfill Greater than 500 kt pa CO 2 avoided Ethanol (kt pa) Gross Power (MW) Exported Power (MW) Feedstock Required (kt pa) Start-Up Phase A Phase B Integrated Facility

40 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Advantages > 90% greenhouse gas savings vs. petrol / gasoline Potential for bioethanol to be cheaper than petrol Provides energy in addition to fuel High diversion of biodegradable wastes from landfill Wastes generated locally converted to clean fuel for local use

41 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Illustrative BA/Solena Jet Fuel Plant Schematic Gas cleaning /polishing and conditioning Syngas cleaning & conditioning Gasification Fischer Tropsch Wax upgrading

42 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Biofuel % GHG Savings

43 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Bio-based chemicals – growth potential Source: NNFCC

44 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Summary Bio-based product opportunities are being driven by: Technology development Feedstock pricing Market pull Considerable industry activity, however some issues: Access to feedstock Access to finance Biorefinery development is key to the long term success of bio- based products THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

45 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Website:

46 NNFCC The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials Website: Any Questions?


Download ppt "The UK’s National Centre for Biorenewable Energy, Fuels and Materials NNFCC Sustainable Chemicals and Materials from Plant Sources Dr Jeremy Tomkinson."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google