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Unit 8 Part B Practical English, Book I An Embarrassing Moment.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 8 Part B Practical English, Book I An Embarrassing Moment."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Unit 8 Part B Practical English, Book I An Embarrassing Moment

3 Text B Text B Text B Text B Practice Practice Practice Unit 8: Part B

4 Text-related Information Text-related Information Text-related Information Text-related Information Warm-up Activity Warm-up Activity Warm-up Activity Warm-up Activity Text Learning Text Learning Text Learning Text Learning Unit 8: Text B

5 Warm-up Activity  Pre-reading Task Pre-reading Task Pre-reading Task  Introductory Remarks Introductory Remarks Introductory Remarks

6 Wolfsburg: a city in Lower Saxony state, North of Germany. It is situated 24 kilometers Northeast of Brunswick, on the Mittelland and Elbe branch canals. Founded in 1938, it is known as the "Volkswagen town" (site of the car factory). Text-related Information

7 Volkswagen: a German company that makes cars that are thought to be very reliable. Text-related Information

8 Hannover: a German city, the commercial and industrial capital of Lower Saxony state. It lies on the River Leine, 56 kilometers Northwest of Brunswick. It was charted in In the early 17th century, it became the home of the Dukes of Brunswick-Luneburge (later the electors of Hanover); in 1714, Elector George Louis became George I of Great Britain. It was badly bombed in World War II. English name for the city is Hanover. Text-related Information

9 1. Have you ever experienced an embarrassing moment in your life? If YES, what is it? your life? If YES, what is it? Warm-up Activity Yes. Once I was talking about how strict our math teacher was, he was just standing by, listening. I didn’t notice that. /I remember my first visit to my girlfriend’s house. I spilled coffee all over the carpet. /When I met Marry last time, I asked her how her husband was and said he was really a good husband. And then I suddenly remembered he had left her. No. I’ve never experienced an embarrassing moment.

10 2. How did you feel at such a moment? 2. How did you feel at such a moment? Warm-up Activity Open. Words for your reference: feel embarrassed feel uncomfortable look down at the floor trying to hide my embarrassment trying to find an excuse to escape my face goes red

11 Introductory Remarks Introductory Remarks Most of us sometimes find ourselves in an embarrassing situation. For example, you say to a woman at a party “Who’s that ugly man over there?” The man turns out to be her husband. How do you feel at such an embarrassing moment? You must feel embarrassed for having asked such a question to the woman and wish the earth would open and swallow you up. If you have never experienced such a moment, you have been lucky. Most of us sometimes find ourselves in an embarrassing situation. For example, you say to a woman at a party “Who’s that ugly man over there?” The man turns out to be her husband. How do you feel at such an embarrassing moment? You must feel embarrassed for having asked such a question to the woman and wish the earth would open and swallow you up. If you have never experienced such a moment, you have been lucky. Warm-up Activity

12 An Embarrassing Moment 1“At that moment, I wished the ground would open and swallow me up.” You must have had moments like that. You say to a woman at a party, “ W ho is the ugly man over there?” and replies, “ H e is my son.” Or you sound your horn angrily at a motorist who has done something stupid, and when he turns to stare at you, you realize that it is your boss. No? You have never experienced a moment like that? Then you have been lucky. Unlike poor Arthur Bridge. 1“At that moment, I wished the ground would open and swallow me up.” You must have had moments like that. You say to a woman at a party, “ W ho is the ugly man over there?” and replies, “ H e is my son.” Or you sound your horn angrily at a motorist who has done something stupid, and when he turns to stare at you, you realize that it is your boss. No? You have never experienced a moment like that? Then you have been lucky. Unlike poor Arthur Bridge. momentwishedswallow me upsound your horn stare at momentwishedswallow me upsound your horn stare at Language Points

13 2Wolfsburg in Germany is the home of Volkswagen. It is also where trainees from all over the world are sent to study chemistry in Dr. Schumann’ s Chemical Institute. Some years ago, the Libyan government asked a group of German companies to build a chemical plant at Abu Kammash. The German companies also agreed to train several hundred young Libyans. This is how, one year, Dr. Schumann’ s institute came to have a large group of Libyan trainees. 2Wolfsburg in Germany is the home of Volkswagen. It is also where trainees from all over the world are sent to study chemistry in Dr. Schumann’ s Chemical Institute. Some years ago, the Libyan government asked a group of German companies to build a chemical plant at Abu Kammash. The German companies also agreed to train several hundred young Libyans. This is how, one year, Dr. Schumann’ s institute came to have a large group of Libyan trainees. Language Points

14 3Arthur Bridge, a British chemical engineer, was asked to visit the Wolfsburg trainees to report on their progress. His visit was taken seriously not only by Dr. Schumann, but also by the companies who were building Abu Kammash. For Arthur’ s visit, there were six company representatives in Wolfsburg that day. 3Arthur Bridge, a British chemical engineer, was asked to visit the Wolfsburg trainees to report on their progress. His visit was taken seriously not only by Dr. Schumann, but also by the companies who were building Abu Kammash. For Arthur’ s visit, there were six company representatives in Wolfsburg that day. report on taken seriously report on taken seriously Language Points

15 4That evening, Arthur and Dr. Schumann and the representatives went into Hannover for dinner. Conversation was about the trainees and Abu Kammash. But, as the evening wore on, conversation became more and more difficult. Silence fell on the company. Authur, feeling that someone should try to keep the conversation going, turned to the man sitting next to him, a bald man with glasses that kept slipping down his nose. 4That evening, Arthur and Dr. Schumann and the representatives went into Hannover for dinner. Conversation was about the trainees and Abu Kammash. But, as the evening wore on, conversation became more and more difficult. Silence fell on the company. Authur, feeling that someone should try to keep the conversation going, turned to the man sitting next to him, a bald man with glasses that kept slipping down his nose. wore onfell on next to slipping downwore onfell on next to slipping down

16 5 “ T he wine is excellent, but I admit that I know nothing about German wines. What do all these different labels mean?” 5 “ T he wine is excellent, but I admit that I know nothing about German wines. What do all these different labels mean?”admitlabelsadmitlabels 6The man, equally keen to break the embarrassing silence, gave Arthur a detailed explanation of the different grades of German wine. Arthur nodded frequently, but, to tell the truth, his German was not very good (except when he was talking about his chemical engineering) and he understood very little. Anyway, it didn’ t matter, because the evening ended well. Everyone said goodnight, and Arthur went back to his hotel, able to relax at last. 6The man, equally keen to break the embarrassing silence, gave Arthur a detailed explanation of the different grades of German wine. Arthur nodded frequently, but, to tell the truth, his German was not very good (except when he was talking about his chemical engineering) and he understood very little. Anyway, it didn’ t matter, because the evening ended well. Everyone said goodnight, and Arthur went back to his hotel, able to relax at last. equallydetailedgradesto tell the truth Anywayequallydetailedgradesto tell the truth Anyway Language Points

17 7 He went back to his company, and thought no more about his German trip. The trainees stayed on in Wolfsburg, the plant in Abu Kammash was nearly completed. Months went by. One day, Arthur was asked to visit the trainees again. When he arrived at Dr. Schumann’ s institute, he vaguely remembered his first visit. The sooner this is over, the better, he thought. 7 He went back to his company, and thought no more about his German trip. The trainees stayed on in Wolfsburg, the plant in Abu Kammash was nearly completed. Months went by. One day, Arthur was asked to visit the trainees again. When he arrived at Dr. Schumann’ s institute, he vaguely remembered his first visit. The sooner this is over, the better, he thought. The sooner this is over, the better, he thought. The sooner this is over, the better, he thought. Language Points

18 8 That evening, he found himself in a restaurant in Hannover with Dr. Schumann and a number of company representatives, whose faces he could scarcely recognize. The evening dragged on. Once the usual topicstraining and Abu Kammash -- had been exhausted, conversation died. Arthur tried to find something else to talk about. He turned to the man sitting next to him and said: “ T his wine is excellent, but I admit that I know nothing about German wines. What do all these different labels mean?” 8 That evening, he found himself in a restaurant in Hannover with Dr. Schumann and a number of company representatives, whose faces he could scarcely recognize. The evening dragged on. Once the usual topicstraining and Abu Kammash -- had been exhausted, conversation died. Arthur tried to find something else to talk about. He turned to the man sitting next to him and said: “ T his wine is excellent, but I admit that I know nothing about German wines. What do all these different labels mean?”scarcelydragged onexhaustedscarcelydragged onexhausted Language Points

19 9 The man pushed his glasses back up in his nose. Spacing his words out as if he were speaking to an idiot, the man said to Arthur, “ M r. Bridge, -- you -- asked -- me -- exactly -- the same -- question -- nine -- months -- ago …” 9 The man pushed his glasses back up in his nose. Spacing his words out as if he were speaking to an idiot, the man said to Arthur, “ M r. Bridge, -- you -- asked -- me -- exactly -- the same -- question -- nine -- months -- ago …”as if as if 10Are you sure you have never had a moment like that? 10Are you sure you have never had a moment like that? Language Points

20 moment: an exact point in time moment: an exact point in time e.g. At that very moment, the phone rang. At that very moment, the phone rang. From that moment on, she never felt really well again. From that moment on, she never felt really well again.

21 wish: to want something to happen or to be true even though wish: to want something to happen or to be true even though it is unlikely or impossible it is unlikely or impossible e.g. I wish I were/was taller.I wish I were/was taller. I wish I hadn’t eaten so much.I wish I hadn’t eaten so much. In “wish + that-clause”, the word “that” is nearly always left out, especially in speech.

22 swallow up: to make (someone) disappear e.g. She was deeply embarrassed, she wished the earth She was deeply embarrassed, she wished the earth would open and swallow her up. would open and swallow her up. I watched her walk down the road until she was I watched her walk down the road until she was swallowed by the darkness. swallowed by the darkness.

23 e.g. Don’t sound your horn late at night. sound your horn: cause your horn to make a sound

24 e.g. The crowd just stared at the two men fighting.The crowd just stared at the two men fighting. Everybody in the room stared at his hat.Everybody in the room stared at his hat. stare at: to look at (someone or something) for a long time; look intently at time; look intently at

25 e.g. The committee will report on its research next month.The committee will report on its research next month. What do you have to report on the development of the talk?What do you have to report on the development of the talk? report on: to give people information about something that you have heard, seen, done, etc.; present that you have heard, seen, done, etc.; present a written or spoken account of an event in a a written or spoken account of an event in a newspaper, on television, etc. newspaper, on television, etc.

26 e.g. Why can’t you ever take anything seriously?Why can’t you ever take anything seriously? Headaches in young children should always be taken seriously.Headaches in young children should always be taken seriously. You can’t take anything she says very seriously.You can’t take anything she says very seriously. take... seriously: to think that someone or something is important and deserves your attention important and deserves your attention and respect and respect

27 e.g. The fields were covered with ice, as September wore on, the noisy rivers were gradually silenced.The fields were covered with ice, as September wore on, the noisy rivers were gradually silenced. As the day wore on he found himself increasinglyAs the day wore on he found himself increasingly frightened. frightened. wear on: (of time) to pass, especially in a way that seems slow seems slow

28 e.g. Darkness fell on the little town.Darkness fell on the little town. Silence fell on the camp.Silence fell on the camp. fall on: to descend on

29 e.g. We sat next to each other.We sat next to each other. The car was parked in the small weedy lot next to the hotel.The car was parked in the small weedy lot next to the hotel. next to: in or into a position right beside someone or something something

30 e.g. The coin slipped down behind the books, and IThe coin slipped down behind the books, and I can’t reach it. can’t reach it. slip down: slip easily down something

31 e.g. I am willing to admit that I do make mistakes.I am willing to admit that I do make mistakes. You must admit that it all sounds very strange.You must admit that it all sounds very strange. cf. admit to She admits to being strict with her children.She admits to being strict with her children. Don’t be afraid to admit to your mistakes.Don’t be afraid to admit to your mistakes. admit: to agree, often unwillingly, that something is true

32 e.g. He’ll only wear clothes with a designer label.He’ll only wear clothes with a designer label. The washing instructions are on the label.The washing instructions are on the label. label: a piece of paper, etc. that is attached to something and gives information about it and gives information about it

33 e.g. She may have arrived late or it is equally possibleShe may have arrived late or it is equally possible that she never went there at all. that she never went there at all. What you don’t do is equally important.What you don’t do is equally important. equally: to the same degree; in the same or in a similar way similar way

34 e.g. a detailed description/analysis/study detailed instructions detailed: giving many details and a lot of information; paying great attention to details paying great attention to details

35 e.g. All the materials used were of the highest grade. grade: the quality of a particular product or material

36 e.g. To tell you the truth I forgot it was your birthday last week.To tell you the truth I forgot it was your birthday last week. To tell you the truth, I was afraid to see my boss.To tell you the truth, I was afraid to see my boss. cf. to be honest To be honest (= what I really think is), it was oneTo be honest (= what I really think is), it was one of the worst books I’ve ever read. of the worst books I’ve ever read. to tell (you) the truth: really; actually

37 e.g. The water was cold but I took a shower anyway.The water was cold but I took a shower anyway. I’m afraid we can’t come, but thanks for the invitation anyway.I’m afraid we can’t come, but thanks for the invitation anyway. anyway: in spite of something; even so

38 e.g. “When shall I tell him?” “The sooner the better.”“When shall I tell him?” “The sooner the better.” You’ll have to meet her. The sooner the better.You’ll have to meet her. The sooner the better. the sooner (...) the better: very soon; as soon as possible

39 e.g. I can scarcely believe it.I can scarcely believe it. I can scarcely hear you.I can scarcely hear you. cf. I can hardly hear you. She is rarely (= not very often) seen in public nowadays.She is rarely (= not very often) seen in public nowadays. The word “scarcely” means the same as “hardly”. It does not mean the same as “rarely”.The word “scarcely” means the same as “hardly”. It does not mean the same as “rarely”. scarcely: almost not; only just

40 e.g. The quarrel has dragged on for months.The quarrel has dragged on for months. The meeting dragged on all morning.The meeting dragged on all morning. drag on: (of time or an event) to pass very slowly; last an unnecessarily long time, usually unpleasantly an unnecessarily long time, usually unpleasantly

41 e.g. I think we’ve exhausted that particular topic.I think we’ve exhausted that particular topic. cf. Even a short walk exhausted her. Within three days they had exhausted their supply of food.Within three days they had exhausted their supply of food. exhaust: to talk about or study a subject until there is nothing else to say about it nothing else to say about it

42 e.g. He behaved as if nothing had happened.He behaved as if nothing had happened. It sounds as though you had a good time.It sounds as though you had a good time. as if: in a way that suggests something is true or not true.

43 Exercises in Class  Ex. 3, P. 162 Ex. 3, P. 162 Ex. 3, P. 162  Ex. 4, P. 162 Ex. 4, P. 162 Ex. 4, P. 162  Ex. 5, P. 163 Ex. 5, P. 163 Ex. 5, P. 163

44 Exercise 3, P. 162 Fill in the blanks with the given words. Change the form where necessary. 1.When Dr. Schumann met the company representatives again, he could hardly ____________ their faces. he could hardly ____________ their faces. 2.When asked to translate the passage from German to English, I had to ______that I knew nothing about the German language. I had to ______that I knew nothing about the German language. 3.Dr Schumann gave these trainees a(n) ________ list of instructions on how to operate the machine. on how to operate the machine. 4.The Libyan government is ______to build a chemical plant at Abu Kammash. Abu Kammash. 5. How are your English lessons going---do you feel you’ v e making __________? 5. How are your English lessons going---do you feel you’ v e making __________? recognize recognize admit detailed keen progress stare unlike progress admit equal stare unlike progress admit equal keen detailed explanation anyway recognize keen detailed explanation anyway recognize Exercises in Class

45 6. ________ the early-airport people, the late-airport people barely are aware they are flying. 6. ________ the early-airport people, the late-airport people barely are aware they are flying. 7. There is a(n) ________ number of boys and girls in our class. 7. There is a(n) ________ number of boys and girls in our class. 8. I’ m afraid we can’ t come, but thanks for the invitation ________. 8. I’ m afraid we can’ t come, but thanks for the invitation ________. 9. She ________ at me as if I were a stranger. 9. She ________ at me as if I were a stranger. 10.The article doesn’ t give us a(n) ___________ why an embarrassing situation occurs. 10.The article doesn’ t give us a(n) ___________ why an embarrassing situation occurs. Unlike equal anyway stared explanation stare unlike progress admit equal stare unlike progress admit equal keen detailed explanation anyway recognize keen detailed explanation anyway recognize Exercises in Class

46 1. As the evening ________, she became more and more nervous. 1. As the evening ________, she became more and more nervous. 2.___large ___________ people have applied for the job, but only a few have been accepted. only a few have been accepted. 3. Don’t ______him __________--- he’s often joking. 3. Don’t ______him __________--- he’s often joking. 4.________ you ________, I don’t know what all these different labels mean. labels mean. 5. Don’t ________ people like that, you might upset them. 5. Don’t ________ people like that, you might upset them. wore on wore on A number of take seriously To tell the truth stare at Ex. 4, P. 162 Complete the sentences with the given expressions. Change the form where necessary. report on stare at take... seriouslynot only... but also next to wear on fall on keep... going to tell the truth a number of a number of Exercises in Class

47 6. I prefer to sit ________ the window when I’ m on a plane. 6. I prefer to sit ________ the window when I’ m on a plane. 7. Silence ______the group of men as they received the news. 7. Silence ______the group of men as they received the news. 8. The group is asked to ________ its research every Friday. 8. The group is asked to ________ its research every Friday. 9. To ______our company _______ for the rest of the year, we borrowed a large sum of money from the bank. 9. To ______our company _______ for the rest of the year, we borrowed a large sum of money from the bank. 10.He _________ read the book, _________ remembered what he had read. 10.He _________ read the book, _________ remembered what he had read. next to fell on report on keep going not only but also not only but also Exercises in Class report on stare at take... seriouslynot only... but also next to wear on fall on keep... going to tell the truth a number of a number of

48 Exercise 5, P. 163 Complete the sentences by using the words in brackets. Pay attention to the verb tense. 1.(see / 据我看 ) _____________ John will finish the work in time. 2.________________________ (concern / 就我们任为 ), failure is not always a bas thing. 3.___________________________ (concern / 就这项工作而论 ), there is still much to be done. 4.Mary can take care of herself,and _______________ (know / 就我们所知 ), Susan is pretty independent. 5.There is no such a word in Chinese __________________ (remember / 就我所记得的 ). As far as I see, As far as we are concerned As far as the task is concerned as far as we know as far as I remember Exercises in Class

49 Ex. 10, P. 158 Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the words given. Mark Twain, the famous American writer, _____________ (travel) in France. He _________ (go) by train to Dijion. He was very tired and wanted to sleep. He therefore _____ (ask) the conductor to wake him up when the train _____ (come) to Dijion. But first he _________ (explain) that he was a very heavy sleeper. “I probably __________ (protest) loudly when you ___ (try) to wake me up.” he said to the conductor, “but do not take any notice, just put me off the train anyway.” was travelling was going asked came explained will protest try Exercises Check-up

50 Then Mark Twain went to sleep. Later, when he _____ (wake) up, it was night-time and the train ___________ (reach) Paris already. He _______ (realize) at once that the conductor ____________ (forget) to wake him up at Dijion. He was very angry. He ran up to the conductor and _____ (begin) to shout at him. “I ______________ (never, be) so angry in all my life,” Mark Twain said. The conductor looked at him calmly. “You ___ (be) not half so angry as the American whom I put off the train at Dijion.” he said. woke had reached realized had forgotten began have never been are Exercises Check-up

51 Listening Practice Part III-A: Short Conversation Part III-A: Short Conversation Part III-A: Short Conversation Part III-A: Short Conversation Part III-B: Passage Part III-B: Passage Part III-B: Passage Part III-B: Passage

52 Liked everything Liked some things Don’t like anything Part III –A, P. 170 Listen to people talking about their holidays. Did they enjoy themselves? Choose the correct answers. Listening Practice Check-up

53 1)The people were very friendly and the hotel was great. It was a really wonderful holiday. 2)Well, the food was good but the prices were terrible. And the hotel wasn’t very quiet. 3)The beaches are beautiful but the cities are very dirty. And don’t travel on the local buses, they’re awful. 4)Everyone was so rude, and food wasn’t very good. We’ll certainly never go there again. Listening Practice

54 Part III –B, P You are going to hear a story. Listen to it twice and then do the multiple choice exercise. Listening Practice Listen to the passage. Question: 1)Why did the couple take their little boy to see Jim? 2)What was in common with Jim and the boy? Check-up

55 1)Why did the couple take their little boy to see Jim? A. They wanted to congratulate Jim for his success. B. They hoped Jim could train their son. C. They enjoyed talking with a famous baseball player. D. They intended to encourage their boy with Jim’s example. 2)What was in common with Jim and the boy? A. They were both famous baseball players. B. They were born in the same year. C. They both had only a left hand. D. They both were congratulated by others. Listening Practice

56 2. Listen to the story again and then fill in the missing words. 1)Jim was a very famous baseball player although he was born _____________. 2)His team got ____________ in the college baseball match. 3)The couple said to Jim, “ Your success __________________________.” 4)Jim held up ____________ and smiled at him. 5)Jim encouraged the boy, saying “ One day, ____________________.” without a hand the first place gives us great encouragement the boy’s arm I will congratulate you Listening Practice Script

57 Jim was born without a right hand but he overcame this difficulty and became a very famous baseball player. When his team got the first place in the college baseball match, a couple took their little son to see him. “Congratulations!” they said, “Your success gives us great encouragement.” Jim looked at them. The little boy had no right hand either. Jim held up the boy’s arm and smiled at him: “One day, I will congratulate you.” Listening Practice

58 Exercises in Class Exercises in Class Exercises in Class Exercises in Class Listening Practice Listening Practice Listening Practice Listening PracticePractice

59 P163: Exercise 6 P165: Practice 2 Practice 3 Practice 4

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